natural polymers volume 2 nanocomposites green chemistry series

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Natural Polymers

Author : Maya J. John
ISBN : 9781849734035
Genre : SCIENCE
File Size : 58. 79 MB
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This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Natural Polymers

Author : Maya J. John
ISBN : 9781849734028
Genre : SCIENCE
File Size : 28. 89 MB
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This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Alternative Solvents For Green Chemistry

Author : Francesca Kerton
ISBN : 9781782626138
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 7 MB
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Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

Natural Rubber Materials

Author : Jithin Joy
ISBN : 162870876X
Genre : Composite materials
File Size : 41. 74 MB
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The combination of its unique morphology, physical properties, cost effectiveness and environmental friendliness make natural rubber an appealing constituent for many materials and applications. This comprehensive two volume set covers the synthesis, characterization and applications of natural rubber based blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, composites and nanocomposites. Volume 1 covers different types of natural rubber-based blends and IPNs as well as manufacturing methods, thermo mechanical characterization techniques, life cycle analysis and their applications. Volume 2 focuses on natural rubber-based composites and Nanocomposites including the different types of fillers, the filler-matrix reinforcement mechanisms, manufacturing techniques, and applications. This is the first book to consolidate the current state of the art information on natural rubber based materials with contributions from established international experts in the field. The book provides a "one stop" reference resource for professionals, researchers, industrial practitioners, graduate students, and senior undergraduates in the fields of polymer science and engineering, materials science, surface science, bioengineering and chemical engineering.

Sustainable Solvents

Author : James H Clark
ISBN : 9781782624035
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 1 MB
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Solvents are ubiquitous throughout the chemical industry and are found in many consumer products. As a result, interest in solvents and their environmental impact has been steadily increasing. However, in order to achieve maximum integration of new green solvents into the relevant chemical sectors, clarification of the social, economic, and environmental implications of solvent substitution are needed. This book explores the solvent life cycle, highlighting the challenges faced at various points, from production, through the supply-chain and downstream use to end-of-life treatment. It also discusses the potential benefits that a green chemistry and bio-based economy approach could bring. The current state-of-the-art of green solvents is evaluated along these lines, in addition to reviewing their applications with an appreciation of sustainability criteria. Providing a critical assessment on emerging solvents and featuring case studies and perspectives from different sectors, this is an important reference for academics and industrialists working with solvents, as well as policy-makers involved in bio-based initiatives.

Sustainable Catalysis For Biorefineries

Author : Francesco Frusteri
ISBN : 9781782629634
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 11 MB
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This book explores the most effective or promising catalytic processes for the conversion of biobased components into high added value products, as platform chemicals and intermediates.

Sustainable Synthesis Of Pharmaceuticals

Author : Mariette M. Pereira
ISBN : 9781788010658
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53. 75 MB
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There is a growing interest in the development of sustainable processes for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and this book bridges the divide between industrial examples and the fundamental chemistry. It explains the basic principles of using transition metal catalysis with several green approaches for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals. The topic is an important one for green chemistry and the chapters in this book on hydroformylation, green oxidation and olefin metathesis will also be of interest to both medicinal and organic chemists. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides a valuable and easy tool for scientists and industrialists who require information regarding this topic.

Polyhydroxyalkanoate Pha Based Blends Composites And Nanocomposites

Author : Visakh P M
ISBN : 9781782622314
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 60 MB
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There is much interest in biodegradable polymers for different uses and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) have potential applications in a broad range of areas from food packaging to biomedical applications. The book will provide a comprehensive overview of the recent accomplishments in the area of polyhydroxyalkanoates providing a resource that helps find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems. The book introduces polyhydroxyalkanoates including their biosynthesis, recovery and extraction followed by specific chapters on blends, composites and nanocomposites. The book finishes with the applications of the materials including additives in paints, adhesives, production of plastics as well as tissue engineering and drug delivery. The book provides a reference for students and researchers in chemistry, polymer science, materials science, biotechnology and life sciences working in the field of bio-based and biodegradable polymers and composites as well as those interested in its applications.

Polyurethane Polymers Composites And Nanocomposites

Author : Sabu Thomas
ISBN : 9780128041024
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Polyurethane Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites concentrates on the composites and nanocomposites of polyurethane based materials. Polyurethane composites are a very important class of materials widely used in the biomedical and industrial field that offer numerous potential applications in many areas. This book discusses current research and identifies future research needs in the area. Provides an elaborate coverage of the chemistry of polyurethane, its synthesis, and properties Includes available characterization techniques Relates types of polyurethanes to their potential properties Discusses composites, nanocomposites options, and PU recycling

Starch Based Blends Composites And Nanocomposites

Author : Visakh P. M.
ISBN : 9781849739795
Genre :
File Size : 47. 30 MB
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