ninigret sachem of the niantics and narrangansetts diplomacy war and the balance of power in seventeenth century new england and indian country

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Ninigret Sachem Of The Niantics And Narrangansetts

Author : Julie A. Fisher
ISBN : 9780801470462
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 56 MB
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Ninigret was a sachem of the Niantic and Narragansett Indians of what is now Rhode Island from the mid-1630s through the mid-1670s. For Ninigret and his contemporaries, Indian Country and New England were multipolar political worlds shaped by ever-shifting intertribal rivalries. In the first biography of Ninigret, Julie A. Fisher and David J. Silverman assert that he was the most influential Indian leader of his era in southern New England. As such, he was a key to the balance of power in both Indian-colonial and intertribal relations. Ninigret was at the center of almost every major development involving southern New England Indians between the Pequot War of 1636–37 and King Philip’s War of 1675–76. He led the Narrangansetts’ campaign to become the region’s major power, including a decades-long war against the Mohegans led by Uncas, Ninigret’s archrival. To offset growing English power, Ninigret formed long-distance alliances with the powerful Mohawks of the Iroquois League and the Pocumtucks of the Connecticut River Valley. Over the course of Ningret’s life, English officials repeatedly charged him with plotting to organize a coalition of tribes and even the Dutch to roll back English settlement. Ironically, though, he refused to take up arms against the English in King Philip’s War. Ninigret died at the end of the war, having guided his people through one of the most tumultuous chapters of the colonial era.

God War And Providence

Author : James A. Warren
ISBN : 9781501180439
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 76 MB
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“Warren transforms what could have been merely a Pilgrim version of cowboys and Indians into a sharp study of cultural contrast… a well-researched cameo of early America.” —Roger Lowenstein, The Wall Street Journal The tragic and fascinating history of the first epic struggle between white settlers and Native Americans in the early seventeenth century: a fresh look at the aggressive expansionist Puritans in New England and the determined Narragansett Indians, who refused to back down and accept English authority over people and their land. A devout Puritan minister in seventeenth-century New England, Roger Williams was also a social critic, diplomat, theologian, and politician who fervently believed in tolerance. Yet his orthodox brethren were convinced tolerance fostered anarchy and courted God’s wrath. Banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635, Williams purchased land from the Narragansett Indians and laid the foundations for the colony of Rhode Island as a place where Indian and English cultures could flourish side by side, in peace. As the seventeenth century wore on, a steadily deepening antagonism developed between an expansionist, aggressive Puritan culture and an increasingly vulnerable, politically divided Indian population. Indian tribes that had been at the center of the New England communities found themselves shunted off to the margins of the region. By the 1660s, all the major Indian peoples in southern New England had come to accept English authority, either tacitly or explicitly. All, except one: the Narragansetts. In God, War, and Providence James A. Warren tells the remarkable and little-known story of the alliance between Roger Williams’s Rhode Island and the Narragansett Indians, and how they joined forces to retain their autonomy and their distinctive ways of life against Puritan encroachment. Deeply researched, vividly written, this account of the Narragansetts’ courageous resistance campaign, aided by Williams, serves as a telling precedent for white-Native American encounters along the North American frontier for the next 250 years.

A Biography Of A Map In Motion

Author : Christian J. Koot
ISBN : 9781479837298
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 69 MB
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Reveals the little known history of one of history’s most famous maps – and its maker Tucked away in a near-forgotten collection, Virginia and Maryland as it is Planted and Inhabited is one of the most extraordinary maps of colonial British America. Created by a colonial merchant, planter, and diplomat named Augustine Herrman, the map pictures the Mid-Atlantic in breathtaking detail, capturing its waterways, coastlines, and communities. Herrman spent three decades travelling between Dutch New Amsterdam and the English Chesapeake before eventually settling in Maryland and making this map. Although the map has been reproduced widely, the history of how it became one of the most famous images of the Chesapeake has never been told. A Biography of a Map in Motion uncovers the intertwined stories of the map and its maker, offering new insights into the creation of empire in North America. The book follows the map from the waterways of the Chesapeake to the workshops of London, where it was turned into a print and sold. Transported into coffee houses, private rooms, and government offices, Virginia and Maryland became an apparatus of empire that allowed English elites to imaginatively possess and accurately manage their Atlantic colonies. Investigating this map offers the rare opportunity to recapture the complementary and occasionally conflicting forces that created the British Empire. From the colonial and the metropolitan to the economic and the political to the local and the Atlantic, this is a fascinating exploration of the many meanings of a map, and how what some saw as establishing a sense of local place could translate to forging an empire.

American Passage

Author : Katherine Grandjean
ISBN : 9780674289918
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 78 MB
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Katherine Grandjean shows that the English conquest of New England was not just a matter of consuming territory, of transforming woods into farms. It entailed a struggle to control the flow of information—who could travel where, what news could be sent, over which routes winding through the woods along the early American communications frontier.

Red Brethren

Author : David J. Silverman
ISBN : 0801444772
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 7 MB
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New England Indians created the multitribal Brothertown and Stockbridge communities during the eighteenth century with the intent of using Christianity and civilized reforms to cope with white expansion. In Red Brethren, David J. Silverman considers the stories of these communities and argues that Indians in early America were racial thinkers in their own right and that indigenous people rallied together as Indians not only in the context of violent resistance but also in campaigns to adjust peacefully to white dominion. All too often, the Indians discovered that their many concessions to white demands earned them no relief. In the era of the American Revolution, the pressure of white settlements forced the Brothertowns and Stockbridges from New England to Oneida country in upstate New York. During the early nineteenth century, whites forced these Indians from Oneida country, too, until they finally wound up in Wisconsin. Tired of moving, in the 1830s and 1840s, the Brothertowns and Stockbridges became some of the first Indians to accept U.S. citizenship, which they called "becoming white," in the hope that this status would enable them to remain as Indians in Wisconsin. Even then, whites would not leave them alone. Red Brethren traces the evolution of Indian ideas about race under this relentless pressure. In the early seventeenth century, indigenous people did not conceive of themselves as Indian. They sharpened their sense of Indian identity as they realized that Christianity would not bridge their many differences with whites, and as they fought to keep blacks out of their communities. The stories of Brothertown and Stockbridge shed light on the dynamism of Indians' own racial history and the place of Indians in the racial history of early America.

Anglicizing America

Author : Ignacio Gallup-Diaz
ISBN : 9780812246988
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 76 MB
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The thirteen mainland colonies of early America were arguably never more British than on the eve of their War of Independence from Britain. Though home to settlers of diverse national and cultural backgrounds, colonial America gradually became more like Britain in its political and judicial systems, material culture, economies, religious systems, and engagements with the empire. At the same time and by the same process, these politically distinct and geographically distant colonies forged a shared cultural identity--one that would bind them together as a nation during the Revolution. Anglicizing America revisits the theory of Anglicization, considering its application to the history of the Atlantic world, from Britain to the Caribbean to the western wildernesses, at key moments before, during, and after the American Revolution. Ten essays by senior historians trace the complex processes by which global forces, local economies, and individual motives interacted to reinforce a more centralized and unified social movement. They examine the ways English ideas about labor influenced plantation slavery, how Great Britain's imperial aspirations shaped American militarization, the influence of religious tolerance on political unity, and how Americans' relationship to Great Britain after the war impacted the early republic's naval and taxation policies. As a whole, Anglicizing America offers a compelling framework for explaining the complex processes at work in the western hemisphere during the age of revolutions. Contributors: Denver Brunsman, William Howard Carter, Ignacio Gallup-Diaz, Anthony M. Joseph, Simon P. Newman, Geoffrey Plank, Nancy L. Rhoden, Andrew Shankman, Jeremy A. Stern, David J. Silverman.

Die Mutter Aller Fragen

Author : Rebecca Solnit
ISBN : 9783455001785
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60. 87 MB
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»Warum haben Sie keine Kinder?« Diese »Mutter aller Fragen« wird Rebecca Solnit hartnäckig von Journalisten gestellt, die sich mehr für ihren Bauch als für ihre Bücher interessieren. Warum gilt Mutterschaft noch immer als Schlüssel zur weiblichen Identität? Die Autorin findet die Antwort darauf in der Ideologie des Glücks und tritt dafür ein, lieber nach Sinn als nach Glück zu streben. Außerdem erklärt sie in ihren Essays, warum die Geschichte des Schweigens mit der Geschichte der Frauen untrennbar verknüpft ist, warum fünfjährige Jungen auf rosa Spielzeug lieber verzichten, und nennt 80 Bücher, die keine Frau lesen sollte. Sie schreibt über Männer, die Feministen und Männer, die Vergewaltiger sind, und setzt sich gegen jegliches Schubladendenken zur Wehr. Wenn Männer mir die Welt erklären sorgte weltweit für Furore – in ihren neuen Essays setzt Rebecca Solnit ebenso scharfsichtig wie humorvoll ihre Erkundung der heutigen Geschlechterverhältnisse fort. Ein wichtiges, Mut machendes Buch aus dezidiert feministischer Perspektive, über und für alle, die Geschlechteridentitäten infrage stellen und für eine freiere Welt eintreten.

Nah Todeserlebnisse Und Jenseitsvisionen

Author : Carol Zaleski
ISBN : 3458165266
Genre :
File Size : 78. 60 MB
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Co Aytch Erinnerungen Eines Konf Derierten An Den B Rgerkrieg

Author : Sam Watkins
ISBN : 9783738011616
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 84. 53 MB
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Als im April 1861 der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg ausbricht, ist der 21jährige Sam Watkins aus Maury County, Tennessee einer der tausenden von Kriegsfreiwilligen, die sich zu den Armeen der Südstaaten melden. Watkins schließt sich der „Co. Aytch" (so die lautmalerische Ausschreibung für „Kompanie H") des 1. Tennessee-Infanterieregiments an und folgt dem Regiment von den ersten kleinen Gefechten in Virginia bis zur vernichtenden Niederlage der konföderierten Tennessee-Armee in der Schlacht von Nashville. In seinen im Jahre 1881 entstandenen Kriegserinnerungen schildert Watkins mit scharfem Blick für das Erzählenswerte und feinem Sinn für Humor all jene furchtbaren und absurd-komischen Geschehnisse, die der Wahnsinn des Krieges für einen Soldaten der konföderierten Tennessee-Armee bereithielt. Dabei gewährt „Co. Aytch", das zu Recht als Standardwerk der Bürgerkriegsliteratur gilt, nicht nur einen wertvollen Einblick in die Erlebnisse und Gedanken des durchschnittlichen „Johnny Reb", sondern ist zugleich bewegendes Zeugnis eines Versuchs der literarischen Vergangenheitsbewältigung. Ein Anhang der erhaltenen, vom Regimentskommandeur verfassten Gefechtsberichte des 1. Tennessee-Regiments zu den Schlachten von Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro und Chickamauga ermöglicht einen aufschlussreichen Vergleich zu den Schilderungen des unmittelbar beteiligten Soldaten.

Three Episodes Of Massachusetts History The Settlement Of Boston Bay

Author : Charles Francis Adams
ISBN : 3337474098
Genre :
File Size : 85. 61 MB
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