metaphysics of science a systematic and historical introduction philosophy and science

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Metaphysics Of Science

Author : Markus Schrenk
ISBN : 9781317273059
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77. 18 MB
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Metaphysics and science have a long but troubled relationship. In the twentieth century the Logical Positivists argued metaphysics was irrelevant and that philosophy should be guided by science. However, metaphysics and science attempt to answer many of the same, fundamental questions: What are laws of nature? What is causation? What are natural kinds? In this book, Markus Schrenk examines and explains the central questions and problems in the metaphysics of science. He reviews the development of the field from the early modern period through to the latest research, systematically assessing key topics including: dispositions counterfactual conditionals laws of nature causation properties natural kinds essence necessity. With the addition of chapter summaries and annotated further reading, Metaphysics of Science is a much-needed, clear and informative survey of this exciting area of philosophical research. It is essential reading for students and scholars of philosophy of science and metaphysics.

A Historical Introduction To The Philosophy Of Science

Author : John Losee
ISBN : UOM:39015026839079
Genre : Science
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This new edition brings up to date this accessible study of the philosophy of science. Since the time of Plato and Aristotle, scientists and philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations.A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Scienceis an exposition of differing viewpoints on issues such as the distinction between scientific inquiry and other types of interpretation, the relationship between theories and observation reports; the evaluation of competing theories; and the nature of progress in science. The author makes accessible the philosophy of science to readers who may not have extensive knowledge of formal logic or the history of the several sciences. The third edition incorporates an extended discussion of recent developments. Historicist critics of Logical Empiricism have established that evaluative standards and cognitive aims have changed within the history of science. This edition examines these changes, the recent controversies over scientific realism, casual theories of explanation, Bayesian theories of confirmation, and the search for a non-prescriptive philosophy of science. philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations. This is a lucid and accessible introduction to the philosophy of science, ideal for readers who may not have the extensive knowledge of formal logic or the history of the several sciences. This new edition includes an extended discussion of such recent developments and controversies as new approaches to evaluative standards and cognitive aims, scientific realism, causal theories of explanation, Bayesian theories of confirmation, and the search for a non-prescriptive philosophy of science.

An Introduction To The History And Philosophy Of Science

Author : Menon
ISBN : 8131728900
Genre :
File Size : 38. 61 MB
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Before And After Hegel

Author : Tom Rockmore
ISBN : 0520082052
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60. 89 MB
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"A good elementary introduction to the study of Hegel and his influence. . . . It places Hegel's work in the intellectual context of his time very well."--H. S. Harris, Glendon College, York University "A good elementary introduction to the study of Hegel and his influence. . . . It places Hegel's work in the intellectual context of his time very well."--H. S. Harris, Glendon College, York University

Twelve Great Philosophers

Author : Wayne P. Pomerleau
ISBN : 1880157543
Genre : Philosophy
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deas of Human Nature, now revised and updated in this second edition, presents twelve of the most influential Western thinkers on the topic of human nature. Roger Trigg examines the thinkers in their historical context and discusses their relevance to contemporary controversies. The issues covered include perennial philosophical problems: the connection between mind and body; life after death; the role of reason; free-will and determinism; the relationship between the individual and society; and the problem of relativism. Including new chapters on Locke and Kant, this book is an accessible and key text for anyone interested in the theories that have altered the course of human history, and continue to impact on our lives today.

Historical Dictionary Of Metaphysics

Author : Gary Rosenkrantz
ISBN : 9780810859500
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 45 MB
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Metaphysics is what Aristotle described as 'the First Philosophy' or 'first science,' a comprehensive inquiry into the ultimate nature of reality. As such, metaphysics consists of a systematic study of the more general categories of being and of the more general ways of relating entities. The Historical Dictionary of Metaphysics focuses on metaphysics in Western philosophy, the metaphysical tradition that developed under the influence of Greek philosophy, and especially Plato and Aristotle. It offers a comprehensive guide to the many facets of metaphysics through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on concepts, people, works, and technical terms. This volume is an invaluable resource for student and scholar alike.

Kant S Philosophy Of Physical Science

Author : Robert E. Butts
ISBN : 9027723095
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 60 MB
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The papers in this volume are offered in celebration of the 200th anni versary of the pub 1 i cat i on of Inmanue 1 Kant's The MetaphysicaL Foundations of NatupaL Science. All of the es says (including the Introduction) save two were written espe ci ally for thi s volume. Gernot Bohme' s paper is an amended and enlarged version of one originally read in the series of lectures and colloquia in philosophy of science offered by Boston University. My own paper is a revised and enlarged version (with an appendix containing completely new material) of one read at the biennial meeting of the Philosophy of Sci ence Association held in Chicago in 1984. Why is it important to devote this attention to Kant's last published work in the philosophy of physics? The excellent essays in the volume will answer the question. I will provide some schematic com ments designed to provide an image leading from the general question to its very specific answers. Kant is best known for hi s monumental Croitique of Pure Reason and for his writings in ethical theory. His "critical" philosophy requires an initial sharp division of knowledge into its theoretical and practical parts. Moral perfection of attempts to act out of duty is the aim of practical reason. The aim of theoretical reason is to know the truth about ma terial and spiritual nature.

The Significance Of The Hypothetical In The Natural Sciences

Author : Michael Heidelberger
ISBN : 9783110210620
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 85. 34 MB
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How was the hypothetical character of theories of experience thought about throughout the history of science? The essays cover periods from the middle ages to the 19th and 20th centuries. It is fascinating to see how natural scientists and philosophers were increasingly forced to realize that a natural science without hypotheses is not possible.

Hegel S Political Philosophy

Author : Thom Brooks
ISBN : 9780748655458
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 87 MB
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A new and significantly expanded edition of the first systematic reading of Hegel's political philosophy.

Hegel And Whitehead

Author : George R. Lucas
ISBN : 0887061443
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 93 MB
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Hegel and Whitehead presents a careful exploration of the similarities between these two formidable representatives of systematic philosophy. Some of the most distinguished scholars in European and American philosophy converge herein to explore the similarities in Hegel's and Whitehead's contemporary influence, as well as in the content of their respective systems and in their philosophical styles. This volume begins with important critical, comparative, and historical assessments of the contemporary problems in metaphysics, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics, social thought, and philosophy of religion, of history, and of culture against the background of the important contributions made to these discussions by both Hegel and Whitehead. The result is a collection of vigorous new essays in systematic philosophy that reflect the enduring contributions of these two philosophers to the contemporary philosophical climate on two continents.

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