innovative superhard materials and sustainable coatings for advanced manufacturing 200 nato science series ii closed

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Innovative Superhard Materials And Sustainable Coatings For Advanced Manufacturing

Author : Jay Lee
ISBN : 9781402034718
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 19 MB
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Modern industry imposes ever increasing requirements upon tools and tool materials as to the provision for performance under the conditions of high cutting speeds and dynamic loads as well as under intensive thermal and chemical interactions with workpiece materials. The industry demands a higher productivity in combination with the accuracy of geometry and dimensions of workpieces and quality of working surfaces of the machined pieces. These requirements are best met by the tool superhard materials (diamond and diamond-like cubic boron nitride). Ceramics based on silicon carbide, aluminum and boron oxides as well as on titanium, silicon and aluminum nitrides offer promise as tool materials. Tungsten-containing cemented carbides are still considered as suitable tool materials. Hi- hardness and high strength composites based on the above materials fit all the requirements imposed by machining jobs when manufacturing elements of machinery, in particular those operating under the extreme conditions of high temperatures and loads. These elements are produced of difficult-- machine high-alloy steels, nickel refractory alloys, high-tech ceramics, materials with metallic and non-metallic coatings having improved wear resistance, as well as of special polymeric and glass-ceramic materials. Materials science at high pressure deals with the use of high-pressure techniques for the development and production of unique materials whose preparation at ambient pressure is impossible (e. g. , diamond, cubic boron nitride, etc. ) or of materials with properties exceeding those of materials produced at ambient pressure (e. g. , high-temperature superconductors).

Nanomaterials And Supramolecular Structures

Author : Anatoliy Petrovych Shpak
ISBN : 9048123097
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 30 MB
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The text features experimental investigations which use a variety of modern methods and theoretical modeling of surface structures and physicochemical processes which occur at solid surfaces. Nanomaterials and Supramolecular Structures: Physics, Chemistry, and Applications is intended for specialists experienced in the fields of Nanochemistry, Nanophysics, Surface Chemistry (and Physics), synthesis of new nanostructural functional materials and their practical applications. It will also prove useful to students, post-graduates, researchers, and lecturers.

Introduction To Nanoscience

Author : Gabor L. Hornyak
ISBN : 9781420048063
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 75 MB
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Tomorrow’s nanoscientist will have a truly interdisciplinary and nano-centric education, rather than, for example, a degree in chemistry with a specialization in nanoscience. For this to happen, the field needs a truly focused and dedicated textbook. This full-color masterwork is such a textbook. It introduces the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology. This book is written to provide a companion volume to Fundamentals of Nanotechnology. The two companion volumes are also available bound together in the single volume, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

Introduction To Nanoscience And Nanotechnology

Author : Gabor L. Hornyak
ISBN : 9781420047806
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 79 MB
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The maturation of nanotechnology has revealed it to be a unique and distinct discipline rather than a specialization within a larger field. Its textbook cannot afford to be a chemistry, physics, or engineering text focused on nano. It must be an integrated, multidisciplinary, and specifically nano textbook. The archetype of the modern nano textbook, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology builds a solid background in characterization and fabrication methods while integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology facets. The remainder of this color text focuses on applications, examining engineering aspects as well as nanomaterials and industry-specific applications in such areas as energy, electronics, and biotechnology. Also available in two course-specific volumes: Introduction to Nanoscience elucidates the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology. Fundamentals of Nanotechnology surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors. Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

Mgb2 Superconducting Wires

Author : Rene Flukiger
ISBN : 9789814725606
Genre :
File Size : 64. 53 MB
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The compendium gives a complete overview of the properties of MgB2 (Magnesium Diboride), a superconducting compound with a transition temperature of Tc = 39K, from the fundamental properties to the fabrication of multifilamentary wires and to the presentation of various applications. Written by eminent researchers in the field, this indispensable volume not only discusses superconducting properties of MgB2 compounds, but also describes known preparation methods of thin films and of bulk samples obtained under high pressure methods. A unique selling point of the book is the detailed coverage of various applications based on MgB2, starting with MRI magnets and high current cables, cooled by Helium (He) vapor. High current cables cooled by liquid hydrogen are also highlighted as an interesting alternative due to the shrinking He reserves on earth. Other pertinent subjects comprise permanent magnets, ultrafine wires for space applications and wind generator projects. Contents: Vortex Matter in the Two-band Superconductor MgB2 (Leonardo Civale and Adriana Serquis)Synthesis, Substitutions and Properties of MgB2 Single Crystals (J Karpinski)Thin Film Deposition and Critical Fields (M A Wolak and X X Xi)Nanoscale Disorder in MgB2 Thin Films (Ye Zhu and Paul M Voyles)Structure-Property Correlation of MgB2 Wires and Tapes (Balaji Birajdar and Oliver Eibl)Structure and Properties of Bulk MgB2 (Tatiana Prikhna)The Reactive Liquid Infiltration (RLI) Technique for the Bulk Reaction to MgB2 (G Giunchi)Processing of Amorphous Nanosize Boron Powder (M S Somer, S Acar and I Kokal)MgB2 Wires Fabricated Using the Ex Situ Technique (Andrea Malagoli and Valeria Braccini)MgB2 Wires by In Situ Technique, Mechanical Alloying (Wolfgang H„ssler)Pressure Effects on Jc of In Situ and Ex Situ Processed MgB2 Wires (Shahriar M A Hossain and Ren‚ Flkiger)Fabrication of MgB2 Wires by Internal Mg Diffusion (IMD) (Hiroaki Kumakura)Development and Properties of Advanced Internal Magnesium Infiltration (AIMI) Processed MgB2 Wires (E W Collings, G Z Li, M D Sumption and M A Susner)Material and Conductor Properties Relevant for Applications: A Fundamental Study (Carmine Senatore and Marco Bonura)AC Losses in MgB2 Wires (J n Kov ?)Effect of Mechanical Load on Jc of MgB2 Wires (Pavol Kov ?)Properties of Irradiated MgB2, Bulk and Wires (Ilaria Pallecchi and Marina Putti)MRI Magnets based on MgB2 (Leonardo Bertora)Bulk MgB2 Permanent Magnets (Akiyasu Yamamoto and Kohji Kishio)Applications for very Fine MgB2 Wires (Sonja I Schlachter and Wilfried Goldacker)MgB2 Transmission Lines for the Large Hadron Collider (Amalia Ballarino, Bernardo Bordini and Sebastiano Giannelli)Hydrogen Cooled MgB2 Cables (Vitaly Vysotsky)Wind Generator Projects based on MgB2 Superconductors (Asger Bech Abrahamsen) Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in materials engineering, materials science, and solid state physics. MgB2;Thin Films;Pure Boron Nanopowders;High Pressure Synthesis;Reactive Liquid Infiltration

Handbook Of Less Common Nanostructures

Author : Boris I. Kharisov
ISBN : 9781439853436
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 35 MB
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As nanotechnology has developed over the last two decades, some nanostructures, such as nanotubes, nanowires, and nanoparticles, have become very popular. However, recent research has led to the discovery of other, less-common nanoforms, which often serve as building blocks for more complex structures. In an effort to organize the field, the Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures presents an informal classification based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. A small nanotechnological encyclopedia, this book: Describes a range of little-known nanostructures Offers a unifying vision of the synthesis of nanostructures and the generalization of rare nanoforms Includes a CD-ROM with color versions of more than 100 nanostructures Explores the fabrication of rare nanostructures, including modern physical, chemical, and biological synthesis techniques The Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures discusses a classification system not directly related to the dimensionality and chemical composition of nanostructure-forming compounds or composite. Instead, it is based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. Possessing unusual shapes and high surface areas, these structures are potentially very useful for catalytic, medical, electronic, and many other applications.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066180392
Genre : American literature
File Size : 83. 30 MB
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Metallic Materials With High Structural Efficiency

Author : Oleg N. Senkov
ISBN : 9781402021121
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 67 MB
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In the fall of 1998, Prof. Sergey Firstov invited me to the Frantcevych Institute for Problems of Materials Science (IPMS) in Kyiv, Ukraine to discuss possible collaborations in the area of advanced metals research. During this visit, a strong mutual interest was evident in a broad range of structural metals technologies, and a quick friendship was established. Countless subsequent emails and a reciprocal visit to the U. S Air Force Research Laboratory by Prof. Firstov and a team of scientists from IPMS ensued to discuss and detail a broad collaboration in the area of structural metals. Two years after the initial visit, a major investment by the U. S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) was established to pursue the technologies defined by these interactions. The annual reviews of the AFOSR Ukrainian Metals Initiative were held in late May, a most beautiful time in Kyiv when the lilacs are in bright display and the air is scented with the smell of falling blossoms from the chestnut trees that line the major streets and many parks. The sunny days and mild evenings provide a welcome break from winter, and on weekend evenings festive crowds spill onto the Khreshchatyk, Kyiv’s downtown boulevard, to listen to street musicians, watch jugglers and comedians, or simply to celebrate with friends. The annual reviews featured long days of intensive discussion of technical progress, followed in the evenings by the warm hospitality of the Ukrainian hosts.

Nanostructured Coatings

Author : Albano Cavaleiro
ISBN : 9780387487564
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 44 MB
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This book delivers practical insight into a broad range of fields related to hard coatings, from their deposition and characterization up to the hardening and deformation mechanisms allowing the interpretation of results. The text examines relationships between structure/microstructure and mechanical properties from fundamental concepts, through types of coatings, to characterization techniques. The authors explore the search for coatings that can satisfy the criteria for successful implementation in real mechanical applications.

Robot Grippers

Author : Gareth J. Monkman
ISBN : 9783527609895
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 56 MB
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Since robotic prehension is widely used in all sectors of manufacturing industry, this book fills the need for a comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of the topic. As such, this is the first text to address both developers and users, dealing as it does with the function, design and use of industrial robot grippers. The book includes both traditional methods and many more recent developments such as micro grippers for the optolectronics industry. Written by authors from academia, industry and consulting, it begins by covering the four basic categories of robotic prehension before expanding into sections dealing with endeffector design and control, robotic manipulation and kinematics. Later chapters go on to describe how these various gripping techniques can be used for a common industrial aim, with details of related topics such as: kinematics, part separation, sensors, tool excahnge and compliance. The whole is rounded off with specific examples and case studies. With more than 570 figures, this practical book is all set to become the standard for advanced students, researchers and manufacturing engineers, as well as designers and project managers seeking practical descriptions of robot endeffectors and their applications.

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