non discrimination in international trade in services likeness in wto gats cambridge international trade and economic law

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Non Discrimination In International Trade In Services

Author : Nicolas F. Diebold
ISBN : 9781139492126
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 30 MB
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The principle of non-discrimination is fundamental to the regulation of international trade in goods and services. In the context of trade in goods, the concept of 'like products' has become a key element of the legal analysis of whether a trade obstacle violates GATT non-discrimination obligations. The equivalent concept of 'like services and service suppliers' in GATS rules on non-discrimination has received little attention in WTO jurisprudence. In light of the remaining uncertainties, Nicolas Diebold analyses the legal problems of the GATS 'like services and services suppliers' concept using a contextual and comparative methodology. The 'likeness' element is not analysed in isolation, but in context with 'less favourable treatment' and regulatory purpose as additional elements of non-discrimination. The book also explores how far theories from non-discrimination rules in GATT, NAFTA, BITs and EC as well as market definition theories from competition law may be applied to 'likeness' in GATS.

Regulatory Autonomy And International Trade In Services

Author : Bregt Natens
ISBN : 9781785364310
Genre : Law
File Size : 61. 76 MB
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This book considers how the interplay between multilateral and preferential liberalisation of trade in services increasingly raises concerns, both from the perspective of the beneficiaries of such liberalisation (whose rights are uncertain) and that of regulators (whose regulatory autonomy is constrained). The author shows how these concerns lead to vast underutilisation of, and strong prejudices against, the benefits of services liberalisation. The book meticulously analyses and compares the EU's obligations under the GATS and the services chapters of several RTAs to finally assess the merits of the raised concerns.

Ownership Unbundling And Related Measures In The Eu Energy Sector

Author : Tilman Michael Dralle
ISBN : 9783319777979
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 88 MB
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This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of unbundling and, in particular, ownership unbundling policies from the perspective of international economic law. It does so by focusing on the prominent example of the EU’s energy sector and its Third Energy Package. Unbundling has become an increasingly crucial competition instrument in network-bound industries worldwide. It is designed to ensure access to bottleneck infrastructures on fair and non-discriminatory terms and thus to suppress the anti-competitive potential deriving from vertical integration in natural monopoly situations. While promoting important public policy objectives, unbundling policies have also raised a number of legal issues. This book analyzes how international economic law limits the adoption and maintenance of unbundling and related measures and also outlines how international trade law can play a ‘positive’ role in this field. As a result, it provides a valuable reference for academics, practitioners and policy-makers.

Non Discrimination And The Role Of Regulatory Purpose In International Trade And Investment Law

Author : Andrew D. Mitchell
ISBN : 9781785368097
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 51 MB
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Central to this book is an analysis of the obligation upon states to ensure non-discrimination in the form of adherence to the principles of national treatment and most-favoured nation treatment. These are critical principles for both international trade law and international investment law, yet the case-law in both fields reveals significant inconsistencies regarding key elements of non-discrimination. Tribunals have invoked ‘regulatory purpose’ to assist in identifying relevant discrimination, but have done so without offering a definition of regulatory purpose and in significantly differing ways. This book explains these inconsistencies and offers a new definition of regulatory purpose.

Public Services And International Trade Liberalization

Author : Barnali Choudhury
ISBN : 9781107026568
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56. 28 MB
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This books examines whether public service liberalization poses a threat to gender and human rights?

Border Tax Adjustments Konfliktpotential Zwischen Umweltschutz Und Welthandelsrecht

Author : Barbara Volmert
ISBN : 9783862191215
Genre : Environmental law, International
File Size : 69. 27 MB
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Gats Pl Doyer F R Offene Dienstleistungsm Rkte

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264596450
Genre :
File Size : 36. 49 MB
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Das Allgemeine Abkommen über den Handel mit Dienstleistungen (GATS) zählt zu den bedeutendsten Leistungen der multilateralen Handelsdiplomatie des späten 20. Jahrhunderts.

Wettbewerbsgleichheit Im Grenz Berschreitenden Handel

Author : Joachim Englisch
ISBN : 3161494156
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 2 MB
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English summary: German lawmakers must guarantee equality of competition for the benefit of cross-border trade in goods and services as stipulated by EC law as well as by the law of the WTO. Joachim Englisch analyzes the pertinent bans of discriminatory practices in the supranational legal systems and contrasts them with the demands of the German Basic Law (Grundgesetz). He begins by examining the dogmatic structures of those constitutional concepts which provide equality before the law, and demonstrates how they fit into a theory of legal principles. He then deals with the mutual entanglements in the multilevel system and the remaining latitude for implementing national policies pursuing conflicting objectives. Finally, the author draws conclusions for the application of his findings to the field of indirect taxes.This book won the Albert-Hensel-Award 2007. German description: Infolge des stetigen Abbaus zolltarifarer und sonstiger Marktzutrittsschranken verlieren spezifisch an den Grenzubertritt anknupfende Hemmnisse fur den grenzuberschreitenden Handel zunehmend an Bedeutung. In den Fokus rucken stattdessen solche Vorgaben, die den internationalen Guteraustausch auch hinsichtlich der allgemeinen rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen vor Wettbewerbsnachteilen schutzen sollen. Vom deutschen Gesetzgeber sind insofern vor allem die Bestimmungen des EG-Vertrages sowie des Welthandelsrechts zu beachten. Joachim Englisch analysiert die einschlagigen Diskriminierungsverbote und kontrastiert sie mit den Anforderungen des Grundgesetzes. Er untersucht zunachst die rechtsdogmatischen Strukturen gleichheitsrechtlicher Direktiven und bettet sie in die Lehre vom Rechtsprinzip ein. Von besonderem Interesse sind sodann die wechselseitigen Verschrankungen im Mehrebenensystem und die verbleibenden Gestaltungsspielraume des nationalen Gesetzgebers bei der Verfolgung kollidierender Ziele. Neben dem Gebot folgerichtiger Wertung kommt hier dem Verhaltnismassigkeitsgrundsatz auch gleichheitsrechtlich eine zentrale, obschon je nach dem Entwicklungsstand der Rechtsordnung abgestufte Rolle zu. Der Autor rundet die Untersuchung mit Schlussfolgerungen zur Anwendung der gewonnenen Erkenntnisse auf dem Gebiet der indirekten Steuern ab. Im Vordergrund stehen dabei die Bedeutung des Leistungsfahigkeitsprinzips, versteckt diskriminierende Steuersysteme sowie die internationale Doppelbesteuerung. Das Buch wurde mit dem Albert-Hensel-Preis 2007 ausgezeichnet.

Differenzierung Und Typisierung

Author : Matthias Oesch
ISBN : 372729793X
Genre : Equality
File Size : 31. 91 MB
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Wto Handbuch

Author : Hans-Joachim Priess
ISBN : 3406501745
Genre : Foreign trade regulation
File Size : 81. 75 MB
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