milestones in microwave chemistry springerbriefs in molecular science

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Milestones In Microwave Chemistry

Author : György Keglevich
ISBN : 9783319306322
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 91 MB
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This book looks back on thirty-five years of microwave (MW) chemistry and explains how the application of the MW technique became an integral part of R&D, eventually becoming recognized in industry. Further, it details how MW chemistry has undergone a dynamic development in the past three decades, one driven by the advent of increasingly sophisticated professional MW reactors in place of the kitchen MW ovens used in earlier years. A major part of the book shows how substitutions, esterifications, amidations, hydrolyses, alkylations, eliminations, dehydrations, condensations, cyclizations, C–C couplings and the modification of heterocycles can be performed advantageously under MW irradiation, as the reaction times are shorter, while the selectivity and yields are higher; it also explains why in most cases, the reactions can be performed under solvent-free conditions. MW irradiation within the sphere of organophosphorus chemistry is showcased and typical reactions, such as the direct derivatization of phosphinic acids, alkylating esterifications, Diels–Alder reactions, the inverse Wittig-type reaction, fragmentations, the Arbuzov reaction, the synthesis of α-hydroxyphosphonates and α-aminophosphonates (the Kabachnik–Fields condensation), deoxygenations and P–C coupling reactions are described under MW conditions. In closing, the advantages of MW chemistry such as faster reactions and the possibility of simplifying the catalytic systems are addressed.

Microwave Chemistry

Author : Giancarlo Cravotto
ISBN : 9783110479935
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 29 MB
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Microwave Chemistry has changed the way to work in chemical laboratories and is an established state-of-the-art technology to accelarate and enhance chemical processes. This book not only gives an overview of the technology, its historical development and theoretical background, but also presents its exceptionally broad spectrum of applications. Microwave Chemistry enables graduate students and scientist to learn and apply its methods successfully.

Organophosphorus Chemistry

Author : John C. Tebby
ISBN : 9781788011679
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 48 MB
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Coverage in this annual review of the literature presents a comprehensive and critical survey of the vast field of study involving organophosphorus compounds. From phosphines and related P-C bonded compounds through tervalent phosphorus acid derivatives, phosphine chalcogenides, and recent developments in green synthetic approaches in organophosphorus chemistry, the volume reflects established and current interests in the area. With an emphasis on interdisciplinary content, this book is aimed at the worldwide organic chemistry and engineering research communities.

Basics Of Flow Microreactor Synthesis

Author : Jun-ichi Yoshida
ISBN : 9784431555131
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 26 MB
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This book provides in a concise form the principles and applications of flow microreactors in organic and polymer synthesis. Recently, it became possible to conduct chemical reactions in a flow reactor in laboratory synthesis. The flow microreactor enables reactions that cannot be done in batch, opening a new possibility of chemical synthesis. Extremely fast mass and heat transfer and high-resolution residence time control are responsible for the remarkable features of that process. The book is not an exhaustive compilation of all known examples of flow microreactor synthesis. Rather, it is a sampling of sufficient variety to illustrate the concept, the scope, and the current state of flow microreactor synthesis. Researchers both in academia and in industry will be interested in this book because the topics encompassed by the book are vigorously studied in many university and company laboratories today.

Transformation Of Carbon Dioxide To Formic Acid And Methanol

Author : Wan-Hui Wang
ISBN : 9789811032509
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 68 MB
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This brief explains the principles and fundamentals of carbon dioxide utilization and highlights the transformation to fuels and value-added chemicals such as formic acid and methanol. It is divided into six chapters, including an introduction to the basics of CO2 utilization and transformation of CO2 to formic acid and methanol with homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts, respectively. The brief will appeal to a wide readership of academic and industrial researchers focusing on homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, organometallic chemistry, green chemistry, energy conversion and storage.

Sustainable C Sp3 H Bond Functionalization

Author : Jin Xie
ISBN : 9783662494967
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 89 MB
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This book highlights major achievements made in the last five years concerning sustainable C(sp3)-H bond functionalization and offers a promising and emerging tool-kit for organic synthesis. The book is divided into three chapters demonstrating key advances in C(sp3)-H bond functionalization. Chapter 1 reviews transition-metal-catalyzed C(sp3)-H bond functionalization using different directing groups, while Chapter 2 addresses the new methods of transition-metal-catalyzed and metal-free C(sp3)-H bond functionalization without directing groups, in addition to briefly highlighting redox-neutral C(sp3)-H bond functionalization. In closing, Chapter 3 examines visible-light photoredox catalysis, an emerging and highly sustainable C(sp3)-H bond functionalization strategy. The book offers an intriguing and useful reference guide for a broad readership working and/or interested in the fields of organic, organometallic, and green chemistry.

The Chemical History Of Color

Author : Mary Virginia Orna
ISBN : 9783642326424
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 28 MB
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In this brief, Mary Virginia Orna details the history of color from the chemical point of view. Beginning with the first recorded uses of color and ending in the development of our modern chemical industry, this rich, yet concise exposition shows us how color pervades every aspect of our lives. Our consciousness, our perceptions, our useful appliances and tools, our playthings, our entertainment, our health, and our diagnostic apparatus – all involve color and are based in no small part on chemistry.

Green Synthetic Approaches For Biologically Relevant Heterocycles

Author : Goutam Brahmachari
ISBN : 9780128005903
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 45 MB
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Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles reviews this significant group of organic compounds within the context of sustainable methods and processes. Each clearly structured chapter features in-depth coverage of various green protocols for the synthesis of a wide variety of bioactive heterocycles classified on the basis of ring-size and/or presence of heteratoms(s). Techniques covered include microwave heating, ultrasound, ionic liquids, solid phase, solvent-free, heterogeneous catalysis, and aqueous media, along with multi-component reaction strategies. This book also integrates advances in green chemistry research into industrial applications and process developments. Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working in medicinal, organic, natural product, and agricultural chemistry. Includes global coverage of a wide variety of green synthetic techniques Features cutting-edge research in the field of bioactive heterocyclic compounds Focuses extensively on applications, with numerous examples of biologically relevant heterocycles

Advances In Health And Environment Safety

Author : N. A. Siddiqui
ISBN : 9789811071225
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 67 MB
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This book comprises selected papers on advances in the field of health and environment safety that were presented at the leading international conference on advances in the field of health, safety, fire, environment, allied sciences and engineering (HSFEA 2016). The book focuses on the latest developments in the field of health and environment safety, and highlights related opportunities and challenges. The book also presents methods that can be used to effectively monitor and measure climate change and global warming. Further, the contents of this work stress the importance of maintaining safety and healthy work environments that are free of occupational health hazards. This book will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policy makers alike.

Optical Spectra Of Phthalocyanines And Related Compounds

Author : Hiroaki Isago
ISBN : 9784431551027
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 26 MB
Format : PDF
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This book displays how optical (absorption, emission, and magnetic circular dichroism) spectra of phthalocyanines and related macrocyclic dyes can be varied from their prototypical ones depending on conditions. As these compounds can be involved in colorful chemistry (which might be driven by impurities in solvents), their spectra behave like the sea-god Proteus in their mutability. Therefore, those who have been engaged with phthalocyanines for the first time, including even educated professional researchers and engineers, may have been embarrassed by the deceptive behavior of their compounds and could have, in the worst cases, given up their projects. This book is aimed not merely at reviewing the optical spectra, but also at helping such people, particularly beginners, to figure them out by showing some examples of their prototypical spectra and their variations in several situations. For the purpose of better understanding, the book also provides an introduction to their theoretical backgrounds as graphically as possible and without mathematicization for readers who are weak in mathematics.

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