mapping state and non state actors responses to nuclear energy in southeast asia

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Mapping State And Non State Actors Responses To Nuclear Energy In Southeast Asia

Author : Putra Nur Azha
ISBN : 9789814723213
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 22 MB
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This book aims to introduce and discuss the policy issues and challenges surrounding the development of nuclear power energy in Southeast Asia (SEA). Nuclear energy is poised for substantial growth in a region that is in need of more sustainable and clean energy source against the background of rising energy demand and an increasingly narrower power supply and demand gap. However, there are many safety and security risks associated with nuclear power especially so for a region that remains vulnerable to political risks and military conflicts. This book will, therefore, discuss those policy issues and challenges and offers unique insights from the practitioners, industry experts, academics, and policymakers on how the SEA governments could mitigate those risks through good governance. Contents:Nuclear Energy: Issues and Challenges for Southeast Asia States (Nur Azha Putra)Nuclear Energy Security and the Policy Environment in Southeast Asia (Alistair D B Cook and Sofiah Jamil)Towards a Regional Nuclear Energy Safety Regime in Southeast Asia (Nicholas Fang)Areas of Regional Nuclear Energy Cooperation (Eulalia Han)Challenges in Adapting Malaysia's Legal Framework to International Nuclear Norms (Aishah Bidin)Policy Considerations for Singapore's Nuclear Energy Involvements (John Bauly)Human Resources and Capacity Building: Issues and Challenges for Vietnam's Nuclear Energy Programme (Ton Nu Thi Ninh)Socioeconomic Impact of Nuclear Power (Hans Rogner) Readership: Graduates and researchers interested in policy issues and challenges surrounding nuclear power energy in Southeast Asia.

Negotiating Governance On Non Traditional Security In Southeast Asia And Beyond

Author : Mely Caballero-Anthony
ISBN : 9780231544498
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 70 MB
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The threats the world currently faces extend beyond traditional problems such as major power competition, interstate conflict, and nuclear proliferation. Non-traditional security challenges such as climate change, migration, and natural disasters surpass states’ capacity to address them. These limitations have led to the proliferation of other actors—regional and international organizations, transnational networks, local and international nongovernmental organizations—that fill the gaps when states’ responses are lacking and provide security in places where there is none. In this book, Mely Caballero-Anthony examines how non-traditional security challenges have changed state behavior and security practices in Southeast Asia and the wider East Asia region. Referencing the wide range of transborder security threats confronting Asia today, she analyzes how non-state actors are taking on the roles of “security governors,” engaging with states, regional organizations, and institutional frameworks to address multifaceted problems. From controlling the spread of pandemics and transboundary pollution, to managing irregular migration and providing relief and assistance during humanitarian crises, Caballero-Anthony explains how and why non-state actors have become crucial across multiple levels—local, national, and regional—and how they are challenging regional norms and reshaping security governance. Combining theoretical discussions on securitization and governance with a detailed and policy-oriented analysis of important recent developments, Negotiating Governance on Non-Traditional Security in Southeast Asia and Beyond points us toward “state-plus” governance, where a multiplicity of actors form the building blocks for multilateral cooperative security processes to meet future global challenges.

Advanced Concepts In Nuclear Energy Risk Assessment And Management

Author : Aldemir Tunc
ISBN : 9789813225626
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 59 MB
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Over the past 30 years, numerous concerns have been raised in the literature regarding the capability of static modeling approaches such as the event-tree (ET)/fault-tree (FT) methodology to adequately account for the impact of process/hardware/software/firmware/human interactions on nuclear power plant safety assessment, and methodologies to augment the ET/FT approach have been proposed. Often referred to as dynamic probabilistic risk/safety assessment (DPRA/DPSA) methodologies, which use a time-dependent phenomenological model of system evolution along with a model of its stochastic behavior to model for possible dependencies among failure events. The book contains a collection of papers that describe at existing plant level applicable DPRA/DPSA tools, as well as techniques that can be used to augment the ET/FT approach when needed. Contents: Shutdown Probabilistic Safety Assessment (Marko Čepin) Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment Model Validation and Application -- Experience with ADS-IDAC, Version 2.0 (Kevin Coyne and Ali Mosleh) MCDET: A Tool for Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analyses (Martina Kloos, Nadine Berner, Joerg Peschke and Josef Scheuer) Why Sequence Dynamics Matters in PSA: Checking Consistency of Probabilistic and Deterministic Analyses (J M Izquierdo, J Hortal, M Sánchez and E Meléndez) Level 2 Probabilistic Risk Assessment Using Dynamic Event Tree Analysis (Douglas M Osborn, Tunc Aldemir, Richard S Denning and Diego Mandelli) EDF Experience in Integrated Deterministic Probabilistic Safety Analysis for Risk Assessment (Valentin Rychkov) Offsite Power Reliability Assessment for Nuclear Power Plants: An Application of Dynamic Reliability to Power Systems (Pierre Henneaux and Pierre-Etienne Labeau) Stochastic Differential Equations in Dynamic Reliability (Vytis Kopustinskas, Henrikas Pragarauskas and Juozas Augutis) Dynamic Event Tree Modeling of a Reactor Coolant Pump Seal LOCA (Kyle Metzroth, Richard Denning and Tunc Aldemir) Markov/Cell-to-Cell Mapping Technique for Stochastic Modeling of Dynamic Systems (Tunc Aldemir) Dynamic Flowgraph Methodology (DFM) Modeling of Nuclear and Advanced Technology System Risk and Reliability Scenarios (Sergio Guarro and Michael Yau) Dynamic Behavior of Nuclear Power Plant State Under Severe Accident Conditions: Analysis by the GO-FLOW Methodology and the Consideration of Loop Structures (Takeshi Matsuoka) Dynamic Accident Scenario Generation, Modeling and Post-Processing for the Integrated Deterministic and Probabilistic Safety Analysis of Nuclear Power Plants (Francesco Di Maio and Enrico Zio) Software Behavior Modeling for Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment: Perspectives (C S Smidts) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and professionals in the field of nuclear engineering, risk analysis and reliability engineering. Keywords: Probabilistic Risk Assessment;Nuclear Energy;Nuclear Plant Reliability and SafetyReview: Key Features: Except for PSAM, ESREL and PSA conference proceedings which may contain some relevant papers, the most recent review publication on similar topics is Proceedings of the International Workshop on Dynamic Reliability, C Smidts, T Aldemir (Eds.), The Center for Risk and Reliability, University of Maryland, USA (2007) In addition to capturing more recent developments, the proposed publication differs from 2007 publication by concentrating on nuclear energy and also containing papers on risk management The book is a compilation of papers by almost all prominent researchers active in the field of dynamic probabilistic safety/ris

The Frailty Of Authority

Author : Lorenzo Kamel
ISBN : 9788868128289
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 22 MB
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Governance failures, combined with 21st-century social, economic, environmental and demographic conditions, have all contributed to paving the way for the rise of highly heterogeneous non-state and quasi-state actors in the Middle East. Has the state, then, been irremediably undermined, or will the current transition lead to the emergence of new state entities? How can the crumbling of states and the redrawing of borders be reconciled with the exacerbation of traditional inter-state competition, including through proxy wars? How can a new potential regional order be framed and imagined? This volume provides a historical background and policy answers to these and a number of other related questions, analysing developments in the region from the standpoint of the interplay between disintegration and polarization.

Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing And Waste Management

Author : Jinsuo Zhang
ISBN : 9813271361
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 71 MB
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The question of how to effectively, efficiently, and responsibly manage used nuclear fuels is a concern of major impediment in the light of today's increasing usage of nuclear power and development of advanced nuclear reactors. This book focuses on two significant areas of (used) nuclear fuel: the reprocessing technology, and waste disposal and management. The book covers the fundamental knowledge, the current state-of-the-art, and future research activities for each topic. This book provides readers with the fundamental knowledge behind of nuclear used fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste management, and their technical applications, and their requirements and practices; to make the readers aware of social, economic, and environmental concerns as well as technical research needs. The book covers two well-known and well-developed reprocessing technologies: aqueous reprocessing technology, and electrochemical pyroprocessing. On the subject of waste management, it covers the dry storage of used nuclear fuel, novel waste form design, and nuclear waste disposal. This book is a good guide for readers who want to understand, apply, or develop the technologies.

Gateways To Democracy An Introduction To American Government

Author : John G. Geer
ISBN : 9781305562400
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70. 53 MB
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GATEWAYS TO DEMOCRACY introduces the American political system to students, pointing out in each chapter the gateways that facilitate, or at times block, participation. In emphasizing how the political system works-and how individuals and groups have opened gates to influence public policy-the text helps students see the relevance of government in their lives. The third edition provides coverage of the 2014 midterm elections as well as enhanced discussion of the politics, policies, and issues affecting Latinos in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Inside Nuclear South Asia

Author : Scott D. Sagan
ISBN : 080477241X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 35 MB
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Nuclear-armed adversaries India and Pakistan have fought three wars since their creation as sovereign states in 1947. They went to the brink of a fourth in 2001 following an attack on the Indian parliament, which the Indian government blamed on the Pakistan-backed Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorist organizations. Despite some attempts at rapprochement in the intervening years, a new standoff between the two countries was precipitated when India accused Lashkar-e-Taiba of being behind the Mumbai attacks late last year. The relentlessness of the confrontations between these two nations makes Inside Nuclear South Asia a must read for anyone wishing to gain a thorough understanding of the spread of nuclear weapons in South Asia and the potential consequences of nuclear proliferation on the subcontinent. The book begins with an analysis of the factors that led to India's decision to cross the nuclear threshold in 1998, with Pakistan close behind: factors such as the broad political support for a nuclear weapons program within India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the intense rivalry between the two countries, the normative and prestige factors that influenced their behaviors, and ultimately the perceived threat to their respective national security. The second half of the book analyzes the consequences of nuclear proliferation on the subcontinent. These chapters show that the presence of nuclear weapons in South Asia has increased the frequency and propensity of low-level violence, further destabilizing the region. Additionally, nuclear weapons in India and Pakistan have led to serious political changes that also challenge the ability of the two states to produce stable nuclear détente. Thus, this book provides both new insights into the domestic politics behind specific nuclear policy choices in South Asia, a critique of narrow realist views of nuclear proliferation, and the dangers of nuclear proliferation in South Asia.

Complexity Security And Civil Society In East Asia

Author : Peter Hayes
ISBN : 9781783741120
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 58 MB
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Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia offers the latest understanding of complex global problems in the region, including nuclear weapons, urban insecurity, energy, and climate change. Detailed case studies of China, North and South Korea, and Japan demonstrate the importance of civil society and ‘civic diplomacy’ in reaching shared solutions to these problems in East Asia and beyond. Each chapter describes regional civil society initiatives that tackle complex challenges to East Asia’s security. In doing so, the book identifies key pressure points at which civil society can push for constructive changes¯especially ones that reduce the North Korean threat to its neighbors. Unusually, this book is both theoretical and practical. Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia presents strategies that can be led by civil society and negotiated by its diplomats to realize peace, security, and sustainability worldwide. It shows that networked civic diplomacy offers solutions to these urgent issues that official ‘complex diplomacy’ cannot. By providing a new theoretical framework based on empirical observation, this volume is a must read for diplomats, scholars, students, journalists, activists, and individual readers seeking insight into how to solve the crucial issues of our time.

Cascades Of Violence

Author : John Braithwaite
ISBN : 9781760461904
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 92 MB
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As in the cascading of water, violence and nonviolence can cascade down from commanding heights of power (as in waterfalls), up from powerless peripheries, and can undulate to spread horizontally (flowing from one space to another). As with containing water, conflict cannot be contained without asking crucial questions about which variables might cause it to cascade from the top-down, bottom up and from the middle-out. The book shows how violence cascades from state to state. Empirical research has shown that nations with a neighbor at war are more likely to have a civil war themselves (Sambanis 2001). More importantly in the analysis of this book, war cascades from hot spot to hot spot within and between states (Autesserre 2010, 2014). The key to understanding cascades of hot spots is in the interaction between local and macro cleavages and alliances (Kalyvas 2006). The analysis exposes the folly of asking single-level policy questions like do the benefits and costs of a regime change in Iraq justify an invasion? We must also ask what other violence might cascade from an invasion of Iraq? The cascades concept is widespread in the physical and biological sciences with cascades in geology, particle physics and the globalization of contagion. The past two decades has seen prominent and powerful applications of the cascades idea to the social sciences (Sunstein 1997; Gladwell 2000; Sikkink 2011). In his discussion of ethnic violence, James Rosenau (1990) stressed that the image of turbulence developed by mathematicians and physicists could provide an important basis for understanding the idea of bifurcation and related ideas of complexity, chaos, and turbulence in complex systems. He classified the bifurcated systems in contemporary world politics as the multicentric system and the statecentric system. Each of these affects the others in multiple ways, at multiple levels, and in ways that make events enormously hard to predict (Rosenau 1990, 2006). He replaced the idea of events with cascades to describe the event structures that 'gather momentum, stall, reverse course, and resume anew as their repercussions spread among whole systems and subsystems' (1990: 299). Through a detailed analysis of case studies in South Asia, that built on John Braithwaite's twenty-five year project Peacebuilding Compared, and coding of conflicts in different parts of the globe, we expand Rosenau's concept of global turbulence and images of cascades. In the cascades of violence in South Asia, we demonstrate how micro-events such as localized riots, land-grabbing, pervasive militarization and attempts to assassinate political leaders are linked to large scale macro-events of global politics. We argue in order to prevent future conflicts there is a need to understand the relationships between history, structures and agency; interest, values and politics; global and local factors and alliances.

Perspectives On The Security Of Singapore

Author : Barry Desker
ISBN : 9789814689359
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39. 57 MB
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Perspectives on the Security of Singapore: The First 50 Years explores the security of Singapore in the last 50 years and its possible trajectories into the future. This volume brings together the diverse perspectives of a team of academics with different expertise, ranging from history to political science to security studies with a common interest in Singapore. The book is further boosted by the recollections of key civil servants involved with foreign affairs and defence, such as S R Nathan, Peter Ho, Bilahari Kausikan and Philip Yeo. Contents:IntroductionPart 1:Singapore's Conception of Security (Ang Cheng Guan)National Security and Singapore: An Assessment (Norman Vasu and Bernard Loo)Deliquescent Security Threats: Singapore in the Era of Hyper-Globalisation (Alan Chong)Singapore and Global Governance: Free-Rider or Responsible Stakeholder? (Tan See Seng)The Challenge of Strategic Intelligence for the Singapore Armed Forces (Kwa Chong Guan)Desecuritisation and after Desecuritisation: The Water Issue in Singapore–Malaysia Relations (S R Joey Long)Singapore's Security in the Context of Singapore–Malaysia–Indonesia Relations (Bilveer Singh)Singapore's Relations with Malaysia and Indonesia (Theophilus Kwek and Joseph Chinyong Liow)International Missions of the Singapore Armed Forces: How Far Would You Go? (Katie Tan and Ong Weichong)Why the FPDA Still Matters to Singapore (Ralf Emmers)Singapore in ASEAN's Quest toward a Security Community (Mely Caballero-Anthony)Singapore and the Great Powers (Khong Yuen Foong)The Changing Terrorist Threat Landscape in Singapore (Rohan Gunaratna)Managing Religious Diversity in Singapore: Context and Challenges (Mohammad Alami Musa and Mohamed Imran Mohamed Taib)Part 2:Personal ReminiscencesSafeguarding Singapore's Security: Defence and Diplomacy (S R Nathan)Organising for National Security — The Singapore Experience (Peter Ho)Pragmatic Adaptation, Not Grand Strategy, Shaped Singapore Foreign Policy (Bilahari Kausikan)Dr Goh Keng Swee and the Building of Singapore's Defence Industrial Capability (Philip Yeo)Conclusion: Strategic Certainties Facing Singapore in 2065 (Barry Desker) Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and academics, and general public interested in security studies in general and in Singapore. Key Features:This is possibly the first scholarly collective effort/book on the subject of security of SingaporeThe contributors are academics within (and associated with) the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), the only school cum think-tank that specialises in security issues in SingaporeThe contributors include former top civil servants who played a significant role in the shaping and conduct of Singapore's foreign and defence policiesKeywords:Security;Foreign Policy;Singapore

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