houdini tarzan and the perfect man the white male body and the challenge of modernity in america

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Houdini Tarzan And The Perfect Man

Author : John F. Kasson
ISBN : 9781429930031
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 34 MB
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A remarkable new work from one of our premier historians In his exciting new book, John F. Kasson examines the signs of crisis in American life a century ago, signs that new forces of modernity were affecting men's sense of who and what they really were. When the Prussian-born Eugene Sandow, an international vaudeville star and bodybuilder, toured the United States in the 1890s, Florenz Ziegfeld cannily presented him as the "Perfect Man," representing both an ancient ideal of manhood and a modern commodity extolling self-development and self-fulfillment. Then, when Edgar Rice Burroughs's Tarzan swung down a vine into the public eye in 1912, the fantasy of a perfect white Anglo-Saxon male was taken further, escaping the confines of civilization but reasserting its values, beating his chest and bellowing his triumph to the world. With Harry Houdini, the dream of escape was literally embodied in spectacular performances in which he triumphed over every kind of threat to masculine integrity -- bondage, imprisonment, insanity, and death. Kasson's liberally illustrated and persuasively argued study analyzes the themes linking these figures and places them in their rich historical and cultural context. Concern with the white male body -- with exhibiting it and with the perils to it --reached a climax in World War I, he suggests, and continues with us today.

Geschichte Der M Nnlichkeiten

Author : Jürgen Martschukat
ISBN : 9783593440248
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 11 MB
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Die historische Forschung zu Männern und Männlichkeiten ist kaum noch zu überblicken. Jürgen Martschukat und Olaf Stieglitz zeigen in dieser konzisen Einführung, wie die Männergeschichte aus der internationalen Geschlechtergeschichte entstand; sie stellen die Leitfragen und die relevante Forschungsliteratur der Männergeschichte vor. Dabei setzen sie drei inhaltliche Schwerpunkte, die für männliche Subjektbildungen und Lebenswelten in der Neuzeit zentral sind: Vaterschaft zwischen Familie und Arbeit, Formen männlicher Geselligkeit und die Geschichte männlicher Sexualitäten. "Die Einführung bietet eine zugängliche und sehr gut informierte Orientierung (...) und regt zur Weiterarbeit in diesem gesellschaftlich und wissenschaftlich relevanten Feld an." H-Soz-Kult "Der Band setzt Maßstäbe und ist zweifellos derzeit das Standardwerk zur Männergeschichte." Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte

V Ter Soldaten Liebhaber

Author : Jürgen Martschukat
ISBN : 9783839406649
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 41 MB
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Das Buch präsentiert die Geschichte des Mannseins in Nordamerika von der Kolonialzeit bis zur Gegenwart. In chronologischer Ordnung bietet es historische wie kulturwissenschaftliche Beiträge zu Themen wie Arbeit, Ethnizität, Eroberung, Familie, Film, Gewalt, Migration, Militär, Muskeln, Politik, Sexualität, Sport, Technik und zu vielen anderen mehr. Dabei werden historische Einführungen mit Tiefenanalysen einzelner Beispiele ineinander verschränkt. So eröffnet der Band neue Perspektiven auf die Geschichte der USA und ist gleichermaßen für die Geschlechterforschung von großem Interesse. Mit Beiträgen von Historiker_innen und Kulturwissenschaftler_innen aus Europa und den USA, darunter James Gilbert, Martha Hodes und Sabine Sielke.

Ages Of Heroes Eras Of Men

Author : Julian C. Chambliss
ISBN : 9781443871044
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 82. 53 MB
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Ages of Heroes, Eras of Men explores the changing depiction of superheroes from the comic books of the 1930s to the cinematic present. In this anthology, scholars from a variety of disciplines including history, cultural studies, Latin American studies, film studies, and English examine the superheros cultural history in North America with attention to particular stories and to the historical contexts in which those narratives appeared. Enduring comic book characters from DC and Marvel Comics including Superman, Iron Man, Batman, Wonder Woman and the Avengers are examined, along with lesser-known Canadian, Latino, and African-American superheroes. With a sweep of characters ranging from the Pulp Era to recent cinematic adaptations, and employing a variety of analytical frameworks, this collection offers new insights for scholars, students, and fans of the superhero genre.

Under The Big Top

Author : Josh McMullen
ISBN : 9780190266745
Genre : Religion
File Size : 63. 36 MB
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Under the Big Top examines the immensely popular big tent revivals of turn-of-the-twentieth-century America and develops a new framework for understanding Protestantism in this transformative period of the nation's history. Contemporary critics of the revivalists often depicted them as anxious and outdated religious opponents of a modern, urban nation. Early historical accounts likewise portrayed tent revivalists as Victorian hold-outs, bent on re-establishing nineteenth-century values and religion in a new America. In this revisionist work, Josh McMullen argues that, contrary to these stereotypes, big tent revivalists actually participated in the shift away from Victorianism and helped in the construction of a new consumer culture in the United States. How did the United States became the most consumer-driven and yet one of the most religious societies in the western world? McMullen shows that revivalists and their audiences reconciled the Protestant ethic of salvation with the emerging consumer ethos by cautiously unlinking Christianity from Victorianism and joining it to the new, emerging consumer culture. Under the Big Top helps to explain the continued appeal of both the therapeutic and the salvific worldview to many Americans as well as the ambivalence that accompanies this combination.

Raising Consumers

Author : Lisa Jacobson
ISBN : 9780231509244
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 41 MB
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In the present electronic torrent of MTV and teen flicks, Nintendo and Air Jordan advertisements, consumer culture is an unmistakably important—and controversial—dimension of modern childhood. Historians and social commentators have typically assumed that the child consumer became significant during the postwar television age. But the child consumer was already an important phenomenon in the early twentieth century. The family, traditionally the primary institution of child socialization, began to face an array of new competitors who sought to put their own imprint on children's acculturation to consumer capitalism. Advertisers, children's magazine publishers, public schools, child experts, and children's peer groups alternately collaborated with, and competed against, the family in their quest to define children's identities. At stake in these conflicts and collaborations was no less than the direction of American consumer society—would children's consumer training rein in hedonistic excesses or contribute to the spread of hollow, commercial values? Not simply a new player in the economy, the child consumer became a lightning rod for broader concerns about the sanctity of the family and the authority of the market in modern capitalist culture. Lisa Jacobson reveals how changing conceptions of masculinity and femininity shaped the ways Americans understood the virtues and vices of boy and girl consumers—and why boys in particular emerged as the heroes of the new consumer age. She also analyzes how children's own behavior, peer culture, and emotional investment in goods influenced the dynamics of the new consumer culture. Raising Consumers is a provocative examination of the social, economic, and cultural forces that produced and ultimately legitimized a distinctive children's consumer culture in the early twentieth century.

Wild Men

Author : Douglas Cazaux Sackman
ISBN : 9780195178524
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 72 MB
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Documents the friendship between an early 20th-century founder of American anthropology and a last surviving Native American, describing Ishi's adaptation to modern city life while retaining his inherent culture and Kroeber's subsequent questioning of his profession and civilization.

Cow Boys And Cattle Men

Author : Jacqueline M. Moore
ISBN : 9780814757406
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 11 MB
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Cowboys are an American legend, but despite ubiquity in history and popular culture, misperceptions abound. Technically, a cowboy worked with cattle, as a ranch hand, while his boss, the cattleman, owned the ranch. Jacqueline M. Moore casts aside romantic and one-dimensional images of cowboys by analyzing the class, gender, and labor histories of ranching in Texas during the second half of the nineteenth century. As working-class men, cowboys showed their masculinity through their skills at work as well as public displays in town. But what cowboys thought was manly behavior did not always match those ideas of the business-minded cattlemen, who largely absorbed middle-class masculine ideals of restraint. Real men, by these standards, had self-mastery over their impulses and didn’t fight, drink, gamble or consort with "unsavory" women. Moore explores how, in contrast to the mythic image, from the late 1870s on, as the Texas frontier became more settled and the open range disappeared, the real cowboys faced increasing demands from the people around them to rein in the very traits that Americans considered the most masculine. Published in Cooperation with the William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University.

The Vegetarian Crusade

Author : Adam D. Shprintzen
ISBN : 9781469608921
Genre : Cooking
File Size : 86. 72 MB
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Vegetarianism has been practiced in the United States since the country's founding, yet the early years of the movement have been woefully misunderstood and understudied. Through the Civil War, the vegetarian movement focused on social and political reform, but by the late nineteenth century, the movement became a path for personal strength and success in a newly individualistic, consumption-driven economy. This development led to greater expansion and acceptance of vegetarianism in mainstream society. So argues Adam D. Shprintzen in his lively history of early American vegetarianism and social reform. From Bible Christians to Grahamites, the American Vegetarian Society to the Battle Creek Sanitarium, Shprintzen explores the diverse proponents of reform-motivated vegetarianism and explains how each of these groups used diet as a response to changing social and political conditions. By examining the advocates of vegetarianism, including institutions, organizations, activists, and publications, Shprintzen explores how an idea grew into a nationwide community united not only by diet but also by broader goals of social reform.

Material Culture

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000107287355
Genre : Frontier and pioneer life
File Size : 51. 32 MB
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