human nature the categorial framework

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Human Nature

Author : P. M. S. Hacker
ISBN : 9781444351514
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50. 40 MB
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This major new study by one of the most penetrating and persistent critics of philosophical and scientific orthodoxy, returns to Aristotle in order to examine the salient categories in terms of which we think about ourselves and our nature, and the distinctive forms of explanation we invoke to render ourselves intelligible to ourselves. The culmination of 40 years of thought on the philosophy of mind and the nature of the mankind Written by one of the world’s leading philosophers, the co-author of the monumental 4 volume Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations (Blackwell Publishing, 1980-2004) Uses broad categories, such as substance, causation, agency and power to examine how we think about ourselves and our nature Platonic and Aristotelian conceptions of human nature are sketched and contrasted Individual chapters clarify and provide an historical overview of a specific concept, then link the concept to ideas contained in other chapters

The Intellectual Powers

Author :
ISBN : 9781118609064
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72. 27 MB
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The Intellectual Powers is a philosophical investigationinto the cognitive and cogitative powers of mankind. It develops aconnective analysis of our powers of consciousness, intentionality,mastery of language, knowledge, belief, certainty, sensation,perception, memory, thought, and imagination, by one ofBritain’s leading philosophers. It is an essential guide andhandbook for philosophers, psychologists, and cognitiveneuroscientists. The culmination of 45 years of reflection on the philosophy ofmind, epistemology, and the nature of the human person No other book in epistemology or philosophy of psychologyprovides such extensive overviews of consciousness,self-consciousness, intentionality, mastery of a language,knowledge, belief, memory, sensation and perception, thought andimagination Illustrated with tables, tree-diagrams, and charts to provideoverviews of the conceptual relationships disclosed byanalysis Written by one of Britain’s best philosophical minds A sequel to Hacker’s Human Nature: The CategorialFramework An essential guide and handbook for all who are working inphilosophy of mind, epistemology, psychology, cognitive science,and cognitive neuroscience

Personen Und Ihre Vergangenheit

Author : Michael Jungert
ISBN : 9783110333893
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37. 42 MB
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Memory and recollection are central elements of a person’s being. Philosophical discussions about this subject typically leave open the question of precisely how memories constitute the identity of persons. The present study formulates a response to this question by distinguishing between various forms of memory and by drawing on contemporary psychological research that is focused on the concept of “biographical identity.”

On Human Nature

Author : Roger Scruton
ISBN : 9781400884667
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22. 44 MB
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A brief, radical defense of human uniqueness from acclaimed philosopher Roger Scruton In this short book, acclaimed writer and philosopher Roger Scruton presents an original and radical defense of human uniqueness. Confronting the views of evolutionary psychologists, utilitarian moralists, and philosophical materialists such as Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett, Scruton argues that human beings cannot be understood simply as biological objects. We are not only human animals; we are also persons, in essential relation with other persons, and bound to them by obligations and rights. Our world is a shared world, exhibiting freedom, value, and accountability, and to understand it we must address other people face to face and I to I. Scruton develops and defends his account of human nature by ranging widely across intellectual history, from Plato and Averroës to Darwin and Wittgenstein. The book begins with Kant's suggestion that we are distinguished by our ability to say "I"—by our sense of ourselves as the centers of self-conscious reflection. This fact is manifested in our emotions, interests, and relations. It is the foundation of the moral sense, as well as of the aesthetic and religious conceptions through which we shape the human world and endow it with meaning. And it lies outside the scope of modern materialist philosophy, even though it is a natural and not a supernatural fact. Ultimately, Scruton offers a new way of understanding how self-consciousness affects the question of how we should live. The result is a rich view of human nature that challenges some of today's most fashionable ideas about our species.

Jenseits Von Natur Und Kultur

Author : Philippe Descola
ISBN : 9783518768402
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 55 MB
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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Psychology For The Third Millennium

Author : Rom Harre
ISBN : 9781446292013
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 76. 65 MB
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Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here As the 21st Century opened, the discipline of psychology seemed to be separating into two radically distinct domains. Qualitative and Cultural Psychology focused on the discursive means for the management of meaning in a world of norms, while Neuropsychology and Neuroscience focused on the investigation of brain processes. These two domains can be reconciled in a hybrid science that brings them together into a synthesis more powerful than anything psychologists have achieved before. For the first time, there is the possibility of a general psychology in which the biological and the cultural aspects of human life coalesce into a unitas multiplex, unity in diversity. This textbook ambitiously aims to and succeeds in providing this unity. Fathali M. Moghaddam and Rom Harré have designed a textbook brought together with additional voices that speak to the similarities and differences of these two seemingly distinctive domains. This bridge-building will encourage a new generation of undergraduate students studying psychology to more fully appreciate the real potential for the study of human behaviour, and as such it will represent a more provocative alternative to standard general psychology textbooks. It also support teaching in a host of courses, namely 2nd and 3rd courses on the conceptual and philosophical nature of psychology, social psychology, critical psychology and cognitive science. Selectively, it will also represent a very interesting and different choice for foundation level students too. Social Science Bites - Listen to Rom Harre on 'What is Social Science?

The Textual Genesis Of Wittgenstein S Philosophical Investigations

Author : Nuno Venturinha
ISBN : 9781136179983
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79. 83 MB
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Sixty years after its first edition, there is an increasing consensus among scholars that the work posthumously published as Philosophical Investigations represents something that is far from a complete picture of Wittgenstein’s second book project. G.H. von Wright’s seminal research on the Nachlass was an important contribution in this direction, showing that the Wittgenstein papers can reveal much more than the source of specific remarks. This book specifically explores Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations from the different angles of its originary conceptions, including the mathematical texts, shedding new light on fundamental issues in twentieth century and contemporary philosophy. Leading authorities in the field focus on newly published or hitherto unpublished sources for the interpretation of Wittgenstein’s later work and a Wittgenstein typescript, translated for the first time into English, is included as an appendix.

The Psychology Of Personhood

Author : Jack Martin
ISBN : 9781139619738
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 89. 65 MB
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What is a person? Surprisingly little attention is given to this question in psychology. For much of the past century, psychology has tended to focus on the systematic study of processes rather than on the persons who enact and embody them. In contrast to the reductionist picture of much mainstream theorising, which construes persons as their mental lives, behaviours or neurophysiological particulars, The Psychology of Personhood presents persons as irreducibly embodied and socially situated beings. Placing the study of persons at the centre of psychology, this book presents novel insights on the typical, everyday actions and experiences of persons in relation to each other and to the broader society and culture. Leading scholars from diverse academic disciplines paint an integrative portrait of the psychological person within evolutionary, historical, cultural, developmental and everyday contexts.

200 Jahre Kritik Der Reinen Vernunft

Author : Joachim Kopper
ISBN : UCAL:B4384443
Genre : Causalité
File Size : 31. 30 MB
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Grammatiktheorie

Author : Stefan Müller
ISBN : 3860578057
Genre :
File Size : 42. 5 MB
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