language cognition and computational models

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Language Cognition And Computational Models

Author : Thierry Poibeau
ISBN : 9781107162228
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36. 87 MB
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This book uses recent computational models to explore issues related to language and cognition.

Computational Modeling Of Human Language Acquisition

Author : Afra Alishahi
ISBN : 9781608453399
Genre : Computers
File Size : 28. 85 MB
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Human language acquisition has been studied for centuries, but using computational modeling for such studies is a relatively recent trend. However, computational approaches to language learning have become increasingly popular, mainly due to advances in developing machine learning techniques, and the availability of vast collections of experimental data on child language learning and child-adult interaction. Many of the existing computational models attempt to study the complex task of learning a language under cognitive plausibility criteria (such as memory and processing limitations that humans face), and to explain the developmental stages observed in children. By simulating the process of child language learning, computational models can show us which linguistic representations are learnable from the input that children have access to, and which mechanisms yield the same patterns of behaviour that children exhibit during this process. In doing so, computational modeling provides insight into the plausible mechanisms involved in human language acquisition, and inspires the development of better language models and techniques. This book provides an overview of the main research questions in the field of human language acquisition. It reviews the most commonly used computational frameworks, methodologies and resources for modeling child language learning, and the evaluation techniques used for assessing these computational models. The book is aimed at cognitive scientists who want to become familiar with the available computational methods for investigating problems related to human language acquisition, as well as computational linguists who are interested in applying their skills to the study of child language acquisition. Different aspects of language learning are discussed in separate chapters, including the acquisition of the individual words, the general regularities which govern word and sentence form, and the associations between form and meaning. For each of these aspects, the challenges of the task are discussed and the relevant empirical findings on children are summarized. Furthermore, the existing computational models that attempt to simulate the task under study are reviewed, and a number of case studies are presented. Table of Contents: Overview / Computational Models of Language Learning / Learning Words / Putting Words Together / Form--Meaning Associations / Final Thoughts

Modeling Language Cognition And Action

Author : Angelo Cangelosi
ISBN : 9812563245
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78. 30 MB
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Introduction. Modeling language, cognition and action : from connectionist simulations to embodied neural cognitive systems / Angelo Cangelosi -- Language, perception and action. Lessons from the embodiment of language : why simulating human language comprehension is hard / Arthur M. Glenberg. Associative neural models for biomimetic multi-modal learning in a mirror neuron-based robot / Stefan Wermter, Cornelius Weber and Mark Elshaw. Grounding language in perception : a connectionist model of spatial terms and vague quantifiers / Angelo Cangelosi ... [et al.]. Structured connectionist models of language, cognition and action / Nancy Chang, Jerome Feldman and Srini Narayanan. Predicting the effect of slightly complex utterances / Michael Klein and Kenji Doya. An associative model of cortical language and action processing / Andreas Knoblauch, Heiner Markert and Guenther Palm -- Categorization and language. Carving nature at its joints and carving joints into nature : how labels augment category representations / Gary Lupyan. Language as an aid to categorization : a neural network model of early language acquisition / Marco Mirolli and Domenico Parisi -- Language processing. A connectionist evaluation of schemes to measure difficulty of words based on their phonological structure / Jennifer Hayes and Peter Howell. Sentence comprehension without propositional structure / Stefan L. Frank. Emergence of linguistic features : independent component analysis of contexts / Timo Honkela, Aapo Hyvärinen and Jaakko Väyrynen. Latent linguistic codes for morphemes using independent component analysis / Krista Lagus, Mathias Creutz and Sami Virpioja. A neural network model for natural language : the case of homonymy / Eleni Koutsomitopoulou. Dynamic representation of stack- and queue-like syntactic structures / Andre Grüning. The active role of proper names : evidence from neural network experiments and philosophy of language considerations / Barbara Giolito -- Cooperation and communication. Emergence of communication in embodied agents : co-adapting communicative and non-communicative behaviours / Davide Marocco and Stefano Nolfi. Estimating intentions of others for imitation and cooperation / Norikazu Sugimoto, Kenji Doya and Mitsuo Kawato -- Motor representations and cognition. Mental representations and cognitive behaviour : a recurrent neural network approach / Sirnone Kühn and Holk Cruse. Spatial cognition in action-SCA model : children's gestural imagery in action / Marilyn Panayi and D. M. Roy. Evolving a simulated robotic arm able to grasp objects / Gianluca Massera, Stefano Nolfi and Angelo Cangelosi. Is language necessary to merge geometric and non-geometric spatial cues? The case of the "Blue- Wall Task" / Michela Ponticorvo and Orazio Miglino -- Attention and perception. A neurocognitive theory of attentional modulation of spread of activation / Eddy J. Davelaar. Modelling the attentional blink / Howard Bowman and Bradley Wyble. A model of spatial and object-based attention for active visual search / Linda Lanyon and Susan Denham. Hemispheric asymmetries in the neglect syndrome : a computational study / Andrea Di Ferdinando ... [et al.]. An oscillatory neural model for tracking a moving object / Yakov B. Kazanovich and Roman M. Borisyuk. Selective attention and action in an artificial, evolved agent : reactive inhibition / Robert Ward and Ronnie Ward. A proposed model of repetition blindness / Colm G. Connolly and Ronan G. Reilly -- Cognitive processing and control. Modelling the slow emotional Stroop effect : suppression of cognitive control / Bradley Wyble, Dinkar Sharma and Howard Bowman. Evidence of modularity from primate errors during task learning / Joanna J. Bryson. Accounting for episodic, semantic and procedural memory in the recommendation archtecture cognitive model / L. Andrew Coward. Can self-control be explained through games? / Gaye Banfield and Chris Christodoulou. An investigation of the myopia for future consequences theory of VMF patient behaviour on the Iowa gambling task : an abstract neural network simulation / Kiran Kalidindi, Howard Bowman and Bradley Wyble -- Face processing and classification. Recognition of pain expressions / Peter J. B. Hancock ... [et al.]. Global and feature based gender classification of faces : a comparison of human performance and computational models / Samarasena Buchala ... [et al.] -- Developmental processes. A neural network investigation of the head preference : problems Explaining Empirical Results by bottom-up processes alone / Martial Mermillod ... [et al.]. Children's causal inferences as revealed by backwards blocking tasks : a memory self-refreshing neural networks account / Serban C. Musca -- Neural network methodology. Embryological modelling of the evolution of neural architecture / Chris P. Bowers and John A. Bullinaria. Evolving neural networks that suffer minimal catastrophic forgetting / Tebogo Seipone and John A. Bullinaria. Improving cell assembly categories by fatigue / Christian Huyck and Hina Ghalib. Comparing computational and human measures of visual similarity / Tim M. Gale ... [et al.]. Psychological ALife : bridging the gap between mind and brain. Enactive distributed associationism and transient localism / Anthony F. Morse -- Future challenges : thinking and reasoning. Modelling thinking and reasoning : the challenge ahead / Jonathan St B T Evans

Anaphora Processing

Author : António Branco
ISBN : 9789027294678
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 52. 93 MB
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Anaphora processing is a central topic in the study of natural language and has long been the object of research in a wide range of disciplines. The correct interpretation of anaphora has also become increasingly important for real-world natural language processing applications, including machine translation, automatic abstracting, information extraction and question answering. This volume provides a unique overview of the processing of anaphora from a multi- and inter-disciplinary angle. It will be of interest and practical use to readers from fields as diverse as theoretical linguistics, corpus linguistics, computational linguistics, computer science, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, human language technology, psycholinguistics, cognitive science and translation studies. The readership includes but is not limited to university lecturers, researchers, postgraduate and senior undergraduate students.

Modeling Language Cognition And Action

Author :
ISBN : 9789814480413
Genre :
File Size : 39. 12 MB
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Computational Models Of Referring

Author : Kees van Deemter
ISBN : 9780262034555
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53. 72 MB
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An argument that computational models can shed light on referring, a fundamental and much-studied aspect of communication.

Cognitive Aspects Of Computational Language Acquisition

Author : Aline Villavicencio
ISBN : 9783642318634
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 47 MB
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Questions related to language acquisition have been of interest for many centuries, as children seem to acquire a sophisticated capacity for processing language with apparent ease, in the face of ambiguity, noise and uncertainty. However, with recent advances in technology and cognitive-related research it is now possible to conduct large-scale computational investigations of these issues The book discusses some of the latest theoretical and practical developments in the areas involved, including computational models for language tasks, tools and resources that help to approximate the linguistic environment available to children during acquisition, and discussions of challenging aspects of language that children have to master. This is a much-needed collection that provides a cross-section of recent multidisciplinary research on the computational modeling of language acquisition. It is targeted at anyone interested in the relevance of computational techniques for understanding language acquisition. Readers of this book will be introduced to some of the latest approaches to these tasks including: * Models of acquisition of various types of linguistic information (from words to syntax and semantics) and their relevance to research on human language acquisition * Analysis of linguistic and contextual factors that influence acquisition * Resources and tools for investigating these tasks Each chapter is presented in a self-contained manner, providing a detailed description of the relevant aspects related to research on language acquisition, and includes illustrations and tables to complement these in-depth discussions. Though there are no formal prerequisites, some familiarity with the basic concepts of human and computational language acquisition is beneficial.

Cognitive Modeling

Author : Thad A. Polk
ISBN : 0262661160
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62. 45 MB
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A comprehensive introduction to the computational modeling of human cognition.

Cognitive Models Of Speech Processing

Author : Gerry T. M. Altmann
ISBN : 0863779751
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 68. 69 MB
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This collection of papers and abstracts stems from the third meeting in the series of Sperlonga workshops on Cognitive Models of Speech Processing. It presents current research on the structure and organization of the mental lexicon, and on the processes that access that lexicon. The volume starts with discussion of issues in acquisition and consideration of questions such as, 'What is the relationship between vocabulary growth and the acquisition of syntax?', and, 'How does prosodic information, concerning the melodies and rhythms of the language, influence the processes of lexical and syntactic acquisition?'. From acquisition, the papers move on to consider the manner in which contemporary models of spoken word recognition and production can map onto neural models of the recognition and production processes. The issue of exactly what is recognised, and when, is dealt with next - the empirical findings suggest that the function of something to which a word refers is accessed with a different time-course to the form of that something. This has considerable implications for the nature, and content, of lexical representations. Equally important are the findings from the studies of disordered lexical processing, and two papers in this volume address the implications of these disorders for models of lexical representation and process (borrowing from both empirical data and computational modelling). The final paper explores whether neural networks can successfully model certain lexical phenomena that have elsewhere been assumed to require rule-based processes.

Language Cognition And Human Nature

Author : Steven Pinker
ISBN : 9780199328741
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 38 MB
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Pinker's seminal research explores the workings of language and its connections to cognition, perception, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of human nature. This eclectic collection spans Pinker's thirty-year career, exploring his favorite themes in greater depth and scientific detail. It includes thirteen of Pinker's classic articles, ranging over topics such as language development in children, mental imagery, the recognition of shapes, the computational architecture of the mind, the meaning and uses of verbs, the evolution of language and cognition, the nature-nurture debate, and the logic of innuendo and euphemism. Each outlines a major theory or takes up an argument with another prominent scholar, such as Stephen Jay Gould, Noam Chomsky, or Richard Dawkins.

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