memory systems cache dram disk

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Memory Systems

Author : Bruce Jacob
ISBN : 0080553842
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 87 MB
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Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.

Vlsi Memory Chip Design

Author : Kiyoo Itoh
ISBN : 9783662044780
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 64 MB
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A systematic description of microelectronic device design. Topics range from the basics to low-power and ultralow-voltage designs, subthreshold current reduction, memory subsystem designs for modern DRAMs, and various on-chip supply-voltage conversion techniques. It also covers process and device issues as well as design issues relating to systems, circuits, devices and processes, such as signal-to-noise and redundancy.

The Architecture Of Pipelined Computers

Author : Peter M. Kogge
ISBN : 0891164944
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65. 29 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The Cache Memory Book

Author : Jim Handy
ISBN : 0123229804
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 12 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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The Second Edition of The Cache Memory Book introduces systems designers to the concepts behind cache design. The book teaches the basic cache concepts and more exotic techniques. It leads readers through someof the most intricate protocols used in complex multiprocessor caches. Written in an accessible, informal style, this text demystifies cache memory design by translating cache concepts and jargon into practical methodologies and real-life examples. It also provides adequate detail to serve as a reference book for ongoing work in cache memory design. The Second Edition includes an updated and expanded glossary of cache memory terms and buzzwords. The book provides new real world applications of cache memory design and a new chapter on cache"tricks". Illustrates detailed example designs of caches Provides numerous examples in the form of block diagrams, timing waveforms, state tables, and code traces Defines and discusses more than 240 cache specific buzzwords, comparing in detail the relative merits of different design methodologies Includes an extensive glossary, complete with clear definitions, synonyms, and references to the appropriate text discussions

Dram Circuit Design

Author : Brent Keeth
ISBN : 9780470184752
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 45 MB
Format : PDF
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A modern, comprehensive introduction to DRAM for students and practicing chip designers Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) technology has been one of the greatestdriving forces in the advancement of solid-state technology. With its ability to produce high product volumes and low pricing, it forces solid-state memory manufacturers to work aggressively to cut costs while maintaining, if not increasing, their market share. As a result, the state of the art continues to advance owing to the tremendous pressure to get more memory chips from each silicon wafer, primarily through process scaling and clever design. From a team of engineers working in memory circuit design, DRAM Circuit Design gives students and practicing chip designers an easy-to-follow, yet thorough, introductory treatment of the subject. Focusing on the chip designer rather than the end user, this volume offers expanded, up-to-date coverage of DRAM circuit design by presenting both standard and high-speed implementations. Additionally, it explores a range of topics: the DRAM array, peripheral circuitry, global circuitry and considerations, voltage converters, synchronization in DRAMs, data path design, and power delivery. Additionally, this up-to-date and comprehensive book features topics in high-speed design and architecture and the ever-increasing speed requirements of memory circuits. The only book that covers the breadth and scope of the subject under one cover, DRAM Circuit Design is an invaluable introduction for students in courses on memory circuit design or advanced digital courses in VLSI or CMOS circuit design. It also serves as an essential, one-stop resource for academics, researchers, and practicing engineers.

The Memory System

Author : Bruce Jacob
ISBN : 9781598295870
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 95 MB
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Today, computer-system optimization, at both the hardware and software levels, must consider the details of the memory system in its analysis; failing to do so yields systems that are increasingly inefficient as those systems become more complex. This lecture seeks to introduce the reader to the most important details of the memory system; it targets both computer scientists and computer engineers in industry and in academia. Roughly speaking, computer scientists are the users of the memory system and computer engineers are the designers of the memory system. Both can benefit tremendously from a basic understanding of how the memory system really works: the computer scientist will be better equipped to create algorithms that perform well and the computer engineer will be better equipped to design systems that approach the optimal, given the resource limitations. Currently, there is consensus among architecture researchers that the memory system is "the bottleneck," and this consensus has held for over a decade. Somewhat inexplicably, most of the research in the field is still directed toward improving the CPU to better tolerate a slow memory system, as opposed to addressing the weaknesses of the memory system directly. This lecture should get the bulk of the computer science and computer engineering population up the steep part of the learning curve. Not every CS/CE researcher/developer needs to do work in the memory system, but, just as a carpenter can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of architecture, and an architect can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of carpentry, giving the CS/CE worlds better intuition about the memory system should help them build better systems, both software and hardware. Table of Contents: Primers / It Must Be Modeled Accurately / ...\ and It Will Change Soon

Inside Solid State Drives Ssds

Author : Rino Micheloni
ISBN : 9789400751453
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Solid State Drives (SSDs) are gaining momentum in enterprise and client applications, replacing Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) by offering higher performance and lower power. In the enterprise, developers of data center server and storage systems have seen CPU performance growing exponentially for the past two decades, while HDD performance has improved linearly for the same period. Additionally, multi-core CPU designs and virtualization have increased randomness of storage I/Os. These trends have shifted performance bottlenecks to enterprise storage systems. Business critical applications such as online transaction processing, financial data processing and database mining are increasingly limited by storage performance. In client applications, small mobile platforms are leaving little room for batteries while demanding long life out of them. Therefore, reducing both idle and active power consumption has become critical. Additionally, client storage systems are in need of significant performance improvement as well as supporting small robust form factors. Ultimately, client systems are optimizing for best performance/power ratio as well as performance/cost ratio. SSDs promise to address both enterprise and client storage requirements by drastically improving performance while at the same time reducing power. Inside Solid State Drives walks the reader through all the main topics related to SSDs: from NAND Flash to memory controller (hardware and software), from I/O interfaces (PCIe/SAS/SATA) to reliability, from error correction codes (BCH and LDPC) to encryption, from Flash signal processing to hybrid storage. We hope you enjoy this tour inside Solid State Drives.

Nonvolatile Memory Technologies With Emphasis On Flash

Author : Joe Brewer
ISBN : 9781118211625
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Presented here is an all-inclusive treatment of Flash technology, including Flash memory chips, Flash embedded in logic, binary cell Flash, and multilevel cell Flash. The book begins with a tutorial of elementary concepts to orient readers who are less familiar with the subject. Next, it covers all aspects and variations of Flash technology at a mature engineering level: basic device structures, principles of operation, related process technologies, circuit design, overall design tradeoffs, device testing, reliability, and applications.

Cache And Memory Hierarchy Design

Author : Steven A. Przybylski
ISBN : 9781558601369
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 19 MB
Format : PDF
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A widely read and authoritative book for hardware and software designers. This innovative book exposes the characteristics of performance-optimal single- and multi-level cache hierarchies by approaching the cache design process through the novel perspective of minimizing execution time.

High Performance Memories

Author : Betty Prince
ISBN : 0471986100
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88. 45 MB
Format : PDF
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High Performance Memories New architecture DRAMs and SRAMs evolution and function Revised Edition Betty Prince Memory Strategies International, Leander, Texas, USA Now presenting extra product specific material on the new DDR SDRAMs, ESDRAMs and DDR ESDRAMs, Direct Rambus DRAMs, SLDRAM, VCDRAM, SGRAM and DDR SGRAM, and DP-DRAM. Fully updated to incorporate the latest industry achievements in this fast-moving field, High Performance Memories, Revised provides an overview of the issues involved in advanced memory design. Drawing on her work at the cutting edge of memory technology, Prince surveys the latest trends in development and assesses the range of memory devices and systems available. New features include: * Examination of the latest DRAMs standards * Discussion of electrical characteristics of high speed memories including SSTL interfaces and techniques in the testing of fast RAMS * Coverage of the effect of packaging on memory speed, encompassing DDR DRAM, DR-DRAM and SLDRAM Written by an internationally respected author, this comprehensively revised edition will be a boon to practising engineers involved in the design and manufacture of high speed systems and semiconductor memories. Advanced students of electrical engineering and researchers in computing and telecommunications will find High Performance Memories, Revised an invaluable reference.

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