inference in hidden markov models springer series in statistics

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Inference In Hidden Markov Models

Author : Olivier Cappé
ISBN : 9780387289823
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22. 21 MB
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This book is a comprehensive treatment of inference for hidden Markov models, including both algorithms and statistical theory. Topics range from filtering and smoothing of the hidden Markov chain to parameter estimation, Bayesian methods and estimation of the number of states. In a unified way the book covers both models with finite state spaces and models with continuous state spaces (also called state-space models) requiring approximate simulation-based algorithms that are also described in detail. Many examples illustrate the algorithms and theory. This book builds on recent developments to present a self-contained view.

Hidden Markov Models

Author : Robert J Elliott
ISBN : 9780387848549
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 80 MB
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As more applications are found, interest in Hidden Markov Models continues to grow. Following comments and feedback from colleagues, students and other working with Hidden Markov Models the corrected 3rd printing of this volume contains clarifications, improvements and some new material, including results on smoothing for linear Gaussian dynamics. In Chapter 2 the derivation of the basic filters related to the Markov chain are each presented explicitly, rather than as special cases of one general filter. Furthermore, equations for smoothed estimates are given. The dynamics for the Kalman filter are derived as special cases of the authors’ general results and new expressions for a Kalman smoother are given. The Chapters on the control of Hidden Markov Chains are expanded and clarified. The revised Chapter 4 includes state estimation for discrete time Markov processes and Chapter 12 has a new section on robust control.

Hidden Markov Models In Finance

Author : Rogemar S. Mamon
ISBN : 9780387711638
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24. 44 MB
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A number of methodologies have been employed to provide decision making solutions globalized markets. Hidden Markov Models in Finance offers the first systematic application of these methods to specialized financial problems: option pricing, credit risk modeling, volatility estimation and more. The book provides tools for sorting through turbulence, volatility, emotion, chaotic events – the random "noise" of financial markets – to analyze core components.

Finite Mixture And Markov Switching Models

Author : Sylvia Frühwirth-Schnatter
ISBN : 9780387357683
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 46 MB
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The past decade has seen powerful new computational tools for modeling which combine a Bayesian approach with recent Monte simulation techniques based on Markov chains. This book is the first to offer a systematic presentation of the Bayesian perspective of finite mixture modelling. The book is designed to show finite mixture and Markov switching models are formulated, what structures they imply on the data, their potential uses, and how they are estimated. Presenting its concepts informally without sacrificing mathematical correctness, it will serve a wide readership including statisticians as well as biologists, economists, engineers, financial and market researchers.

Hidden Markov Models For Time Series

Author : Walter Zucchini
ISBN : 1420010891
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 64 MB
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Reveals How HMMs Can Be Used as General-Purpose Time Series Models Implements all methods in R Hidden Markov Models for Time Series: An Introduction Using R applies hidden Markov models (HMMs) to a wide range of time series types, from continuous-valued, circular, and multivariate series to binary data, bounded and unbounded counts, and categorical observations. It also discusses how to employ the freely available computing environment R to carry out computations for parameter estimation, model selection and checking, decoding, and forecasting. Illustrates the methodology in action After presenting the simple Poisson HMM, the book covers estimation, forecasting, decoding, prediction, model selection, and Bayesian inference. Through examples and applications, the authors describe how to extend and generalize the basic model so it can be applied in a rich variety of situations. They also provide R code for some of the examples, enabling the use of the codes in similar applications. Effectively interpret data using HMMs This book illustrates the wonderful flexibility of HMMs as general-purpose models for time series data. It provides a broad understanding of the models and their uses.

Semi Markov Chains And Hidden Semi Markov Models Toward Applications

Author : Vlad Stefan Barbu
ISBN : 9780387731735
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 88. 67 MB
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Here is a work that adds much to the sum of our knowledge in a key area of science today. It is concerned with the estimation of discrete-time semi-Markov and hidden semi-Markov processes. A unique feature of the book is the use of discrete time, especially useful in some specific applications where the time scale is intrinsically discrete. The models presented in the book are specifically adapted to reliability studies and DNA analysis. The book is mainly intended for applied probabilists and statisticians interested in semi-Markov chains theory, reliability and DNA analysis, and for theoretical oriented reliability and bioinformatics engineers.

Statistical Inference For Discrete Time Stochastic Processes

Author : M. B. Rajarshi
ISBN : 9788132207634
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 37 MB
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This work is an overview of statistical inference in stationary, discrete time stochastic processes. Results in the last fifteen years, particularly on non-Gaussian sequences and semi-parametric and non-parametric analysis have been reviewed. The first chapter gives a background of results on martingales and strong mixing sequences, which enable us to generate various classes of CAN estimators in the case of dependent observations. Topics discussed include inference in Markov chains and extension of Markov chains such as Raftery's Mixture Transition Density model and Hidden Markov chains and extensions of ARMA models with a Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Exponential, Gamma, Weibull, Lognormal, Inverse Gaussian and Cauchy as stationary distributions. It further discusses applications of semi-parametric methods of estimation such as conditional least squares and estimating functions in stochastic models. Construction of confidence intervals based on estimating functions is discussed in some detail. Kernel based estimation of joint density and conditional expectation are also discussed. Bootstrap and other resampling procedures for dependent sequences such as Markov chains, Markov sequences, linear auto-regressive moving average sequences, block based bootstrap for stationary sequences and other block based procedures are also discussed in some detail. This work can be useful for researchers interested in knowing developments in inference in discrete time stochastic processes. It can be used as a material for advanced level research students.

Speech Recognition And Understanding

Author : Pietro Laface
ISBN : 9783642766268
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68. 19 MB
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The book collects the contributions to the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Speech Recognition and Understanding: Recent Advances, Trends and Applications", held in Cetraro, Italy, during the first two weeks of July 1990. This Institute focused on three topics that are considered of particular interest and rich of i'p.novation by researchers in the fields of speech recognition and understanding: Advances in Hidden Markov modeling, connectionist approaches to speech and language modeling, and linguistic processing including language and dialogue modeling. The purpose of any ASI is that of encouraging scientific communications between researchers of NATO countries through advanced tutorials and presentations: excellent tutorials were offered by invited speakers that present in this book 15 papers which sum marize or detail the topics covered in their lectures. The lectures were complemented by discussions, panel sections and by the presentation of related works carried on by some of the attending researchers: these presentations have been collected in 42 short contributions to the Proceedings. This volume, that the reader can find useful for an overview, although incomplete, of the state of the art in speech understanding, is divided into 6 Parts.

The Elements Of Statistical Learning

Author : Trevor Hastie
ISBN : 9780387216065
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 41. 4 MB
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During the past decade there has been an explosion in computation and information technology. With it have come vast amounts of data in a variety of fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. The challenge of understanding these data has led to the development of new tools in the field of statistics, and spawned new areas such as data mining, machine learning, and bioinformatics. Many of these tools have common underpinnings but are often expressed with different terminology. This book describes the important ideas in these areas in a common conceptual framework. While the approach is statistical, the emphasis is on concepts rather than mathematics. Many examples are given, with a liberal use of color graphics. It should be a valuable resource for statisticians and anyone interested in data mining in science or industry. The book’s coverage is broad, from supervised learning (prediction) to unsupervised learning. The many topics include neural networks, support vector machines, classification trees and boosting---the first comprehensive treatment of this topic in any book. This major new edition features many topics not covered in the original, including graphical models, random forests, ensemble methods, least angle regression & path algorithms for the lasso, non-negative matrix factorization, and spectral clustering. There is also a chapter on methods for “wide” data (p bigger than n), including multiple testing and false discovery rates. Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, and Jerome Friedman are professors of statistics at Stanford University. They are prominent researchers in this area: Hastie and Tibshirani developed generalized additive models and wrote a popular book of that title. Hastie co-developed much of the statistical modeling software and environment in R/S-PLUS and invented principal curves and surfaces. Tibshirani proposed the lasso and is co-author of the very successful An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Friedman is the co-inventor of many data-mining tools including CART, MARS, projection pursuit and gradient boosting.

Perspectives On Big Data Analysis

Author : S. Ejaz Ahmed
ISBN : 9781470410421
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 28 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings of the International Workshop on Perspectives on High-dimensional Data Analysis II, held May 30-June 1, 2012, at the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. This book collates applications and methodological developments in high-dimensional statistics dealing with interesting and challenging problems concerning the analysis of complex, high-dimensional data with a focus on model selection and data reduction. The chapters contained in this book deal with submodel selection and parameter estimation for an array of interesting models. The book also presents some surprising results on high-dimensional data analysis, especially when signals cannot be effectively separated from the noise, it provides a critical assessment of penalty estimation when the model may not be sparse, and it suggests alternative estimation strategies. Readers can apply the suggested methodologies to a host of applications and also can extend these methodologies in a variety of directions. This volume conveys some of the surprises, puzzles and success stories in big data analysis and related fields. This book is co-published with the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques.

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