innovation and technological diffusion an economic history of early steam engines routledge explorations in economic history

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Innovation And Technological Diffusion

Author : Harry Kitsikopoulos
ISBN : 9781317364870
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 73 MB
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This book deals with two key aspects of the history of steam engines, a cornerstone of the Industrial Revolution, specifically the road that led to its discovery and the process of diffusion of the early steam engines. The first part of the volume outlines the technological and scientific developments which took place between the 16th and 18th centuries, proving critical for the invention of this strategic technology. The most important question addressed is why did England come up with this innovation first as opposed to other countries (e.g., France, Italy), which were more advanced in terms of knowledge pertinent to it. The second part of the volume traces the process of diffusion of the early steam engines, the Newcomen model, through to 1773, the year prior to the first commercial application of the second generation of steam engines (the Watt model). The process of diffusion is quantified on the basis of a novel method before proceeding with a discussion of the main determinants of this process. Kitsikopoulos pulls together a large amount of relevant evidence found in primary sources and more technically oriented literature which is often ignored by economic historians. This book will be of interest to economic historians and historians of technology.

War Power And The Economy

Author : A. González Enciso
ISBN : 9781317518228
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 30. 70 MB
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War, Power and the Economy contains a comparative history of Great Britain, France and Spain, the three rival empires of the 1700s. It explores how the states prepared for war, what kind of economic means they had, what institutional changes they implemented, and how efficient this was. As such, the book presents the first comparative synthesis aiming to understand the outcome of the global confrontation in the eighteenth century. Faced with the challenge of paying for new and more costly wars, some countries found flexible ways to get more money and better supplies, whereas others did not. The development of freer colonial markets, the increase of consumption and its taxation, the problems of venal administration or the different systems of patronage with contractors, are some of the factors explaining the divergences that were made clear by 1815. This book explores political and economic dimensions of the eighteenth-century European state in order to explain why and how changes in power as an outcome of war depended upon the available means and the way they were obtained and used. The book takes the idea that making war or preparing for it obliged governments to make important changes in their institutions, so that during the eighteenth century the state in many ways formed itself through war efforts. Ultimately, this study aims to show how closely political and military success was entwined with economic interests. This volume is of great interest to those who study economic history, political economy and European history.

The Western Allies And Soviet Potential In World War Ii

Author : Martin Kahn
ISBN : 9781317403968
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 99 MB
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World War II was the largest and most devastating war in modern history with far-reaching consequences. The single most important campaign was the Soviet–German war, which consumed the lion share of Germany’s military resources. In contrast to the tone in German and Anglo-American precampaign assessments, the USSR ws able to repulse the invasion after huge losses and turn the table on Germany and her minor Axis allies. This book examines how the two most important Western Allies in World War II, the United States and the United Kingdom, assessed the economic and military potential of the Soviet Union in 1939–1945. Since the USSR was the single most important military contributor to the Allied victory in Europe, and the main target of Germany’s military strength, these assessments are of paramount importance in order to understand how the Anglo-Americans perceived the overall war situation and adjusted their own war effort in accordance with it. Utilising a wide range of documents produced by the Anglo-Americans during and shortly before World War II, this book explores why Soviet strength was underestimated, and how the Soviet economic system, Soviet society and military capabilities were viewed by Western Government observers. The Western Allies and Soviet Potential in World War II is a fascinating read for those in academia studying economic history, international economics and security studies, especially areas on military and strategic.

The Economic Theory Of Invention And Innovation

Author : Albert N. Link
ISBN : IND:30000124799911
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 76 MB
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This comprehensive collection presents the classic articles in the economics of invention and innovation. It covers topics related to sources of inventive and innovative activity, including exogenous and endogenous innovation, with an emphasis on R&D activity and the diffusion of new techniques. Professor Link has prepared an original introduction, which offers an authoritative overview of a subject that is of growing importance to both economists and management scientists.

Handbook Of Economic Growth

Author : Philippe Aghion
ISBN : 0444508376
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21. 80 MB
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The Handbooks in Economics series continues to provide the various branches of economics with handbooks which are definitive reference sources, suitable for use by professional researchers, advanced graduate students, or by those seeking a teaching supplement. The Handbook of Economic Growth, edited by Philippe Aghion and Steven Durlauf, with an introduction by Robert Solow, features in-depth, authoritative survey articles by the leading economists working on growth theory. Volume 1A, the first in this two volume set, covers theories of economic growth, the empirics of economic growth, and growth policies and mechanisms. Volume 1B, the second in this two volume set, covers technology, trade and geography, and growth and socio-economic development.

Eine Verhaltenswissenschaftliche Theorie Der Unternehmung

Author : Richard Michael Cyert
ISBN : 379100686X
Genre :
File Size : 37. 68 MB
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Das Wachstum Der Deutschen Wirtschaft Seit Der Mitte Des 19 Jahrhunderts

Author : Walther G. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9783642860881
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73. 86 MB
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Der Entfesselte Prometheus

Author : David S. Landes
ISBN : 3423044187
Genre :
File Size : 64. 43 MB
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Wohlstand Und Armut Der Nationen

Author : David Landes
ISBN : 9783641051112
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 96 MB
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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.

Die Industrialisierung Der Saarregion 1815 1914 Take Off Phase Und Hochindustrialisierung 1850 1914

Author : Ralf Banken
ISBN : 3515078282
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 88 MB
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Anschlie�end an den ersten Band ueber die Fruehindustrialisierung wird im vorliegenden Buch mit dem Konzept der regionalen Industrialisierung die Entstehung und der langfristige Strukturwandel der Saarindustrie fuer die zweite H�lfte des 19. Jahrhunderts dargestellt, wobei die marktwirtschaftliche und technologische Entwicklung der einzelnen Industriebranchen und Unternehmen im Vordergrund der Untersuchung steht. Nach 1850 setzte in der Region bis etwa 1870 ein extrem hohes Wachstum ein, das aufgrund der optimalen Standortbedingungen bis in die fruehen 1870er Jahren anhielt und zu nie wieder erreichten Ausdehnung des Absatzraumes sowie der Marktanteile fuehrte. In der folgenden Zeit bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg konnte die Saarindustrie ihre Marktstellung als eines der vier gro�en Montanreviere des Deutschen Reiches trotz stagnierender oder leicht sinkender Marktanteile mit einem weiterhin beachtlichen Wachstum behaupten, wobei die Eisenindustrie den Steinkohlenbergbau, der bis in die siebziger Jahre eindeutig den regionalen Fuehrungssektor gebildet hatte, nach 1890 als Wachstumsmotor in der Region abl�ste. Umfangreicher Datenanhang auf beigefuegter CD-ROM "�Bankens Arbeit ist eine echte Pionierarbeit und zugleich eine der bedeutendsten wirtschaftshistorischen Ver�ffentlichungen der vergangenen Jahre, die fuer lange Zeit das Standardwerk zur Saarindustrie sein wird." Zeitschrift fuer Unternehmensgeschichte "� eine mustergueltige Wirtschaftsgeschichte�" Das Historisch-Politische Buch "� eine gro�e Bereicherung der regionalen Industrialisierungsforschung� Die Saarregion geh�rt dank der verdienstvollen Arbeiten von Ralf Banken zu den am besten erforschten europ�ischen Industrieregionen des 19. Jahrhunderts." sehepunkte "� an excellent study of the Saar region and its significance in the process of German industrialisation. [�] Not surprisingly, he is able to challenge several previously held views on the Saar region� Without doubt, the sheer size and detail of the study, covering all aspects of industrialisation, modernisation and technical advances, will make Banken's study the reference book on industrialisation in the Saar for years to come." Business History "� ein Standardwerk" Rheinische Vierteljahresbl�tter "Banken hat mit dem zweiten Band an die ueberzeugende Darlegung des ersten angeknuepft. Auch der zweite Band liefert eine ueberaus faktenreiche und bis ins Detail gehende Analyse, die einen umfassenden Einblick in die wirtschaftliche Entfaltung der Region erm�glicht. Summa summarum: Banken hat mit seinen zwei B�nden eine ueberaus gelungene, auf einer breiten Quellenbasis fu�ende Gesamtstudie zur Industrialisierung der Saarregion vorgelegt�" Der Anschnitt.

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