health and poverty global health problems and solutions

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Health And Poverty

Author : Gijs Walraven
ISBN : 9781136537394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 51 MB
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There is growing interest and concern about the unacceptable differentials in health between and within countries. This comes out of the realization that poor people will only be able to prosper, and emerge from poverty, if they enjoy better health. Healthy populations are a precondition for sustainable development. Using a novel combination of the personal studies of patients and description of conditions or diseases, this book provides a highly original and accessible introduction to key issues in global health today. Especially during the past decade, global health initiatives have become a prominent part of the international aid picture, bringing new resources, political commitment, and more attention for international health issues in the media. The author provides examples of diseases and problems related to health that disproportionally impact the poor, and gives their experiences 'a human face' through individual case studies. A specific case study of a health problem, such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV or health financing, introduces each chapter and is followed by a historical review of the problem, why it is still now a problem for poor people or poor countries, and what can be done about it. These will inspire the reader to become more engaged with international health and development.

Pharmacy On A Bicycle

Author : Eric G. Bing
ISBN : 9781609947897
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 17 MB
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"Traditional pathways to delivering health care to the global poor are failing. Five million children die each year before their fifth birthday due to lack of basic health education, services, or low-cost treatments. Bing and Epstein show how focusing micro-innovations at the level of care is the way to end these grim health statistics"--

Energy Poverty

Author : Antoine Halff
ISBN : 9780191504907
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 84. 52 MB
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This edited volume looks at energy poverty, an issue whose pivotal role in the fight for human development is only now being recognised by policymakers. Nearly one quarter of humanity still lacks access to electricity. Close to one third rely on traditional fuels like firewood and cow dung for cooking, at great cost to their health and welfare. While most prevalent in parts of Africa and Asia, energy poverty is a global problem which concerns us all. This book, which brings together economists, policymakers, entrepreneurs, and other practitioners from all over the world, is dedicated to a single goal: finding a solution to this haunting problem. It is part history, part economics, part political analysis, part business case review, and part field handbook. Part One focuses on defining and measuring the problem and benchmarking progress in solving it, an obvious prerequisite to any successful energy-access policy. Part Two reviews past and current energy access programs, with an eye towards finding out what worked and what didn't and what can be replicated elsewhere. These case reviews are told as seen on the ground - China's experience by top Chinese officials and Africa's by African regulators and scholars. Based in part on those cases, the book's last, more forward-looking section aims to present practitioners with a tool kit, a menu of options to speed up their efforts. The energy access agenda is gaining traction at a time of rising concerns about climate change and resource constraints. This book shows that bringing modern energy to those who lack it not just a moral imperative, but will likely benefit the world as a whole without harming the environment or unduly stretching finite resources.

Fighting The Diseases Of Poverty

Author : Philip Stevens
ISBN : 9781412813884
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90. 74 MB
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Public discussion of global healthcare issues is dominated by those who believe that top-down, government-driven interventions are the solution to the myriad health problems suffered by people in less developed countries. This thinking is responsible for a plethora of harmful policies, ranging from a drive towards socialized healthcare systems, to calls for the centralization and semi-nationalization of pharmaceutical research and development, to impractical but grandiose UN-sponsored schemes for tackling HIV/AIDS and malaria. In spite of the abysmal track record of top-down approaches, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies continue to promote them, to the detriment of the private sector, economic development, and human health. The resulting politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. Meanwhile, cost-effective and simple interventions such as vaccination are being subordinated to other more politically correct diseases. This centralizing mindset has also resulted in many governments in less developed countries attempting to plan and control universal healthcare systems, which has encouraged rationing, inequitable access, and entrenched corruption. It has also seriously undermined the effectiveness of overseas development aid. Moreover, the politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. As a result, cost-effective and simple interventions are neglected by donors. There has to date been little public discussion of the role of markets and their underlying institutions--property rights and the rule of law--in improving human health. Economic growth and globalization has led to unprecedented improvements in human health. The challenge is to enable the poorest countries to take part more fully in this process. This work demonstrates how current thinking is flawed and proposes practical ways of improving health in lower income countries.

Understanding Global Poverty

Author : Serena Cosgrove
ISBN : 9781315316826
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28. 13 MB
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Understanding Global Poverty introduces students to the study and analysis of poverty, helping them to understand why it is pervasive across human societies, and how it can be reduced through proven policy solutions. Using the capabilities and human development approach, the book foregrounds the human aspects of poverty, keeping the voices, experiences and needs of the world’s poor in the centre of the analysis. Drawing on decades of teaching, research and fieldwork, this interdisciplinary volume is unique in its rigorous application of the multiple disciplines of anthropology, sociology, political science, public health and economics to the phenomenon of global poverty. Starting with definitions and measurement, the book goes on to explore causes of poverty and policy responses, aiming to give a realistic account of what poverty reduction programmes actually look like. Finally, the book draws together the ethics of why we should work to reduce poverty and what actions readers themselves can take to reduce poverty. This book is an accessible and engaging introduction to the key issues surrounding poverty, with key questions, case studies, discussion questions and further reading suggestions to support learning. Perfect as an introductory textbook for postgraduates and upper level undergraduates, Understanding Global Poverty will also be a valuable resource to policy makers and development practitioners looking for a comprehensive guide to the theoretical frameworks of poverty through the lens of human development.

Introducing Global Health Practice Policy And Solutions

Author : Peter Muennig
ISBN : 9781118233993
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 70 MB
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Introducing Global Health: Practice, Policy, and Solutions is a contemporary overview of the major issues in global public health. The book explores how population health might be maximized with the right blend of health system, education, antipoverty, infectious disease, urban development, governance, and incentive-based policies. It covers topics critical for understanding the state of the world today, including wars for natural resources, the missing women phenomenon, and whether global aid really works. The book's case studies focus on developing economies, mixed economies, and new emerging superpowers. Thematic chapters are interwoven with running motifs, such as the health risks and benefits associated with different totalitarian, capitalist, and market socialist economies. Moving beyond statistics, the book represents a major innovation in the teaching of global health by presenting technical concepts including the incidence and prevalence of disease within the context of more accessible topics such as global poverty. This helps students contextualize otherwise challenging but critical concepts, such as the burden of infectious disease. By encouraging reflection, focusing on what works, and using activities and exercises, Introducing Global Health both teaches fundamentals of global public health and cultivates a policy perspective that is appealing and compelling for today's students.

Global Health And Global Health Ethics

Author : Solomon Benatar
ISBN : 9781139495905
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 25 MB
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What can be done about the poor state of global health? How are global health challenges intimately linked to the global political economy and to issues of social justice? What are our responsibilities and how can we improve global health? Global Health and Global Health Ethics addresses these questions from the perspective of a range of disciplines, including medicine, philosophy and the social sciences. Topics covered range from infectious diseases, climate change and the environment to trade, foreign aid, food security and biotechnology. Each chapter identifies the ways in which we exacerbate poor global health and discusses what we should do to remedy the factors identified. Together, they contribute to a deeper understanding of the challenges we face, and propose new national and global policies. Offering a wealth of empirical data and both practical and theoretical guidance, this is a key resource for bioethicists, public health practitioners and philosophers.

Global Health In The 21st Century

Author : Debra L. DeLaet
ISBN : 9781317258995
Genre : Education
File Size : 74. 53 MB
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Perhaps no other public policy issue has greater potential to affect some of the most significant economic, political, social, and ethical changes of the 21st century than global health. In this book, a scholar/physician team authors a comprehensive introduction to global health issues and emphasises the potential of public health intervention to improve the longevity and quality of human life across the globe. The authors have lived and worked in Africa as well as in medically underserved areas of the United States, so they write with firsthand experience and authority. Using themes of interconnectedness, globalisation, and united concern from citizens, this book encourages readers to consider the role that they might play as engaged citizens in taking on the global public health challenges of the 21st century including everything from AIDs and flu to tobacco, obesity, and threats in conflict zones.

Living In The Environment Principles Connections And Solutions

Author : G. Miller
ISBN : 9780495556718
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 20 MB
Format : PDF
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In this current, thought-provoking environmental science textbook,G. Tyler Miller and new coauthor Scott Spoolman bring theconcept of sustainability to the forefront. Students are engagedand motivated with vivid case studies and hands-on quantitative exercises. As the authors showcase four scientific principles of sustainability, they immerse students in the many practical steps they, as individuals, can take toward more sustainable lifestyles. The book’s new concept-centered format transforms complex environmental topics and issues into key concepts that students will understand and remember. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Africa South Of The Sahara 2004

Author : Europa Publications
ISBN : 1857431839
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47. 72 MB
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This revised and updated thirty-third edition provides a complete survey of the region including: * Over 1,300 pages of economic and demographic statistics, wide-ranging directory material and authoritative articles * Contributions from over 50 leading experts on African affairs * Incisive analysis of the latest available information. General Survey * Thoroughly revised and updated analytical articles written by acknowledged experts covering the issues affecting the area as a whole: Reforming Africa: Continuities and Changes; Economic Trends in Africa South of the Sahara 2003; The Privatization of Security in Sub-Saharan Africa and European Colonial Rule in Africa * New for this edition: Health and Medical Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa * A political map of contemporary Africa and a chronological list of the dates of independence of African countries. Country Surveys Individual chapters on every country incorporating: * An introductory survey, containing essays on the physical and social geography, recent history and economy of each country * An extensive statistical survey of economic indicators, which include area and population, health and welfare, agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, industry, finance, trade, transport, tourism, media and education * A full directory containing names, addresses and contact numbers for key areas such as the government, political organizations, diplomatic representation, the judiciary, religion, the media, finance, trade and industry, tourism, defence and education * A useful bibliography, providing sources for further research. Regional Information * Detailed information on the following: regional organizations; major commodities; calendars, time reckoning, and weights and measures; research institutes concerned with Africa and a select periodicals bibliography.

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