liquid crystalline polymers volume 2 processing and applications

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Liquid Crystalline Polymers

Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
ISBN : 9783319202709
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 36 MB
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This book introduces various applications of liquid crystalline polymers as the emerging new class of high performance novel materials. The authors detail the advantageous properties of these LCs including optical anisotropic, transparency and easy control over structure. This interdisciplinary work includes valuable input from international projects with special focus on the use of liquid crystalline polymers and/or nanocomposites.

Liquid Crystalline Polymers

Author : C. Carfagna
ISBN : 9781483287898
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 20 MB
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The International Workshop on Liquid Crystalline Polymers (LCPs) held in June 1993 in Italy attracted many of the leading researchers in this area of polymer science. The meeting provided a forum for the exchange of research and ideas on current developments and future research and applications of liquid crystalline polymers. This volume consists of a selection of the best papers presented at the meeting covering synthesis and characterization, liquid crystalline thermosets, rheology, blends and composites containing LCPs and transport properties.

Liquid Crystals

Author : Birendra Bahadur
ISBN : 9810229755
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 49 MB
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Types and classification of liquid crystals. Theories of liquid crystals. Dynamic scattering mode LCDs.

Rheology And Processing Of Liquid Crystal Polymers

Author : Domenico Acierno
ISBN : 9789400915114
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 23 MB
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Liquid crystal polymers (LCPs) have many strange properties that may be utilized to advantage in the processing of products made from them and their blends with isotropic polymers. This volume (volume 2 in the series Polymer Liquid Crystals) deals with their strange flow behaviour and the models put forward to explain the phenomena that occur in such polymers and their blends. It has been known for some time that small ad ditions of a thermotropic LCP to isotropic polymers not only gives an improvement in the strength and stiffness of the blend but improves the processability of the blend over that of the isotropic polymer. In the case of lyotropic LCPs, it is possible to create a molecular composite in which the reinforcement of an isotropic polymer is achieved at a molecular level by the addition of the LCP in a common solvent. If the phenomena can be fully understood both the reinforcement and an increase in the proces sability of isotropic polymers could be optimized. This book is intended to illustrate the current theories associated with the flow of LCPs and their blends in the hope that such an optimization will be achieved by future research. Chapter 1 introduces the subject of LCPs and describes the ter minology used; Chapter 2 then discusses the more complex phenomena associated with these materials. In Chapter 3, the way in which these phe nomena may be modelled using hamiltonians is fully covered.

Thermotropic Liquid Crystal Polymers

Author : Tai-Shung Chung
ISBN : 1420012525
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 10 MB
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Liquid crystal polymers are sometimes called super polymers--with good reason. Their wide range of exceptional properties and ease of processing make them design candidates for many demanding applications. This new book provides a thorough review of LCP technology with the emphasis on the chemistry, synthesis and characterization of the material in its many variants. Additional chapters cover processing and applications. From the Editor's Preface The field of thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers has grown substantially in the last two decades, with fundamental research, publications, commercial products, and patents. In the 1980's, Dr. Ralph Miano led my colleagues and me at Hoechst Celanese in commercializing the first thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers, based on Dr. Gordon Calundann's composition patents. Today, more than seven companies have produced thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer materials, with at least 50 variants available. Hence, it is timely to compile a comprehensive review on the nature of this type of material and the ongoing progress in this field.... The goals of this book are to summarize previous work, provide new insights into this class of polymers, and add to the understanding of the formation of liquid crystallinity. This book covers a wide range of topics and addresses different disciplines in the field. The chapters are arranged as a learning scheme for the professional, from basic science to applied engineering. The first few chapters summarize the syntheses of various polyester, polyester-amid, and polyimide liquid crystalline polymers. The science and origins of liquid crystal formation are revealed. Next, we introduce the characterizations of these materials by their different chemical and physical aspects. Because most commercially available thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers have been used in the form of composites, we have also incorporated a chapter on polymer blends, detailing blending mechanisms and resultant properties. Two chapters on thermosetting liquid crystalline polymers integrate them with other topics, because of their unique importance and their applications for microelectronics and packaging. The final chapter deals with the engineering and processing aspects of thermoplastic liquid crystalline polymers for a variety of applications.

Frontiers Of Polymers And Advanced Materials

Author : Paras N. Prasad
ISBN : 9781461524472
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 58 MB
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This book presents the proceedings of the Second International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials held in Jakarta, Indonesia during January 10-15, 1993. This conference was organized and sponsored by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo, the Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), and the Indonesian Polymer Association. The 244 participants represented a total of 24 countries and a wide variety of academic, industrial and government groups. The inauguration was held in the Royal Palace and was performed by President Soeharto of Indonesia. High level media coverage ensured worldwide recognition. The need for such a conference was emphasized by the fact that polymers have emerged as an important class of materials offering challenging opportunities for both fundamental research and new technological applications. There has been a tremendous growth of interest in the field of polymers, both in academia and in industry, and polymer science offers tremendous opportunities for both fundamental and applied work. This globally represented Second International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials was timely, especially given the current heightened enthusiasm for polymers and emerging novel applications.

Liquid Crystals Applications And Uses

Author : B Bahadur
ISBN : 9789814507097
Genre :
File Size : 68. 40 MB
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This book reviews comprehensively the technological, scientific, artistic and medical applications of liquid crystals. It starts with the basics of liquid crystals and covers electro-optical, thermo-optical, colour, polymeric, lyotropic, and scientific applications of liquid crystalline materials. It discusses the fabrication and operational principles of a full range of liquid crystal displays including dynamic scattering, twisted nematic, supertwisted nematic, dichroic, smectic A, ferroelectric, polymer dispersed, light valve, active matrix, etc., in detail. It also covers the emerging applications of liquid crystals such as optical computing, nonlinear optics, decorative and visual arts. The detailed chapters on classification, theory, chemical structure, physical properties and surface alignment of liquid crystals facilitate the basic understanding of the science behind LCDs and other uses of liquid crystals. The chapters on liquid crystal polymers and lyotropic liquid crystals, give deep insight into these areas. The potential uses and applications are also described in detail. Contents:Types and Classification of Liquid Crystals (D Demus)Theory of Liquid Crystals (N V Madhusudana)Chemical Structure, Molecular Engineering and Mixture Formulation (D Coates)Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals (L Pohl & U Finkenzeller)Materials and Assembling Process of LCDs (S Morozumi)Dynamic Scattering Mode LCDs (B Bahadur)Twisted Nematic and Supertwisted Nematic Mode LCDs (T Scheffer & J Nehring)Smectic A LCDs (D Coates)Ferroelectric LCDs (J Dijon)Polymer Dispersed LCDs (J W Doane)Active Matrix LCDs (F C Luo)Light Valve and Projection Mode LCDs (S E Shields & W P Bleha)The Nonlinear Optical Response of Liquid Crystals (P Palffy-Muhoray) Readership: Applied scientists, materials scientists, chemists, physicists, liquid crystal researchers and display systems engineers. Keywords:Liquid Crystal Display;Liquid Crystal;LCD;Displays;Active Matrix LCD;Electro-Optical Devices;Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals;Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals;Applications of Liquid Crystals;Light Valve;Human Factors;Reliability and Failure of LCDs;Display Measurements;Lyotropic Liquid Crystal;Liquid Crystal in Arts;Physics Of Liquid Crystal Devices;Thermal Sensors;Liquid Crystal Polymers;Dichroic LCDs;Thermochromic Liquid CrystalsReview: “… consists of three volumes with a total of twenty seven chapters which present in depth discussions of topics related to liquid crystals. The chapters are written by authorities in each topic. This set of book is an impressive undertaking and Bahadur has done an excellent job of selecting topics of interest in the field of liquid crystals. In summary, Bahadur has taken on a large task and made a real accomplishment. As manufacturer of liquid crystal displays, we find the volumes to be good references and while the volumes are not textbooks, some chapters should be required reading for engineers in the liquid crystal display business. These volumes will be valuable references for years to come. In preface to volume 3, Bahadur wondered if the sacrifices and burning of midnight oil was worth it. Only he can answer that question for himself, but he certainly has performed a valuable service to the liquid crystal field, and I, for one, am grateful that he did.” Journal of the Society for Information Display “Professor B Bahadur, the editor and the author of three chapters, has done a marvelous job assimilating contributions from different fields of liquid crystal applications. Finally, a book has been published that gives the reader a comprehensive review of technological applications of liquid crystals and an overview of how they are related to medicine, biology, and art … the book can be recommended not only to specialists in the field of liquid crystalline applications but also to anyone interested in liquid crystals research.” Condensed Matter News “The book provides a good, practical overview of the many liquid crystal devices that were discovered until about 1989. Their operating principles and their pros and cons are well presented … Moreover, the book provides a very useful insight into some of the manufacturing techniques required to realize LCDs. These aspects are not only of interest to device engineers but also to scientists who are engaged in electro-optical research.” Molecular Crystals & Liquid Crystals “This excellent book provides a timely and up-to-date review of materials, devices and displays based on liquid crystals … The editor is to be congratulated on obtaining contributions from, without exception, internationally recognized experts on the topics discussed … It must be concluded that this is a first-class publication and, when it is combined with Volume 2 and the promised Volume 3, it will become a well used reference book for those workers who are involved in the many aspects of the rapidly developing area of liquid-crystal technology.” Displays “Liquid Crystals consists of 20 chapters in two volumes (with a third volume planned). The volumes cover topics ranging from the types and classifications of liquid crystals to the nonlinear response of liquid crystals and liquid crystals in the decorative and visual arts. Appropriately, over half the chapters are related to LCDs. For the chapters, Bahadur selected authors who are prominent in the field … each chapter includes an extensive list of references and each volume has a good index. The technical chapters on cell fabrication and display parameters and requirements are a welcome addition to the chapters on liquid-crystal physics and chemistry. These volumes provide extensive and quickly accessed information and references for liquid-crystal applications in displays, art biology, and chromatography. I have found them useful in my research and can recommend them to researchers already familiar with the field … the breadth and depth of coverage in these two volumes will make them useful references for years to come. They are worth the price.” Information Display “Volume 2 of the book by Birendra Bahadur fills — like already vol. 1 — a gap in liquid crystal literature in that it reviews the multitude and rapidly expanding applications of liquid crystals in a concise and interesting way. The list of references attached to each of the very diverse chapters makes it a useful tool for experts in individual LC-fields as well as for students and educated laymen who attempt to get an overview over the immensely broad field of liquid crystals and their applications. To find in one and the same volume LC-display-related chapters as well as chapters on LC-art and biological LC-systems is fascinating.” Molecular Crystals & Liquid Crystals “The authors for the subjects covered are of the best in their field. They were selected from many areas and allow the fields covered in the books to be seen from several viewpoints … the different viewpoints make the books more well rounded and easier for a novice reader to appreciate … Bahadur has done an excellent job in bringing together some of the best people working in the area of applications of LCs. The quality of the individual contributions is very high and in many cases I think they may be considered definitive reviews of the application areas they consider.” Optical Engineering “The contents is sound and the volume completes an ambitious and useful survey of liquid crystals.” Physics World “The third volume of the three volume series ‘Applications and Uses of Liquid Crystals’ by Birendra Bahadur complements volume 1 and 2 by reviewing additional applications not covered there. Each of the chapters is written in an interesting manner with up-to-date references until about 1991. This renders the series suitable as a work of reference for those working in the field and as a text book for students interested in applications.” Molecular Crystals & Liquid Crystals “Each chapter of this book provides a review of a specific field, therefore it will be of use and interest to both established liquid crystal engineers and scientists and those just entering this very broad area of science and technology … this book, together with the two previous volumes, provides a timely and useful contribution to the literature on liquid crystals, which will be used by both scientists and engineers.” Displays

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 2

Author : Visakh P. M.
ISBN : 1118831780
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 62 MB
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The 2nd volume on applications with discuss the various aspects of state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for gas and vapor separation of polymer membranes, membranes for wastewater treatment, polymer electrolyte membranes and methanol fuel cells, polymer membranes for water desalination, optical, electrochemical and anion/polyanion sensors, polymeric pervaporation membranes, organic-organic separation, biopolymer electrolytes for energy devices, carbon nanoparticles for pervaporation polymeric membranes, and mixed matrix membranes for nanofiltration application.

Liquid Crystalline Polymers

Author : A. M. Donald
ISBN : 0521580013
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 68 MB
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A new edition explaining the underlying science and applications of liquid crystalline polymers.

High Performance Polymers

Author : Johannes Karl Fink
ISBN : 9780323311434
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 50 MB
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Approaching the material from a chemistry and engineering perspective, High Performance Polymers presents the most reliable and current data available about state-of-the-art polymerization, fabrication, and application methods of high performance industrial polymers. Chapters are arranged according to the chemical constitution of the individual classes, beginning with main chain carbon-carbon polymers and leading to ether-containing, sulfur-containing, and so on. Each chapter follows an easily readable template, provides a brief overview and history of the polymer, and continues on to such sub-topics as monomers; polymerization and fabrication; properties; fabrication methods; special additives; applications; suppliers and commercial grades; safety; and environmental impact and recycling. High Performance Polymers brings a wealth of up-to-date, high performance polymer data to you library, in a format that allows for either a fast fact-check or more detailed study. In this new edition the data has been fully updated to reflect all developments since 2008, particularly in the topics of monomers, synthesis of polymers, special polymer types, and fields of application. Presents the state-of-the-art polymerization, fabrication and application methods of high performance industrial polymers Provides fundamental information for practicing engineers working in industries that develop advanced applications (including electronics, automotive and medical) Discusses environmental impact and recycling of polymers

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