norm change in international relations linked ecologies in un peacekeeping operations routledge research on the united nations un

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Norm Change In International Relations

Author : John Karlsrud
ISBN : 9781317374800
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 92 MB
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In recent decades there have been several constructivist scholars who have looked at how norms change in international relations. However few have taken a closer look at the particular strategies that are employed to further change, or looked at the common factors that have been in play in these processes. This book seeks to further the debates by looking at both agency and structure in tandem. It focuses on the practices of linked ecologies (formal or informal alliances), undertaken by individuals who are the constitutive parts of norm change processes and who have moved between international organizations, academic institutions, think tanks, NGOs and member states. The book sheds new light on how norm change comes about, focusing on the practices of individual actors as well as collective ones. The book draws attention to the role of practices in UN peacekeeping missions and how these may create a bottom–up influence on norm change in UN peacekeeping, and the complex interplay between government and UN officials, applied and academic researchers, and civil society activists forming linked ecologies in processes of norm change. With this contribution, the study further expands the understanding of which actors have agency and what sources of authority they draw on in norm change processes in international organizations. A significant contribution to the study of international organizations and UN peacekeeping, as well as to the broader questions of global norms in IR, this work will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations alike.

Security Council Sanctions Governance

Author : Thomas Dörfler
ISBN : 9780429808739
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36. 72 MB
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Little is known about how far-reaching decisions in UN Security Council sanctions committees are made. Developing a novel committee governance concept and using examples drawn from sanctions imposed on Iraq, Al-Qaida, Congo, Sudan and Iran, this book shows that Council members tend to follow the will of the powerful, whereas sanctions committee members often decide according to the rules. This is surprising since both Council and committees are staffed by the same member states. Offering a fascinating account of Security Council micro-politics and decision-making processes on sanctions, this rigorous comparative and theory-driven analysis treats the Council and its sanctions committees as distinguishable entities that may differ in decision practice despite having the same members. Drawing extensively on primary documents, diplomatic cables, well-informed press coverage, reports by close observers and extensive interviews with committee members, Council diplomats and sanctions experts, it contrasts with the conventional wisdom on decision-making within these bodies, which suggests that the powerful permanent members would not accept rule-based decisions against their interests. This book will be of interest to policy practitioners and scholars working in the broad field of international organizations and international relations theory as well as those specializing in sanctions, international law, the Security Council and counter-terrorism.

The Un At War

Author : John Karlsrud
ISBN : 9783319628585
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 78 MB
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This book is a critical political and institutional reflection on UN peace operations. It provides constructive suggestions as to how the UN and the international system can evolve to remain relevant and tackle the peace and security challenges of the 21st century, without abandoning the principles that the UN was founded upon and on which the legitimacy of UN peace operations rests. The author analyses the evolving politics on UN peace operations of the five veto powers of the UN Security Council, as well as major troop-contributing countries and western powers. He investigates the move towards peace enforcement and counter-terrorism, and what consequences this development may have for the UN. Karlsrud issues a challenge to practitioners and politicians to make sure that the calls for reform are anchored in a desire to improve the lives of people suffering in conflicts on the ground—and not spurred by intra-organizational turf battles or solely the narrow self-interests of member states. Finally, he asks how the UN can adapt its practices to become more field- and people-centered, in line with its core, primary commitments of protecting and serving people in need.

Brazil As A Rising Power

Author : Kai Michael Kenkel
ISBN : 9781317367604
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 2 MB
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This book examines the normative tensions inherent in upward mobility within the international system, focusing particularly on the clash between sovereign self-interest and the putatively universal norms associated with international interventions. It provides extensive detail and deep analysis of Brazil’s nature as a rising power, and that nature’s implications for how the country crafts its international profile on issues such as intervention. In addition, the book proposes innovative ways of (re)organising thematic, conceptual and empirical research on the normative behaviour of emergent powers with regard to institutions of global governance and questions of intervention. In analysing what distinguishes Brazil as a rising power, the contributors begin from the assumption that participation in intervention is an increasingly crucial element in demonstrating the capacity and responsibility for which demand accrues as a state seeks increased international profile. As such, the debates around intervention serve as an indicative locus for examining the clash of norms that accompanies emergence as a global player. The book’s approach is to organise the analysis around thematic rather than chronological or praxis-based lines, using the Brazilian case as an illustrative example capable of extrapolation to other emerging powers such as Turkey, India and others. This work draws together rich empirical detail with sophisticated and varied conceptual analysis and will be of interest to scholars of international relations, Latin-American politics and global governance.

Author : Timothy Poirson
ISBN : 9786035038850
Genre : Religion
File Size : 90. 85 MB
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شهد العالم أحداث الربيع العربي عام 2011، حيث كان قد تجدّد أمل المجتمع المدني العربي بتلك الوقائع، ومع انحدار ليبيا وسوريا إلى حرب أهلية وفوضى يبقى نجاح المجتمع المدني في إيجاد مساحة لنفسه موضع تساؤل؛ إذ إن سقوط أنظمة استبدادية راسخة ظاهريًّا لم يُفد المجتمع المدني كثيرًا، إلا أن حركات إسلامية سياسية استفادت من الفراغ لإنشاء قواعد لها وإطلاق عملياتها من أجل تطبيق إيديولوجيتها. وبعد سنوات عدة على أول الاحتجاجات تعود جماعات إسلامية بقوة في بعض دول الشرق الأوسط، وشمالي إفريقيا، (في سوريا، والعراق، وبلدات في ليبيا، وبعض مناطق لبنان)، حيث تعلن جماعات مثل الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام، أو أنصار الشريعة أو غيرها من الجماعات تنصيب خلفاء في المناطق التي تستولي عليها، في محاولة لتحقيق الهدف الإسلامي السياسي المتمثّل بإنشاء (خلافة إسلامية عالمية) تضم العالم الإسلامي برمَّته. يطرح هذا الكتاب وجهة نظر مؤلِّفه بشكل خاص، والعالم الغربي بشكل عام، عن الإسلام السياسي، إضافة إلى تقويم للدولة الإسلامية وتحدّيها المفاهيم والواقعية والمنطقية، وركز بين صفحاته على العلاقة بين الإسلام والديموقراطية. العبيكان 2016

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Genre : Civilization, Modern
File Size : 54. 9 MB
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Yearbook Of International Organizations

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File Size : 64. 58 MB
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United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2005 Arabic Language

Author : United Nations
ISBN : 9216420049
Genre :
File Size : 72. 16 MB
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Author : مايكل زيمرمان
ISBN : 9990602018
Genre :
File Size : 34. 29 MB
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Author : توماس هوبز
ISBN : 9796500033068
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66. 2 MB
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إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.

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