neighborhoods and crime the dimensions of effective community control

Download Book Neighborhoods And Crime The Dimensions Of Effective Community Control in PDF format. You can Read Online Neighborhoods And Crime The Dimensions Of Effective Community Control here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Neighborhoods Crime

Author : Bursik
ISBN : 9780669246315
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23. 53 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 341
Read : 1264

Download Now


This book is an excellent resource in examining the influence that community control can have on crime.

Disorder And Decline

Author : Wesley G. Skogan
ISBN : 0520076931
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 434
Read : 666

Download Now


"Crime, disorder, and decay symbolize the decline of America's inner cities. Skogan's book is theoretically acute, methodologically sophisticated, and politically astute. It should be required reading for every urban sociologist, policy planner, and public official."--Jerome H. Skolnick, University of California, Berkeley "Panhandling, graffiti, prostitution, abandoned cars and buildings, and junk-filled lots are evidence of neighborhood disorder and decline. In this absorbing and valuable study, Skogan discusses the implications of disorder and skillfully analyzes experimental efforts undertaken to confront it in several American cities."--Gilbert Geis, University of California, Irvine "This timely book not only documents the relationship between disorder and neighborhood decline, but provides a cogent analysis of the currently favored solutions to problems such as community policing and citizen self-help."--Dr. Thomas A. Reppetto, President, Citizens Crime Commission of New York City

Control Balance

Author : Charles R Tittle
ISBN : 9780429980954
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 625
Read : 861

Download Now


A major contribution to the field of crime/deviance, this volume by noted criminologist Charles R. Tittle puts forth an integrated theory of deviance?control balance. Its central premise is that the total amount of control people are subjected to, relative to the control they can exercise, will affect the probability and type of their deviant behavior.In developing control balance, Tittle critically reviews other general theories such as anomie, Marxian conflict, social control, differential association/social learning, labelling, and routine activities and offers reasons why those theories are insufficient. Using real-world examples to illustrate his argument, he contends that deviance results from the convergence of four variables, each of which represents an interactive nexus of several inputs, including most prominently a control imbalance. The variables are predisposition, motivation, opportunity, and constraint. Control balance theory also explains six basic types of deviance, ranging from predation, defiance, and submissiveness on one end of a control ratio continuum to exploitation, plunder, and decadence on the other.Tittle conceives of control balance as a continuation, or temporary culmination, of the collective efforts of crime/deviance scholars who have gone before, presenting it as a vehicle for trying to achieve a fully adequate general theory of deviance.

Crime And Everyday Life

Author : Marcus Felson
ISBN : 9781483384702
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29. 88 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 186
Read : 246

Download Now


Crime and Everyday Life, Fifth Edition, offers a bold approach to crime theory and crime reduction. The text shows how crime opportunity is a necessary condition for illegal acts to occur. The authors offer realistic, often common-sense, ways to reduce or eliminate crime and criminal behavior in specific settings by removing the opportunity to complete the act. Using a clear and engaging writing style, author Marcus Felson and new co-author Mary Eckert talk directly to the student about criminal behavior, the routine activity approach, and specific crime reduction ideas. The authors emphasize how routine daily activities set the stage for illegal acts -- offering fascinating new ideas and examples not presented in earlier editions. Most importantly, this book teaches the student how to think about crime, and then do something about it.

Communities And Crime

Author : Pamela Wilcox
ISBN : 9781592139743
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 90 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 112
Read : 1269

Download Now


Social scientists have long argued over the links between crime and place. The authors of Communities and Crime provide an intellectual history that traces how varying images of community have evolved over time and influenced criminological thinking and criminal justice policy. The authors outline the major ideas that have shaped the development of theory, research, and policy in the area of communities and crime. Each chapter examines the problem of the community through a defining critical or theoretical lens: the community as social disorganization; as a system of associations; as a symptom of larger structural forces; as a result of criminal subcultures; as a broken window; as crime opportunity; and as a site of resilience. Focusing on these changing images of community, the empirical adequacy of these images, and how they have resulted in concrete programs to reduce crime, Communities and Crime theorizes about and reflects upon why some neighborhoods produce so much crime. The result is a tour of the dominant theories of place in social science today.

Social Learning And Social Structure

Author : Ronald Akers
ISBN : 9781351490146
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 67 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 924
Read : 880

Download Now


The social learning theory of crime integrates Edwin H. Sutherland's diff erential association theory with behavioral learning theory. It is a widely accepted and applied approaches to criminal and deviant behavior. However, it is also widely misinterpreted, misstated, and misapplied.This is the fi rst single volume, in-depth, authoritative discussion of the background, concepts, development, modifications, and empirical tests of social learning theory. Akers begins with a personal account of Sutherland's involvement in criminology and the origins of his infl uential perspective. He then traces the intellectual history of Sutherland's theory as well as social learning theory, providing a comprehensive explanation of how each theory approaches illegal behavior. Akers reviews research on various correlates and predictors of crime and delinquency that may be used as operational measures of differential association, reinforcement, and other social learning concepts.Akers proposes a new, integrated theory of social learning and social structure that links group diff erences in crime to individual conduct. He concludes with a cogent discussion of the implications of social learning theory for criminology and public policy. Now available in paperback, with a new introduction by the author, this volume will be invaluable to professionals and for use in courses in criminology and deviance.

The Routledge International Handbook Of Rural Criminology

Author : Joseph F Donnermeyer
ISBN : 9781317628514
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 5 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 499
Read : 905

Download Now


49% of the world’s population lives in small towns, villages and farms, yet until recent years criminological scholarship has focused almost exclusively on urban crimes. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Criminology is the first major publication to bring together this growing body of scholarship under a single cover. For many years rural criminology has remained marginalized and often excluded from the mainstream, with precedence given to urban criminology: this volume intends to address that imbalance. Pioneering in scope, this book brings together leading international scholars from fourteen different countries to offer an authoritative synthesis of theoretical and empirical literature. This handbook is divided in to seven parts, each addressing a different aspect of rural criminology: Rurality and crime Criminological dimensions of food and agriculture Violence and rurality Drug use, production and trafficking in the rural context Intersections between rural and green criminology Policing, justice and rurality Teaching rural criminology Edited by a world renowned scholar of rural criminology, this book explores rural crime issues in over thirty-five countries including Japan, Sweden, Brazil, Australia, Tanzania, the US, and the UK. This is the first Handbook dedicated to rural criminology and is an essential resource for criminologists, sociologists and social geographers engaged with rural studies and crime.

The Challenge Of Community Policing

Author : Dennis P. Rosenbaum
ISBN : 9780803954441
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 84 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 483
Read : 295

Download Now


Providing a clear picture of trends amongst progressive police authorities, researchers from North America and the United Kingdom address the fundamental question - whether community policing is set to fulfil its many promises. Using both qualitative and quantitative methods, the authors present a thorough evaluation of the social and organizational processes involved in planning and implementing community policing as well as the effects of such programmes and policies on the police and the community itself.

Code Of The Street Decency Violence And The Moral Life Of The Inner City

Author : Elijah Anderson
ISBN : 0393070387
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 31 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 358
Read : 634

Download Now


Unsparing and important. . . . An informative, clearheaded and sobering book.—Jonathan Yardley, Washington Post (1999 Critic's Choice) Inner-city black America is often stereotyped as a place of random violence, but in fact, violence in the inner city is regulated through an informal but well-known code of the street. This unwritten set of rules—based largely on an individual's ability to command respect—is a powerful and pervasive form of etiquette, governing the way in which people learn to negotiate public spaces. Elijah Anderson's incisive book delineates the code and examines it as a response to the lack of jobs that pay a living wage, to the stigma of race, to rampant drug use, to alienation and lack of hope.

Space Time And Crime

Author : Kim Michelle Lersch
ISBN : 1611636612
Genre : Crime
File Size : 28. 93 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 818
Read : 435

Download Now


Interest in the spatial distribution of crime and criminals has experienced a virtual explosion over the past several years. In Space, Time, and Crime, the authors provide an overview of the various theoretical explanations, crime control policies, and practical investigative tools used to identify high crime places, spaces, and times. Throughout the text, Lersch and Hart strive to provide a highly readable, informative discussion of the important issues surrounding the geography of crime, providing real world examples as well as illustrations from previously published research. Space, Time, and Crime provides a basic overview of the more popular theories that have been used to explain the concentration of crime in certain places and times. Each theory is carefully and clearly developed from its historical roots to contemporary applications, with solid research cited throughout the discussions. The reader is then moved from theory into practice, where a summary and critique of a number of various theoretically-driven practical policy applications are presented. The basic elements of crime analysis and crime mapping, both very popular crime fighting tools for police agencies and place managers, are presented. Finally, the book closes with a strong Marxist-based critique of the various theories, policies, and tools, leaving the reader with some troubling questions to ponder. The new edition includes dozens of figures and images that help visualize criminological research, essentially bringing the real world of research to the reader and into the classroom. It also includes new sections on some of the most recent advancements in the study of space, time, and crime, including new sections on Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM) and Situational Action Theory (SAT), while also incorporating scholarship from over 50 new/updated sources so that the reader is introduced to the most up-to-date topics discussed by the authors.

Top Download:

Best Books