oxidative stress mechanisms and their modulation

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Oxidative Stress Mechanisms And Their Modulation

Author : Mohinder Bansal
ISBN : 9788132220329
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 11 MB
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Research over the years has demonstrated that free radicals mediated oxidative stress lies at the helm of almost all patho-physiological phenomena. These findings emphasize on the need to understand the underlying molecular mechanism(s) and their critical role in the pathogenesis. This book aims to focus on these areas to provide readers a comprehensive outlook about the major redox sensitive pathways and networks involved in various disease conditions. In the first chapter of the book, basic information about the oxidative stress, its generation, its biomarkers and its role in body are discussed. In the next three chapters, the role of oxidative stress in various pathologies ranging from neurological disorders, to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, metabolic diseases and ageing have been described. Chapter 5 cumulatively describes the most important molecular signaling pathways that are affected by reactive oxygen species (ROS). These are the mechanisms which are common denominators in various pathological states. In the next part of the book, various antioxidant strategies to target and mitigate ROS have been discussed with details on the mechanisms. Selenium, being the research focus and interest of the authors for years, the role of selenium as an antioxidant as part of selenoproteins has been included in the book. Finally, the book culminates with authors’ perspective on the future of the redox biology field. Throughout the book, efforts have been made to use simplified language and suitable figures for ease to understand the contents. Although the authors have tried to touch on all the different aspects of oxidative stress in detail, the fact that it is a continuously growing field with updates coming every day, there might be some areas which might not be described in depth. This book is designed for students, young scientists to get acquainted with the redox biology. Overall, this book is a reference to understand the redox regulation of cellular signaling pathways involved in pathogenesis.

Modulation Of Sleep By Obesity Diabetes Age And Diet

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780124202405
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 43 MB
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Sleep disorder is a rampant problem in the US, with over 40 million Americans currently diagnosed according to the NIH. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders –performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more – but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. This volume focuses on the interaction between sleep and these factors, with special attention being paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. The volume aid readers in understanding the role each of these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology. Aids in understanding the impact of age, diet, obesity and disease on sleep Offers focus on neurological changes that affect metabolism Explores diabetes induced sleep problems Aid to understanding the multifactorial causes of age-related sleep dysfunction Addresses selected studies of nutraceuticals affecting sleep for potential application clinically Discusses major impact on sleep disorders by caffeine and alcohol

Atherosclerosis And Oxidant Stress A New Perspective

Author : Jordan L Holtzman
ISBN : 9780387723471
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 94 MB
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Vascular injury is initiated by oxidant injury to the vessel wall. This volume is organized around the role of oxidant damage in this disease process and provides a collection of the most recent studies, representing various disciplines that can serve as the basis for further improvements in our understanding and control of cardiovascular and cerebral vascular disease.

Oxidative Stress And Inflammation In Non Communicable Diseases Molecular Mechanisms And Perspectives In Therapeutics

Author : Jordi Camps
ISBN : 9783319073200
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 45 MB
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Oxidative stress and inflammation underpin most diseases; their mechanisms are inextricably linked. For example, chronic inflammation is associated with oxidation, anti-inflammatory cascades are linked to decreased oxidation, increased oxidative stress triggers inflammation and redox balance inhibits the inflammatory cellular response. Whether or not oxidative stress and inflammation represent the causes or the consequences of cellular pathology, they contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases. The incidence of obesity and other related metabolic disturbances are rising, as are age-related diseases due to progressively aging populations. Interrelations between the mechanisms of oxidative stress and of inflammatory signaling and metabolism are, in the broad sense of energy transformation, being increasingly recognized as part of the problem in non-communicable diseases. The book Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Non-communicable Diseases: Molecular Mechanisms and Perspectives in Therapeutics is an update on the latest research on the molecular basis of non-communicable diseases and the search for possible therapeutic alternatives. The authors of this monograph are experts in their field and the book as a whole, provides an overview of the biochemical alterations underlying diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, renal disease, neurological diseases and diabetes, emphasizing those aspects that they share in common. We hope that this book will be useful for researchers in biomedicine and also for physicians interested in finding the root causes of the disease, as well as for post-graduate students in biochemistry, molecular biology, nutrition or medicine.

Influence Of Exerciase On Markers Of Oxidative Damage And Their Modulation By Dietary Antioxidants

Author : Lisa Marie Camplen
ISBN : UCAL:X56578
Genre :
File Size : 89. 7 MB
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Inflammation Oxidative Stress And Cancer

Author : Ah-Ng Tony Kong
ISBN : 9781466503717
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 95 MB
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Increasing scientific evidence suggests that the majority of diseases including cancer are driven by oxidative stress and inflammation, attributed to environmental factors. These factors either drive genetic mutations or epigenetically modify expression of key regulatory genes. These changes can occur as early as gestational fetal development, and major questions remain as to how dietary/nutritional phytochemical factors biochemically interact with such genetic and epigenetic events. With chapters written by international experts, Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Cancer: Dietary Approaches for Cancer Prevention examines the latest developments on the effects of various dietary phytochemicals. Divided into nine sections, the book begins with the basic mechanisms of inflammation/oxidative stress-driven cancer, including an overview of the topic and how to prevent carcinogenesis, the role of obesity in inflammation and cancer, and antioxidant properties of some common dietary phytochemicals. Subsequent sections cover cellular signal transduction, molecular targets, and biomarkers of dietary cancer-preventive phytochemicals, as well as their potential challenges with in vivo absorption and pharmacokinetics. The chapters also examine the cancer-preventive properties of various classes of phytochemicals, including vitamins A, D, and E; omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids; flavanoids and polyphenols; garlic organosulfur compounds and cruciferous glucosinolates; and selenium, traditional Chinese herbal medicines, and alpha lipoic acid. The final section of the book explores the latest developments on the interactions of dietary phytochemicals through epigenetics and the management of chronic inflammation with nutritional phytochemicals.

Oxidative Stress Inflammation And Health

Author : Young-Joon Surh
ISBN : 9781420028256
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 26 MB
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Specifically focusing on the redox regulation of cell signaling responsible for oxidative stress and inflammatory tissue damage, this reference provides a comprehensive overview of cutting-edge research on the intracellular events mediating or preventing oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory processes induced by endogenous and xenobiotic factors-analyzing the implications of oxidative stress and inflammatory damage in the pathogenesis of human disorders such as cancer, neurodegenerative disease, and diabetes.

Oxidative Stress And Oxygen Radicals

Author : Michael Breitenbach
ISBN : 9783038421733
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 65. 83 MB
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Oxidative Stress and Oxygen Radicals" that was published in Biomolecules

Critical Reviews Of Oxidative Stress And Aging

Author : Richard G. Cutler
ISBN : 9812389962
Genre : Age factors in disease
File Size : 52. 95 MB
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This two-volume reference examines the translational research field of oxidative stress and ageing. It focuses on understanding the molecular basis of oxidative stress and its associated age-related diseases, with the goal of developing new methods for treating the human ageing processes.

Diet And Exercise In Cognitive Function And Neurological Diseases

Author : Akhlaq A. Farooqui
ISBN : 9781118840566
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 22 MB
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Diet and exercise have long been recognized as important components of a healthy lifestyle, as they have a great impact on improving cardiovascular and cerebrovascular functions, lowering the risk of metabolic disorders, and contributing to healthy aging. As a greater proportion of the world’s population is living longer, there has been increased interest in understanding the role of nutrition and exercise in long-term neurological health and cognitive function. Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases discusses the role and impact that nutrition and activity have on cognitive function and neurological health. The book is divided into two sections. The first section focuses on diet and its impact on neurobiological processes. Chapters focus on the impacts of specific diets, such as the Mediterranean, ketogenic and vegan diets, as well as the role of specific nutrients, fats, fatty acids, and calorie restriction on neurological health and cognitive function. The second section of the book focuses on exercise, and its role in maintaining cognitive function, reducing neuroinflammatory responses, regulating adult neurogenesis, and healthy brain aging. Other chapters look at the impact of exercise in the management of specific neurological disorders such Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s Disease. Diet and Exercise in Cognitive Function and Neurological Diseases is a timely reference on the neurobiological interplay between diet and exercise on long-term brain health and cognitive function.

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