modeling psychophysical data in r 32 use r

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Modeling Psychophysical Data In R

Author : Kenneth Knoblauch
ISBN : 9781461444756
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 74 MB
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Many of the commonly used methods for modeling and fitting psychophysical data are special cases of statistical procedures of great power and generality, notably the Generalized Linear Model (GLM). This book illustrates how to fit data from a variety of psychophysical paradigms using modern statistical methods and the statistical language R. The paradigms include signal detection theory, psychometric function fitting, classification images and more. In two chapters, recently developed methods for scaling appearance, maximum likelihood difference scaling and maximum likelihood conjoint measurement are examined. The authors also consider the application of mixed-effects models to psychophysical data. R is an open-source programming language that is widely used by statisticians and is seeing enormous growth in its application to data in all fields. It is interactive, containing many powerful facilities for optimization, model evaluation, model selection, and graphical display of data. The reader who fits data in R can readily make use of these methods. The researcher who uses R to fit and model his data has access to most recently developed statistical methods. This book does not assume that the reader is familiar with R, and a little experience with any programming language is all that is needed to appreciate this book. There are large numbers of examples of R in the text and the source code for all examples is available in an R package MPDiR available through R. Kenneth Knoblauch is a researcher in the Department of Integrative Neurosciences in Inserm Unit 846, The Stem Cell and Brain Research Institute and associated with the University Claude Bernard, Lyon 1, in France. Laurence T. Maloney is Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University. His research focusses on applications of mathematical models to perception, motor control and decision making.

Haptics Neuroscience Devices Modeling And Applications

Author : Malika Auvray
ISBN : 9783662441961
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 25 MB
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The two-volume set LNCS 8618 and 8619 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference EuroHaptics 2014, held in Versailles, France, in June 2014. The 118 papers (36 oral presentations and 82 poster presentations) presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 183 submissions. Furthermore, 27 demos were exhibited, each of them resulting in a short paper included in the volumes. These proceedings reflect the multidisciplinary nature of EuroHaptics and cover topics such as human-computer interaction, human-robot interactions, neuroscience, perception and psychophysics, biomechanics and motor control, modelling and simulation; and a broad range of applications in medicine, rehabilitation, art, and design.

Advanced Color Image Processing And Analysis

Author : Christine Fernandez-Maloigne
ISBN : 9781441961907
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 55 MB
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This volume does much more than survey modern advanced color processing. Starting with a historical perspective on ways we have classified color, it sets out the latest numerical techniques for analyzing and processing colors, the leading edge in our search to accurately record and print what we see. The human eye perceives only a fraction of available light wavelengths, yet we live in a multicolor world of myriad shining hues. Colors rich in metaphorical associations make us “purple with rage” or “green with envy” and cause us to “see red.” Defining colors has been the work of centuries, culminating in today’s complex mathematical coding that nonetheless remains a work in progress: only recently have we possessed the computing capacity to process the algebraic matrices that reproduce color more accurately. With chapters on dihedral color and image spectrometers, this book provides technicians and researchers with the knowledge they need to grasp the intricacies of today’s color imaging.

Vision Models And Applications To Image And Video Processing

Author : Christian J. van den Branden Lambrecht
ISBN : 0792374223
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56. 54 MB
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I came to vision science trying to solve an engineering problem: I was trying to come up with test and measurement methodologies for digital video systems. One of the metrics I wanted to use was some measurement of image quality. After some experiments and after an overview of the literature, I had to realize that simple computational metrics, such as the mean square error, are not very effective for this purpose. This led me to study notions of vision science and vision modeling. As an engineer, I found it fascinating. Vision science uses computational tools and modeling techniques that are very similar to what we use in signal processing, yet it brings you to a new domain that lies at the intersection of engineering, biology and cognitive psychology. Over the years, vision science has made tremendous contributions to engineering and to the field of image processing in particular. Such contributions include half toning matrices for the printing industry, color correction for digital cameras, quantization matrices for image coding. As imaging devices are becoming commodities, the impact of vision science is becoming even more significant. This book is meant to appeal to an engineering audience. It is an introduction to vision science and to the design and application of vision models in engineering. To achieve this goal, we have chosen to organize the book around the main components of vision models.

Phonology In The Bilingual And Bidialectal Lexicon

Author : Isabelle Darcy
ISBN : 9782889452101
Genre :
File Size : 62. 22 MB
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A conversation between two people can only take place if the words intended by each speaker are successfully recognized. Spoken word recognition is at the heart of language comprehension. This automatic and smooth process remains a challenge for models of spoken word recognition. Both the process of mapping the speech signal onto stored representations for words, and the format of the representation themselves are subject to debate. So far, existing research on the nature of spoken word representations has focused mainly on native speakers. The picture becomes even more complex when looking at spoken word recognition in a second language. Given that most of the world’s speakers know and use more than one language, it is crucial to reach a more precise understanding of how bilingual and multilingual individuals encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, and why spoken word recognition is more difficult in a second language than in the native language. Current models of native spoken word recognition operate under two assumptions: (i) that listeners’ perception of the incoming speech signal is optimal; and (ii) that listeners’ lexical representations are accurate. As a result, lexical representations are easily activated, and intended words are successfully recognized. However, these assumptions are compromised when applied to a later-learned second language. For a variety of reasons (e.g., phonetic/phonological, orthographic), second language users may not perceive the speech signal optimally, and they may still be refining the motor routines needed for articulation. Accordingly, their lexical representations may differ from those of native speakers, which may in turn inhibit their selection of the intended word forms. Second language users also have to solve a larger selection challenge—having words in more than one language to choose from. Thus, for second language users, the links between perception, lexical representations, orthography, and production are all but clear. Even for simultaneous bilinguals, important questions remain about the specificity and interdependence of their lexical representations and the factors influencing cross-language word activation. This Frontiers Research Topic seeks to further our understanding of the factors that determine how multilinguals recognize and encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, with a focus on the mapping between the input and lexical representations, and on the quality of lexical representations.

Human Vision And Electronic Imaging

Author : Bernice Ellen Rogowitz
ISBN : 081945639X
Genre : Image processing
File Size : 83. 47 MB
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Applications Of Digital Image Processing

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015048125481
Genre : Image processing
File Size : 69. 64 MB
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Digest Of Technical Papers

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822020430724
Genre : Information display systems
File Size : 61. 42 MB
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Human Factors Engineering Bibliographic Series

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105116559100
Genre : Human engineering
File Size : 23. 73 MB
Format : PDF
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Cumulated Index Medicus

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112042535085
Genre : Medicine
File Size : 78. 49 MB
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