our genes our choices how genotype and gene interactions affect behavior

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Our Genes Our Choices

Author : David Goldman
ISBN : 9780123969521
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 36 MB
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Are people free to make choices, or do genes determine behavior? Paradoxically, the answer to both questions is "yes," because of neurogenetic individuality, a new theory with profound implications. This theory emerged from gene discoveries by Dr. Goldman and his colleagues which have been recently published in 'Nature'. Genetic studies reveal pathways from DNA to behavior that are helping us understand the diversity of human behavior and behavior of other species. In this book, the complexity of human behavior and a person's ability to choose is explained as deriving from a relatively small number of genes which direct neurodevelopmental sequence. The author uses judicial, political, medical, and ethical examples to illustrate that this lifelong process is guided by individual genotype, molecular and physiologic principles, as well as by randomness and environmental exposures we choose and do not choose. Poses and resolves challenges to moral responsibility raised by modern genetics and neuroscience Preface will be written by a world renowned geneticist or neuroscientist. Authoritatively written, provides a neurogenetic mechanism for the origins of free will and ability to make moral choices to engage a broad audience of professionals.

Behaving

Author : Kenneth F. Schaffner
ISBN : 9780195171402
Genre : Behavior genetics
File Size : 68. 12 MB
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Behaving presents an overview of the recent history and methodology of behavioral genetics and psychiatric genetics, informed by a philosophical perspective. Kenneth F. Schaffner addresses a wide range of issues, including genetic reductionism and determinism, "free will," and quantitative and molecular genetics. The latter covers newer genome-wide association studies (GWAS) that have produced a paradigm shift in the subject, and generated the problem of "missing heritability." Schaffner also presents cases involving pro and con arguments for genetic testing for IQ and for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Schaffner examines the nature-nurture controversy and Developmental Systems Theory using C. elegans or "worm" studies as a test case, concluding that genes are special and provide powerful tools, including "deep homology," for investigating behavior. He offers a novel account of biological knowledge emphasizing the importance of models, mechanisms, pathways, and networks, which clarifies how partial reductions provide explanations of traits and disorders. The book also includes examinations of personality genetics and of schizophrenia and its etiology, alongside interviews with prominent researchers in the area, and discusses debates about psychosis that led to changes in the DSM-5 in 2013. Schaffner concludes by discussing additional philosophical implications of the genetic analyses in the book, some major worries about "free will," and arguments pro and con about why genes and DNA are so special. Though genes are special, newer perspectives presented in this book will be needed for progress in behavioral genetics- perspectives that situate genes in complex multilevel prototypic pathways and networks. With a mix of optimism and pessimism about the state of the field and the subject, Schaffner's book will be of interest to scholars in the history and philosophy of science, medicine, and psychiatry.

Wtf Life Is Not Always What Is Seems

Author : David Clark
ISBN : 9781785074387
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 41. 81 MB
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David Clark has been on a bit of journey; in essence he has gone from the heights of success to the depths of depression, insanity and back into depression. He was a highly successful, career-oriented individual with a brain that enabled him to travel the world, teaching and sharing his knowledge, skills and experience. He has now written this book, his personal story, as a way of highlighting the importance of looking after your body, your mind and your soul to achieve.... ... above and beyond your wildest dreams!

Genotype By Environment Interactions And Sexual Selection

Author : John Hunt
ISBN : 9781118912621
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 34 MB
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Sexual selection is recognized as being responsible for some of the most extravagant morphologies and behaviors in the natural world, as well as a driver of some of the most rapid evolution. While Charles Darwin’s theory is now a fundamental component of modern evolutionary biology, the impact of genotype-by-environment interactions on sexual selection has thus far received little attention. This book represents the first comprehensive analysis of the role genotype-by-environment interactions play in sexual selection and the potential implications that they have for the evolutionary process. The Editors have identified 13 topics that currently define the field and shed light on the impacts of these interactions on sexual selection. This includes key topics, such as resolving the lek paradox and how genotype-by-environmental interactions can compromise the honesty of sexual signals. The volume also outlines key questions that remain unanswered and provides a comprehensive guide to analyzing genotype-by-environment interactions. The mix of theory, empirical studies, and practical instructions from world leading experts make this book a particularly potent and definitive guide on the topic. It will be of interest to evolutionary biologists, spanning from genomicists to behaviorists. “This is a very timely book, covering a topic that should change the way we think about sexual selection. The contributors are all leaders and the topics should provide guidance to many PhD projects in the years to come. GEI is increasingly shown to be important, and it seems likely that it is critical in species where sexual selection is operating. This book is likely to help revitalize the study of sexual selection.” Professor Allen Moore, The University of Georgia “GEIs fascinate evolutionary biologists, but the unique consequences for sexually selected traits have been neglected - until now. This multi-authored book comprehensively explains key theoretical concepts, handles practical ‘how to’ issues and uses classic case studies to illustrate the value of studying GEIs. It is a must read for everyone interested in sexual selection.” Professor Michael Jennions, The Australian National University

The Human Odyssey

Author : Paul S. Kaplan
ISBN : 0534363504
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 92 MB
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With a unique balance and depth of coverage across all age groups, this book examines the physical and intellectual changes humans undergo from conception through death. Kaplan builds on basic themes of life-span development, allowing readers to examine the entire human life experience, whereas many life-span books are weighted in childhood and adolescence. And by putting the experiences into context--such as the family, school and community, and culture--the author is able to include a level of applied information that consistently captures student interest

A Mind Of Her Own

Author : Anne Campbell
ISBN : 9780191647024
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 11 MB
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When Darwin proposed that females shape evolution by being choosy in their choice of male suitors, his Victorian contemporaries were shocked that he accorded so much importance to women. But this early view of the female role was far from revolutionary: They were simply allowed to be passive 'quality controllers' of male genes. Recent years have shown that the inert 'coy female' is a myth. For a male, a high sex drive and a taste for variety may improve his fitness. But for a female, successful reproduction goes far beyond copulation. She bears the brunt of parental investment with each child represents years of commitment from pregnancy and breast-feeding to provisioning and guarding. For her genetic lineage to survive, she must do this better than her rivals. Each of us comes from a line of winning mothers. Women are, after all, the first and default sex. It is women who bear children. A child born with a single X chromosome can survive, but not one with a single Y. In a population crash, a female-biased population will survive far better than a male-heavy one. In this book, Anne Campbell redresses the balance of evolutionary theory in favour of women. She examines how selection pressures have shaped the female mind over thousands of generations: Their emotions, friendship, competition, aggression and mate choice. She brings together data from neuroscience, endocrinology, anthropology, primatology as well as psychology to address fundamental questions about sex differences.... Why are women less aggressive than men? Were women designed for monogamy or promiscuity? What do women compete for? Why is conflict between males and females inevitable? What makes each woman unique? Have contraception and IVF subverted the process of natural selection?

Genes Polymorphisms And The Making Of Societies

Author : Hippokratis Kiaris
ISBN : 9781612330938
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 36 MB
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Our genes determine to a large extent who we are as individuals and why we are different from the other human beings. In this book, Hippokratis Kiaris explores how various genetic polymorphisms in different ethnic populations may affect the development of distinct cultures and eventually historical decisions. It should be read by anybody interested in history, anthropology, behavior, psychology or genetics. The reader will find clues linking together these scientific disciplines and how such genetically determined behavioral traits may play an undervalued, as yet, role in shaping historical outcomes. The book initially describes some basic concepts on genetics and proceeds with an outline of human evolution, the journey of early humans Out-of-Africa, and the colonization of Earth by different human populations that eventually resulted in the development of different cultures. Then, by focusing on the two major prototype cultural lines, the Eastern and the Western, the author discusses differences in the corresponding civilizations in view of specific genetic polymorphisms that affect behavior and differ in frequencies between people of Asian and European origin. Finally, in view of the contemporary increasing tendency for cultural globalization, the book attempts to predict future trends on cultures and behavioral patterns.

Neuropsychoanalysis Vol 12 No 1

Author :
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 24. 10 MB
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Pure Bred Dogs American Kennel Gazette

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924073489001
Genre : Dogs
File Size : 81. 22 MB
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Inclusive Early Childhood Education Development Resources And Practice

Author : Penny Deiner
ISBN : 9781428320864
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 78. 60 MB
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INCLUSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: DEVELOPMENT, RESOURCES, AND PRACTICE is a comprehensive special education resource book designed to help educators navigate the early years of teaching. Readers will continuously return to author Penny Low Deiner’s current and responsive text to assist in the diagnosis and education of special needs children with a variety of learning disabilities. The text includes a coverage of disabilities as extensive as many Introduction to Special Education courses. However, it is more than a reference book. INCLUSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION also offers guidelines, vignettes, and hands-on program planning to prepare educators to integrate children with learning disabilities into regular classroom instruction. Deiner offers guidance on how to translate annual goals into the day-to-day classroom routine. The text connects knowledge to practice by challenging young educators to implement in the classroom the information they learn. While more comprehensive works are available on individual subjects covered in INCLUSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, the text provides educators of special needs children with a solid foundation of knowledge on which to grow their expertise. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

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