natural polymers volume 2 nanocomposites green chemistry series

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Natural Polymers

Author : Maya J. John
ISBN : 9781849734035
Genre : SCIENCE
File Size : 26. 68 MB
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This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Alternative Solvents For Green Chemistry

Author : Francesca Kerton
ISBN : 9781782626138
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 4 MB
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Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

Nanomaterials Set

Author : Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN : 1782620788
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 43 MB
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The possible uses of nanotechnology span many fields from energy to health; as a result there is a wealth of scientific nanoscience research taking place all over the world. When there's so much information available on the topic it can be difficult to get a complete overview of the latest developments. This set brings you the latest information on different nanomaterial systems including fullerenes, polymer nanofibers and nanotubes and nanowires. The set consists of: Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites Edited by Dimitrios Tasis (978-1-84973-568-1, 2013, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Fullerenes: Principles and Applications 2nd Edition Edited by Fernando Langa De La Puente and Jean-Francois Nierengarten (978-1-84973-136-2, 2011, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Nanoporous Gold: From an Ancient Technology to a High-Tech Material Edited by Arne Wittstock, Jürgen Biener, Jonah Erlebacher and Marcus Bäumer (978-1-84973-374-8, 2012, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Nanotubes and Nanowires: 2nd Edition by C N Ram Rao and A Govindaraj (978-1-84973-058-7, 2011, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Natural Polymers: Volume 2: Nanocomposites Edited by Maya J John and Sabu Thomas (978-1-84973-403-5, 2012, RSC Green Chemistry) Natural Rubber Materials: Volume 2: Composites and Nanocomposites Edited by Sabu Thomas, Chin Han Chan, Laly Pothen, Jithin Joy and Hanna Maria (978-1-84973-631-2, 2013, RSC Polymer Chemistry Series) Polymer Nanofibers: Building Blocks for Nanotechnology By Dario Pisignano (978-1-84973-574-2, 2013, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Polymer-Graphene Nanocomposites Edited by Vikas Mittal (978-1-84973-567-4, 2012, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology) Responsive Photonic Nanostructures: Smart Nanoscale Optical Materials Edited by Yadong Yin (978-1-84973-653-4, 2013, RSC Smart Materials)

Natural Rubber Materials

Author : Sabu Thomas
ISBN : 9781849737654
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 28 MB
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The combination of its unique morphology, physical properties, cost effectiveness and environmental friendliness make natural rubber an appealing constituent for many materials and applications. This comprehensive two volume set covers the synthesis, characterization and applications of natural rubber based blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, composites and nanocomposites. Volume 1 covers different types of natural rubber-based blends and IPNs as well as manufacturing methods, thermo mechanical characterization techniques, life cycle analysis and their applications. Volume 2 focuses on natural rubber-based composites and Nanocomposites including the different types of fillers, the filler-matrix reinforcement mechanisms, manufacturing techniques, and applications. This is the first book to consolidate the current state of the art information on natural rubber based materials with contributions from established international experts in the field. The book provides a "one stop" reference resource for professionals, researchers, industrial practitioners, graduate students, and senior undergraduates in the fields of polymer science and engineering, materials science, surface science, bioengineering and chemical engineering.

Eco Friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
ISBN : 9788132224730
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 72 MB
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This book contains precisely referenced chapters, emphasizing environment-friendly polymer nanocomposites with basic fundamentals, practicality and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of different environmental friendly materials procured from different resources, their synthesis and applications using alternative green approaches. The book aims at explaining basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry along with practical applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, pharmaceutical and automotive industry. The book attempts to present emerging economic and environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites that are free from side effects studied in the traditional nanocomposites. This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, with various backgrounds and expertises. This book will appeal to researchers as well as students from different disciplines. The content includes industrial applications and will fill the gap between the research works in laboratory to practical applications in related industries.

Natural Rubber Materials

Author : Jithin Joy
ISBN : 162870876X
Genre : Composite materials
File Size : 53. 14 MB
Format : PDF
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The combination of its unique morphology, physical properties, cost effectiveness and environmental friendliness make natural rubber an appealing constituent for many materials and applications. This comprehensive two volume set covers the synthesis, characterization and applications of natural rubber based blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, composites and nanocomposites. Volume 1 covers different types of natural rubber-based blends and IPNs as well as manufacturing methods, thermo mechanical characterization techniques, life cycle analysis and their applications. Volume 2 focuses on natural rubber-based composites and Nanocomposites including the different types of fillers, the filler-matrix reinforcement mechanisms, manufacturing techniques, and applications. This is the first book to consolidate the current state of the art information on natural rubber based materials with contributions from established international experts in the field. The book provides a "one stop" reference resource for professionals, researchers, industrial practitioners, graduate students, and senior undergraduates in the fields of polymer science and engineering, materials science, surface science, bioengineering and chemical engineering.

Bio Based Polymers And Composites

Author : Richard Wool
ISBN : 0080454348
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 86 MB
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Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Cellulose Nanocomposites

Author : American Chemical Society. Meeting
ISBN : 0841239800
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 69 MB
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Introduction to cellulose nanocomposites; strategies for preparation of cellulose wiskers from microcrystalline cellulose as reinforcement in nanocomposites; self-assembly of cellulose nanocrystals: parabolic focal conic films; cellulose fibrils: isolation, characterization, and capability for technical applications; morphology of cellulose and its nanocomposites; useful insights into cellulose nanocomposites using raman spectroscopy; novel methods for interfacial modification of cellulose - reinforced composites; cellulose nanocrystals for thermoplastic reinforcement: effect of filler surface chemistry on composite properties; the structure and mechanical properties of cellulose nanocomposites prepared by twin screw extrusion; preparation and properties of biopolymer-based nanocomposites films using microcrystalline cellulose; nanocompusites based on cellulose microfibril; cellulose microfibers as reinforcing agents for structural materials; dispersion of soybean stock-based nanofiber in plastic matrix; polysulfone-cellulose nanocomposites; bacterial cellulose and its nanocomposites for biomedical applications.

Handbook Of Polymer Nanocomposites Processing Performance And Application

Author : Jitendra K. Pandey
ISBN : 9783642452321
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 91 MB
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Volume C forms one volume of a Handbook about Polymer Nanocomposites. Volume C deals with Polymer nano-composites of cellulose nano-particles. The preparation, architecture, characterisation, properties and application of polymer nanocomposites are discussed within some 27 chapters. Each chapter has been authored by experts in the respective field.

Polymer Science And Technology

Author : Joel R. Fried
ISBN : 9780137039937
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 76 MB
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The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics. This edition’s new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more. A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume. Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references. In-depth coverage includes Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites–including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations

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