ideology psychology and law series in political psychology

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Ideology Psychology And Law

Author : Jon Hanson
ISBN : 9780199838035
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63. 35 MB
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Formally, the law is based solely on reasoned analysis, devoid of ideological biases or unconscious influences. Judges claim to act as umpires applying the rules, not making them. They frame their decisions as straightforward applications of an established set of legal doctrines, principles, and mandates to a given set of facts. As most legal scholars understand, however, the impression that the legal system projects is largely an illusion. As far back as 1881, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. made a similar claim, writing that "the felt necessities of the time, the prevalent moral and political theories, intuitions of public policy, avowed or unconscious, even the prejudices which judges share with their fellow-men, have a good deal more to do than the syllogism in determining the rules by which men should be governed." More than a century later, we are now much closer to understanding the mechanisms responsible for the gap between the formal face of the law and the actual forces shaping it. Over the last decade or so, political scientists and legal academics have begun studying the linkages between ideologies, on one hand, and legal principles and policy outcomes on the other. During that same period, mind scientists have turned to understanding the psychological sources of ideology. This book is the first to bring many of the world's experts on those topics together to examine the sometimes unsettling interactions between psychology, ideology, and law, and to better understand what, beyond and beneath the logic, animates the law.

Ideology Psychology And Law

Author : Jon Hanson
ISBN : 0199737517
Genre : Law
File Size : 45. 63 MB
Format : PDF
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Formally, the law purports to be based solely in reasoned analysis, devoid of ideological bias or unconscious influences. Judges claim to act as umpires applying the rules, not making them. As most legal scholars understand, however, the impression that the legal system projects is largely an illusion. Over the last decade or so, political scientists and legal academics have begun studying the linkages between ideologies, on one hand, and legal principles and policy outcomes on the other. This book is the first to bring many of the world's experts on those topics together to examine the sometimes unsettling interactions between psychology, ideology, and law.

Social And Psychological Bases Of Ideology And System Justification

Author : John T. Jost
ISBN : 0199717605
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 54 MB
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This new volume on Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification brings together several of the most prominent social and political psychologists who are responsible for the resurgence of interest in the study of ideology, broadly defined. Leading scientists and scholars from several related disciplines, including psychology, sociology, political science, law, and organizational behavior present their cutting-edge theorizing and research. Topics include the social, personality, cognitive and motivational antecedents and consequences of adopting liberal versus conservative ideologies, the social and psychological functions served by political and religious ideologies, and the myriad ways in which people defend, bolster, and justify the social systems they inhabit. This book is the first of its kind, bringing together formerly independent lines of research on ideology and system justification.

The Political Psychology Of Democratic Citizenship

Author : Eugene Borgida
ISBN : 0199714886
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 92 MB
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While scholars in political science, social psychology, and mass communications have made notable contributions to understanding democratic citizenship, they concentrate on very different dimensions of citizenship. The current volume challenges this fragmentary pattern of inquiry, and adopts an interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of citizenship that offers new insights and integrates previously disparate research agendas. It also suggests the possibility of informed interventions aimed at meeting new challenges faced by citizens in modern democracies. The volume is organized around five themes related to democratic citizenship: citizen knowledge about politics; persuasion processes and intervention processes; group identity and perception of individual citizens and social groups; hate crimes and intolerance; and the challenge of rapid changes in technology and mass media. These themes address the key challenges to existing perspectives on citizenship, represent themes that are central to the health of democratic societies, and reflect ongoing lines of research that offer important contributions to an interdisciplinary political psychology perspective on citizenship. In several cases, scholars may be unaware of work in other disciplines on the same topic and might well benefit from greater intellectual commerce. These themes provide excellent opportunities for the interdisciplinary cross-talk that characterizes the contributions to this volume by prominent scholars from psychology, political science, sociology, and mass communications. In the final section, distinguished commentators reflect on different aspects of the scholarly agenda put forth in this volume, including what this body of work suggests about the state of political psychology's contributions to our understanding of these issues. Thus this volume aims to provide a multifaceted, interdisciplinary look at the political psychology of democratic citizenship. The interdisciplinary bent of contemporary work in political psychology may uniquely equip it to create a more nuanced understanding of citizenship issues and of competing democratic theories.

The Palgrave Handbook Of Global Political Psychology

Author : Paul Nesbitt-Larking
ISBN : 9781137291196
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 21 MB
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This ground-breaking collection recalibrates the study of political psychology by providing a detailed and much needed analysis of the discipline's most important and hotly contested issues. Advancing our understanding of the psychological mechanisms that drive political phenomena, this study showcases a range of approaches in the study of these phenomena in Europe and the world and underscores the valuable contribution political psychology has made in generating answers to timely research questions. Individual chapters from the world's top experts in the field explores the ways in which political psychology impacts on issues as diverse as migration, conflict and violence as well as electoral politics while also situating the discipline within the realm of political decision-making and policy on important debates relating to foreign policy and relations, political participation and terrorism amongst a variety of other issues. Furthermore, the collection offers analytical illustrations of Social Identity Theory, psychoanalytic approaches, Dialogical Self Theory, Social Representations Theory and Self-Categorisation Theory, allowing for an in-depth engagement across theoretical contributions to the field. Using theoretical and methodological approaches in conjunction with empirical evidence, this Handbook maps the diverse field of political psychology in its entirety and explores its future direction. The resulting volume is a KEY addition to the libraries of all those who study or harbour an interest in political psychology.

Political Psychology

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 0521422868
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71. 99 MB
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This provocative book takes up and develops the themes of rationality and irrationality in Jon Elster's earlier work. Its purposes are threefold. First, Elster shows how belief and preference formation in the realm of politics are shaped by social and political institutions. Second, he argues for an important distinction in the social sciences between mechanisms and theories. Third, he illustrates those general principles of political psychology through readings of three outstanding political psychologists: the French classical historian, Paul Veyne; the Soviet dissident writer, Alexander Zinoviev; the great French political theorist, Alexis de Tocqueville.

Political Psychology

Author : John T. Jost
ISBN : 1841690694
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 34 MB
Format : PDF
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Political psychology is a dynamic subfield at the intersection of psychology and political science. The specific relationship between politics and social psychology has been steadily evolving in recent years, making it a compelling and exciting area of study. The chapters in this reader were written by leading scholars in the areas of political science and social psychology. Both contemporary and classic articles are compiled, demonstrating the ever-changing nature of political psychology and offering comprehensive coverage of social psychological research into the processes that have governed local and global affairs in the postmodern world. Topics covered include authoritarianism, political leadership, public opinion, decision-making, prejudice, intergroup relations, terrorism, and revolution.

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Psychology

Author : Leonie Huddy
ISBN : 9780199760107
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 46 MB
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Political psychology applies what is known about human psychology to the study of politics. It examines how people reach political decisions on topics such as voting, party identification, and political attitudes as well as how leaders mediate political conflicts and make foreign policy decisions. The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology gathers together a distinguished group of scholars from around the world to shed light on these vital questions. Focusing first on political psychology at the individual level (attitudes, values, decision-making, ideology, personality) and then moving to the collective (group identity, mass mobilization, political violence), this fully interdisciplinary volume covers models of the mass public and political elites and addresses both domestic issues and foreign policy. Now with new material providing an up-to-date account of cutting-edge research within both psychology and political science, this is an essential reference for scholars and students interested in the intersection of the two fields.

The Obamas And A Post Racial America

Author : Gregory Parks
ISBN : 019978129X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48. 10 MB
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The United States has taken a long and winding road to racial equality, especially as it pertains to relations between blacks and whites. When Barack Hussein Obama was elected as the forty-fourth President of the United States and first black person to occupy the highest office in the land, many wondered whether that road had finally come to an end. Do we now live in a post-racial nation? This volume contends that despite the election of the first black President and rise of a black American family as possibly the most recognized family the world over, race is still a very salient issue-particularly in the United States. But the prominence of the Obamas on the world stage and the positive image they project may hasten the day when America is indeed post-racial, even at the implicit level.

The Righteous Mind

Author : Jonathan Haidt
ISBN : 9780307455772
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89. 80 MB
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Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.

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