indelible ink the trials of john peter zenger and the birth of america s free press

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Indelible Ink The Trials Of John Peter Zenger And The Birth Of Americas Free Press

Author : Richard Kluger
ISBN : 9780393245479
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 58 MB
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“Vivid storytelling built on exacting research.”—Bill Keller, New York Times Book Review The liberty of expression has been fixed in the firmament of our social values since our nation’s beginning—the United States was the first government to legalize free speech and a free press as fundamental rights. But when the British began colonizing the New World, any words, true or false, thought to disparage the government were judged as criminally subversive. So when in 1733 a small newspaper, the New-York Weekly Journal, printed scathing articles assailing the new British governor, William Cosby, as corrupt and abusive, colonial New York was scandalized. The paper’s publisher, John Peter Zenger — only a front man for Cosby’s adversaries, New York Supreme Court Chief Justice Lewis Morris and the shrewd attorney James Alexander — became the endeavor’s courageous fall guy when Cosby brought the full force of his high office down upon it. Zenger faced a jury on August 4, 1735, in a proceeding matched in importance during the colonial period only by the Salem Witch Trials. In Indelible Ink, acclaimed social historian Richard Kluger re-creates in rich detail this dramatic clash of powerful antagonists that marked the beginning of press freedom in America. Here is an enduring lesson that resounds to this day on the vital importance of free public expression as the underpinning of democracy.

Sound Business

Author : Michael Stamm
ISBN : 0812205669
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 66 MB
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American newspapers have faced competition from new media for over ninety years. Today digital media challenge the printed word. In the 1920s, broadcast radio was the threatening upstart. At the time, newspaper publishers of all sizes turned threat into opportunity by establishing their own stations. Many, such as the Chicago Tribune's WGN, are still in operation. By 1940 newspapers owned 30 percent of America's radio stations. This new type of enterprise, the multimedia corporation, troubled those who feared its power to control the flow of news and information. In Sound Business, historian Michael Stamm traces how these corporations and their critics reshaped the ways Americans received the news. Stamm is attuned to a neglected aspect of U.S. media history: the role newspaper owners played in communications from the dawn of radio to the rise of television. Drawing on a wide array of primary sources, he recounts the controversies surrounding joint newspaper and radio operations. These companies capitalized on synergies between print and broadcast production. As their advertising revenue grew, so did concern over their concentrated influence. Federal policymakers, especially during the New Deal, responded to widespread concerns about the consequences of media consolidation by seeking to limit and even ban cross ownership. The debates between corporations, policymakers, and critics over how to regulate these new kinds of media businesses ultimately structured the channels of information distribution in the United States and determined who would control the institutions undergirding American society and politics. Sound Business is a timely examination of the connections between media ownership, content, and distribution, one that both expands our understanding of mid-twentieth-century America and offers lessons for the digital age.

The Trial Of Peter Zenger

Author : John Peter Zenger
ISBN : 1258783193
Genre :
File Size : 58. 55 MB
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Trial In The Supreme Court Of Judicature Of The Province Of New York In 1735 For The Offense Of Printing And Publishing A Libel Against The Government.

How Early America Sounded

Author : Richard Cullen Rath
ISBN : 0801472725
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 34 MB
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Offers literary and anthropological evidence that the past placed greater importance on the aural than the visual, focusing on the significance of non-verbal noises in colonial North America from 1607 to 1770. Reprint.

The Salem Witch Trials

Author : Marilynne K. Roach
ISBN : 1589791320
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 11 MB
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The Salem Witch Trials is based on over twenty-five years of archival research--including the author's discovery of previously unknown documents--newly found cases and court records. From January 1692 to January 1697 this history unfolds a nearly day-by-day narrative of the crisis as the citizens of New England experienced it.

The World According To Hollywood 1918 1939

Author : Ruth Vasey
ISBN : 0299151948
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 30. 80 MB
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The most visible cultural institution on earth between the World Wars, the Hollywood movie industry tried to satisfy worldwide audiences of vastly different cultural, religious, and political persuasions. The World According to Hollywood shows how the industry's self-regulation shaped the content of films to make them salable in as many markets as possible. In the process, Hollywood created an idiosyncratic vision of the world that was glamorous and exotic, but also oddly narrow. Ruth Vasey shows how the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA), by implementing such strategies as the industry's Production Code, ensured that domestic and foreign distribution took place with a minimum of censorship or consumer resistance. Drawing upon MPPDA archives, studio records, trade papers, and the records of the U.S. Department of Commerce, Vasey reveals the ways the MPPDA influenced the representation of sex, violence, religion, foreign and domestic politics, corporate capitalism, ethnic minorities, and the conduct of professional classes. Vasey is the first scholar to document fully how the demands of the global market frequently dictated film content and created the movies' homogenized picture of social and racial characteristics, in both urban America and the world beyond. She uncovers telling evidence of scripts and treatments that were abandoned before or during the course of production because of content that might offend foreign markets. Among the fascinating points she discusses is Hollywood's frequent use of imaginary countries as story locales, resulting from a deliberate business policy of avoiding realistic depictions of actual countries. She argues that foreign governments perceived movies not just as articles of trade, but as potential commercial and political emissaries of the United States. Just as Hollywood had to persuade its domestic audiences that its products were morally sound, its domination of world markets depended on its ability to create a culturally and politically acceptable product.

Becoming America

Author : Jon Butler
ISBN : 0674006674
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 49 MB
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Butler's panoramic view of the American colonies after 1680 transforms the customary picture of pre-revolutionary America, revealing a strikingly "modern" character that belies the 18th century quaintness fixed in history. 21 halftones.

Creating The Commonwealth

Author : Stephen Innes
ISBN : 0393035840
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 42 MB
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Describes how the Puritan culture of New England gave rise to capitalism, and recounts how the small colony developed an international economy

Distant Relations

Author : Victoria Freeman
ISBN : 0771032013
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 55 MB
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A former Canadian English teacher offers a balanced portrayal of the colonization of North America by focusing on the role her own ancestors played in this often troubling history.

Searching For Virginia Dare

Author : Marjorie Hudson
ISBN : 1935708872
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 25 MB
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Marjorie Hudson continues her search for Virginia Dare, the first English child born on American soil, who disappeared with the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island more than 425 years ago. In this second edition, Hudson takes us deeper into her research and travels, bringing us closer to her discoveries, both old and new.

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