mechanical behaviour of materials volume 1 micro and macroscopic constitutive behaviour 180 solid mechanics and its applications

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Mechanical Behaviour Of Materials

Author : Dominique François
ISBN : 9789400725461
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 83 MB
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Advances in technology are demanding ever-increasing mastery over the materials being used: the challenge is to gain a better understanding of their behaviour, and more particularly of the relations between their microstructure and their macroscopic properties. This work, of which this is the first volume, aims to provide the means by which this challenge may be met. Starting from the mechanics of deformation, it develops the laws governing macroscopic behaviour – expressed as the constitutive equations – always taking account of the physical phenomena which underlie rheological behaviour. The most recent developments are presented, in particular those concerning heterogeneous materials such as metallic alloys, polymers and composites. Each chapter is devoted to one of the major classes of material behaviour. As the subtitles indicate, Volume 1 deals with micro- and macroscopic constitutive behaviour and Volume 2 with damage and fracture mechanics. A third volume will be devoted to exercises and their full solutions complementing the content of these two first volumes. Most of the chapters end with a set of exercises, to many of which either the full solution or hints on how to obtain this are given; each volume is profusely illustrated with explanatory diagrams and with electron-microscope photographs. This book, now in its second edition, has been rigorously re-written, updated and modernised for a new generation. The authors improved the existing material, in particular in modifying the organisation, and added new up-to-date content. Understanding the subject matter requires a good knowledge of solid mechanics and materials science; the main elements of these fields are given in a set of annexes at the end of the first volume. The authors also thought it interesting for the readers to give as footnotes some information about the many scientists whose names are attached to theories and formulae and whose memories must be celebrated. Whilst the present book, as well as Volume 2, is addressed primarily to graduate students, part of it can be used in undergraduate courses; and it is hoped that practising engineers and scientists will find the information it conveys useful. It is the authors’ hope also that English-speaking readers will want to learn about the aspects of French culture, and more particularly of the French school of micromechanics of materials, which this treatment undoubtedly displays.

Robotic Building

Author : Henriette Bier
ISBN : 9783319708669
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79. 12 MB
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The first volume of the Adaptive Environments series focuses on Robotic Building, which refers to both physically built robotic environments and robotically supported building processes. Physically built robotic environments consist of reconfigurable, adaptive systems incorporating sensor-actuator mechanisms that enable buildings to interact with their users and surroundings in real-time. These require Design-to-Production and Operation chains that are numerically controlled and (partially or completely) robotically driven. From architectured materials, on- and off-site robotic production to robotic building operation augmenting everyday life, the volume examines achievements of the last decades and outlines potential future developments in Robotic Building. This book offers an overview of the developments within robotics in architecture so far, and explains the future possibilities of this field. The study of interactions between human and non-human agents at building, design, production and operation level will interest readers seeking information on architecture, design-to-robotic-production and design-to-robotic-operation.

Microporomechanics

Author : Luc Dormieux
ISBN : 9780470031995
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 66 MB
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Intended as a first introduction to the micromechanics of porous media, this book entitled “Microporomechanics” deals with the mechanics and physics of multiphase porous materials at nano and micro scales. It is composed of a logical and didactic build up from fundamental concepts to state-of-the-art theories. It features four parts: following a brief introduction to the mathematical rules for upscaling operations, the first part deals with the homogenization of transport properties of porous media within the context of asymptotic expansion techniques. The second part deals with linear microporomechanics, and introduces linear mean-field theories based on the concept of a representative elementary volume for the homogenization of poroelastic properties of porous materials. The third part is devoted to Eshelby’s problem of ellipsoidal inclusions, on which much of the micromechanics techniques are based, and illustrates its application to linear diffusion and microporoelasticity. Finally, the fourth part extends the analysis to microporo-in-elasticity, that is the nonlinear homogenization of a large range of frequently encountered porous material behaviors, namely, strength homogenization, nonsaturated microporomechanics, microporoplasticity and microporofracture and microporodamage theory.

Mechanical Behaviour Of Materials

Author : Dominique François
ISBN : 0792348958
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 17 MB
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Designing new structural materials, extending lifetimes and guarding against fracture in service are among the preoccupations of engineers, and to deal with these they need to have command of the mechanics of material behaviour. The first volume of this two-volume work deals with elastic and elastoplastic behaviour; this second volume continues with viscoelasticity, damage, fracture (resistance to cracking) and contact mechanics. As in Volume I, the treatment starts from the active mechanisms on the microscopic scale and develops the laws of macroscopic behaviour. Chapter I deals with viscoplastic behaviour, as shown, for example, at low temperatures by the effects of oscillatory loads and at high temperatures by creep under steady load. Chapter 2 treats damage phenomena encountered in all materials - for example, metals, polymers, glasses, concretes - such as cavitation, fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking. Chapter 3 treats those concepts of fracture mechanics that are needed for the understanding of resistance to cracking and Chapter 4 completes the volume with a survey of the main concepts of contact mechanics. As with Volume I, each chapter has a set of exercises, either with solutions or with indications of how to attack the problem; and there are many explanatory diagrams and other illustrations.

Mechanical Behavior Of Materials

Author : Marc André Meyers
ISBN : 9780521866750
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 63 MB
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A balanced mechanics-materials approach to mechanical behavior that now also covers biomaterials and electronic materials, ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses.

Advances In Bifurcation And Degradation In Geomaterials

Author : Stéphane Bonelli
ISBN : 9789400714212
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 33 MB
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This book presents contributions to the 9th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials held in Porquerolles, France, May 23-26, 2011. This series of conferences, started in the early 1980s, is dedicated to the research on degradation and instability phenomena in geomaterials. The volume gathers a series of manuscripts by brilliant international scholars reflecting recent trends in theoretical and experimental research in geomechanics. It incorporates contributions on topics like instability analysis, localized and diffuse failure description, multi-scale modeling and applications to geo-environmental issues. This book will be valuable for anyone interested in the research on degradation and instabilities in geomechanics and geotechnical engineering, appealing to graduate students, researchers and engineers alike.

Solid Mechanics For Materials Engineers Principles And Applications Of Mesomechanics

Author : Yunan Prawoto
ISBN : 9781304535689
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 11 MB
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Mechanics Of Microelectronics

Author : G.Q. Zhang
ISBN : 9781402049354
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 36 MB
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This book is written by leading experts with both profound knowledge and rich practical experience in advanced mechanics and the microelectronics industry essential for current and future development. It aims to provide the cutting edge knowledge and solutions for various mechanical related problems, in a systematic way. It contains important and detailed information about the state-of-the-art theories, methodologies, the way of working and real case studies.

Damage Mechanics

Author : D. Krajcinovic
ISBN : 0080530249
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 63 MB
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This book provides the first truly comprehensive study of damage mechanics. All concepts are carefully identified and defined in micro- and macroscopic scales. In terms of the methods and observation scales, the main part of the book is divided into three chapters. These chapters consider the stochastic models applied to atomistic scale, micromechanical models (for arbitary concentrations of defects) on microscopic scale and continuum models on the macroscopic scale. It is intended for people who are doing or planning to do research in the mechanics and material science aspects of brittle deformation of solids with heterogeneous microstructure.

Micromechanics In Practice

Author : Michal Šejnoha
ISBN : 9781845646820
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 28 MB
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The book will concentrate on the application of micromechanics to the analysis of practical engineering problems. Both classical composites represented by carbon/carbon textile laminates and applications in Civil Engineering including asphalts and masonry structures will be considered. A common denominator of these considerably distinct material systems will be randomness of their internal structure. Also, owing to their complexity, all material systems will be studied on multiple scales. Since real engineering, rather than academic, problems are of the main interest, these scales will be treated independently from each other on the grounds of fully uncoupled multi-scale analysis. Attention will be limited to elastic and viscoelastic behaviour and to the linear heat transfer analysis. To achieve this, the book will address two different approaches to the homogenization of systems with random microstructures. In particular, classical averaging schemes based on the Eshelby solution of a solitary inclusion in an infinite medium represented by the Hashin-Shtrikman variational principles or by considerably simpler and more popular Mori-Tanaka method will be compared to detailed finite element simulations of a certain representative volume element (RVE) representing accommodated geometrical details of respective microstructures. These are derived by matching material statistics such as the one- and two-point probability functions of real and artificial microstructures. The latter one is termed the statistically equivalent periodic unit cell owing to the assumed periodic arrangement of reinforcements (carbon fibres, carbon fibre tows, stones or masonry bricks) in a certain matrix (carbon matrix, asphalt mastic, mortar). Other types of materials will be introduced in the form of exercises with emphases to the application of the Mori-Tanaka method in the framework of the previously mentioned uncoupled multi-scale analysis

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