living histories native americans and southwestern archaeology issues in southwest archaeology

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Living Histories

Author : Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh
ISBN : 9780759119970
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 28 MB
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Southwestern archaeology represents the intersection of countless peoples, interests, ideas, and events. Much as archaeologists working in the Southwest have shaped the lives and histories of Native Americans, so too have Native peoples and traditions shaped archaeological practice. Grappling straightforwardly with tangled political and cultural relationships, Living Histories unpacks the archaeological record of the Southwest by engaging intensively with contemporary Native Americans and Native American issues as both the subject and object of historical research.

A History Of The Ancient Southwest

Author : Stephen H. Lekson
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124167052
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 23 MB
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According to archaeologist Stephen H. Lekson, much of what we think we know about the Southwest has been compressed into conventions and classifications and orthodoxies. This book challenges and reconfigures these accepted notions by telling two parallel stories, one about the development, personalities, and institutions of Southwestern archaeology and the other about interpretations of what actually happened in the ancient past. While many works would have us believe that nothing much ever happened in the ancient Southwest, this book argues that the region experienced rises and falls, kings and commoners, war and peace, triumphs and failures. In this view, Chaco Canyon was a geopolitical reaction to the "Colonial Period" Hohokam expansion and the Hohokam "Classic Period" was the product of refugee Chacoan nobles, chased off the Colorado Plateau by angry farmers. Far to the south, Casas Grandes was a failed attempt to create a Mesoamerican state, and modern Pueblo people--with societies so different from those at Chaco and Casas Grandes--deliberately rejected these monumental, hierarchical episodes of their past. From the publisher: The second printing of A History of the Ancient Southwest has corrected the errors noted below. SAR Press regrets an error on Page 72, paragraph 4 (also Page 275, note 2) regarding "absolute dates." "50,000 dates" was incorrectly published as "half a million dates." Also P. 125, lines 13-14: "Between 21,000 and 27,000 people lived there" should read "Between 2,100 and 2,700 people lived there."

The Archaeology Of Art In The American Southwest

Author : Marit K. Munson
ISBN : 0759120250
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 87 MB
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Archaeologists seldom study ancient art, even though art is fundamental to the human experience. The Archaeology of Art in the American Southwest argues that archaeologists should study ancient artifacts as artwork, as applying the term 'art' to the past raises new questions about artists, audiences, and the works of art themselves. Munson proposes that studies of ancient artwork be based on standard archaeological approaches to material culture, framed by theoretical insights of disciplines such as art history, visual studies, and psychology. Using examples drawn from the American Southwest, The Archaeology of Art in the American Southwest discusses artistic practice in ancestral Pueblo and Mimbres ceramics and the implications of context and accessibility for the audiences of painted murals and rock art. Studies of Hohokam figurines and rock art illustrate methods for studying ancient images, while the aesthetics of ancient art are suggested by work on ceramics and kivas from Chaco Canyon. This book will be of interest to archaeologists working in the Southwest who want to broaden their perspective on the past. It will also appeal to archaeologists in other parts of the world and to anthropologists, art historians, and those who are intrigued by the material world, aesthetics, and the visual.

Agricultural Beginnings In The American Southwest

Author : Barbara J. Roth
ISBN : 9780759121737
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 53 MB
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How did agriculture come about in the American Southwest? What environmental and social factors led to the cultivation of plants? How, in turn, did the use of these new agricultural products affect the ancient peoples living in the region? In pursuit of answers to these questions, Barbara Roth synthesizes data from both CRM and academic research to explore the emergence and impact of Southwestern agriculture. Roth examines agricultural beginnings across the entire Southwest, both northern and southern, and across culture groups residing there. Beyond simply addressing the arrival and widespread adoption of specific cultigens, she pays particular attention to human factors such as patterns of production andvariability in agricultural developments. Her consideration of broad social and environmental dynamics affecting forager diets and adaptive strategies sheds new light on what we know—and what we should ask—about the transition fromforaging to farming.

The World Of Indigenous North America

Author : Robert Warrior
ISBN : 9781136332005
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44. 31 MB
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The World of Indigenous North America is a comprehensive look at issues that concern indigenous people in North America. Though no single volume can cover every tribe and every issue around this fertile area of inquiry, this book takes on the fields of law, archaeology, literature, socio-linguistics, geography, sciences, and gender studies, among others, in order to make sense of the Indigenous experience. Covering both Canada's First Nations and the Native American tribes of the United States, and alluding to the work being done in indigenous studies through the rest of the world, the volume reflects the critical mass of scholarship that has developed in Indigenous Studies over the past decade, and highlights the best new work that is emerging in the field. The World of Indigenous North America is a book for every scholar in the field to own and refer to often. Contributors: Chris Andersen, Joanne Barker, Duane Champagne, Matt Cohen, Charlotte Cote, Maria Cotera, Vincente M. Diaz, Elena Maria Garcia, Hanay Geiogamah, Carole Goldberg, Brendan Hokowhitu, Sharon Holland, LeAnne Howe, Shari Huhndorf, Jennie Joe, Ted Jojola, Daniel Justice, K. Tsianina Lomawaima, Jose Antonio Lucero, Tiya Miles, Felipe Molina, Victor Montejo, Aileen Moreton-Robinson, Val Napoleon, Melissa Nelson, Jean M. O'Brien, Amy E. Den Ouden, Gus Palmer, Michelle Raheja, David Shorter, Noenoe K. Silva, Shannon Speed, Christopher B. Teuton, Sean Teuton, Joe Watkins, James Wilson, Brian Wright-McLeod

Zuni Origins

Author : David A. Gregory
ISBN : 9780816528936
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80. 85 MB
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The Zuni are a Southwestern people whose origins have long intrigued anthropologists. This volume presents fresh approaches to that question from both anthropological and traditional perspectives, exploring the origins of the tribe and the influences that have affected their way of life. Utilizing macro-regional approaches, it brings together many decades of research in the Zuni and Mogollon areas, incorporating archaeological evidence, environmental data, and linguistic analyses to propose new links among early Southwestern peoples. The findings reported here postulate the differentiation of the Zuni language at least 7,000 to 8,000 years ago, following the initial peopling of the hemisphere, and both formulate and test the hypothesis that many Mogollon populations were Zunian speakers. Some of the contributions situate Zuni within the developmental context of Southwestern societies from Paleoindian to Mogollon. Others test the Mogollon-Zuni hypothesis by searching for contrasts between these and neighboring peoples and tracing these contrasts through macro-regional analyses of environments, sites, pottery, basketry, and rock art. Several studies of late prehistoric and protohistoric settlement systems in the Zuni area then express more cautious views on the Mogollon connection and present insights from Zuni traditional history and cultural geography. Two internationally known scholars then critique the essays, and the editors present a new research design for pursuing the question of Zuni origins. By taking stock and synthesizing what is currently known about the origins of the Zuni language and the development of modern Zuni culture, Zuni Origins is the only volume to address this subject with such a breadth of data and interpretations. It will prove invaluable to archaeologists working throughout the North American Southwest as well as to others struggling with issues of ethnicity, migration, incipient agriculture, and linguistic origins. CONTENTS Foreword by William H. Doelle Preface: Constructing and Refining a Research Design for the Study of Zuni Origins David A. Gregory and David R. Wilcox Acknowledgments Part I Large-Scale Contexts for the Study of Zuni Origins: Language, Culture, and Environment 1. Introduction: The Structure of Anthropological Inquiry into Zuni Origins David R. Wilcox and David A. Gregory 2. Prehistoric Cultural and Linguistic Patterns in the Southwest since 5 BC Cynthia Irwin Williams (1967) 3. The Zuni Language in Southwestern Areal Context Jane H. Hill 4. Archaeological Concepts for Assessing Mogollon-Zuni Connections Jeffery J. Clark 5. The Environmental Context of Linguistic Differentiation and Other Cultural Developments in the Prehistoric Southwest David A. Gregory and Fred L. Nials 6. Zuni-Area Paleoenvironment Jeffrey S. Dean Part II Placing Zuni in the Development of Southwestern Societies: From Paleoindian to Mogollon 7. The Archaic Origins of the Zuni: Preliminary Explorations R. G. Matson 8. Zuni Emergent Agriculture: Economic Strategies and the Origins of Zuni Jonathan E. Damp 9. A Mogollon-Zuni Hypothesis: Paul Sidney Martin and John B. RinaldoÕs Formulation David A. Gregory 10. Adaptation of Man to the Mountains: Revising the Mogollon Concept David A. Gregory and David R. Wilcox (1999) 11. Mogollon Trajectories and Divergences Michael W. Diehl Part III Zuni in the Puebloan World: Mogollon-Zuni Connections 12. Zuni in the Puebloan and Southwestern Worlds David R. Wilcox, David A. Gregory, and J. Brett Hill 13. A Regional Perspective on Ceramics and Zuni Identity, AD 200--1630 Barbara J. Mills 14. Mogollon Pottery Production and Exchange C. Dean Wilson 15. R

The Archaeology Of Ancient Arizona

Author : Jefferson Reid
ISBN : 9780816534944
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 50 MB
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Carved from cliffs and canyons, buried in desert rock and sand are pieces of the ancient past that beckon thousands of visitors every year to the American Southwest. Whether Montezuma Castle or a chunk of pottery, these traces of prehistory also bring archaeologists from all over the world, and their work gives us fresh insight and information on an almost day-to-day basis. Who hasn't dreamed of boarding a time machine for a trip into the past? This book invites us to step into a Hohokam village with its sounds of barking dogs, children's laughter, and the ever-present grinding of mano on metate to produce the daily bread. Here, too, readers will marvel at the skills of Clovis elephant hunters and touch the lives of other ancestral people known as Mogollon, Anasazi, Sinagua, and Salado. Descriptions of long-ago people are balanced with tales about the archaeologists who have devoted their lives to learning more about "those who came before." Trekking through the desert with the famed Emil Haury, readers will stumble upon Ventana Cave, his "answer to a prayer." With amateur archaeologist Richard Wetherill, they will sense the peril of crossing the flooded San Juan River on the way to Chaco Canyon. Others profiled in the book are A. V. Kidder, Andrew Ellicott Douglass, Julian Hayden, Harold S. Gladwin, and many more names synonymous with the continuing saga of southwestern archaeology. This book is an open invitation to general readers to join in solving the great archaeological puzzles of this part of the world. Moreover, it is the only up-to-date summary of a field advancing so rapidly that much of the material is new even to professional archaeologists. Lively and fast paced, the book will appeal to anyone who finds magic in a broken bowl or pueblo wall touched by human hands hundreds of years ago. For all readers, these pages offer a sense of adventure, that "you are there" stir of excitement that comes only with making new discoveries about the distant past.

Expeditionary Anthropology

Author : Martin Thomas
ISBN : 9781785337734
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 13 MB
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The origins of anthropology lie in expeditionary journeys. But since the rise of immersive fieldwork, usually by a sole investigator, the older tradition of team-based social research has been largely eclipsed. Expeditionary Anthropology argues that expeditions have much to tell us about anthropologists and the people they studied. The book charts the diversity of anthropological expeditions and analyzes the often passionate arguments they provoked. Drawing on recent developments in gender studies, indigenous studies, and the history of science, the book argues that even today, the ‘science of man’ is deeply inscribed by its connections with expeditionary travel.

Finders Keepers

Author : Craig Childs
ISBN : 0316052493
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 81 MB
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To whom does the past belong? Is the archeologist who discovers a lost tomb a sort of hero--or a villain? If someone steals a relic from a museum and returns it to the ruin it came from, is she a thief? Written in his trademark lyrical style, Craig Childs's riveting new book is a ghost story--an intense, impassioned investigation into the nature of the past and the things we leave behind. We visit lonesome desert canyons and fancy Fifth Avenue art galleries, journey throughout the Americas, Asia, the past and the present. The result is a brilliant book about man and nature, remnants and memory, a dashing tale of crime and detection.

Grasshopper Pueblo

Author : J. Jefferson Reid
ISBN : 9780816519149
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 85 MB
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"Now two archaeologists who have devoted more than two decades to investigations at Grasshopper reconstruct the life and times of this fourteenth-century Mogollon community. Written for general readers - and for the White Mountain Apache, on whose land Grasshopper Pueblo is located and who have participated in the excavations there - the book conveys the simple joys and typical problems of an ancient way of life as inferred from its material remains."--BOOK JACKET. "Grasshopper Pueblo not only thoroughly reconstructs this past life at a mountain village, it also offers readers an appreciation of life at the field school and an understanding of how excavations have proceeded there through the years."--BOOK JACKET.

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