homology the hierarchical basis of comparative biology

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Homology

Author : Brian K. Hall
ISBN : 9780080574301
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 38 MB
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The application of homology varies depending on the data being examined. This volume represents a state-of-the-art treatment of the different applications of this unifying concept. Chapters deal with homology on all levels, from molecules to behavior, and are authored by leading contributors to systematics, natural history, and evolutionary, developmental, and comparative biology. This paperback reprint of the original hardbound edition continues to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Sir Richard Owen's seminal paper distinguishing homology from analogy. Commemoration of the 150th anniversary of Sir Richard Owen's seminal paper distinguishing homology from analogy Contributors who are renowned leaders in comparative biology Coverage that is both comprehensive and interdisciplinary

The Practices Of Human Genetics

Author : Michael Fortun
ISBN : 9789401147187
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 38 MB
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That concern about human genetics is at the top of many lists of issues requiring intense discussion from scientific, political, social, and ethical points of view is today no surprise. It was in the spirit of attempting to establish the basis for intelligent discussion of the issues involved that a group of us gathered at a meeting of the International Society for the History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology in the Summer of 1995 at Brandeis University and began an exploration of these questions in earlier versions of the papers presented here. Our aim was to cross disciplines and jump national boundaries, to be catholic in the methods and approaches taken, and to bring before readers interested in the emerging issues of human genetics well-reasoned, informative, and provocative papers. The initial conference and elements of the editorial work which have followed were generously supported by the Stifterverband fUr die Deutsche Wissenschaft. We thank Professor Peter Weingart of Bielefeld University for his assistance in gaining this support. As Editors, we thank the anonymous readers who commented upon and critiqued many of the papers and in tum made each paper a more valuable contribution. We also thank the authors for their understanding and patience. Michael Fortnn Everett Mendelsohn Cambridge, MA September 1998 vii INTRODUCTION In 1986, the annual symposium at the venerable Cold Spring Harbor laboratories was devoted to the "Molecular Biology of Homo sapiens.

Historisches W Rterbuch Der Biologie

Author : Georg Toepfer
ISBN : 9783476004550
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82. 65 MB
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Das Wörterbuch präsentiert die Grundbegriffe der Biologie in Form einer ausführlichen Wort- und Begriffsgeschichte. 112 Haupt- und 1.760 Nebeneinträge, von der Prägung der Begriffe bis zu den heute dominanten Bedeutungen, umreißen die Geschichte der biologischen Ideen, Konzepte und Theorien. Dafür wurden die seit Kurzem digital verfügbaren großen Datenbanken naturwissenschaftlicher Texte systematisch ausgewertet. Eine unschätzbare Informationsquelle nicht nur für Biologen und Wissenschaftshistoriker, sondern auch für Philosophen, Sprach-, Kultur- und Literaturwissenschaftler.

Developmental Plasticity And Evolution

Author : Mary Jane West-Eberhard
ISBN : 0198028563
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 14 MB
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The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

Annals Of The Carnegie Museum

Author :
ISBN : CHI:81520483
Genre : Natural history
File Size : 70. 61 MB
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Neues Jahrbuch F R Geologie Und Pal Ontologie

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009123704
Genre : Geology
File Size : 66. 30 MB
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Molecular Approaches To Ecology And Evolution

Author : R. deSalle
ISBN : 3764357258
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 19 MB
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The last ten years have seen an explosion of activity in the application of molecular biological techniques to evolutionary and ecological studies. This volume attempts to summarize advances in the field and place into context the wide variety of methods available to ecologists and evolutionary biologists using molecular techniques. Both the molecular techniques and the variety of methods available for the analysis of such data are presented in the text. The book has three major sections - populations, species and higher taxa. Each of these sections contains chapters by leading scientists working at these levels, where clear and concise discussion of technology and implication of results are presented. The volume is intended for advanced students of ecology and evolution and would be a suitable textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate student seminar courses.

Deep Morphology

Author : Tod F. Stuessy
ISBN : UOM:39015058286983
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 70 MB
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Genetics, phylogenesis, ecology.

Major Transitions In Vertebrate Evolution

Author : Jason S. Anderson
ISBN : UOM:39015066901607
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 52 MB
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New discoveries of ancient vertebrates, filling in gaps in the fossil record, are quickly eroding the traditionally recognized differences between the principal groups of vertebrates—for example, between dinosaurs and birds—and radically changing our understanding of the evolutionary history of the major group of animals to which our species belongs. This book describes this changing scientific landscape and contributes to the revolution in our knowledge of the developmental mechanisms that underlie evolutionary transformation.

Co Option Homology And Novelty In The Evolution Of Gene Expression Patterns In The Sea Urchin Genus Heliocidaris

Author : Alan Christopher Love
ISBN : IND:30000094863143
Genre :
File Size : 28. 42 MB
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