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On Race And Medicine

Author : Richard Garcia, M.D.
ISBN : 9781442248366
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 22 MB
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Health disparities exist between races in America. This important collection of interdisciplinary personal essays considers what neither social science nor medicine, alone, can tell us about the unequal health outcomes of various racial and ethnic groups in the United States.

Gender Health And Popular Culture

Author : Cheryl Krasnick Warsh
ISBN : 9781554582532
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73. 11 MB
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Health is a gendered concept in Western cultures. Customarily it is associated with strength in men and beauty in women. This gendered concept was transmitted through visual representations of the ideal female and male bodies, and ubiquitous media images resulted in the absorption of universal standards of beauty and health and generalized desires to achieve them. Today, genuine or self-styled experts—from physicians to newspaper columnists to advertisers—offer advice on achieving optimal health. Topics in this collection are wide ranging and include childbirth advice in Victorian Australia and Cold War America, menstruation films, Canadian abortion tourism, the Pap smear, the Body Worlds exhibition, and fat liberation. Masculinity is explored among drunkards in antebellum Philadelphia and family memoirs during the 1980s AIDS epidemic. Seemingly objective public health advisories are shown to be as influenced by commercial interests, class, gender, and other social differentiations as marketing approaches are, and the message presented is mediated to varying degrees by those receiving it. This book will be of interest to scholars in women’s studies, health studies, marketing, media studies, social history and anthropology, and popular culture.

What Is Your Race

Author : Kenneth Prewitt
ISBN : 9781400846795
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 4 MB
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America is preoccupied with race statistics--perhaps more than any other nation. Do these statistics illuminate social reality and produce coherent social policy, or cloud that reality and confuse social policy? Does America still have a color line? Who is on which side? Does it have a different "race" line--the nativity line--separating the native born from the foreign born? You might expect to answer these and similar questions with the government's "statistical races." Not likely, observes Kenneth Prewitt, who shows why the way we count by race is flawed. Prewitt calls for radical change. The nation needs to move beyond a race classification whose origins are in discredited eighteenth-century race-is-biology science, a classification that once defined Japanese and Chinese as separate races, but now combines them as a statistical "Asian race." One that once tried to divide the "white race" into "good whites" and "bad whites," and that today cannot distinguish descendants of Africans brought in chains four hundred years ago from children of Ethiopian parents who eagerly immigrated twenty years ago. Contrary to common sense, the classification says there are only two ethnicities in America--Hispanics and non-Hispanics. But if the old classification is cast aside, is there something better? What Is Your Race? clearly lays out the steps that can take the nation from where it is to where it needs to be. It's not an overnight task--particularly the explosive step of dropping today's race question from the census--but Prewitt argues persuasively that radical change is technically and politically achievable, and morally necessary.

Life After Medical School

Author : Leonard Laster
ISBN : 0393710300
Genre : Medicine
File Size : 43. 62 MB
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Doctors tell of obstacles encountered, the ever-more demanding business of practicing medicine, and mid-career decisions to pursue something else. Dr. Laster presents interviews with both practicing doctors and those who have pursued alternative careers.

The Great White Way

Author : Warren Hoffman
ISBN : 9780813571300
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 39. 74 MB
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Broadway musicals are one of America’s most beloved art forms and play to millions of people each year. But what do these shows, which are often thought to be just frothy entertainment, really have to say about our country and who we are as a nation? The Great White Way is the first book to reveal the racial politics, content, and subtexts that have haunted musicals for almost one hundred years from Show Boat (1927) to The Scottsboro Boys (2011). Musicals mirror their time periods and reflect the political and social issues of their day. Warren Hoffman investigates the thematic content of the Broadway musical and considers how musicals work on a structural level, allowing them to simultaneously present and hide their racial agendas in plain view of their audiences. While the musical is informed by the cultural contributions of African Americans and Jewish immigrants, Hoffman argues that ultimately the history of the American musical is the history of white identity in the United States. Presented chronologically, The Great White Way shows how perceptions of race altered over time and how musicals dealt with those changes. Hoffman focuses first on shows leading up to and comprising the Golden Age of Broadway (1927–1960s), then turns his attention to the revivals and nostalgic vehicles that defined the final quarter of the twentieth century. He offers entirely new and surprising takes on shows from the American musical canon—Show Boat (1927), Oklahoma! (1943), Annie Get Your Gun (1946), The Music Man (1957), West Side Story (1957), A Chorus Line (1975), and 42nd Street (1980), among others. New archival research on the creators who produced and wrote these shows, including Leonard Bernstein, Jerome Robbins, Stephen Sondheim, and Edward Kleban, will have theater fans and scholars rethinking forever how they view this popular American entertainment.

Tuskegee S Truths

Author : Susan M. Reverby
ISBN : 9781469608723
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 65 MB
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Between 1932 and 1972, approximately six hundred African American men in Alabama served as unwitting guinea pigs in what is now considered one of the worst examples of arrogance, racism, and duplicity in American medical research--the Tuskegee syphilis study. Told they were being treated for "bad blood," the nearly four hundred men with late-stage syphilis and two hundred disease-free men who served as controls were kept away from appropriate treatment and plied instead with placebos, nursing visits, and the promise of decent burials. Despite the publication of more than a dozen reports in respected medical and public health journals, the study continued for forty years, until extensive media coverage finally brought the experiment to wider public knowledge and forced its end. This edited volume gathers articles, contemporary newspaper accounts, selections from reports and letters, reconsiderations of the study by many of its principal actors, and works of fiction, drama, and poetry to tell the Tuskegee story as never before. Together, these pieces illuminate the ethical issues at play from a remarkable breadth of perspectives and offer an unparalleled look at how the study has been understood over time.

Shattering Culture

Author : Mary-Jo DelVecchio Good
ISBN : 9781610447522
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 66 MB
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"Culture counts" has long been a rallying cry among health advocates and policymakers concerned with racial disparities in health care. A generation ago, the women’s health movement led to a host of changes that also benefited racial minorities, including more culturally aware medical staff, enhanced health education, and the mandated inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research. Many health professionals would now agree that cultural competence is important in clinical settings, but in what ways? Shattering Culture provides an insightful view of medicine and psychiatry as they are practiced in today’s culturally diverse clinical settings. The book offers a compelling account of the many ways culture shapes how doctors conduct their practices and how patients feel about the care they receive. Based on interviews with clinicians, health care staff, and patients, Shattering Culture shows the human face of health care in America. Building on over a decade of research led by Mary-Jo Good, the book delves into the cultural backgrounds of patients and their health care providers, as well as the institutional cultures of clinical settings, to illuminate how these many cultures interact and shape the quality of patient care. Sarah Willen explores the controversial practice of matching doctors and patients based on a shared race, ethnicity, or language and finds a spectrum of arguments challenging its usefulness, including patients who may fear being judged negatively by providers from the same culture. Seth Hannah introduces the concept of cultural environments of hyperdiversity describing complex cultural identities. Antonio Bullon and Mary-Jo Good demonstrate how regulations meant to standardize the caregiving process—such as the use of templates and check boxes instead of narrative notes—have steadily limited clinician flexibility, autonomy, and the time they can dedicate to caring for patients. Elizabeth Carpenter-Song looks at positive doctor-patient relationships in mental health care settings and finds that the most successful of these are based on mutual “recognition”—patients who can express their concerns and clinicians who validate them. In the book’s final essay, Hannah, Good, and Park show how navigating the maze of insurance regulations, financial arrangements, and paperwork compromises the effectiveness of mental health professionals seeking to provide quality care to minority and poor patients. Rapidly increasing diversity on one hand and bureaucratic regulations on the other are two realities that have made providing culturally sensitive care even more challenging for doctors. Few opportunities exist to go inside the world of medical and mental health clinics and see how these realities are influencing patient care. Shattering Culture provides a rare look at the day-to-day experiences of psychiatrists and other clinicians and offers multiple perspectives on what culture means to doctors, staff, and patients and how it shapes the practice of medicine and psychiatry.

Gang Life In Two Cities

Author : Robert Duran
ISBN : 9780231158664
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 44 MB
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Refusing to cast gangs in solely criminal terms, Robert J. Durán, a former gang member turned scholar, recasts such groups as an adaptation to the racial oppression of colonization in the American Southwest. Developing a paradigm rooted in ethnographic research and almost two decades of direct experience with gangs, Durán completes the first-ever study to follow so many marginalized groups so intensely for so long, revealing their core characteristics, behavior, and activities within two unlikely American cities. Durán spent five years in Denver, Colorado, and Ogden, Utah, conducting 145 interviews with gang members, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other relevant individuals. From his research, he constructs a comparative outline of the emergence and criminalization of Latino youth groups, the ideals and worlds they create, and the reasons for their persistence. He also underscores the failures of violent gang suppression tactics, which have only further entrenched these groups within the barrio. Encouraging cultural activists and current and former gang members to pursue grassroots empowerment, Durán proposes new solutions to racial oppression that challenge and truly alter the conditions of gang life.

International Handbook Of Psychiatry

Author : Laura Weiss Roberts
ISBN : 9789814405621
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29. 55 MB
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This handbook will be a concise guide to important topics in psychiatry with an international focus. It constitutes a précis of the field of psychiatry with emphases on the therapeutic approach to the patient and on the proper diagnosis of major psychiatric disorders. All psychiatric diagnoses are encoded using both the US Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD). Treatment options for psychiatric disorders will include approaches used in developed nations in North America, Europe, Asia, as well as in the developing world. Furthermore an invaluable brief history of psychiatry allows readers to trace the beginnings of their chosen field and gain awareness of the ethical and legal contexts. This handbook will provide a comprehensive introduction to psychiatry appropriate for students, trainees, and practitioners seeking an international approach. Contents:Impact of Mental Illness (Laura Weiss Roberts, Richard Balon and Joseph B Layde)International Issues in Psychiatry (Richard Balon and Cyril Höschl)Psychiatric Diagnosis (Stephanie Bagby-Stone, Jessica Nittler and John Lauriello)Psychiatric Genetics (Bhanu Prakash Kolla and David Mrazek)Psychiatric Interviewing: What to Do, What Not to Do (Mara Pheister)Psychological and Neuropsychological Testing (Jennifer Niskala Apps and Jonathan E Romain)Psychiatric Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence (Michael Koelch and Joerg M Fegert)Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders (Peter F Buckley, Adriana Foster and Scott Van Sant)Mood Disorders (Sandra Rackley and J Michael Bostwick)Anxiety Disorders (Leanne Parasram and Dan J Stein)Substance Use Disorders (Nidal Moukaddam and Pedro Ruiz)Cognitive Disorders (Alana Iglewicz, Ipsit V Vahia and Dilip V Jeste)Somatoform Disorders (Christina L Wichman)The Dissociative Disorders (Jean M Goodwin)Sleep Disorders in Psychiatry (Oludamilola A Salami)Eating Disorders (Athena Robinson and W Stewart Agras)Sexual Disorders (Richard Balon)Adjustment Disorder (Mauro Giovanni Carta, Maria Carolina Hardoy and Matteo Balestrieri)Personality Disorders (Joel Paris)Geriatrics (Randall Espinoza)Emergency Psychiatry (Divy Ravindranath, Mark Newman and Michelle Riba)Outpatient Psychiatry (Ondria Gleason, Aaron Pierce and Bryan Touchet)General Hospital Psychiatry (Jen Alt McDonald and Mark T Wright)Psychiatric Education (Linda Gask and Michelle B Riba)Residency Training (Sanjai Rao and Sidney Zisook)Methods of Psychiatric Research (Elizabeth Burgess, Nicolas Ramoz and Philip Gorwood)World Suicide (Morton M Silverman)AIDS Psychiatry (Mary Ann Cohen)Pharmacogenomic Variability Associated with Psychotropic Medication Response (David Mrazek and Bhanu Prakash Kolla)Ethics in Psychiatry (Kristi Estabrook)The Culturally Competent Psychiatric Assessment (Ajoy Thachil and Dinesh Bhugra)Traditional Healing for Psychiatric Disorders (Roger M K Ng, Zhang-Jin Zhang and Wendy Wong)International Perspective on Homelessness (Belinda Bandstra, Anthony Mascola and Daryn Reicherter)Mental Health Consequences of War and Political Conflict (Daryn Reicherter and Rena Sugarbaker)Stigma (Travis Fisher)Legal Aspects of Psychiatry (Joseph B Layde) Readership: Psychiatry students, trainees, and practitioners. Keywords:Psychiatry;Mental Health;Physician Assistant;Nursing — Practitioner and Advanced Practice;Professional and Technical;Medical;Allied Health Professional;Medical Assistants;Neurology/ Neuroscience;Public Health;Pharmacology/ Pharmacy;Paediatrics;HIV & AIDS Research;Forensic MedicineKey Features:The international focus and the wide international experience of the authors would make the book particularly attractive to students and residents, both in terms of coursework and preparation for formal examinationsFocus on innovative areas of psychiatry such as patient-centered care practices (e.g. in defining the goals of treatment), new therapies (e.g. pharmacogenetic advances), and the approach to special or complex patient populations (e.g. children, elders, medically ill, and terminally ill)The particular strengths of “Q & A” sections, self-assessment items, “clinical pearls” study guides and the competency-based orientation would set this book apart from others

Self Injury Medicine And Society

Author : Amy Chandler
ISBN : 9781137405289
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 31 MB
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This book provides an appreciative, sociological engagement with accounts of the embodied practice of self-injury. It shows that in order to understand self-injury, it is necessary to engage with widely circulating narratives about the nature of bodies, including that they are separate from, yet containers of 'emotion'. Using a sociological approach, the book examines what self-injury is, how it functions, and why someone might engage in it. It pays close attention to the corporeal aspects of self-injury, attending to the complex ways in which 'lived experience' is narrated. By interrogating the way in which healthcare and psychiatric systems shape our understanding of self-injury, Self-Injury, Medicine and Society aims to re-invigorate traditional discourse on the subject. Combining analytical theory with real-life accounts, this book provides an engaging study which is both thought-provoking and informative. It will appeal to an interdisciplinary readership and scholars in the fields of medical sociology and health studies in particular.

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