hayek and popper on rationality economism and democracy routledge studies in the history of economics

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Hayek And Popper

Author : Mark Notturno
ISBN : 9781317594215
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 22 MB
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Karl Popper and Friedrich von Hayek are remembered as two of the twentieth century’s greatest proponents of open society. However, over the years, Hayek’s ideas have tended to be favoured over Popper’s in both academic and political discussions. This book aims to improve understanding of Popper’s and Hayek’s philosophies by explaining their differences, and whilst doing so, to encourage liberal political philosophers to take a better-informed and more sympathetic look at Popper’s ideas about open society. Popper and Hayek differed in subtle but fundamental ways about rationality, economism, and democracy. They thus differed about whether and to what extent society is well served by deliberate attempts at social engineering and government intervention in the economy. They also differed about whether democracy is better served by institutions designed to elect the best leaders, or by institutions designed to protect us against the leaders we elect. And they differed, perhaps most importantly, about whether we should value freedom as a means to prosperity or an end-in-itself. This book argues that Hayek’s views about rationality, economism, and democracy are fundamentally at odds with Popper’s3⁄4 and perhaps even with open society itself—and that the unintended consequences of Hayek’s views may actually pose a threat to Popper’s vision of a liberal and free open society.

Great Economic Thinkers From Antiquity To The Historical School

Author : Bertram Schefold
ISBN : 9781317703716
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 84. 7 MB
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This book contains commentaries from the series "Klassiker der Nationalökonomie" (classics of economics), which have been translated into English for the first time. This selection focuses on neglected, but notable writers in a deserted sub-discipline, localising the beginning of economic science not with Adam Smith, but with the moral question of usury and the good life in Antiquity. Bertram Schefold’s choice of authors for the "Klassiker" series, which he has edited since 1991, and his comments on the various re-edited works are proof of his highly original and thought-provoking interpretation of the history of economic thought (HET). This volume is an important contribution to HET not only because it delivers original and fresh insights about such well-known figures as Aristotle, Jevons or Wicksell, but also because it deals with authors and ideas who have been forgotten or neglected in the previous literature. In this regard Schefold’s book could prove to be seminal for the field of the history of economic thought, for in the age of globalisation our usual restriction to the thinkers of Western Europe and the USA might eventually be overcome. This book will give the reader a far broader view of economics compared to that of the latest research. This volume is suitable for those who are interested in and study history of economic thought as well as economic theory and philosophy.

On The Foundations Of Happiness In Economics

Author : Maurizio Pugno
ISBN : 9781317560838
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60. 46 MB
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Economic growth has extraordinarily increased the availability of market goods to satisfy people’s need for comfort, but at the same time it has also raised great challenges to their working and family life. Will people learn the skill necessary to cope with these challenges and draw full enjoyment from economic growth? On the Foundations of Happiness in Economics explores this question by examining the work of Tibor Scitovsky, author of The Joyless Economy. Given the recent rise of behavioural economics and happiness economics, this book aims to show how far ahead of his time Scitovsky was in his work on individual welfare (or wellbeing). It traces the evolution of Scitovsky’s original thought, arguing that he has been frequently misunderstood, before undertaking formal analysis in order to demonstrate how far his work anticipated or even went beyond the recent advances in economics. This volume also explores Scitovsky’s work in the context of Keynes’ work on wellbeing, offering a new perspective on welfare in the history of economic thought. Other issues discussed in this text regard creativity and social skills, hedonism and eudaimonia, parenting and education, addiction, work/leisure balance, policies for happiness, paternalism, and the quality of economic growth. This book addresses a variety of readers, such as those interested in the history of economics, as well as students and researchers concerned with the economic theory of well-being.

Essays On Hayek

Author : Fritz Machlup
ISBN : 9781134558629
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 91 MB
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Varying according to the scope of Hayek's contributions, the papers in this volume include among others: * An affirmation of the "relevance" of Hayek's work * A survey of his contribution to knowledge * An appraisal of Hayek's innovative work on the methodology of the social sciences * A discussion of Hayek's achievements as scholar and mentor The contributors are: Fritz Machlup, Geroge Roche, Arthur Shenfield, Max Hartwell, William Buckley, Gottfried Dietze, Shirley Letwin.

Individualismus Und Wirtschaftliche Ordnung

Author : Friedrich August Hayek
ISBN : OCLC:654290971
Genre : Economics
File Size : 62. 23 MB
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Freiheit Im Denken Hayeks

Author : John N. Gray
ISBN : 316344976X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89. 14 MB
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The Political Economy Of Freedom

Author : Kurt R. Leube
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040441748
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71. 1 MB
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Geschichte Der Konomischen Analyse

Author : Joseph A. Schumpeter
ISBN : 3825284115
Genre :
File Size : 22. 10 MB
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Joseph Schumpeters "Geschichte der ökonomischen Analyse" gilt als Meilenstein einer dogmenhistorischen Aufarbeitung wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Denkens. Schumpeters Studie reicht von den Anfängen ökonomischer Analyse im antiken Wirtschaftsdenken bis hin zur modernen keynesianischen Makroökonomik. Neben dem einzigartigen enzyklopädischen Charakter der dogmenhistorischen Ausführungen basiert die analytische Bedeutung dieses Werks auf wissenschaftsphilosophischen Ausführungen, die die Diskussion zur Entwicklung der Wirtschaftstheorie methodologisch anreichern und dazu beitragen, sie in ihrem historisch-politischen Kontext einzubetten. Die Neuausgabe dieser lange vergriffenen deutschen Ausgabe wird erweitert um eine wirkungsgeschichtliche Einführung von Alexander Ebner.

The Philosophy Of The Austrian School

Author : Raimondo Cubeddu
ISBN : 9781134883721
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 47 MB
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The Austrian School has made some of the most significant contributions to the social sciences in recent times but attempts to understand it have remained locked in a polemical frame. In contrast, The Philosphy of the Austrian School presents a philosophically grounded account of the School's methodological, political and economic ideas. Whilst acknowledging important differences between the key figures in the School - Menger, Mises, and Hayek - Raimondo Cubeddu finds that they also have significant things in common. Paramount amongst these are theories of subjective value and notions of spontaneous order, both of which rest on theories of seminal avenues of research in the social sciences and a major reformulation of liberal ideology.

Theorie Der Sozialen Demokratie

Author : Thomas Meyer
ISBN : 9783322873590
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 7 MB
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Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen. Nicht die libertäre Demokratie mit ihrer Fixierung auf Markt- und Eigentumsfreiheit, sondern erst die soziale Demokratie gewährleistet die Erfüllung aller Grundrechte des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Die Theorie der sozialen Demokratie ist theoretisch anspruchsvoll, aber zugleich auf die Bedingungen praktischen Handelns in der globalisierten Gegenwartswelt bezogen.

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