natural language annotation for machine learning

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Natural Language Annotation For Machine Learning

Author : James Pustejovsky
ISBN : 9781449359768
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88. 70 MB
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Create your own natural language training corpus for machine learning. Whether you’re working with English, Chinese, or any other natural language, this hands-on book guides you through a proven annotation development cycle—the process of adding metadata to your training corpus to help ML algorithms work more efficiently. You don’t need any programming or linguistics experience to get started. Using detailed examples at every step, you’ll learn how the MATTER Annotation Development Process helps you Model, Annotate, Train, Test, Evaluate, and Revise your training corpus. You also get a complete walkthrough of a real-world annotation project. Define a clear annotation goal before collecting your dataset (corpus) Learn tools for analyzing the linguistic content of your corpus Build a model and specification for your annotation project Examine the different annotation formats, from basic XML to the Linguistic Annotation Framework Create a gold standard corpus that can be used to train and test ML algorithms Select the ML algorithms that will process your annotated data Evaluate the test results and revise your annotation task Learn how to use lightweight software for annotating texts and adjudicating the annotations This book is a perfect companion to O’Reilly’s Natural Language Processing with Python.

Natural Language Annotation For Machine Learning

Author : James Pustejovsky
ISBN : 9781449306663
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39. 82 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Create your own natural language training corpus for machine learning. Whether you’re working with English, Chinese, or any other natural language, this hands-on book guides you through a proven annotation development cycle—the process of adding metadata to your training corpus to help ML algorithms work more efficiently. You don’t need any programming or linguistics experience to get started. Using detailed examples at every step, you’ll learn how the MATTER Annotation Development Process helps you Model, Annotate, Train, Test, Evaluate, and Revise your training corpus. You also get a complete walkthrough of a real-world annotation project. Define a clear annotation goal before collecting your dataset (corpus) Learn tools for analyzing the linguistic content of your corpus Build a model and specification for your annotation project Examine the different annotation formats, from basic XML to the Linguistic Annotation Framework Create a gold standard corpus that can be used to train and test ML algorithms Select the ML algorithms that will process your annotated data Evaluate the test results and revise your annotation task Learn how to use lightweight software for annotating texts and adjudicating the annotations This book is a perfect companion to O’Reilly’s Natural Language Processing with Python.

Natural Language Annotation For Machine Learning

Author : James Pustejovsky
ISBN : 9781449359775
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64. 72 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Create your own natural language training corpus for machine learning. Whether you’re working with English, Chinese, or any other natural language, this hands-on book guides you through a proven annotation development cycle—the process of adding metadata to your training corpus to help ML algorithms work more efficiently. You don’t need any programming or linguistics experience to get started. Using detailed examples at every step, you’ll learn how the MATTER Annotation Development Process helps you Model, Annotate, Train, Test, Evaluate, and Revise your training corpus. You also get a complete walkthrough of a real-world annotation project. Define a clear annotation goal before collecting your dataset (corpus) Learn tools for analyzing the linguistic content of your corpus Build a model and specification for your annotation project Examine the different annotation formats, from basic XML to the Linguistic Annotation Framework Create a gold standard corpus that can be used to train and test ML algorithms Select the ML algorithms that will process your annotated data Evaluate the test results and revise your annotation task Learn how to use lightweight software for annotating texts and adjudicating the annotations This book is a perfect companion to O’Reilly’s Natural Language Processing with Python.

Collaborative Annotation For Reliable Natural Language Processing

Author : Kar?n Fort
ISBN : 9781848219045
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86. 22 MB
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This book presents a unique opportunity for constructing a consistent image of collaborative manual annotation for Natural Language Processing (NLP). NLP has witnessed two major evolutions in the past 25 years: firstly, the extraordinary success of machine learning, which is now, for better or for worse, overwhelmingly dominant in the field, and secondly, the multiplication of evaluation campaigns or shared tasks. Both involve manually annotated corpora, for the training and evaluation of the systems. These corpora have progressively become the hidden pillars of our domain, providing food for our hungry machine learning algorithms and reference for evaluation. Annotation is now the place where linguistics hides in NLP. However, manual annotation has largely been ignored for some time, and it has taken a while even for annotation guidelines to be recognized as essential. Although some efforts have been made lately to address some of the issues presented by manual annotation, there has still been little research done on the subject. This book aims to provide some useful insights into the subject. Manual corpus annotation is now at the heart of NLP, and is still largely unexplored. There is a need for manual annotation engineering (in the sense of a precisely formalized process), and this book aims to provide a first step towards a holistic methodology, with a global view on annotation.

Foundations Of Statistical Natural Language Processing

Author : Christopher D. Manning
ISBN : 0262133601
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79. 34 MB
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An introduction to statistical natural language processing (NLP). The text contains the theory and algorithms needed for building NLP tools. Topics covered include: mathematical and linguistic foundations; statistical methods; collocation finding; word sense disambiguation; and probalistic parsing.

Natural Language Processing With Python

Author : Steven Bird
ISBN : 9780596555719
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 78 MB
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This book offers a highly accessible introduction to natural language processing, the field that supports a variety of language technologies, from predictive text and email filtering to automatic summarization and translation. With it, you'll learn how to write Python programs that work with large collections of unstructured text. You'll access richly annotated datasets using a comprehensive range of linguistic data structures, and you'll understand the main algorithms for analyzing the content and structure of written communication. Packed with examples and exercises, Natural Language Processing with Python will help you: Extract information from unstructured text, either to guess the topic or identify "named entities" Analyze linguistic structure in text, including parsing and semantic analysis Access popular linguistic databases, including WordNet and treebanks Integrate techniques drawn from fields as diverse as linguistics and artificial intelligence This book will help you gain practical skills in natural language processing using the Python programming language and the Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) open source library. If you're interested in developing web applications, analyzing multilingual news sources, or documenting endangered languages -- or if you're simply curious to have a programmer's perspective on how human language works -- you'll find Natural Language Processing with Python both fascinating and immensely useful.

Handbook Of Linguistic Annotation

Author : Nancy Ide
ISBN : 9789402408812
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 30. 33 MB
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This handbook offers a thorough treatment of the science of linguistic annotation. Leaders in the field guide the reader through the process of modeling, creating an annotation language, building a corpus and evaluating it for correctness. Essential reading for both computer scientists and linguistic researchers.Linguistic annotation is an increasingly important activity in the field of computational linguistics because of its critical role in the development of language models for natural language processing applications. Part one of this book covers all phases of the linguistic annotation process, from annotation scheme design and choice of representation format through both the manual and automatic annotation process, evaluation, and iterative improvement of annotation accuracy. The second part of the book includes case studies of annotation projects across the spectrum of linguistic annotation types, including morpho-syntactic tagging, syntactic analyses, a range of semantic analyses (semantic roles, named entities, sentiment and opinion), time and event and spatial analyses, and discourse level analyses including discourse structure, co-reference, etc. Each case study addresses the various phases and processes discussed in the chapters of part one.

Natural Language Processing With Python Cookbook

Author : Krishna Bhavsar
ISBN : 9781787283473
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36. 83 MB
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Learn the tricks and tips that will help you design Text Analytics solutions About This Book Independent recipes that will teach you how to efficiently perform Natural Language Processing in Python Use dictionaries to create your own named entities using this easy-to-follow guide Learn how to implement NLTK for various scenarios with the help of example-rich recipes to take you beyond basic Natural Language Processing Who This Book Is For This book is intended for data scientists, data analysts, and data science professionals who want to upgrade their existing skills to implement advanced text analytics using NLP. Some basic knowledge of Natural Language Processing is recommended. What You Will Learn Explore corpus management using internal and external corpora Learn WordNet usage and a couple of simple application assignments using WordNet Operate on raw text Learn to perform tokenization, stemming, lemmatization, and spelling corrections, stop words removals, and more Understand regular expressions for pattern matching Learn to use and write your own POS taggers and grammars Learn to evaluate your own trained models Explore Deep Learning techniques in NLP Generate Text from Nietzsche's writing using LSTM Utilize the BABI dataset and LSTM to model episodes In Detail Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a field of computer science, artificial intelligence, and computational linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages; in particular, it's about programming computers to fruitfully process large natural language corpora. This book includes unique recipes that will teach you various aspects of performing Natural Language Processing with NLTK—the leading Python platform for the task. You will come across various recipes during the course, covering (among other topics) natural language understanding, Natural Language Processing, and syntactic analysis. You will learn how to understand language, plan sentences, and work around various ambiguities. You will learn how to efficiently use NLTK and implement text classification, identify parts of speech, tag words, and more. You will also learn how to analyze sentence structures and master lexical analysis, syntactic and semantic analysis, pragmatic analysis, and the application of deep learning techniques. By the end of this book, you will have all the knowledge you need to implement Natural Language Processing with Python. Style and Approach This book's rich collection of recipes will come in handy when you are working with Natural Language Processing with Python. Addressing your common and not-so-common pain points, this is a book that you must have on the shelf.

The Handbook Of Computational Linguistics And Natural Language Processing

Author : Alexander Clark
ISBN : 9781118448670
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63. 26 MB
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This comprehensive reference work provides an overview of the concepts, methodologies, and applications in computational linguistics and natural language processing (NLP). Features contributions by the top researchers in the field, reflecting the work that is driving the discipline forward Includes an introduction to the major theoretical issues in these fields, as well as the central engineering applications that the work has produced Presents the major developments in an accessible way, explaining the close connection between scientific understanding of the computational properties of natural language and the creation of effective language technologies Serves as an invaluable state-of-the-art reference source for computational linguists and software engineers developing NLP applications in industrial research and development labs of software companies

Nltk Essentials

Author : Nitin Hardeniya
ISBN : 9781784398507
Genre : Computers
File Size : 44. 67 MB
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Natural Language Processing (NLP) is the field of artificial intelligence and computational linguistics that deals with the interactions between computers and human languages. With the instances of human-computer interaction increasing, it's becoming imperative for computers to comprehend all major natural languages. Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) is one such powerful and robust tool. You start with an introduction to get the gist of how to build systems around NLP. We then move on to explore data science-related tasks, following which you will learn how to create a customized tokenizer and parser from scratch. Throughout, we delve into the essential concepts of NLP while gaining practical insights into various open source tools and libraries available in Python for NLP. You will then learn how to analyze social media sites to discover trending topics and perform sentiment analysis. Finally, you will see tools which will help you deal with large scale text. By the end of this book, you will be confident about NLP and data science concepts and know how to apply them in your day-to-day work.

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