juvenile justice international perspectives models and trends

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Juvenile Justice

Author : John A. Winterdyk
ISBN : 9781466579675
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 32 MB
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Juvenile justice has been and remains a topical issue at national and international levels. There are various standards and guidelines for administration, but six major models characterize juvenile justice systems worldwide: participatory, welfare, corporatism, modified justice, justice, and crime control. Juvenile Justice: International Perspectives, Models, and Trends presents contributions by authors from different countries in all five continents employing these six models. The book begins with a comprehensive overview of the topic and the various international standards and guidelines designed to inform juvenile justice practices. This introduction is followed by chapters on individual countries covered independently by resident experts, allowing readers to appreciate a range of comparisons and to critically reflect on the relative merits of the different models. Topics presented in each chapter include: The country’s history of juvenile justice The nature and status of delinquency Current legislation on juvenile justice How well the legislation complies with the Standard Minimum Rules of the Administration of Juvenile Justice as defined by the United Nations The type of juvenile justice model followed Age limits for male and female juvenile offenders Legal and social issues confronting juvenile offenders Current theoretical biases used to explain and justify response to delinquency Future issues, challenges, and/or initiatives Text boxes supply current and relevant examples to contextualize key issues and themes. Each chapter features discussion questions and helpful web links to facilitate further research. Presented in an unbiased manner, the book is a consolidated yet comprehensive overview of juvenile justice models and practices worldwide. It enables readers to compare the relative strengths and weaknesses of different juvenile justice models/systems and to evaluate all countries in light of the larger international phenomena of delinquency.

Evaluating Juvenile Transfer And Disposition

Author : Kirk Heilbrun
ISBN : 9781317340133
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 24 MB
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Focusing on juvenile transfer and disposition evaluations, this volume provides an up-to-date integration of current law, science, and practice with respect to juvenile risk assessment, treatment needs/amenability, and sophistication-maturity. Included are perspectives relating to international practices, use of specialized assessment tools, and a separate chapter on resentencing following US Supreme Court decisions on juveniles sentenced to mandatory life without parole. This text will be a useful and comprehensive reference for forensic psychologists and other mental health professionals engaged in juvenile evaluation, as well as legal professionals, juvenile and criminal justice professionals, and others involved with juvenile assessment, decision-making, and rehabilitation.

Juvenile Delinquency Theory Practice And Law

Author : Larry J. Siegel
ISBN : 9781337091831
Genre : Education
File Size : 73. 87 MB
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Unrivaled in its current coverage of topics, the thirteenth edition of best-selling JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: THEORY, PRACTICE, AND LAW provides an in-depth analysis of the theories of delinquency, environmental issues, juvenile justice issues, and the juvenile justice system. Praised both for its authority and balance as well as for the authors' ability to engage students in the course, the book presents cutting-edge, seminal research, as well as up-to-the-minute policy and newsworthy examples. Siegel and Welsh offer a timely and objective presentation of juvenile delinquency theory and juvenile justice policy issues by examining opposing sides of controversial aspects of delinquency and delinquency programs in an unbiased way. What’s more, the MindTap that accompanies this text helps students practice and master techniques and key concepts while engaging them with video cases, career-based decision-making scenarios, visual summaries, and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

International Handbook Of Juvenile Justice

Author : Scott H. Decker
ISBN : 9783319450902
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 67 MB
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This comprehensive reference work presents an in-depth analysis of juvenile justice systems across the world. The second edition of this Handbook has been updated with 13 new chapters, now covering a total of 34 countries, across North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East from an international and comparative perspective. The International Handbook of Juvenile Justice is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding scholars working in the field of juvenile justice. It reflects a collective concern about trends in juvenile justice over the past two decades, trends that have begun to blur the difference between criminal and juvenile justice. Also new to the second edition, each chapter is formatted to increase the comparative aspect of the book, highlighting: · The legal status of juveniles · Age of majority · The country’s stance toward the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child · Trends in juvenile crime over the period 2004-2014 · Causes of juvenile crime · Policing and juveniles · Courts and juveniles · Custodial rules for juveniles (detention, prison, mixing juveniles with adults) · Alternative sanctions for juveniles: home confinement, restorative justice, restitution, etc. · Differences in treatment of boys and girls This seminal work highlights similarities and differences between the various systems, and will be an important reference for researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly interested in juvenile delinquency and youth crime, as well as related disciplines like sociology, social work, and public policy.

Juvenile Justice Systems

Author : John Winterdyk
ISBN : 1551302020
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81. 48 MB
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By the year 2000 more than 50% of the world population will be under the age of 15 (9th UN Congress, 1995). Youth crime is increasing around the world (9th UN Congress, 1995). In September 1997, Canadian Justice Minister, Anne McLellan, declared youth justice as a top priority. These and similar facts speak to the urgency for society to study youth crime and examine youth justice systems from a comparative perspective. As our world gets smaller, we discover the urgency and importance of sharing and learning at a global level. This collection offers a unique opportunity to examine six different juvenile justice systems and youth crime around the world. All eleven articles are original contributions from a distinguished set of experts on juvenile justice in their respective countries. Each contribution examines a set of common elements: defining delinquency, describing the nature and extent of youth crime, examining the administration of youth justice, and discussing issues confronting youth crime. This groundbreaking book will be of interest to students, criminologists, and criminal justice policy-makers who are interested in improving the intervention, treatment, and prevention of youth crime, and the administration of youth justice.

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Author : Harry Dammer
ISBN : 9780495809890
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 76 MB
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Bestselling COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, 4/e delivers a comprehensive--and intriguing--analysis comparing the various criminal justice systems throughout the world. Thoroughly revised and up to date, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest trends, issues, and information on international criminal justice, transnational organized crime and corruption, terrorism, and international juvenile justice. This proven text’s unique topical approach examines important aspects of each type of justice system--common law, civil law, socialist law, and sacred (Islamic) law--which gives students a more solid understanding of the similarities and differences of each system. The authors use six model countries--China, England, France, Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia--to illustrate the different types of law and justice systems in the context of specific countries, as well as the historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system. The book is packed with relevant examples, emphasizes critical thinking skills throughout, and includes an assortment of innovative learning tools to maximize student success. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

International Handbook Of Juvenile Justice

Author : Josine Junger-Tas
ISBN : 9780387094786
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 44 MB
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This comprehensive reference work presents inside information on the Juvenile Justice-systems in 19 different countries, both in old and new EU-member states and in the United States and Canada. The book is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding researchers, who are concerned about trends in Juvenile Justice in the last two decades, which blur the border between criminal and juvenile justice.

International Perspectives And Empirical Findings On Child Participation

Author : Tali Gal
ISBN : 9780199367009
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58. 6 MB
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The 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has inspired advocates and policy makers across the globe, injecting children's rights terminology into various public and private arenas. Children's right to participate in decision-making processes affecting their lives is the acme of the Convention and its central contribution to the children's rights discourse. At the same time the participation right presents enormous challenges in its implementation. Laws, regulations and mechanisms addressing children's right to participate in decision-making processes affecting their lives have been established in many jurisdictions across the globe. Yet these worldwide developments have only rarely been accompanied with empirical investigations. The effectiveness of various policies in achieving meaningful participation for children of different ages, cultures and circumstances have remained largely unproven empirically. Therefore, with the growing awareness of the importance of evidence-based policies, it becomes clear that without empirical investigations on the implementation of children's right to participation it is difficult to promote their effective inclusion in decision making. This book provides a much-needed, first broad portrayal of how child participation is implemented in practice today. Bringing together 19 chapters written by prominent authors from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia, and Israel, the book includes descriptions of programs that engage children and youth in decision-making processes, as well as insightful findings regarding what children, their families, and professionals think about these programs. Beyond their contribution to the empirical evidence on ways children engage in decision-making processes, the volume's chapters contribute to the theoretical development of the meaning of "participation," "citizenship," "inclusiveness," and "relational rights" in regards to children and youth. There is no matching to the book's scope both in terms of its breadth of subjects and the diversity of jurisdictions it covers. The book's chapters include experiences of child participation in special education, child protection, juvenile justice, restorative justice, family disputes, research, and policy making.

Pioneers In Canadian Criminology

Author : John Winterdyk
ISBN : 1772440612
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 16 MB
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This unique book, edited by John Winterdyk of Mount Royal University, includes insightful profiles and first-person accounts of the men and women who have shaped Canadian criminology and criminal justice from colonial times to the present. Intriguing memoirs by Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, Ezzat Fattah, ArlEne Gaudreault, Jim Hackler, Marc Le Blanc, Irvin Waller, Jo-Anne Wemmers provide a ringside seat to the evolution of criminology and related disciplines and sub-disciplines, including criminal justice, victimology, and the study of corrections and policing. In addition, the contributions of numerous other pioneers are also profiled in contributions by respected scholars; these include such giants of the field as Jean-Paul Brodeur, Anthony Doob, Richard Ericson, Tadeusz Grygier, Gwynne Nettler, AndrE Normandeau, Dennis Szabo, and many others. Adding further value and interest are four thematic chapters: Ritesh Dalip Narayan discusses pioneers of the Canadian legal system, Joshua Murphy and Curt Taylor Griffiths examine key contributors to the study and practice of policing, Rick Ruddell provides an overview of important figures in corrections, while Steven Kohm and Michael Weinrath consider the development and proliferation of programs in criminology and criminal justice at the post-secondary level. Lisa Monchalin has contributed an insightful foreword to this ground-breaking volume, which promises to be of interest to students, scholars, and practitioners alike. Edited by John Winterdyk. Foreword by Lisa Monchalin. With contributions by Steven Kohm and Michael Weinrath - FranCois Fenchel - Ezzat A. Fattah - BenoIt Dupont - Marc Le Blanc - Jo-Anne Wemmers - Jim Hackler - Kevin D. Haggerty, Aaron Doyle and Janet Chan - Irvin Waller - Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham - ArlEne Gaudreault - Ritesh Dalip Narayan - Joshua Murphy and Curt Taylor Griffiths - Rick Ruddell "As academic disciplines, Canadian criminology and criminal justice have a rich and varied albeit compara-tively short history. It was just over 50 years ago that the first criminol-ogy program was established at the UniversitE de MontrEal. Aside from a growing number of tributes occasioned by the passing of key academics and practitioners in the field and the odd Festschrift (a publication honouring an academic scholar, presented during his or her lifetime), until now we have no consoli-dated account of the legacy of the pio-neers who have helped forge these disci-plines." --from the Introduction by John Winterdyk "Fills a knowledge void for both students and most scholars. These pioneers have influenced several generations of research and criminal justice policy not only in Canada but also globally. Their scholarship continues to inspire. A wonderful contribution to the field." --Ray Corrado, Simon Fraser University "The pioneers represented in this volume clearly articulate the significance of their contributions within the theoretical, practical and policy-oriented realms, as well as their tireless efforts to bring criminological inquiry to students. This very accessible book should inspire current scholars and students alike to further the contributions already made by Canadians." --Nick Jones, University of Regina

Restorative Justice

Author : Burt Galaway
ISBN : UOM:39015055854866
Genre : Law
File Size : 21. 51 MB
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This edited collection considers the theory, research and practice of restorative justice in Australia, New Zealand, the US, Canada, England and Wales, Japan and Germany. There is also one section dedicated to restorative justice practice among Indigenous peoples.

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