informal markets livelihood and politics street vendors in urban india

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Informal Markets Livelihood And Politics

Author : Debdulal Saha
ISBN : 9781134865017
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 81 MB
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Low industrial growth, declining agricultural sector and limited expansion of formal sector employment in India have increasingly forced the poor to take recourse to informal sources of livelihoods. Street vending is one such thriving source of self-employment across cities. This book delves into the sustenance and survival strategies of street vendors across 17 cities in India and assesses the issues revolving around self-created markets, livelihood and politics that are contested in public space. It also presents a conceptual and theoretical understanding of different socio-economic and policy concerns pertaining to street vending in the country. The study shows how despite the absence of legal frameworks and institutional support, these urban self-employed informal workers subsist by arranging ad-hoc alternatives, creating informal institutions and negotiating with formal and informal actors in the market. It also discusses the Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014, and examines how inclusive the legal recognition is for these workers of informal economy. Drawing on exhaustive research and a wealth of primary data, this book will be useful to scholars and researchers in development studies, labour studies, economics, sociology and those in public policy and urban planning.

Employment And Labour Market In North East India

Author : Virginius Xaxa
ISBN : 9780429823459
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 27 MB
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This book examines the structural changes in the labour market in North-East India. Going beyond the conventional study of tea and agricultural sectors, it focuses on the nature, pattern and structure of work and employment in the region as well as documents emerging shifts in the labour force towards farm to non-farm dynamics. The chapters explore historical developments in employment patterns, labour market policies, issues of gender and social-religious dimensions, as well as point to growing forms of casual, informal and contractual labour across sectors. Through large-scale data and detailed case studies on unfree labour in plantations and those employed in crafts, handloom and the manufacturing industry, the book provides insights into labour and employment in the region. It also delves into the temporal and spatial dimensions of non-farm employment and its relationship with rural income distribution and labour mobility. By bringing interdisciplinary perspectives from scholars working on North-East India, this work fills a major gap in the political economy of the labour market in the region. The volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of development studies, North-East India studies, labour studies, economics, sociology and political science as well to those involved with governance and policymaking.

Work Institutions And Sustainable Livelihood

Author : Virginius Xaxa
ISBN : 9789811057564
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36. 10 MB
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The book explores the debates surrounding sustainable livelihood in the neoliberal era effected through transformation of the nature of work and the role of institutions, particularly in the Global South. By creating gainful work and employment opportunities through formal and informal institutions using progressive instruments and innovations within rural and urban economies, livelihood becomes ‘sustainable’, thereby reducing inequality and increasing resilience among households. Based on both theoretical and empirical studies from Asia and Africa, the book establishes the relationship between three broad concepts – work, institutions and sustainable development. The content has been divided into three broad sections: Rural Economy and Its Transformations; Urbanisation and Sustainable Livelihood; and Innovations and Instruments of Transformation. This book is a valuable resource for scholars of development studies, rural and urban studies, labour studies besides economics, sociology, political science and policymaking.

Street Vendors In The Global Urban Economy

Author : Sharit Bhowmik
ISBN : 9781136516276
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 62 MB
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First published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Urban Informal Sector Urbanisation And Street Vendors In Gujarat

Author : Dr.C. N. Ray
ISBN : 9781387217564
Genre :
File Size : 21. 23 MB
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Socio Economic Insecurity In Emerging Economies

Author : Khayaat Fakier
ISBN : 9781317701583
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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Taking a unique comparative approach to the respective development paths of India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA), this book shows that people and governments in all three countries are faced with similar challenges of heightened insecurity, caused by liberalization and structural adjustment. The ways in which governments, as well as individuals and worker organisations in IBSA have responded to these challenges are at the core of this book. The book explores the nature of insecurity in the Global South; the nature of the responses to this insecurity on public and small-scale collective as well as individual level; the potential of these responses to be more than neo-liberal mechanisms to govern and contain the poor and lessons to be learnt from these three countries. The first section covers livelihood strategies in urban and rural areas as individual and small-scale collective response to the condition of insecurity. Insecurity in the countries of the South is characterised by a high degree of uncertainty of the availability of income opportunities. The second section looks at state responses to insecurity and contributions on social protection measures taken by the respective IBSA governments. The third section discusses whether alternative development paths can be identified. The aim is to move beyond ‘denunciatory analysis.’ Livelihood strategies as well as public policies in some of the cases allow for the building of new spaces for agency and contestation of a neo-liberal mainstream which provide emerging and experimental examples. The book develops new thinking on Northern welfare states and their declining trade unions. It argues that these concepts, knowledge and policy innovations are now travelling in three directions, from North to South, from South to North, and between Southern countries. This book provides unique insights for researchers and postgraduate students in development studies, social policy and industrial sociology.

Report On Conditions Of Work And Promotion Of Livelihoods In The Unorganised Sector

Author : India. National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector
ISBN : 8171886787
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 11 MB
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Concentrating on the informal sector of the economy—which accounts for an overwhelming proportion of the poor and vulnerable population in India—and their working environments, this analysis is based on the latest information from the 61st round of the National Sample Survey 2004–2005. Combining those results with supplemental data, this account proposes two comprehensive bills as well as a number of measures to ensure minimum work conditions and promotions of livelihoods for both the agricultural and nonagricultural laborers. This publication also includes a CD-ROM comprising three other reports from the commission: Social Security for Unorganised Workers, National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, and Comprehensive Legislation for Minimum Conditions of Work.

Informal Urban Street Markets

Author : Clifton Evers
ISBN : 9781317630166
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 98 MB
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Through an international range of research, this volume examines how informal urban street markets facilitate the informal and formal economy not merely in terms of the traditional concerns of labor and consumption, but also in regards to cultural and spatial contingencies. In many places, street markets and their populace have been marginalized and devalued. At times, there are clear governance procedures that aim to prevent them, yet they continue to emerge in even in the most institutionalized societies. This book gives serious consideration to what these markets reveal about urban life in a time of globalized, rapid urbanization and flows of people, knowledge and goods.

Law Liberty And Livelihood

Author : Parth Shah
ISBN : UOM:39015061266592
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44. 66 MB
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With reference to India.

Financial Inclusion Of The Marginalised

Author : Sharit K. Bhowmik
ISBN : 9788132215066
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 87 MB
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This book is the product of a study conducted by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Ministry of Urban Housing and Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). Its objective is to highlight some of the problems faced by street vendors in conducting their daily business and to examine how financial institutions, especially those in the banking sector, can include street vendors in their credit policies. Data was collected from 15 cities across the country. Not surprisingly, while issues such as public space utilisation have been deliberated upon at length, those concerning the nature of credit transactions and concurrently the financial inclusion of street vendors have scarcely received focussed attention. In the absence of formal credit, street vendors largely depend on loan sharks, who charge high interest rates ranging from 350% to 800% per annum. The problem of formal credit aside, another equally important factor is the inflexible attitude of the civic authorities towards street vending. Given their informal status, this is particularly apparent because they are forced to conduct business in the absence of legal protection, making them vulnerable to rent seeking by the authorities. The acceptance of the National Policy for Urban Street Vendors by a few states and the subsequent bill to protect the livelihood of street vendors should help them gain legitimacy and subsequently credit to run their businesses at proper rates. The book examines and analyses these issues. ​

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