lamaze an international history oxford studies in international history

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Author : Paula A. Michaels
ISBN : 9780199738649
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 31 MB
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Advocated as the oldest, most natural method of childbirth, Lamaze is a practice involving breathing techniques that help a woman work through contractions (psychoprophylaxis). It has been omnipresent in American culture since the 1970s, advocated by the medical community and mothers alike. While it would seem that it emerged from the back-to-the-earth culture of the 1960s and 1970s, Paula Michaels in this book reveals a shocking history: the Lamaze method was actually invented in the Cold War Soviet Union. Michaels discovers that a French obstetrician, Fernand Lamaze, saw the technique being used in Russia in the 1950s and brought it back to his maternity ward in Paris. In order to make the method more appealing to Americans, early U.S. advocates hid its Soviet origins and were able to spread it as a grassroots movement. This work involving multiple languages and archives in a range of nations promises to be eye-opening for scholars, the medical community, and general readers alike. In setting the practice of Lamaze into its context, it will shed light on the history of medicine, the history of feminism, and Cold War history.

Unwanted Visionaries

Author : Sergey Radchenko
ISBN : 9780199365111
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 83 MB
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Mikhail Gorbachev's relations with the West have captured the imagination of contemporaries and historians alike, but his vision of Soviet leadership in Asia has received far less attention. The failure of Gorbachev's Asian initiatives has had dramatic consequences, by the late 1980s, the Soviet Union was in full retreat from Asia, and since the Soviet collapse, Russia has been left on the sidelines of the "Pacific century." In this exceptionally wide-ranging and deeply researched book, Sergey Radchenko offers an illuminating account of the end of the Cold War in the East, tracing the death of Soviet ambitions in Asia. Radchenko shows that Gorbachev began with big gestures, of which the most important was his initiative in Vladivostok in July 1986, the opening salvo of the Soviet charm offensive in Asia Pacific. The problem, Radchenko points out, was that no one in Asia bought into Gorbachev's vision. If the Soviets had realized earlier that they needed Asia more than Asia needed them, they might have played a much more important role there. Instead, China was largely misunderstood, early gains in India were squandered, Japan was ignored or condescended to, and the Korean scenario played out in ways most unfavorable to Russia. Radchenko captures all of this in his compelling narrative, shedding important new light on many key players, including Gorbachev, Deng Xiaoping, Margaret Thatcher, Boris Yeltsin, and George H. W. Bush, among others. Based on archival research in Russia, China, Mongolia, India, the United States, Britain, and numerous European countries and on interviews with former policy makers in a dozen countries, Unwanted Visionaries presents a deftly narrated and penetrating portrait of the Soviet failure in the East, with a wealth of valuable insight into Asia today.

For Peace And Money

Author : Jennifer Siegel
ISBN : 9780199387830
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 61 MB
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From the late imperial period until 1922, the British and French made private and government loans to Russia, making it the foremost international debtor country in pre-World War I Europe. To finance the modernization of industry, the construction of public works projects, the building of railroads, and the development of the military-industrial complex, Russia's ministers of finance, municipal leaders, and nascent manufacturing class turned, time and time again, to foreign capital. From the forging of the Franco-Russian alliance onwards, Russia's needs were met, first and foremost, by France and Great Britain, its allies, and diplomatic partners in the developing Triple Entente. Russia's continued access to those ready lenders ensured that the empire of the Tsars would not be tempted away from its alliance and entente partners. This web of financial and political interdependence affected both foreign policy and domestic society in all three countries. The Russian state was so heavily indebted to its western creditors, rendering those western economies almost prisoners to this debt, that the debtor nation in many ways had the upper hand; the Russian government at times was actually able to dictate policy to its French and British counterparts. Those nations' investing classes-which, in France in particular, spanned not only the upper classes but the middle, rentier class, as well-had such a vast proportion of their savings wrapped up in Russian bonds that any default would have been catastrophic for their own economies. That default came not long after the Bolshevik Revolution brought to power a government who felt no responsibility, whatsoever, for the debts accrued by the tsars for the purpose of oppressing Russia's workers and peasants. The ensuing effect on allied morale, the Anglo-French relationship, and, ultimately, on international relations in the twentieth century, was grim and far-reaching. Jennifer Siegel narrates a classic tale of money and power in the modern era-an age of economic interconnectivity and great power interdependency-involving such figures as Lord Revelstoke, chairman of Baring Brothers, the British and French Rothschild cousins, and Sergei Witte, Russia's authoritative finance minister during much of this age of expansion. For Peace and Money highlights the importance of foreign capital in policymaking on the origins and conduct of World War I.

Die Weltr Tsel

Author : Ernst Haeckel
ISBN : 9783843029742
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83. 77 MB
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Ernst Haeckel: Die Welträtsel. Gemeinverständliche Studien über monistische Philosophie Erstdruck: Bonn 1899. Der Text folgt der 11. Auflage, Leipzig 1919. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016, 2. Auflage. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Ernst Haeckel: Gemeinverständliche Werke. Herausgegeben von Heinrich Schmidt-Jena, Leipzig und Berlin: Alfred Kröner, Carl Henschel, o. J. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Unbekannter Illustrator, Kunstformen der Natur, 1899. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

The Control Of Childbirth

Author : Phyllis L. Brodsky
ISBN : 0786433620
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 22. 1 MB
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"From pre-classical to present times, this work describes childbirth practices as they have developed through the ages"--Provided by publisher.

Das Wunder Der Ersten Lebenswochen

Author : Marshall H. Klaus
ISBN : 3442162661
Genre :
File Size : 31. 93 MB
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Vermessung Der Oikumene

Author : Klaus Geus
ISBN : 9783110291070
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 39 MB
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This collection presents major portions of a Berlin conference on ancient geography. The volume is devoted to questions about the shape and size of the Greco-Roman Oecumene, including its boundaries and internal structure. Building upon on analysis of different literary genres, the articles contained in this volume help to unite dispersed and fragmentary knowledge about the subject, as well as to reconstruct and analyze the different contexts in which this knowledge was generated and preserved.

Die Weltr Thsel

Author : Ernst Haeckel
ISBN : MINN:31951002356355F
Genre :
File Size : 75. 14 MB
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Prenatal Massage E Book

Author : Elaine Stillerman
ISBN : 9780323075466
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 81 MB
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Authored by a well-known expert on prenatal massage, this comprehensive text helps you understand the intricate physiology of pregnancy so you can confidently apply appropriate massage techniques for each trimester, and throughout labor and postpartum. You'll find clear, colorfully illustrated explanations of a wide range of techniques and procedures, including Swedish massage, acupuncture points, myofascial release, trigger point therapy, lymphatic drainage, and reflexology. Contraindications and precautions are also provided where necessary to help you provide safe and effective care for every client. Comprehensive coverage guides you through all aspects of prenatal massage in a single book, addressing fundamentals, techniques, preparation, and prevention of potential problems. Many useful techniques are described in detail for prenatal through postpartum massage with step-by-step instructions so you can begin using these techniques with your clients immediately. Numerous boxes throughout the text highlight key information and provide clinical tips. Touch Points and In My Experience boxes share the author's personal observations about the chapter material with real-life examples from her years in practice. Over 350 detailed, full-color illustrations and photographs illuminate procedures, concepts, and techniques. Clear writing and organization addresses content in four main units: pregnancy massage, labor massage, postpartum massage, and marketing strategies. A companion DVD packaged with the book contains 45 minutes of video demonstrating different massage techniques presented in the book. DVD icons within the text encourage you to watch relevant video footage at appropriate points. Learning objectives and key terms at the beginning of each chapter clearly identify the concepts you should focus on in the chapter. Review questions at the end of each chapter enable you to assess your understanding and review important information presented in the book. A glossary of all key terms and definitions makes it easy to quickly look up a new term or to refresh your memory.

Hitlers Afrikanische Opfer

Author : Raffael Scheck
ISBN : 3935936699
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 24 MB
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