organic thin films and surfaces directions for the nineties directions for the nineties 20

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Organic Thin Films And Surfaces Directions For The Nineties

Author : Abraham Ulman
ISBN : 9781483288895
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 97 MB
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Physics of Thin Films has been one of the longest running continuing series in thin film science consisting of 20 volumes since 1963. The series contains some of the highest quality studies of the properties ofvarious thin films materials and systems. In order to be able to reflect the development of todays science and to cover all modern aspects of thin films, the series, beginning with Volume 20, will move beyond the basic physics of thin films. It will address the most important aspects of both inorganic and organic thin films, in both their theoretical as well as technological aspects. Therefore, in order to reflect the modern technology-oriented problems, the title has been slightly modified from Physics of Thin Films to Thin Films. Edited by Abraham Ulman, Organic Thin Films and Surfaces: Directions for the Nineties will be the first volume to link two dynamic areas in the physical sciences--organic thin films and surface science. Contributions from leading experts in the field cover a range of important topics on the processing, characterization, and applications of organic thin films.

Physico Chemical Phenomena In Thin Films And At Solid Surfaces

Author :
ISBN : 0080480012
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 23 MB
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The book is devoted to the consideration of the different processes taking place in thin films and at surfaces. Since the most important physico-chemical phenomena in such media are accompanied by the rearrangement of an intra- and intermolecular coordinates and consequently a surrounding molecular ensemble, the theory of radiationless multi-vibrational transitions is used for its description. The second part of the book considers the numerous surface phenomena. And in the third part is described the preparation methods and characteristics of different types of thin films. Both experimental and theoretical descriptions are represented. Media rearrangement coupled with the reagent transformation largely determines the absolute value and temperature dependence of the rate constants and other characteristics of the considered processes. These effects are described at the atomic or molecular level based on the multi-phonon theory, starting from the first pioneering studies through to contemporary studies. A number of questions are included at the end of many chapters to further reinforce the material presented. · Unified approach to the description of numerous physico-chemical phenomena in different materials · Based on the pioneering research work of the authors · Explantion of a variety of experimental observations · Material is presented at two levels of complexity for specialists and non-specialists · Identifies existing and potential applications of the processes and phenomena · Includes questions at the end of some chapters to further reinforce the material discussed

Cu In1 Xgax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Author : Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
ISBN : 0080920322
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 76 MB
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Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells provides valuable contents about the fabrication and characterization of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 based thin film solar cells and modules. The growth of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)(S1-ySey)2 absorbers, buffers, window layers, antireflection coatings, and finally metallic grids, which are the sole components of solar cells, is clearly illustrated. The absorber, which contains multiple elements, segregates secondary phases if the growth conditions are not well optimized i.e., the main drawback in the fabrication of solar cells. More importantly the solutions for the growth of thin films are given in detail. The properties of all the individual layers and single crystals including solar cells analyzed by different characterization techniques such as SEM, AFM, XPS, AES, TEM, XRD, optical, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy are explicitly demonstrated. The electrical analyses such as conductivities, Hall mobilities, deep level transient spectroscopy measurements etc., provide a broad picture to understand thin films or single crystals and their solar cells. The book clearly explains the working principle of energy conversion from solar to electrical with basic sciences for the chalcopyrite based thin film solar cells. Also, it demonstrates important criteria on how to enhance efficiency of the solar cells and modules. The effect of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, aging etc., on the devices is mentioned by citing several examples. Illustrates a number of growth techniques to prepare thin film layers for solar cells Discusses characterization techniques such as XRD, TEM, XPS, AFM, SEM, PL, CL, Optical measurements, and Electrical measurements Includes I-V, C-V measurements illustrations Provides analysis of solar cell efficiency Presents current trends in thin film solar cells research and marketing

Electronic Excitations In Organic Based Nanostructures

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ISBN : 0080519210
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 91 MB
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The first book devoted to a systematic consideration of electronic excitations and electronic energy transfer in organic crystalline multilayers and organics based nanostructures(quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots, microcavities). The ingenious combination of organic with inorganic materials in one and the same hybrid structure is shown to give qualitatively new opto-electronic phenomena, potentially important for applications in nonlinear optics, light emitting devices, photovoltaic cells, lasers and so on. The book will be useful not only for physicists but also for chemists and biologists.To help the nonspecialist reader, three Chapters which contain a tutorial and updated introduction to the physics of electronic excitations in organic and inorganic solids have been included. * hybrid Frenkel-Wannier-Mott excitons * microcavities with crystalline and disordered organics * electronic excitation at donor-acceptor interfaces * cold photoconductivity at donor-acceptor interface * cummulative photovoltage * Feorster transfer energy in microcavity * New concepts for LEDs

Frontiers Of Thin Film Technology

Author :
ISBN : 0080542948
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 58 MB
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Frontiers of Thin Film Technology, Volume 28 focuses on recent developments in those technologies that are critical to the successful growth, fabrication, and characterization of newly emerging solid-state thin film device architectures. Volume 28 is a condensed sampler of the Handbook for use by professional scientists, engineers, and students involved in the materials, design, fabrication, diagnostics, and measurement aspects of these important new devices.

Thin Films And Nanostructures

Author : Leonid Izraĭlevich Trakhtenberg
ISBN : UCLA:L0099586034
Genre : Nanostructures
File Size : 67. 80 MB
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Modeling Of Film Deposition For Microelectronic Applications

Author : Stephen M. Rossnagel
ISBN : UCSD:31822023366974
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 47 MB
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Physics of Thin Films is one of the longest running continuing series in thin film science, consisting of 22 volumes since 1963. The series contains quality studies of the properties of various thin filmsmaterials and systems. In order to be able to reflect the development of today's science and to cover all modern aspects of thin films, the series, starting with Volume 20, has moved beyond the basic physics of thin films. It now addresses the most important aspects of both inorganic and organic thin films, in both their theoretical as well as technological aspects. Therefore, in order to reflect the modern technology-oriented problems, the title has been slightly modified from Physics of Thin Films to Thin Films.

Handbook Of Surfaces And Interfaces Of Materials Solid Thin Films And Layers

Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
ISBN : 0125139144
Genre : Interfaces (Physical sciences)
File Size : 84. 15 MB
Format : PDF
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Functional Organic And Polymeric Materials

Author : Tim H. Richardson
ISBN : 0471987247
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 96 MB
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Describing exciting new developments in the field of organic molecular materials which have transformed the use of materials in the modern world in the last 20 years or so, the focal point of 'Functional Organic and Polymeric Molecular Materials' is the concept of 'molecular functionality - macroscopic reality'. That is, the close relationships between the properties of isolated, discrete molecules and those of assembled arrays of molecules in thin films or crystals. Organic chemistry provides materials researchers with the wonderful opportunity to design bulk materials whose properties at the macroscopic level reflect closely the modelled or actual behaviour of individual molecules or small arrays of molecules. The iterative "design-test-design" approach to has led in recent years to major advances in such fields as liquid crystals, electroluminesent displays, sensors and organic conductors, to name but a few. Indeed, it is extremely difficult in this new millennium to escape the myriad applications of organic and polymeric materials; engineering plastics are everywhere, electronic displays grace almost every consumer electronic device, organic-based sensor are widespread and our world is marvellously colourful, thanks mostly to organic dyes, paints and inks. This book is aimed at molecular materials researchers who wish to broaden their knowledge of the discipline and those about to enter the field. Indeed, it is hoped that the latter group of scientists sense some of the excitement and fascination concerned with organic materials which is felt by the authors.

Inorganic Materials Synthesis

Author : Charles H. Winter
ISBN : 0841236062
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 2 MB
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This volume examines the current state of research in several key areas of inorganic materials chemistry, including solid state chemistry, the analysis of inorganic thin films, and the preparation of organic thin films through self-assembly on various surfaces. Topics discussed in solid state chemistry include the synthesis and characterization of new inorganic phases, the use of porous materials in the separation of optically active organic compounds, the design of inorganic phases that can bind heavy element ions from aqueous waste streams, and new organic-based molecular magnets. For thin films the book covers deposition films with using chemical vapors, ternary nitrides for advanced diffusion barrier applications, and new methods for creating copper thin films and silicon-germanium-carbon films. The final section, on self-assembly, presents strategies for the modification of silicon surfaces with organic functional groups, the synthesis of new sulfur compounds for highly ordered thin films, the preparation of functionalized gold surfaces through formation of self-assembled monolayers, and methods for fabricating and characterizing nanometer-scale features beginning from self-assembled monolayers.

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