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Bronislaw Malinowski Gefangen In Seiner Kultur

Author : Kirsten Rackow
ISBN : 9783638508162
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 54 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Kulturwissenschaften - Osteuropa, Note: 2.0, Universität Paderborn, Veranstaltung: Kulturschock , 6 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das erste Kapitel beschäftigt sich zunächst mit der von Bronislaw Malinowski durchgeführten Feldforschung in British Neuguinea, während der er eine neue Feldforschungstechnik, die „teilnehmende Beobachtung“ in die Praxis umsetzen wollte. Seine neue Feldforschungstechnik wird, in denen für die Arbeit relevanten Kriterien, erläutert, sowie seine damit verbundenen Hoffnungen. Die nach seinem Aufenthalt veröffentlichen Forschungen lassen ein Gelingen der Vorsätze erkennen. Kapitel 2 befasst sich mit der Diskrepanz, die bei dem Vergleich des für die Öffentlichkeit gedachten Forschungswerkes Malinowski, den „Argonauten des westlichen Pazifik“ und seinem privaten Tagebuch, auftritt. Schockierende Offenbarungen seiner Aufzeichnungen zeigen vor allem einen psychisch kranken Menschen, dessen Vorsätze in der Praxis gescheitert sind. Ebenfalls, dass er in vielem Ablenkung suchte um sich so von der Arbeit und seiner Umwelt zu distanzieren. Eine Diskrepanz zwischen Wunsch und Wirklichkeit scheint sich beim Vergleich seiner öffentlichen und privaten Aufzeichnungen aufzutun. Da sich Malinowski in einer Ausnahmesituation befand, scheint es auf der Hand zu liegen, in der Situation der Fremde, die Begründung für seine offensichtlich schlechte psychische Verfassung zu suchen. Kapitel 3 stellt die für einen „Kulturschock" relevanten Symptome, wie Einsamkeit und kulturelle Schwierigkeiten fest. Kapitel 4 stellt eine andere Sichtweise dar, die eng verknüpft mit dem Begriff der Kultur ist und die davon ausgeht, dass Malinowskis Persönlichkeit und seine unbewussten Vorurteile einen entschiedenen Beitrag geleistet haben. Es wird sich zeigen, dass Malinowski ein Mensch war, der für einen objektiven Feldforscher, wiedererwartend tiefe Vorurteile gegenüber der einheimischen Bevölkerung hegte. Die Arbeit zeigt zudem auf, dass Malinowski ein Gefangener seiner eigenen Kultur war.

A Diary In The Strict Sense Of The Term

Author : Bronislaw Malinowski
ISBN : 0804717079
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 37 MB
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When it was first published (in 1967, posthumously), Bronislaw Malinowski's diary, covering the period of his fieldwork in 1914-1915 and 1917-1918 in New Guinea and the Trobriand Islands, set off a storm of controversy. Many anthropologists felt that the publication of the diary—which Raymond Firth describes as "this revealing, egocentric, obsessional document"—was a profound disservice to the memory of one of the giant figures in the history of anthropology. Almost certainly never intended to be published, Malinowski's diary was intensely personal and brutally honest. He kept it, he said, "as a means of self-analysis." Reviews ranged from "it is to the discredit of all concerned that the diary has now been committed to print" to "fascinating reading." Twenty years have passed, and Raymond Firth suggests that the book has moved over to a more central place in the literature of anthropological reflection. In 1967, Clifford Geertz felt that the "gross, tiresome" diary revealed Malinowski as "a crabbed, self-preoccupied, hypochondriacal narcissist, whose fellow-feeling for the people he lived with was limited in the extreme." But in 1988, Geertz referred to the diary as a "backstage masterpiece of anthropology, our The Double Helix." Similarly in 1987, James Clifford called it "a crucial document for the history of anthropology."

Malinowski Rivers Benedict And Others

Author : George W. Stocking
ISBN : 0299107337
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58. 11 MB
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History of Anthropology is a series of annual volumes, inaugurated in 1983, each of which treats a theme of major importance in both the history and current practice of anthropological inquiry. Drawing its title from a poem of W. H. Auden's, the present volume, Malinowski, Rivers, Benedict, and Others (the fourth in the series) focuses on the emergence of anthropological interest in "culture and personality" during the 1920s and 1930s. It also explores the historical, cultural, literary, and biological background of major figures associated with the movement, including Bronislaw Manlinowski, Edward Sapir, Abram Kardiner, Ruth Benedict, Margaret Mead, and Gregory Bateson. Born in the aftermath of World War I, flowering in the years before and after World War II, severely attacked in the 1950s and 1960s, "culture and personality" was subsequently reborn as "psychological anthropology." Whether this foreshadows the emergence of a major anthropological subdiscipline (equivalent to cultural, social, biological, or linguistic anthropology) from the current welter of "adjectival" anthropologies remain to be seen. In the meantime, the essays collected in the volume may encourage a rethinking of the historical roots of many issues of current concern. Included in this volume are the contributions of Jeremy MacClancy, William C. Manson, William Jackson, Richard Handler, Regna Darnell, Virginia Yans-McLaughlin, James A. Boon, and the editor.

The Story Of A Marriage

Author : Helena Wayne
ISBN : 9781134809585
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30. 2 MB
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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Magic Science And Religion And Other Essays

Author : Bronislaw Malinowski
ISBN : 9781473393127
Genre : Religion
File Size : 63. 45 MB
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This book contains three prolific essays by the world renown polish anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski. First published in 1926, Magic, Science and Religion provides its readers with a seminal collection of texts exploring the concepts of magic, religion, science, rite and myth, detailing how they interlink to offer exciting and informative insights into the Trobrianders of New Guinea. A must-have for any students of anthropology and collectors of Malinowski’s work, we are republishing this classic work with a new introductory biography of the author.

Malinowski

Author : Michael W. Young
ISBN : 0300102941
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 45. 26 MB
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Bronislaw Malinowski (1884–1942) was one of the most colorful and charismatic social scientists of the twentieth century. His contributions as a founding father of social anthropology and his complex personality earned him international notoriety and near-mythical status. This landmark book presents a vivid portrait of Malinowski’s early life, from his birth in Cracow to his departure in 1920 from the Trobriand Islands of the South Pacific. At the age of 36, he had already created the innovative fieldwork methods and techniques that would secure his intellectual legacy. Drawing on an exceptionally rich array of primary documents, including Malinowski’s letters and unpublished diaries and manuscripts, Michael Young provides significant new information about the anthropologist’s personality, private life, and career. The author describes Malinowski’s restless life of travel, connections with intellectuals and artists, Nietzschean belief in his own destiny, and legendary fieldwork. The singular man who emerges from these pages fascinates on every level—as a volatile friend and lover, a provocative colleague, a passionate diarist, and a brilliant thinker who pioneered radical change in the field of anthropology.

Malinowski Seine Rolle Als Beteiligter Wie Voreingenommener Beobachter

Author : Rosa Grieser
ISBN : 9783656402541
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44. 28 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Ethnologie / Volkskunde, Note: 1.7, Universität Bremen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Das Ziel besteht, kurz gesagt, darin, den Standpunkt des Eingeborenen, seinen Bezug zum Leben zu verstehen und sich seine Sicht seiner Welt vor Augen zu führen“ (Malinowski 2007:49). Mit diesen Worten formulierte Malinowski in den „Argonauten des westlichen Pazifiks“ einen neuen Anspruch an die Ethnographie, deren Aufgabe bestehe darin bestehen müsse, die Standpunkte und Perspektiven einer fremden Kultur zu erfassen. Um dieses zu erreichen müsse der Ethnograph von den konkreten Ergebnissen aus, die Denkweisen der Menschen rekonstruieren. Malinowski fordert daher von den Forschern eine aktive Teilnahme am Leben der zu untersuchenden Gruppe und hat dadurch die Methode der teilnehmenden Beobachtung hervorgebracht. Er selbst grenzt sich deutlich ab von den „Amateuren“ in ihren Lehrstühlen, die Theorien über Phänomene entwickelten, die sie selbst nie miterlebt hatten, und entwirft in seiner Einleitung die Methoden der neuen Feldforschung. Seiner Auffassung nach, kann nur der der mit der fremden Gemeinschaft zusammenlebt, ihren „Way of Life“ verstehen. Der Übergang von der armchair - Ethnologie zur openfield - Ethnologie steht in enger Verbindung mit den „Argonauten des westlichen Pazifiks", einem Bericht über die Lebensweise der Inselbewohner von Melanesisch-Neuguinea.

Invitation To Poetry

Author : Lisa Malinowski Steinman
ISBN : UOM:39015073958822
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83. 70 MB
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For anyone who has ever wanted to become fluent in the language of poetry, Invitation to Poetry will prove an essential guide. This book: * Teaches the serious student how to 'speak poetry' through an in-depth examination of the traditional features and technical vocabulary of poetic language; * Examines British and American materials from the sixteenth through the twentieth centuries in order to give students a sense of a range of different period styles, poetic projects, and strategies; * Explicitly examines, questions and challenges the relationship of poetry to literary periods and canons; * Offers the technical tools essential for close reading and interpretation across a broad chronological spectrum.

Malinowski Amongst The Magi

Author : Malinowski,
ISBN : 9781135033934
Genre : Reference
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A reissue of Malinowski's first field monograph, containing historical and theoretical material. This edition includes a major essay by Michael Young who draws on Malinowski's diary, unpublished notebooks and letters.

Language And Solitude

Author : Ernest Gellner
ISBN : 0521639972
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43. 91 MB
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Ernest Gellner (1925–95) has been described as 'one of the last great central European polymath intellectuals'. His last book, first published in 1998, throws light on two leading thinkers of their time. Wittgenstein, arguably the most influential and the most cited philosopher of the twentieth century, is famous for having propounded two radically different philosophical positions. Malinowski, the founder of modern British social anthropology, is usually credited with being the inventor of ethnographic fieldwork, a fundamental research method throughout the social sciences. In a highly original way, Gellner shows how the thought of both men grew from a common background of assumptions - widely shared in the Habsburg Empire of their youth - about human nature, society, and language. Tying together themes which preoccupied him throughout his working life, Gellner epitomizes his belief that philosophy - far from 'leaving everything as it is' - is about important historical, social and personal issues.

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