language politics and identity in taiwan naming china routledge research on taiwan series

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Language Politics And Identity In Taiwan

Author : Hui-Ching Chang
ISBN : 9781135046347
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 81. 65 MB
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Following the move by Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party Kuomingtang (KMT) to Taiwan after losing the Chinese civil war to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the late 1940s, and Chiang’s subsequent lifelong vow to reclaim the mainland, "China " has occupied—if not monopolized—the gaze of Taiwan, where its projected images are reflected. Whether mirror image, shadow, or ideal contrast, China has been, and will continue to be, a key reference point in Taiwan's convoluted effort to find its identity. Language, Politics and Identity in Taiwan traces the intertwined paths of five sets of names Taiwan has used to name China since the KMT came to Taiwan in 1949: the derogatory "Communist bandits"; the ideologically focused "Chinese Communists"; the seemingly neutral geographical designators "mainland" and "opposite shore/both shores"; and the ethnic and national label "China," with the official designation, "People's Republic of China." In doing so, it explores how Taiwanese identities are constituted and reconstituted in the shifting and switching of names for China; in the application of these names to alternative domains of Taiwanese life; in the waning or waxing of names following tides of history and polity; and in the increasingly contested meaning of names. Through textual analyses of historical archives and other mediated texts and artifacts, the chapters chart Taiwan's identity negotiation over the past half century and critically evaluate key interconnections between language and politics. This unique book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Taiwan studies, Chinese politics, communication studies and linguistics.

Culture Politics And Linguistic Recognition In Taiwan

Author : Jean-François Dupré
ISBN : 9781317244196
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81. 36 MB
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The consolidation of Taiwanese identity in recent years has been accompanied by two interrelated paradoxes: a continued language shift from local Taiwanese languages to Mandarin Chinese, and the increasing subordination of the Hoklo majority culture in ethnic policy and public identity discourses. A number of initiatives have been undertaken toward the revitalization and recognition of minority cultures. At the same time, however, the Hoklo majority culture has become akin to a political taboo. This book examines how the interplay of ethnicity, national identity and party politics has shaped current debates on national culture and linguistic recognition in Taiwan. It suggests that the ethnolinguistic distribution of the electorate has led parties to adopt distinctive strategies in an attempt to broaden their ethnic support bases. On the one hand, the DPP and the KMT have strived to play down their respective de-Sinicization and Sinicization ideologies, as well as their Hoklo and Chinese ethnocultural cores. At the same time, the parties have competed to portray themselves as the legitimate protectors of minority interests by promoting Hakka and Aboriginal cultures. These concomitant logics have discouraged parties from appealing to ethnonationalist rhetoric, prompting them to express their antagonistic ideologies of Taiwanese and Chinese nationalism through more liberal conceptions of language rights. Therefore, the book argues that constraints to cultural and linguistic recognition in Taiwan are shaped by political rather than cultural and sociolinguistic factors. Investigating Taiwan’s counterintuitive ethnolinguistic situation, this book makes an important theoretical contribution to the literature to many fields of study and will appeal to scholars of Taiwanese politics, sociolinguistics, culture and history.

Taiwan S Social Movements Under Ma Ying Jeou

Author : Dafydd Fell
ISBN : 9781317198543
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 96 MB
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In the spring of 2014, the Sunflower Movement’s three-week occupation of the Legislative Yuan brought Taiwan back to international media attention. It was the culmination of a series of social movements that had been growing in strength since 2008 and have become even more salient since the spring of 2014. Social movements in Taiwan have emerged as a powerful new actor that needs to be understood alongside those players that have dominated the literature such as political parties, local factions, Taishang, China and the United States. This book offers readers an introduction to the development of these social movements in Taiwan by examining a number of important movement case studies that focus on the post 2008 period. The return of the Kuomintang (KMT) to power radically changed the political environment for Taiwan’s civil society and so the book considers how social activists responded to this new political opportunity structure. The case chapters are based on extensive fieldwork and are written by authors from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds and methodological approaches; in some cases authors combine being both academics and activists themselves. Together, the chapters focus on a number of core issues, providing the book with four key aims. Firstly, it investigates the roots of the movements and considers how to best explain their emergence. Secondly, it examines the development trajectories of these movements. Thirdly, it looks at the best way to explain their impact and development patterns, and finally it assesses their overall impact, questioning whether they can be regarded as successes or failures. Covering a unique range of social movement cases, the book will be of interest to students and researchers interested in Taiwanese society and politics, as well as social movements and civil society.

Place Identity And National Imagination In Post War Taiwan

Author : Bi-yu Chang
ISBN : 9781317658122
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 43 MB
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In the struggles for political and cultural hegemony that Taiwan has witnessed since the 1980s, the focal point in contesting narratives and the key battlefield in the political debates are primarily spatial and place-based. The major fault line appears to be a split between an imposed identity emphasizing cultural origin (China) and an emphasis on the recovery of place identity of ‘the local’ (Taiwan). Place, Identity and National Imagination in Postwar Taiwan explores the ever-present issue of identity in Taiwan from a spatial perspective, and focuses on the importance of, and the relationship between, state spatiality and identity formation. Taking postwar Taiwan as a case study, the book examines the ways in which the Kuomintang regime naturalized its political control, territorialized the island and created a nationalist geography. In so doing, it examines how, why and to what extent power is exercised through the place-making process and considers the relationship between official versions of ‘ROC geography’ and the islanders’ shifting perceptions of the ‘nation’. In turn, by addressing the relationship between the state and the imagined community, Bi-yu Chang establishes a dialogue between place and cultural identity to analyse the constant changing and shaping of Chinese and Taiwanese identity. With a diverse selection of case studies including cartographical development, geography education, territorial declaration and urban planning, this interdisciplinary book will have a broad appeal across Taiwan studies, geography, cultural studies, history and politics.

Negotiating Ethnicity In China

Author : Chih-yu Shih
ISBN : 9781134455041
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 28 MB
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This challenging study brings together anthropology and political science to examine how ethnic minorities are constructed by the state, and how they respond to such constructions. Disclosing endless mini negotiations between those acting in the name of the Chinese state and those carrying the images of ethnic minority, this book provides an image of the framing of ethnicity by modern state building processes. It will be of vital interest to scholars of political science, anthropology and sociology, and is essential reading to those engaged in studying Chinese society.

Taiwans Unverg Nglicher Antikolonialismus

Author : Thomas Fröhlich
ISBN : 9783839410189
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76. 43 MB
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Der Arzt und Aktivist Jiang Weishui gilt in Taiwan als eine Schlüsselfigur des Antikolonialismus in der Zeit der japanischen Kolonialherrschaft (1895-1945). Diese bis heute höchst kontrovers diskutierte Periode ist in Taiwan sowohl für die innergesellschaftliche Verständigung als auch für das Verhältnis zu China und Japan von großer Bedeutung. Das Buch macht Theorie und Praxis des taiwanesischen Antikolonialismus und dessen Nachwirkungen gleichermaßen verständlich und stellt neben aktuellen Forschungsbeiträgen, die eine historische und theoretische Einordnung bieten, erstmals Jiangs Schriften in deutscher Übersetzung vor.

Media In China

Author : Stephanie Hemelryk Donald
ISBN : 9781317973362
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 42 MB
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Multinational media companies increasingly look to China as a highly important market for the future, but with what degree of confidence should they do so? Media in China is about a new kind of revolution in China - a revolution in which rapidly commercializing media industries confront slow-changing power relations between political, social and economic spheres. This interdisciplinary collection draws on the expertise of industry professionals, academic experts and cultural critics. It offers a variety of perspectives on audio-visual industries in the world's largest media market. In particular, the contributors examine television, film, music, commercial and political advertising, and new media such as the internet and multimedia. These essays explore evolving audience demographies, new patterns of media reception in regional centres, and the gradual internationalization of media content and foreign investment in China's broadcasting industries. This book will of use to students and professionals involved in media and communication, as well as anyone interested in contemporary China.

Taiwan S Statesman

Author : Richard C. Kagan
ISBN : IND:30000116514187
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 89. 77 MB
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"A well-known observer of Taiwan and East Asian scholar takes a close look at Lee Teng-hui, president of the Republic of China from 1988 to 2000, in this biography of the noted but often misunderstood statesman. As head of the Taiwanese government, Lee managed - without violence or major civil unrest - to reform an authoritarian state into a constitutional democracy with a multi-party political system. In highlighting Lee's accomplishments, the author puts to rest the idea that Asian values support only authoritarian regimes and reject human rights and political democracy in favor of economic success and military power." "Richard C. Kagan describes in detail Lee's struggle to reinvent Taiwan's culture and political system by advocating an independent sovereign nation with universal values of human rights, democracy, freedom, and economic justice. He offers new insights into the role Lee played in the volatile Taiwan Strait crisis and his skills as a diplomat to avoid open warfare with the People's Republic of China. Kagan defines Lee's life as a beacon for people looking for new ways to promote democracy and sovereignty. The author sees Taiwan as a vital part of America's national security interests in Asia and believes that the loss of Taiwan to Mainland China would seriously damage American economic and military power in Asia."--BOOK JACKET.

Queer Women In Urban China

Author : Elisabeth L. Engebretsen
ISBN : 9781136199059
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 43 MB
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Lala (lesbian) and gay communities in mainland China have emerged rapidly in the 21st century. Alongside new freedoms and modernizing reforms, and with mainstream media and society increasingly tolerant, lalas still experience immense family and social pressures to a degree that this book argues is deeply gendered. The first anthropological study to examine everyday lala lives, intimacies, and communities in China, the chapters explore changing articulations of sexual subjectivity, gendered T-P (tomboy-wife) roles, family and kinship, same-sex weddings, lala-gay contract marriages, and community activism. Engebretsen analyzes lala strategies of complicit transgressions to balance surface respectability and undeclared same-sex desires, why "being normal" emerges a deep aspiration and sign of respectability, and why openly lived homosexuality and public activism often are not. Queer Women in Urban China develops a critical ethnographic analysis through the conceptual lens of "different normativities," tracing the paradoxes and intricacies of the desire for normal life alongside aspirations for recognition, equality, and freedom, and argues that dominant paradigms fixed on categories, identities, and the absolute value of public visibility are ill-equipped to fully understand these complexities. This book complements existing perspectives on sexual and gender diversity, contemporary China, and the politics and theories of justice, recognition, and similitude in global times.

Journal Of Chinese Overseas

Author :
ISBN : UCBK:C053143327
Genre : Chinese
File Size : 40. 21 MB
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