neuropsychology of cognitive decline

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Neuropsychology Of Cognitive Decline

Author : Holly A. Tuokko
ISBN : 9781462535392
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 68 MB
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Presenting best practices for assessment and intervention with older adults experiencing cognitive decline, this book draws on cutting-edge research and extensive clinical experience. The authors' integrative approach skillfully interweaves neuropsychological and developmental knowledge. The volume provides guidelines for evaluating and differentiating among normal aging, subjective cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment, and different types of dementia. It identifies risk and protective factors that may influence an individual's trajectory and describes how to create a sound case conceptualization. Evidence-based strategies for pharmacological, cognitive, behavioral, and psychological intervention with patients and their caregivers are illustrated with vivid case examples.ÿ ÿ

Assessment Of Feigned Cognitive Impairment

Author : Kyle Brauer Boone
ISBN : 9781593854645
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 43. 37 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Comprehensive and user friendly, this book synthesizes the growing literature on symptom feigning in cognitive testing and translates it into evidence-based recommendations for clinical and forensic practice. A wide range of cognitive effort assessment techniques and strategies are critically reviewed, including both dedicated measures and the use of embedded indicators in standard clinical tests. The book describes approaches to distinguishing between credible and noncredible performance in specific clinical populations: persons presenting with head injury, chronic pain and fatigue, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disability, mental retardation, seizures, and exposure to environmental toxins. Special topics include the potentially confounding effects of psychiatric disorder and ethnocultural factors on effort testing, and cognitive assessment in the criminal forensic setting.

Handbook On The Neuropsychology Of Aging And Dementia

Author : Lisa D. Ravdin
ISBN : 9781461431060
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 23 MB
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With the aging of the baby boomers and medical advances that promote longevity, older adults are rapidly becoming the fastest growing segment of the population. As the population ages, so does the incidence of age related disorders. Many predict that 15% - 20% of the baby-boomer generation will develop some form of cognitive decline over the course of their lifetime, with estimates escalating to up to 50% in those achieving advanced age. Although much attention has been directed at Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, it is estimated that nearly one third of those cases of cognitive decline result from other neuropathological mechanisms. In fact, many patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease likely have co-morbid disorders that can also influence cognition (i.e., vascular cognitive impairment), suggesting mixed dementias are grossly under diagnosed. The Clinical Handbook on the Neuropsychology of Aging and Dementia is a unique work that provides clinicians with expert guidance and a hands-on approach to neuropsychological practice with older adults. The book will be divided into two sections, the first addressing special considerations for the evaluation of older adults, and the second half focusing on common referral questions likely to be encountered when working with this age group. The authors of the chapters are experts and are recognized by their peers as opinion leaders in their chosen chapter topics. The field of neuropsychology has played a critical role in developing methods for early identification of late life cognitive disorders as well as the differential diagnosis of dementia. Neuropsychological assessment provides valuable clinical information regarding the nature and severity of cognitive symptoms associated with dementia. Each chapter will reinforce the notion that neuropsychological measures provide the clinician with sensitive tools to differentiate normal age-related cognitive decline from disease-associated impairment, aid in differential diagnosis of cognitive dysfunction in older adults, as well as identify cognitive deficits most likely to translate into functional impairments in everyday life.

Living With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Author : Nicole D. Anderson
ISBN : 9780199978908
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86. 44 MB
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One in ten adults over 65 has some form of mild cognitive impairment or MCI--thinking problems that go beyond those associated with normal aging, but that fall short of the serious impairments experienced by people with Alzheimer's Disease and other dementias. This is the first book written specifically for individuals with MCI, for their loved ones, and for the health care professionals who treat them. Written by three clinicians and researchers who have devoted their careers to MCI patients, this book provides up-to-date and reliable information on the nature of this disorder, how it may affect people, and what can be done about it. The authors explain how MCI is diagnosed and treated and they offer advice on how to improve cognitive health through diet and exercise, through social engagement, and through the use of practical, effective memory strategies. Throughout, case studies illustrate the real-life issues facing people living with MCI. The book includes "Questions to Ask Your Doctor," recommended readings and links to relevant websites, and worksheets to guide readers through healthy lifestyle changes.

Mild Cognitive Impairment And Dementia

Author : Glenn E. Smith
ISBN : 9780199764181
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83. 45 MB
Format : PDF
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This book reviews the neuropsychology of common and a few rare neurodegenerative conditions. The mild cognitive impairment prodrome of each condition is highlighted. Chapters include an autopsy-confirmed case presentation from the authors' files, current diagnostic criteria, epidemiology, neuropathology/neurophysiology, genetics, neuroimaging, associated clinical features, differential neuropsychological features and possible interventions.

Geriatric Neuropsychology

Author : Deborah K. Attix
ISBN : 9781462514571
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 49 MB
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This major clinical reference and text is the first volume to systematically address the entire process of neuropsychological assessment and intervention with older adults. The expert editors and contributors detail the current state of knowledge about frequently encountered conditions ranging from mild cognitive impairment to progressive, stable, and reversible dementias. Evidence-based assessment and intervention strategies are described, and specific guidance is provided for linking neuropsychological evaluation to individualized treatment planning. Demonstrating an array of cognitive training, compensatory, and psychotherapeutic approaches, the volume shows how these can successfully be used to improve patients' functioning and quality of life.

Traumatic Brain Injury In Children And Adolescents

Author : Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
ISBN : 1572306866
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 65. 24 MB
Format : PDF
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The return to school following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is fraught with challenges for children and adolescents, their families, and school professionals. This volume provides the practical knowledge needed to understand the neuropsychological problems associated with TBI and facilitate students' reintegration into the regular or special education classroom. Research-based strategies are presented for assessing and accommodating each student's needs, with suggestions for testing that can be completed by practitioners without extensive neuropsychological training. Featuring numerous illustrative clinical examples, the book also includes an extended case history that brings to life the entire process of recovery from TBI. Reviewing basic neuroanatomy, the book first discusses the functional problems and areas of learning difficulty that typically arise from different types of injury. It explores the associated emotional challenges and issues facing families, emphasizing the importance of working closely with parents and building effective home-school partnerships. Identified and briefly described are over 30 psychological measures that can be used to evaluate cognitive and academic skills; memory and learning; attention; executive and reasoning skills; visual-motor and perceptual skills; and psychosocial, emotional, and behavioral functioning. Detailed sample assessments are provided for two students with injuries of varying severity, showing how test results and other information can be integrated into a useful comprehensive report. Guidelines are then presented for managing school reentry and conducting team-based planning and decision making. General programming considerations are discussed, as are specific interventions that incorporate knowledge from the fields of ADHD, learning disabilities, and adult rehabilitation. Written in a clear, non-technical style, this book is an essential resource for school psychologists, counselors, and social workers; special education professionals; and other clinicians working with young people. It will also serve as a text in graduate-level neuropsychological assessment courses.

The Cognitive Neuropsychology Of Alzheimer Type Dementia

Author : Robin Morris
ISBN : UOM:39015040651682
Genre : Law
File Size : 89. 94 MB
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Advances in the field of cognitive neuropsychology have provided a range of techniques for exploring impairments in basic mental functions such as attention, memory, and language. This approach has been adopted with considerable success in the investigation of the dementias, in particular Alzheimer's disease. This book draws together recent developments in the neuropsychology of Alzheimer-type dementia, relating them to the neurobiology of the disease and to the practical issues regarding patient care. The first part of the book provides a theoretical overview of the different approaches to research, including issues of diagnosis, the use of case studies, and how to chart progress of cognitive decline. The second part focuses on the main aspects of cognition. The third part looks at the relationship between cognitive decline and neurodegenerative changes in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients. A final section considers the clinical implications of this cognitive research, detailing issues of diagnosis, cognitive rehabilitation and pharmacological treatment. An accessible introduction to the field, this volume will be a valuable source of information for psychologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and any researchers in this field.

Brain Aging

Author : David R. Riddle
ISBN : 1420005529
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 43 MB
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Recognition that aging is not the accumulation of disease, but rather comprises fundamental biological processes that are amenable to experimental study, is the basis for the recent growth of experimental biogerontology. As increasingly sophisticated studies provide greater understanding of what occurs in the aging brain and how these changes occur, new possibilities emerge for limiting the effects of aging on neural function. A single source reference is necessary to keep abreast of the recent advances and future directions of gerontology research. Brain Aging: Models, Methods, and Mechanisms offers a selective overview of the research in this rapidly expanding field. A valuable resource for new and established investigators of the aging brain, this volume reviews critical studies of brain aging in new animal models, as well as advances in brain imaging techniques that permit investigations in aging humans with increasingly higher resolution. Detailed discussions link the information from human and animal studies to illustrate a comprehensive picture of the mechanism of aging. Emphasizing normal brain aging rather than pathological degeneration, the text provides an understanding of fundamental age-related changes in the nervous system and hypothesis-driven research into their basis. The book includes critical analyses of the distinct methodological challenges inherent in investigating the aging nervous system. Contributions from distinguished leaders and pioneers in their respective fields address data and mechanisms, as well as models and methods that are key to the study of aging. Each chapter is extensively referenced and highlights experimental concerns that are magnified or unique to the aging brain. Outlining relevant methods and techniques, this book provides scientists, researchers, and clinicians with a broad understanding of the important progress and implications for the future of this significant field.

Neuropsychology Of Everyday Functioning

Author : Thomas D. Marcotte
ISBN : 9781606234600
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 20 MB
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While neuropsychological testing can accurately detect cognitive deficits in persons with brain injury, the ability to reliably predict how these individuals will function in everyday life has remained elusive. This authoritative volume brings together well-known experts to present recent advances in the neuropsychological assessment of key real-world capacities: the ability to live independently, work, manage medications, and drive a car. For each of these domains, contributors describe cutting-edge tests, procedures, and interpretive strategies and examine salient theoretical and methodological issues. Chapters also review approaches for evaluating specific populations, including older adults and patients with traumatic brain injury, depression, dementia, schizophrenia, and other neurological and psychiatric disorders.

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