nonlinear dynamics and chaotic phenomena an introduction fluid mechanics and its applications

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Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaotic Phenomena

Author : B.K Shivamoggi
ISBN : 9789401724425
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 42 MB
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FolJowing the formulation of the laws of mechanics by Newton, Lagrange sought to clarify and emphasize their geometrical character. Poincare and Liapunov successfuIJy developed analytical mechanics further along these lines. In this approach, one represents the evolution of all possible states (positions and momenta) by the flow in phase space, or more efficiently, by mappings on manifolds with a symplectic geometry, and tries to understand qualitative features of this problem, rather than solving it explicitly. One important outcome of this line of inquiry is the discovery that vastly different physical systems can actually be abstracted to a few universal forms, like Mandelbrot's fractal and Smale's horse-shoe map, even though the underlying processes are not completely understood. This, of course, implies that much of the observed diversity is only apparent and arises from different ways of looking at the same system. Thus, modern nonlinear dynamics 1 is very much akin to classical thermodynamics in that the ideas and results appear to be applicable to vastly different physical systems. Chaos theory, which occupies a central place in modem nonlinear dynamics, refers to a deterministic development with chaotic outcome. Computers have contributed considerably to progress in chaos theory via impressive complex graphics. However, this approach lacks organization and therefore does not afford complete insight into the underlying complex dynamical behavior. This dynamical behavior mandates concepts and methods from such areas of mathematics and physics as nonlinear differential equations, bifurcation theory, Hamiltonian dynamics, number theory, topology, fractals, and others.

Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaotic Phenomena An Introduction

Author : Bhimsen K. Shivamoggi
ISBN : 9789400770942
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 57 MB
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This book starts with a discussion of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, bifurcation theory and Hamiltonian dynamics. It then embarks on a systematic discussion of the traditional topics of modern nonlinear dynamics -- integrable systems, Poincaré maps, chaos, fractals and strange attractors. The Baker’s transformation, the logistic map and Lorenz system are discussed in detail in view of their central place in the subject. There is a detailed discussion of solitons centered around the Korteweg-deVries equation in view of its central place in integrable systems. Then, there is a discussion of the Painlevé property of nonlinear differential equations which seems to provide a test of integrability. Finally, there is a detailed discussion of the application of fractals and multi-fractals to fully-developed turbulence -- a problem whose understanding has been considerably enriched by the application of the concepts and methods of modern nonlinear dynamics. On the application side, there is a special emphasis on some aspects of fluid dynamics and plasma physics reflecting the author’s involvement in these areas of physics. A few exercises have been provided that range from simple applications to occasional considerable extension of the theory. Finally, the list of references given at the end of the book contains primarily books and papers used in developing the lecture material this volume is based on. This book has grown out of the author’s lecture notes for an interdisciplinary graduate-level course on nonlinear dynamics. The basic concepts, language and results of nonlinear dynamical systems are described in a clear and coherent way. In order to allow for an interdisciplinary readership, an informal style has been adopted and the mathematical formalism has been kept to a minimum. This book is addressed to first-year graduate students in applied mathematics, physics, and engineering, and is useful also to any theoretically inclined researcher in the physical sciences and engineering. This second edition constitutes an extensive rewrite of the text involving refinement and enhancement of the clarity and precision, updating and amplification of several sections, addition of new material like theory of nonlinear differential equations, solitons, Lagrangian chaos in fluids, and critical phenomena perspectives on the fluid turbulence problem and many new exercises.

Instabilities Chaos And Turbulence

Author : Paul Manneville
ISBN : 9781848163928
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 34 MB
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This book (2nd edition) is a self-contained introduction to a wide body of knowledge on nonlinear dynamics and chaos. Manneville emphasises the understanding of basic concepts and the nontrivial character of nonlinear response, contrasting it with the intuitively simple linear response. He explains the theoretical framework using pedagogical examples from fluid dynamics, though prior knowledge of this field is not required. Heuristic arguments and worked examples replace most esoteric technicalities. Only basic understanding of mathematics and physics is required, at the level of what is currently known after one or two years of undergraduate training: elementary calculus, basic notions of linear algebra and ordinary differential calculus, and a few fundamental physical equations (specific complements are provided when necessary). Methods presented are of fully general use, which opens up ample windows on topics of contemporary interest. These include complex dynamical processes such as patterning, chaos control, mixing, and even the Earth's climate. Numerical simulations are proposed as a means to obtain deeper understanding of the intricacies induced by nonlinearities in our everyday environment, with hints on adapted modelling strategies and their implementation.

Engineering Applications Of Dynamics Of Chaos

Author : W. Szemplinska-Stupnicka
ISBN : 321182328X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90. 80 MB
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The treatment of chaotic dynamics in mathematics and physics during last two decades has led to a number of new concepts for the investigation of complex behavior in nonlinear dynamical processes. The aim the CISM course Engineering Applications of Dynamics of Chaos of which this is the proceedings volume was to make these concepts available to engineers and applied scientists possessing only such modest knowledges in mathematics which are usual for engineers, for example graduating from a Technical University. The contents of the articles contributed by leading experts in this field cover not only theoretical foundations and algorithmic and computational aspects but also applications to engineering problems. In the first article an introduction into the basic concepts for the investigation of chaotic behavior of dynamical systems is given which is followed in the second article by an extensive treatment of approximative analytical methods to determine the critical parameter values describing the onset of chaos. The important relation between chaotic dynamics and the phenomenon of turbulence is treated in the third article by studying instabilities various fluid flows. In this contribution also an introduction into interesting phenomenon of pattern formation is given. The fourth and fifth articles present various applications to nonlinear oscillations including roll motions of ships, rattling oscillations in gear boxes, tumbling oscillations of satellites, flutter motions of fluid carrying pipes and vibrations of robot arms. In the final article a short treatment of hyperchaos is given.

Chaotic Dynamics

Author : Tamás Tél
ISBN : 0521547830
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 44 MB
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A clear introduction to chaotic phenomena for undergraduate students in science, engineering, and mathematics.

Engineering Fluid Mechanics

Author : H. Yamaguchi
ISBN : 1402067429
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 86 MB
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A real boon for those studying fluid mechanics at all levels, this work is intended to serve as a comprehensive textbook for scientists and engineers as well as advanced students in thermo-fluid courses. It provides an intensive monograph essential for understanding dynamics of ideal fluid, Newtonian fluid, non-Newtonian fluid and magnetic fluid. These distinct, yet intertwined subjects are addressed in an integrated manner, with numerous exercises and problems throughout.

Applied Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos Of Mechanical Systems With Discontinuities

Author : Marian Wiercigroch
ISBN : 9810229275
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77. 23 MB
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Annotation Consisting primarily of contributions written by engineers from Europe, Asia, and the US, this volume provides a general methodology for describing, solving, and analyzing discontinuous systems. The focus is on mechanical engineering problems where clearances, piecewise stiffness, intermittent contact, variable friction, or other forms of discontinuity occur. Practical applications include vibration absorbers, percussive drilling of hard materials, and dynamics of metal cutting. Of likely interest to new and experienced researchers working in the field of applied mathematics and physics, mechanical and civil engineering, and manufacturing. Lacks a subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Iutam Symposium On Nonlinearity And Stochastic Structural Dynamics

Author : S Narayanan
ISBN : 9789401008860
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 91 MB
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Nonlinearity and stochastic structural dynamics is of common interest to engineers and applied scientists belonging to many disciplines. Recent research in this area has been concentrated on the response and stability of nonlinear mechanical and structural systems subjected to random escitation. Simultaneously the focus of research has also been directed towards understanding intrinsic nonlinear phenomena like bifurcation and chaos in deterministic systems. These problems demand a high degree of sophistication in the analytical and numerical approaches. At the same time they arise from considerations of nonlinear system response to turbulence, earthquacke, wind, wave and guidancy excitations. The topic thus attracts votaries of both analytical rigour and practical applications. This books gives important and latest developments in the field presenting in a coherent fashion the research findings of leading international groups working in the area of nonlinear random vibration and chaos.

Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos

Author : Steven H. Strogatz
ISBN : 9780813349114
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57. 91 MB
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This textbook is aimed at newcomers to nonlinear dynamics and chaos, especially students taking a first course in the subject. The presentation stresses analytical methods, concrete examples, and geometric intuition. The theory is developed systematically, starting with first-order differential equations and their bifurcations, followed by phase plane analysis, limit cycles and their bifurcations, and culminating with the Lorenz equations, chaos, iterated maps, period doubling, renormalization, fractals, and strange attractors. A unique feature of the book is its emphasis on applications. These include mechanical vibrations, lasers, biological rhythms, superconducting circuits, insect outbreaks, chemical oscillators, genetic control systems, chaotic waterwheels, and even a technique for using chaos to send secret messages. In each case, the scientific background is explained at an elementary level and closely integrated with mathematical theory. In the twenty years since the first edition of this book appeared, the ideas and techniques of nonlinear dynamics and chaos have found application to such exciting new fields as systems biology, evolutionary game theory, and sociophysics. This second edition includes new exercises on these cutting-edge developments, on topics as varied as the curiosities of visual perception and the tumultuous love dynamics in Gone With the Wind.

Nonlinear Dynamics

Author : H.G Solari
ISBN : 0750303808
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 5 MB
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Nonlinear Dynamics: A Two-Way Trip from Physics to Math provides readers with the mathematical tools of nonlinear dynamics to tackle problems in all areas of physics. The selection of topics emphasizes bifurcation theory and topological analysis of dynamical systems. The book includes real-life problems and experiments as well as exercises and worked examples to test understanding.

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