introduction to hyperbolic geometry universitext

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Introduction To Hyperbolic Geometry

Author : Arlan Ramsay
ISBN : 9781475755855
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 47 MB
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This book is an introduction to hyperbolic and differential geometry that provides material in the early chapters that can serve as a textbook for a standard upper division course on hyperbolic geometry. For that material, the students need to be familiar with calculus and linear algebra and willing to accept one advanced theorem from analysis without proof. The book goes well beyond the standard course in later chapters, and there is enough material for an honors course, or for supplementary reading. Indeed, parts of the book have been used for both kinds of courses. Even some of what is in the early chapters would surely not be nec essary for a standard course. For example, detailed proofs are given of the Jordan Curve Theorem for Polygons and of the decomposability of poly gons into triangles, These proofs are included for the sake of completeness, but the results themselves are so believable that most students should skip the proofs on a first reading. The axioms used are modern in character and more "user friendly" than the traditional ones. The familiar real number system is used as an in gredient rather than appearing as a result of the axioms. However, it should not be thought that the geometric treatment is in terms of models: this is an axiomatic approach that is just more convenient than the traditional ones.

Introduction To Hyperbolic Geometry

Author : Arlan Ramsay
ISBN : 9781475755855
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 86. 58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 369
Read : 1252

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This book is an introduction to hyperbolic and differential geometry that provides material in the early chapters that can serve as a textbook for a standard upper division course on hyperbolic geometry. For that material, the students need to be familiar with calculus and linear algebra and willing to accept one advanced theorem from analysis without proof. The book goes well beyond the standard course in later chapters, and there is enough material for an honors course, or for supplementary reading. Indeed, parts of the book have been used for both kinds of courses. Even some of what is in the early chapters would surely not be nec essary for a standard course. For example, detailed proofs are given of the Jordan Curve Theorem for Polygons and of the decomposability of poly gons into triangles, These proofs are included for the sake of completeness, but the results themselves are so believable that most students should skip the proofs on a first reading. The axioms used are modern in character and more "user friendly" than the traditional ones. The familiar real number system is used as an in gredient rather than appearing as a result of the axioms. However, it should not be thought that the geometric treatment is in terms of models: this is an axiomatic approach that is just more convenient than the traditional ones.

Introduction To Non Euclidean Geometry

Author : Harold E. Wolfe
ISBN : 9780486498508
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 46 MB
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One of the first college-level texts for elementary courses in non-Euclidean geometry, this volumeis geared toward students familiar with calculus. Topics include the fifth postulate, hyperbolicplane geometry and trigonometry, and elliptic plane geometry and trigonometry. Extensiveappendixes offer background information on Euclidean geometry, and numerous exercisesappear throughout the text.Reprint of the Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., New York, 1945 edition

An Introduction To Non Euclidean Geometry

Author : David Gans
ISBN : UOM:39015014352804
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 79 MB
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Lectures On Hyperbolic Geometry

Author : Riccardo Benedetti
ISBN : 354055534X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54. 45 MB
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The core of the book is the study of the space of the hyperbolic manifolds endowed with the Chabauty and the geometric topology, and in particular the proof of the hypberbolic surgery theorem in dimension three, based on the representation of three-mainfolds as glued ideal tetrahedra. The development of this main theme requires setting a wide background forming the body of the book: the classical geometry of the hyperbolic space, the Fenchel-Nielsen parametrization of the Teichmüller space, Mostow's rigidity theorem, Margulis' lemma. As a conclusion some features of bounded cohomology, flat fiber bundles and amenable groups are mentioned.

Hyperbolic Geometry

Author : Birger Iversen
ISBN : 9780521435086
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 33 MB
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Although it arose from purely theoretical considerations of the underlying axioms of geometry, the work of Einstein and Dirac has demonstrated that hyperbolic geometry is a fundamental aspect of modern physics. In this book, the rich geometry of the hyperbolic plane is studied in detail, leading to the focal point of the book, Poincare's polygon theorem and the relationship between hyperbolic geometries and discrete groups of isometries. Hyperbolic 3-space is also discussed, and the directions that current research in this field is taking are sketched. This will be an excellent introduction to hyperbolic geometry for students new to the subject, and for experts in other fields.

Sources Of Hyperbolic Geometry

Author : John Stillwell
ISBN : 0821809229
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 27 MB
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This book presents, for the first time in English, the papers of Beltrami, Klein, and Poincare that brought hyperbolic geometry into the mainstream of mathematics. A recognition of Beltrami comparable to that given the pioneering works of Bolyai and Lobachevsky seems long overdue--not only because Beltrami rescued hyperbolic geometry from oblivion by proving it to be logically consistent, but because he gave it a concrete meaning (a model) that made hyperbolic geometry part of ordinary mathematics. The models subsequently discovered by Klein and Poincare brought hyperbolic geometry even further down to earth and paved the way for the current explosion of activity in low-dimensional geometry and topology. By placing the works of these three mathematicians side by side and providing commentaries, this book gives the student, historian, or professional geometer a bird's-eye view of one of the great episodes in mathematics. The unified setting and historical context reveal the insights of Beltrami, Klein, and Poincare in their full brilliance.

Modern Geometry With Applications

Author : George Jennings
ISBN : STANFORD:36105016222056
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 81. 93 MB
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This is an introduction to the theory and applications of modern geometry. It differs from other books in its field in its emphasis on applications and its discussion of Special Relativity as a major example of a non-Euclidean geometry. Besides Special Relativity, it covers two other important areas of non-Euclidean geometry: spherical geometry (used in navigation and astronomy) and projective geometry (used in art). In addition, it reviews many useful topics from Euclidean geometry, emphasizing transformations, and includes a chapter on conics and planetary orbits. Applications are stressed throughout the book. Every topic is motivated by an application and many additional applications are given in the exercises. The book would be an excellent introduction to higher geometry for those students, especially prospective mathematics teachers, who need to know how geometry is used in addition to its formal theory.

Geometry Of Surfaces

Author : John Stillwell
ISBN : 9781461209294
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83. 97 MB
Format : PDF
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The geometry of surfaces is an ideal starting point for learning geometry, for, among other reasons, the theory of surfaces of constant curvature has maximal connectivity with the rest of mathematics. This text provides the student with the knowledge of a geometry of greater scope than the classical geometry taught today, which is no longer an adequate basis for mathematics or physics, both of which are becoming increasingly geometric. It includes exercises and informal discussions.

Notes On Geometry

Author : Elmer Rees
ISBN : 9783642617775
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 46. 39 MB
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In recent years, geometry has played a lesser role in undergraduate courses than it has ever done. Nevertheless, it still plays a leading role in mathematics at a higher level. Its central role in the history of mathematics has never been disputed. It is important, therefore, to introduce some geometry into university syllabuses. There are several ways of doing this, it can be incorporated into existing courses that are primarily devoted to other topics, it can be taught at a first year level or it can be taught in higher level courses devoted to differential geometry or to more classical topics. These notes are intended to fill a rather obvious gap in the literature. It treats the classical topics of Euclidean, projective and hyperbolic geometry but uses the material commonly taught to undergraduates: linear algebra, group theory, metric spaces and complex analysis. The notes are based on a course whose aim was two fold, firstly, to introduce the students to some geometry and secondly to deepen their understanding of topics that they have already met. What is required from the earlier material is a familiarity with the main ideas, specific topics that are used are usually redone.

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