just and unjust military intervention

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Just And Unjust Military Intervention

Author : Stefano Recchia
ISBN : 9781107042025
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 24 MB
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Leading scholars explore how the arguments of classical European thinkers relate to the ethics and politics of military intervention today.

When Is Military Intervention Morally Justified

Author : Christian Kreß
ISBN : 9783638392723
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 30 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 1,0, University of Tubingen, course: Course 'Normative Theories of International Relations', 18 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Somalia, Serbia-Montenegro, Iraq – These are just three of several countries that were exposed to external military intervention in recent times. Although this kind of intervention is in principle prohibited under international law under Article 2 of the United Nations Charter, states have not been hesitating to use force in order to retaliate against an aggressor, to preventively fight against a threat to national security or to protect human rights. Regardless of its legality, it is interesting to analyze the legitimacy of an intervention from an ethical perspective. Under which conditions is a state morally justified to militarily interfere in another state’s internal affairs? What are the moral standards on which a state’s conduct of war should be based? Opinions among scholars differ greatly when dealing with this contentious issue. This essay is going to provide some possible answers. Initially, I define the key concepts of the essay theme: “morality” and “intervention”. The second chapter deals with two crucial theories of the justice of intervention, namely utilitarianism and just war theory. Subsequently, I present some of Michael Walzer’s ideas about just war as elaborated in his famous book “Just and Unjust Wars”. At the end of my essay, in the fourth chapter, I attempt to answer the question whether the NATO intervention in Kosovo was morally justified by applying just war theory. The second and third chapter are accompanied by my personal evaluation.

Just And Unjust Interventions In World Politics

Author : C. Lu
ISBN : 9780230299542
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 86 MB
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Taking insights and controversies from feminist political theory, Lu looks to illuminate alternative images of 'sovereignty as privacy' and 'sovereignty as responsibility', and to identify new challenges arising from the increased agency of private global civil society, and their relationship with the world of states.

Human Rights And Military Intervention

Author : Alexander Moseley
ISBN : 9781351739009
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 59. 63 MB
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This title was first published in 2002. Was the bombing of Belgrade morally justified as an attempt to halt 'ethnic cleansing' in Kosovo'? Should Western states have tried to prevent the slaughter in Rwanda? Are there, indeed, genuinely universal 'human rights' which could justify such interventions, or is the upholding of such rights simply the imposition of culturally specific values on other cultures? Is national sovereignty a necessary and legitimate impediment to intervention, or are we seeing the emergence of a 'new international order' in which national boundaries are less significant? These and related ethical and political questions are addressed from a wide variety of perspectives by the contributors to this book. The answers presented form important reading for students and researchers in philosophy and in international relations, and for anyone interested in the difficult questions about whether and when other states may intervene in a country's internal affairs in order to uphold human rights.

Kein Ende Der Gewalt

Author : Professor Eberhard Schockenhoff
ISBN : 9783451848124
Genre : Religion
File Size : 49. 27 MB
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In der Friedensethik vollzog sich in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten ein Paradigmenwechsel: Im Mittelpunkt steht nicht mehr die Frage, unter welchen Bedingungen die Anwendung militärischer Gewalt gerechtfertigt sein kann, sondern welche Wege zum Frieden führen. Das Buch analysiert die Kriegserfahrungen und Friedenshoffnungen der Menschen von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Es verfolgt die Entwicklung der Lehre vom gerechten Krieg und skizziert die Herausforderungen einer Friedensethik für das 21. Jahrhundert. Dabei zeigen sich auch im Konzept des gerechten Friedens Spannungen und Widersprüche. Das Ziel der angestrebten Gewaltfreiheit gerät mit der Schutzverantwortung für Menschen in Not in Konflikt. Das Buch analysiert dieses ethische Dilemma und zeigt konstruktive Wege zu seiner Überwindung.

Reassuring The Reluctant Warriors

Author : Stefano Recchia
ISBN : 9781501701559
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 63 MB
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Why did American leaders work hard to secure multilateral approval from the United Nations or NATO for military interventions in Haiti, Bosnia, and Kosovo, while making only limited efforts to gain such approval for the 2003 Iraq War? In Reassuring the Reluctant Warriors, Stefano Recchia draws on declassified documents and about one hundred interviews with civilian and military leaders to illuminate little-known aspects of U.S. decision making in the run-up to those interventions. American leaders, he argues, seek UN or NATO approval to facilitate sustained military and financial burden sharing and ensure domestic support. However, the most assertive, hawkish, and influential civilian leaders in Washington tend to downplay the costs of intervention, and when confronted with hesitant international partners they often want to bypass multilateral bodies. In these circumstances, America’s senior generals and admirals—as reluctant warriors who worry about Vietnam-style quagmires—can play an important restraining role, steering U.S. policy toward multilateralism. Senior military officers are well placed to debunk the civilian interventionists’ optimistic assumptions regarding the costs of war, thereby undermining broader governmental support for intervention. Recchia demonstrates that when the military expresses strong concerns about the stabilization burden, even hawkish civilian leaders can be expected to work hard to secure multilateral support through the UN or NATO—if only to reassure the reluctant warriors about long-term burden sharing. By contrast, when the military stays silent, as it did in the run-up to the 2003 Iraq War, the most hawkish civilians are empowered; consequently, the United States is more likely to bypass multilateral bodies and may end up shouldering a heavy stabilization burden largely by itself. Recchia’s argument that the military has the ability to contribute not only to a more prudent but also to a more multilateralist U.S. intervention policy may be counterintuitive, but the evidence is compelling.

Just And Unjust Peace

Author : Daniel Philpott
ISBN : 9780199969227
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42. 8 MB
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Winner of the 2013 Christianity Today Book Award in Missions / Global Affairs Winner of the Aldersgate Prize Honorable Mention Winner of the 2014 International Studies Association International Ethics Section Book Award In the wake of massive injustice, how can justice be achieved and peace restored? Is it possible to find a universal standard that will work for people of diverse and often conflicting religious, cultural, and philosophical backgrounds? In Just and Unjust Peace, Daniel Philpott offers an innovative and hopeful response to these questions. He challenges the approach to peace-building that dominates the United Nations, western governments, and the human rights community. While he shares their commitments to human rights and democracy, Philpott argues that these values alone cannot redress the wounds caused by war, genocide, and dictatorship. Both justice and the effective restoration of political order call for a more holistic, restorative approach. Philpott answers that call by proposing a form of political reconciliation that is deeply rooted in three religious traditions--Christianity, Islam, and Judaism--as well as the restorative justice movement. These traditions offer the fullest expressions of the core concepts of justice, mercy, and peace. By adapting these ancient concepts to modern constitutional democracy and international norms, Philpott crafts an ethic that has widespread appeal and offers real hope for the restoration of justice in fractured communities. From the roots of these traditions, Philpott develops six practices--building just institutions and relations between states, acknowledgment, reparations, restorative punishment, apology and, most important, forgiveness--which he then applies to real cases, identifying how each practice redresses a unique set of wounds. Focusing on places as varied as Bosnia, Iraq, South Africa, Germany, Sierra Leone, Timor-Leste, Chile and many others--and drawing upon the actual experience of victims and perpetrators--Just and Unjust Peace offers a fresh approach to the age-old problem of restoring justice in the aftermath of widespread injustice.

Das Recht Der V Lker

Author : John Rawls
ISBN : 9783110898538
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 84. 68 MB
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Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Zum Ewigen Frieden Ein Philosophischer Entwurf

Author : Immanuel Kant
ISBN : BML:37001102009045
Genre :
File Size : 75. 69 MB
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Ethics And Foreign Intervention

Author : Deen K. Chatterjee
ISBN : 0521009049
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 76 MB
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This is a collection of original essays by some of the leading moral and political thinkers of our time on the ethical and legal implications of humanitarian military intervention. It presents a variety of normative perspectives on topics such as the just-war theory and its limits, secession and international law, and new approaches toward the moral adequacy of intervention. They form a challenging and timely volume that will interest political philosophers, political theorists, readers in law and international relations, and anyone interested in the moral dimensions of international affairs.

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