health and poverty global health problems and solutions

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Health And Poverty

Author : Gijs Walraven
ISBN : 9781136537394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 99 MB
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There is growing interest and concern about the unacceptable differentials in health between and within countries. This comes out of the realization that poor people will only be able to prosper, and emerge from poverty, if they enjoy better health. Healthy populations are a precondition for sustainable development. Using a novel combination of the personal studies of patients and description of conditions or diseases, this book provides a highly original and accessible introduction to key issues in global health today. Especially during the past decade, global health initiatives have become a prominent part of the international aid picture, bringing new resources, political commitment, and more attention for international health issues in the media. The author provides examples of diseases and problems related to health that disproportionally impact the poor, and gives their experiences 'a human face' through individual case studies. A specific case study of a health problem, such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV or health financing, introduces each chapter and is followed by a historical review of the problem, why it is still now a problem for poor people or poor countries, and what can be done about it. These will inspire the reader to become more engaged with international health and development.

Pharmacy On A Bicycle

Author : Eric G. Bing
ISBN : 9781609947897
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 44 MB
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"Traditional pathways to delivering health care to the global poor are failing. Five million children die each year before their fifth birthday due to lack of basic health education, services, or low-cost treatments. Bing and Epstein show how focusing micro-innovations at the level of care is the way to end these grim health statistics"--

Introducing Global Health Practice Policy And Solutions

Author : Peter Muennig
ISBN : 9781118233993
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 85 MB
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Introducing Global Health: Practice, Policy, and Solutions is a contemporary overview of the major issues in global public health. The book explores how population health might be maximized with the right blend of health system, education, antipoverty, infectious disease, urban development, governance, and incentive-based policies. It covers topics critical for understanding the state of the world today, including wars for natural resources, the missing women phenomenon, and whether global aid really works. The book's case studies focus on developing economies, mixed economies, and new emerging superpowers. Thematic chapters are interwoven with running motifs, such as the health risks and benefits associated with different totalitarian, capitalist, and market socialist economies. Moving beyond statistics, the book represents a major innovation in the teaching of global health by presenting technical concepts including the incidence and prevalence of disease within the context of more accessible topics such as global poverty. This helps students contextualize otherwise challenging but critical concepts, such as the burden of infectious disease. By encouraging reflection, focusing on what works, and using activities and exercises, Introducing Global Health both teaches fundamentals of global public health and cultivates a policy perspective that is appealing and compelling for today's students.

Energy Poverty

Author : Antoine Halff
ISBN : 9780191504907
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 19 MB
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This edited volume looks at energy poverty, an issue whose pivotal role in the fight for human development is only now being recognised by policymakers. Nearly one quarter of humanity still lacks access to electricity. Close to one third rely on traditional fuels like firewood and cow dung for cooking, at great cost to their health and welfare. While most prevalent in parts of Africa and Asia, energy poverty is a global problem which concerns us all. This book, which brings together economists, policymakers, entrepreneurs, and other practitioners from all over the world, is dedicated to a single goal: finding a solution to this haunting problem. It is part history, part economics, part political analysis, part business case review, and part field handbook. Part One focuses on defining and measuring the problem and benchmarking progress in solving it, an obvious prerequisite to any successful energy-access policy. Part Two reviews past and current energy access programs, with an eye towards finding out what worked and what didn't and what can be replicated elsewhere. These case reviews are told as seen on the ground - China's experience by top Chinese officials and Africa's by African regulators and scholars. Based in part on those cases, the book's last, more forward-looking section aims to present practitioners with a tool kit, a menu of options to speed up their efforts. The energy access agenda is gaining traction at a time of rising concerns about climate change and resource constraints. This book shows that bringing modern energy to those who lack it not just a moral imperative, but will likely benefit the world as a whole without harming the environment or unduly stretching finite resources.

An Introduction To Global Health

Author : Michael Seear
ISBN : 9781773380032
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42. 30 MB
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Newly revised and thoroughly updated, the third edition of An Introduction to Global Health is constructed around three essential questions: why is population health so poor in developing countries, what is the scope of the issue, and how can it be remediated? By considering aspects of the topic that are often neglected—including poverty, malnutrition, wars, governance, and humanitarian disasters—Seear and Ezezika provide a comprehensive overview of the various determinants of global health and its inevitable companion, the modern aid industry. This informative and accessible introduction examines potential solutions to health inequity via a combination of primary health care strategies, poverty alleviation, developing world debt relief, and human rights interventions. With an updated discussion of global health in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals, as well as the addition of chapter summaries, critical-thinking questions, and recommended readings, this new edition is an ideal resource for both university-level students and anyone keen to inform themselves on this urgent problem.

Fighting The Diseases Of Poverty

Author : Philip Stevens
ISBN : 9781412813884
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61. 19 MB
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Public discussion of global healthcare issues is dominated by those who believe that top-down, government-driven interventions are the solution to the myriad health problems suffered by people in less developed countries. This thinking is responsible for a plethora of harmful policies, ranging from a drive towards socialized healthcare systems, to calls for the centralization and semi-nationalization of pharmaceutical research and development, to impractical but grandiose UN-sponsored schemes for tackling HIV/AIDS and malaria. In spite of the abysmal track record of top-down approaches, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies continue to promote them, to the detriment of the private sector, economic development, and human health. The resulting politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. Meanwhile, cost-effective and simple interventions such as vaccination are being subordinated to other more politically correct diseases. This centralizing mindset has also resulted in many governments in less developed countries attempting to plan and control universal healthcare systems, which has encouraged rationing, inequitable access, and entrenched corruption. It has also seriously undermined the effectiveness of overseas development aid. Moreover, the politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. As a result, cost-effective and simple interventions are neglected by donors. There has to date been little public discussion of the role of markets and their underlying institutions--property rights and the rule of law--in improving human health. Economic growth and globalization has led to unprecedented improvements in human health. The challenge is to enable the poorest countries to take part more fully in this process. This work demonstrates how current thinking is flawed and proposes practical ways of improving health in lower income countries.

Why Global Health Matters

Author : Chris Stout
ISBN : 1548094250
Genre : World health
File Size : 84. 87 MB
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Global health represents an integration of multi-causal problems, and as such, it must be considered by a diverse set of professions and humanitarian actors. Disasters of nature as well as of war and conflict are exacerbated by sustainability issues, lack of resources, poverty, and illness. Problems of global health will never be solved by healthcare professionals alone. Political science, agriculture, engineering, military intervention, and policy experts are needed as well. Why Global Health Matters aims to address multiple global health issues in multiple regions of the world from multiple perspectives. Admittedly, it's an ambitious effort - but when tackling global crises, it would be a mistake to expect anything else. Why Global Health Matters is divided into four sections: backgrounds and trends, approaches and clinical solutions, approaches and structural solutions, and sustainability. Whether you're an academic looking for classroom material, a policymaker researching an issue, or a boots-on-the-ground humanitarian, there is something in this book for you. Readers should use the table of contents to find the chapters they are most interested in, but should also explore chapters they might not otherwise be personally drawn to - oftentimes an unexpected perspective or an unanticipated voice is the most eye-opening. The hope is that this book will both inspire new projects and improve existing ones, and that readers will not only be informed by this book but motivated by it. REVIEWS Chris Stout has compiled an incredible cadre of humanitarian activists, scholars, and scientists...to share insights on why global health matters... These diverse global health practitioners help shed light on the...interrelated nature of this work, with an emphasis on understanding the importance of mental health in overall well-being. This book will no doubt serve to inspire a new generation to embrace this meaningful calling... - Valerie Dobiesz, MD, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard Medical School Chris Stout's latest publication provides a wealth of resources for...groups who are interested in addressing...global health...We now have a practical approach to examining the scope of the global health problems...and a clear case for community-based solutions. - Breeda McGrath, PhD, The Chicago School of Professional Psychology Why Global Health Matters addresses some of the most important issues facing humanity today. Not only does it provide an insightful description of global health problems, but the book focuses on important, sustainable solutions. An insightful and eye-opening read that will challenge you to engage. - Greg Martin, MD, Chief Editor at Globalization and Health The diverse sections of the book share a core message: a multidisciplinary, multisectoral, and multicultural approach is essential...Why Global Health Matters...is an indispensable benchmark resource... [and] is an inspiration to anyone interested in...improving the well-being of at-risk...individuals and communities. - Michael Stevens, PhD, Past-President of the APA Division of International Psychology Why Global Health Matters...aims to illustrate how seemingly disparate disciplines intersect... ...[T]he achievement of health is multifaceted, complicated, and not a guarantee...This book excels in highlighting...what people have done and people can do to tackle seemingly impossible challenges... - Janet Lin, MD, MPH, Director of Health Systems Development, Center for Global Health, University of Illinois at Chicago I know no one more qualified and more expert in world mental health than Chris Stout, and he has brought together an amazing team to discuss global health and mental health issues and their interaction. This volume can actually help make the world a better, healthier place. - Kurt F. Geisinger, PhD, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Reimagining Global Health

Author : Paul Farmer
ISBN : 9780520954632
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 69 MB
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Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Women S Health And The World S Cities

Author : Afaf Ibrahim Meleis
ISBN : 9780812205084
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 49. 52 MB
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Growing urbanization affects women and men in fundamentally different ways, but the relationship between gender and city environments has been ignored or misunderstood. Women and men play different roles, frequent different public areas, and face different health risks. Women suffer disproportionately from disease, injury, and violence because their access to resources is often more limited than that of their male counterparts. Yet, when women are healthy and safe, so are their families and communities. Urban policy makers and public health professionals need to understand how conditions in densely populated places can help or harm the well-being of women in order to serve this large segment of humanity. Women's Health and the World's Cities illuminates the intersection of gender, health, and urban environments. This collection of essays examines the impact of urban living on the physical and psychological states of women and girls in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the United States. Urban planners, scholars, medical practitioners, and activists present original research and compelling ideas. They consider the specific needs of subpopulations of urban women and evaluate strategies for designing spaces, services, and infrastructure in ways that promote women's health. Women's Health and the World's Cities provides urban planners and public health care providers with on-the-ground examples of projects and policies that have changed women's lives for the better.

Global Health And Global Health Ethics

Author : Solomon Benatar
ISBN : 9781139495905
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61. 19 MB
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What can be done about the poor state of global health? How are global health challenges intimately linked to the global political economy and to issues of social justice? What are our responsibilities and how can we improve global health? Global Health and Global Health Ethics addresses these questions from the perspective of a range of disciplines, including medicine, philosophy and the social sciences. Topics covered range from infectious diseases, climate change and the environment to trade, foreign aid, food security and biotechnology. Each chapter identifies the ways in which we exacerbate poor global health and discusses what we should do to remedy the factors identified. Together, they contribute to a deeper understanding of the challenges we face, and propose new national and global policies. Offering a wealth of empirical data and both practical and theoretical guidance, this is a key resource for bioethicists, public health practitioners and philosophers.

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