intractable disputes about the natural law alasdair macintyre and critics

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Intractable Disputes About The Natural Law

Author : Lawrence Cunningham
ISBN : 026802300X
Genre : Law
File Size : 42. 82 MB
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In 2004, then Cardinal Ratzinger requested that the University of Notre Dame study the complex issues embedded in discussions about "natural rights" and "natural law" in the context of Catholic thinking. To that end, Alasdair MacIntyre provided a substantive essay on the foundational problem of moral disagreements concerning natural law, and eight scholars were invited to respond to MacIntyre's essay, either by addressing his work directly or by amplifying his argument along other yet similar paths. The contributors to this volume are theologians, philosophers, civil and canon lawyers, and political scientists, who reflect on these issues from different disciplinary perspectives. MacIntyre responds to the other contributors in a closing essay. Book jacket.

The Threads Of Natural Law

Author : Francisco José Contreras
ISBN : 9789400756564
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 71 MB
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The notion of “natural law” has repeatedly furnished human beings with a shared grammar in times of moral and cultural crisis. Stoic natural law, for example, emerged precisely when the Ancient World lost the Greek polis, which had been the point of reference for Plato's and Aristotle's political philosophy. In key moments such as this, natural law has enabled moral and legal dialogue between peoples and traditions holding apparently clashing world-views. This volume revisits some of these key moments in intellectual and social history, partly with an eye to extracting valuable lessons for ideological conflicts in the present and perhaps near future. The contributions to this volume discuss both historical and contemporary schools of natural law. Topics on historical schools of natural law include: how Aristotelian theory of rules paved the way for the birth of the idea of "natural law"; the idea's first mature account in Cicero's work; the tension between two rival meanings of “man’s rational nature” in Aquinas’ natural law theory; and the scope of Kant’s allusions to “natural law”. Topics on contemporary natural law schools include: John Finnis's and Germain Grisez's “new natural law theory”; natural law theories in a "broader" sense, such as Adolf Reinach’s legal phenomenology; Ortega y Gasset’s and Scheler’s “ethical perspectivism”; the natural law response to Kelsen’s conflation of democracy and moral relativism; natural law's role in 20th century international law doctrine; Ronald Dworkin’s understanding of law as “a branch of political morality”; and Alasdair Macintyre’s "virtue"-based approach to natural law.​

Natural Law

Author : Anver M. Emon
ISBN : 9780191016714
Genre : Religion
File Size : 82. 52 MB
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This book is an examination of natural law doctrine, rooted in the classical writings of our respective three traditions: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic. Each of the authors provides an extensive essay reflecting on natural law doctrine in his tradition. Each of the authors also provides a thoughtful response to the essays of the other two authors. Readers will gain a sense for how natural law (or cognate terms) resonated with classical thinkers such as Maimonides, Origen, Augustine, al-Ghazali and numerous others. Readers will also be instructed in how the authors think that these sources can be mined for constructive reflection on natural law today. A key theme in each essay is how the particularity of the respective religious tradition is squared with the evident universality of natural law claims. The authors also explore how natural law doctrine functions in particular traditions for reflection upon the religious other.

The Development Of Moral Theology

Author : Charles E. Curran
ISBN : 9781626160194
Genre : Religion
File Size : 54. 96 MB
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Charles Curran in his newest book The Development of Moral Theology: Five Strands, brings a unique historical and critical analysis to the five strands that differentiate Catholic moral theology from other approaches to Christian ethics—sin and the manuals of moral theology, the teaching of Thomas Aquinas and later Thomists, natural law, the role of authoritative church teaching in moral areas, and Vatican II. Significant changes have occurred over the course of these historical developments. In addition, pluralism and diversity exist even today, as illustrated, for example, in the theory of natural law proposed by Cardinal Ratzinger. In light of these realities, Curran proposes his understanding of how the strands should influence moral theology today. A concluding chapter highlights the need for a truly theological approach and calls for a significant change in the way that the papal teaching office functions today and its understanding of natural law. In a work useful to anyone who studies Catholic moral theology, The Development of Moral Theology underscores, in the light of the historical development of these strands, the importance of a truly theological and critical approach to moral theology that has significant ramifications for the life of the Catholic church.

Reasoning With Who We Are

Author : Mark Redhead
ISBN : 9781442227088
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51. 59 MB
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In this ambitious study, Mark Redhead explores versions of public reasoning in the works of six of the most important voices in contemporary political theory; Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, Hannah Arendt, Seyla Benhabib, Michel Foucault, and William E. Connolly. He identifies an important but as of yet unappreciated version of public reasoning--, one that provides creative and effective responses to questions at the forefront of liberal democratic political thought: human rights, security, and global governance.

Prophecy Without Contempt

Author : Cathleen Kaveny
ISBN : 9780674969384
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81. 65 MB
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The culture wars have as much to do with rhetorical style as moral substance. Cathleen Kaveny focuses on a powerful stream of religious discourse in American political speech: the Biblical rhetoric of prophetic indictment. It can be strong medicine against threats to the body politic, she shows, but used injudiciously it does more harm than good.

Good God

Author : David Baggett
ISBN : 9780199831333
Genre : Religion
File Size : 65. 44 MB
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This book aims to reinvigorate discussions of moral arguments for God's existence. To open this debate, Baggett and Walls argue that God's love and moral goodness are perfect, without defect, necessary, and recognizable. After integrating insights from the literature of both moral apologetics and theistic ethics, they defend theistic ethics against a variety of objections and, in so doing, bolster the case for the moral argument for God's existence. It is the intention of the authors to see this aspect of natural theology resume its rightful place of prominence, by showing how a worldview predicated on the God of both classical theism and historical Christian orthodoxy has more than adequate resources to answer the Euthyphro Dilemma, speak to the problem of evil, illumine natural law, and highlight the moral significance of the incarnation and resurrection of Christ. Ultimately, the authors argue, there is principled reason to believe that morality itself provides excellent reasons to look for a transcendent source of its authority and reality, and a source that is more than an abstract principle.

Law Person And Community

Author : John J. Coughlin
ISBN : 9780199756773
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 10 MB
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Law, Person, and Community: Theological, Philosophical and Comparative Perspectives on Canon Law explores the understanding of the human person that underpins canon law. From theological, philosophical, and comparative perspectives, the book poses the question: What is law?" The book presents canon law as a classical legal system in which the positive law is derived from natural and divine law. The classical approach to law rests upon an understanding of human nature in which reason is able to know first principles and universal goods. The book indicates that the classical understanding contrasts with the modern positivistic theory of law in which the parameters of human reason are limited by the need for empirical verification. In the classical approach, law also reflects the supernatural destiny of the human person. This supernatural end leads to the priority of the contemplative over the political in the design of positive law. In comparison, liberal theory favors a political conception of justice and the human person. Although the classical approach to law recognizes universal norms, it remains open to the historically contingent. As illustrative of its historical development, canon law affirms the right of religious freedom on the basis of the traditional Western doctrines of the dignity of the human person and the separation of church and state. Religious freedom is understood not only as the freedom of individual belief but freedom for the religious community to prosper through the practice of its faith in the pluralistic society. The book suggests that the classical approach to law with its ground in natural and supernatural truth affords a more firm foundation for the development of human rights than does the modern positivistic theory of law. The book further describes the classical role of law in setting the optimal conditions for human flourishing through membership, participation, and solidarity in community. Canon lawfulfills this function for the religious community of the Catholic Church. The book juxtaposes canon law's view of religious freedom with that of the modern secular state in which religious freedom has been reduced to a matter of private belief. Employing the example of United States constitutional law, the book describes how the modern secular state has curtailed the function of law in fostering the freedom of the religious community in the public order. The book observes that the modern view is at odds with religious traditions such as Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam in which the practice of faith depends on the proper relation between law, person, and community. The book thus proffers that canon law serve as a dialog partner in the broader discussion about what is law."

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