localist connectionist approaches to human cognition scientific psychology series

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Localist Connectionist Approaches To Human Cognition

Author : Jonathan Grainger
ISBN : 9781134804023
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 65. 31 MB
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This volume provides an overview of a relatively neglected branch of connectionism known as localist connectionism. The singling out of localist connectionism is motivated by the fact that some critical modeling strategies have been more readily applied in the development and testing of localist as opposed to distributed connectionist models (models using distributed hidden-unit representations and trained with a particular learning algorithm, typically back-propagation). One major theme emerging from this book is that localist connectionism currently provides an interesting means of evolving from verbal-boxological models of human cognition to computer-implemented algorithmic models. The other central messages conveyed are that the highly delicate issue of model testing, evaluation, and selection must be taken seriously, and that model-builders of the localist connectionist family have already shown exemplary steps in this direction.

A Comparison Of Invariant And Exemplar Models Of The Perception Of Dynamic Properties

Author : Andrew L. Cohen
ISBN : IND:30000082018031
Genre :
File Size : 80. 96 MB
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Researching The Self

Author : Ellen Grünewald
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123364056
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 57. 86 MB
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Researching the Self originated in a conference held at the University of Amsterdam in 2005, where scholars from various academic backgrounds presented their current theories and research. One central theme that emerged from the conference is the need for interdisciplinarity in the study of self. The present volume tries to meet this need, as it covers fields as diverse as psychology, anthropology, neuroscience, philosophy, sociology, and computer science. Additionally, the authors have contributed interdisciplinary reflections, in which they contemplate the other contributions to the present volume, and consider integrating this work with their own.- What are the neural correlates of self?- Can individuals have multiple selves?- How do selves depend on other people?- Will engineers ever construct artificial selves?- What is the problem of self we are trying to solve?- What does the future hold for the self?- Do selves really exist?"As I read the other entries in the current volume I was struck by the implications that the many different perspectives on the self had for each other" (Gillihan, this volume)."We must continue to keep in mind what we know, what we don't know, and what we only think we know in order to successfully conquer this interdisciplinary problem of the self" (Gorman and Keenan, this volume).

Connectionist Psycholinguistics

Author : Morten H. Christiansen
ISBN : 1567505945
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63. 90 MB
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Presents a survey by leading researchers in the fast-developing field of Connecticut Psycholinguistics.

Semantic Cognition

Author : Timothy T. Rogers
ISBN : 0262182394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 16 MB
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A mechanistic theory of the representation and use of semantic knowledge that uses distributed connectionist networks as a starting point for a psychological theory of semantic cognition.

Measurement And Representation Of Sensations

Author : Hans Colonius
ISBN : 9781136871788
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 50. 94 MB
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Measurement and Representation of Sensations offers a glimpse into the most sophisticated current mathematical approaches to psychophysical problems. In this book, editors Hans Colonius and Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov, top scholars in the field, present a broad spectrum of innovative approaches and techniques to classical problems in psychophysics at different levels of stimulus complexity. The chapters emphasize rigorous mathematical constructions to define psychophysical concepts and relate them to observable phenomena. The techniques presented, both deterministic and probabilistic, are all original and recent. Subjects addressed throughout the six chapters of this volume include: *computing subjective distances from discriminability; *a new psychophysical theory of intensity judgments; *computing subjective distances from two discriminability functions; *an alternative to the model-building approach based on observable probabilities; and *possible forms of perceptual separability developed within a generalization of General Recognition Theory. Measurement and Representation of Sensations is a valuable text for both behavioral scientists and applied mathematicians.

Subject Guide To Books In Print

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025888517
Genre : American literature
File Size : 34. 55 MB
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Memory Language And Bilingualism

Author : Jeanette Altarriba
ISBN : 9781107008908
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32. 9 MB
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A comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to the study of memory, language and cognitive processing across various populations of bilingual speakers.

Connectionist Models

Author : David S. Touretzky
ISBN : 9781483214481
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 50. 84 MB
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Connectionist Models contains the proceedings of the 1990 Connectionist Models Summer School held at the University of California at San Diego. The summer school provided a forum for students and faculty to assess the state of the art with regards to connectionist modeling. Topics covered range from theoretical analysis of networks to empirical investigations of learning algorithms; speech and image processing; cognitive psychology; computational neuroscience; and VLSI design. Comprised of 40 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to mean field, Boltzmann, and Hopfield networks, focusing on deterministic Boltzmann learning in networks with asymmetric connectivity; contrastive Hebbian learning in the continuous Hopfield model; and energy minimization and the satisfiability of propositional logic. Mean field networks that learn to discriminate temporally distorted strings are described. The next sections are devoted to reinforcement learning and genetic learning, along with temporal processing and modularity. Cognitive modeling and symbol processing as well as VLSI implementation are also discussed. This monograph will be of interest to both students and academicians concerned with connectionist modeling.

The Cambridge Handbook Of Thinking And Reasoning

Author : Keith J. Holyoak
ISBN : 0521824176
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 42. 9 MB
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The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning is a comprehensive and authoritative 2005 handbook covering all the core topics of the field of thinking and reasoning. Written by the foremost experts from cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and cognitive neuroscience, individual chapters summarize basic concepts and findings for a major topic, sketch its history, and give a sense of the directions in which research is currently heading. The volume also includes work related to developmental, social and clinical psychology, philosophy, economics, artificial intelligence, linguistics, education, law, and medicine. Scholars and students in all these fields and others will find this to be a valuable collection.

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