health and poverty global health problems and solutions

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Health And Poverty

Author : Gijs Walraven
ISBN : 9781136537394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 87 MB
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There is growing interest and concern about the unacceptable differentials in health between and within countries. This comes out of the realization that poor people will only be able to prosper, and emerge from poverty, if they enjoy better health. Healthy populations are a precondition for sustainable development. Using a novel combination of the personal studies of patients and description of conditions or diseases, this book provides a highly original and accessible introduction to key issues in global health today. Especially during the past decade, global health initiatives have become a prominent part of the international aid picture, bringing new resources, political commitment, and more attention for international health issues in the media. The author provides examples of diseases and problems related to health that disproportionally impact the poor, and gives their experiences 'a human face' through individual case studies. A specific case study of a health problem, such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV or health financing, introduces each chapter and is followed by a historical review of the problem, why it is still now a problem for poor people or poor countries, and what can be done about it. These will inspire the reader to become more engaged with international health and development.

Introducing Global Health Practice Policy And Solutions

Author : Peter Muennig
ISBN : 9781118233993
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74. 23 MB
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Introducing Global Health: Practice, Policy, andSolutions is a contemporary overview of the major issues inglobal public health. The book explores how population health mightbe maximized with the right blend of health system, education,antipoverty, infectious disease, urban development, governance, andincentive-based policies. It covers topics critical forunderstanding the state of the world today, including wars fornatural resources, the missing women phenomenon, and whether globalaid really works. The book's case studies focus on developingeconomies, mixed economies, and new emerging superpowers. Thematicchapters are interwoven with running motifs, such as the healthrisks and benefits associated with different totalitarian,capitalist, and market socialist economies. Moving beyondstatistics, the book represents a major innovation in the teachingof global health by presenting technical concepts including theincidence and prevalence of disease within the context of moreaccessible topics such as global poverty. This helps studentscontextualize otherwise challenging but critical concepts, such asthe burden of infectious disease. By encouraging reflection, focusing on what works, and usingactivities and exercises, Introducing Global Health bothteaches fundamentals of global public health and cultivates apolicy perspective that is appealing and compelling for today'sstudents.

Fighting The Diseases Of Poverty

Author : Philip Stevens
ISBN : 9781412813884
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 85 MB
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Public discussion of global healthcare issues is dominated by those who believe that top-down, government-driven interventions are the solution to the myriad health problems suffered by people in less developed countries. This thinking is responsible for a plethora of harmful policies, ranging from a drive towards socialized healthcare systems, to calls for the centralization and semi-nationalization of pharmaceutical research and development, to impractical but grandiose UN-sponsored schemes for tackling HIV/AIDS and malaria. In spite of the abysmal track record of top-down approaches, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies continue to promote them, to the detriment of the private sector, economic development, and human health. The resulting politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. Meanwhile, cost-effective and simple interventions such as vaccination are being subordinated to other more politically correct diseases. This centralizing mindset has also resulted in many governments in less developed countries attempting to plan and control universal healthcare systems, which has encouraged rationing, inequitable access, and entrenched corruption. It has also seriously undermined the effectiveness of overseas development aid. Moreover, the politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. As a result, cost-effective and simple interventions are neglected by donors. There has to date been little public discussion of the role of markets and their underlying institutions--property rights and the rule of law--in improving human health. Economic growth and globalization has led to unprecedented improvements in human health. The challenge is to enable the poorest countries to take part more fully in this process. This work demonstrates how current thinking is flawed and proposes practical ways of improving health in lower income countries.

Pharmacy On A Bicycle

Author : Eric G. Bing
ISBN : 9781609947897
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 24 MB
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"Traditional pathways to delivering health care to the global poor are failing. Five million children die each year before their fifth birthday due to lack of basic health education, services, or low-cost treatments. Bing and Epstein show how focusing micro-innovations at the level of care is the way to end these grim health statistics"--

Global Health In The 21st Century

Author : Debra L. DeLaet
ISBN : 9781317258995
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 21 MB
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Perhaps no other public policy issue has greater potential to affect some of the most significant economic, political, social, and ethical changes of the 21st century than global health. In this book, a scholar/physician team authors a comprehensive introduction to global health issues and emphasises the potential of public health intervention to improve the longevity and quality of human life across the globe. The authors have lived and worked in Africa as well as in medically underserved areas of the United States, so they write with firsthand experience and authority. Using themes of interconnectedness, globalisation, and united concern from citizens, this book encourages readers to consider the role that they might play as engaged citizens in taking on the global public health challenges of the 21st century including everything from AIDs and flu to tobacco, obesity, and threats in conflict zones.

Global Health And Global Health Ethics

Author : Solomon Benatar
ISBN : 9781139495905
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 45 MB
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What can be done about the poor state of global health? How are global health challenges intimately linked to the global political economy and to issues of social justice? What are our responsibilities and how can we improve global health? Global Health and Global Health Ethics addresses these questions from the perspective of a range of disciplines, including medicine, philosophy and the social sciences. Topics covered range from infectious diseases, climate change and the environment to trade, foreign aid, food security and biotechnology. Each chapter identifies the ways in which we exacerbate poor global health and discusses what we should do to remedy the factors identified. Together, they contribute to a deeper understanding of the challenges we face, and propose new national and global policies. Offering a wealth of empirical data and both practical and theoretical guidance, this is a key resource for bioethicists, public health practitioners and philosophers.

Global Health Nursing

Author : Michele J. Upvall, PhD, RN, CRNP
ISBN : 9780826118691
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 20 MB
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"Primarily, the book covers different global health partnerships and initiatives, focusing on what works/what doesn't work and providing guidance for future partnerships. This is ideal for readers who focus their work in this area."--Doody's Medical Reviews This innovative text for graduate and undergraduate nursing students fills a void in global health nursing literature by providing essential tools and strategies for building and sustaining productive international partnerships. Based on the premise that partnership is paramount for sustainable outcomes, the book demonstrates how nurses can build sustainable health programs that will improve health outcomes worldwide. Written by two highly experienced global nurses, the book offers expert guidance gained from many years of successful involvement in international collaboration that is supported by detailed real-life examples. It will be of particular interest to nurse educators who undertake projects with their students to ensure that both students and host partners are able to meet their collaborative goals. Additionally, the text provides information that will help nurse educators to perpetuate a successful educational program even after they depart or funding ends. Case studies from many different perspectives demonstrate positive change effected by nurses working across international boundaries and within their own countries. The text builds on the Conceptual Framework for Partnership and Sustainability in Global Health Nursing developed by Leffers and Mitchell (2010). Additionally, the book reflects the focus on global health competence for nurses in the future (IOM, 2011) as well as that of the American Academyís of Nursingís recently established committee on Global Health. Key Features: Provides expert, essential guidance for nurses who work internationally to build successful partnerships for sustainable programs Recommends global solutions to the challenges facing international nursing collaboration Includes detailed case studies of successful collaboration Based on the Conceptual Framework for Partnership and Sustainability in Global Health Nursing Chapters end with reflective questions challenging the reader to apply ìlessons learned.î

Global Health Governance

Author : Obijiofor Aginam
ISBN : 9780802080004
Genre : Law
File Size : 20. 45 MB
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Drawing from a wide range of disciplines, "Global Health Governance" offers a holistic approach to global health governance involving a multiplicity of actors: nation-states, international organizations, civil society organizations, and private actors.

Poverty And Health

Author :
ISBN : 9789241562362
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 93 MB
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Health is higher on the international agenda than ever before. Concern for the health of poor people is a central development issue. In addition to its intrinsic value for individuals, investment in health is an important and previously underestimated means of economic development; substantially improved health outcomes are a prerequisite if developing countries are to break out of the cycle of poverty. This DAC Reference Document on Poverty and Health, jointly published by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO, extends the analysis and recommendations of the DAC Guidelines on Poverty Reduction by setting out the essential components of a pro-poor health approach. It provides a framework for action within the health system - and beyond it, through policies in other sectors and through global initiatives. The Reference Document is aimed at a broad range of development agency staff working in policy and operations, at headquarters and in the field. The recommendations are also relevant for policy-makers and planners in partner countries.

Poverty And The Continuing Global Health Crisis

Author : Don A. Franco
ISBN : 9781606966778
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 46 MB
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In a timely and relevant work of social commentary, Poverty and the Continuing Global Health Crisis examines the problem of world poverty and its impact on health with embarrassment, while being totally cognizant of the complex issues linked to both poverty and health. Poverty continues to touch the consciousness of humanity, challenging our piety, and questioning our concerns about equality and the plight of society's least fortunate people. This book amplifies the hopelessness of the poverty stricken masses in a world of plenty, and links poverty to a chain of problems in the campaign to stop this crisis, indicting the traditional approaches that have failed to accomplish established objectives. Through a variety of examples and viewpoints, this compelling book encourages not just worldwide humanitarian groups, but individuals as well, to confront the elements of poverty if global health is to be improved or realized, while accepting the truth that success will take a long time and is dependent on collective will, commitment, governance, and a concerted unified effort in a world fraught with uncertainties. Dr. Don A. Franco has degrees in veterinary medicine and public health, and is board certified by the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine with an interest in the diseases transmissible from animals to man (zoonoses). He has also been an ardent advocate of the 'One Medicine' concept, convinced that the continued progression of medicine necessitates a concerted interrelatedness between veterinary medicine and human medicine in the challenging quest for the prevention and control of zoonotic diseases that the global poor are most at risk from. He has had adjunct faculty appointments at both veterinary and medical institutions, and has published extensively over the years, receiving a Superior Service Award from the Secretary of Agriculture in 1990, 'For notable authorship which has brought national and international recognition to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, ' an agency that he served for twenty-five years.

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