handbook of hydrothermal technology materials and processing technology

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Handbook Of Hydrothermal Technology

Author : K. Byrappa
ISBN : 9781437778366
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 59 MB
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Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many more -- all products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including: À Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use. À Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works. À Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues. À Analysis of the direction of today's technology. In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes. Gives an overview of the evolution of Hydrothermal Technology from geology to widespread industrial use Describes the equipment used in the process and how it works Discusses problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, and environmental and safety issues

Semiconductor Materials And Process Technology Handbook

Author : G. E. McGuire
ISBN : 0815511507
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 58 MB
Format : PDF
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This handbook is a broad review of semiconductor materials and process technology, with emphasis on very large-scale integration (VLSI) and ultra large scale integration (ULSI). The technology of integrated circuit (IC) processing is expanding so rapidly that it can be difficult for the scientist working in one area to keep abreast of developments in other areas of the field. This handbook solves this problem by bringing together "snapshots" of the various aspects of the technology.

Handbook Of Advanced Ceramics

Author : Shigeyuki Somiya
ISBN : 9780080532943
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 56 MB
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A two-volume reference set for all ceramicists, both in research and working in industry The only definitive reference covering the entire field of advanced ceramics from fundamental science and processing to application Contributions from over 50 leading researchers from around the world This new Handbook will be an essential resource for ceramicists. It includes contributions from leading researchers around the world, and includes sections on: Basic Science of Advanced Ceramic, Functional Ceramics (electro-ceramics and optoelectro-ceramics) and engineering ceramics. Contributions from over 50 leading researchers from around the world

Adhesives Technology For Electronic Applications

Author : James J. Licari
ISBN : 9780815516002
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 57 MB
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This book is unique in its comprehensive coverage of all aspects of adhesive technology for microelectronic devices and packaging, from theory to bonding to test procedures. In addition to general applications, such as dies, substrate, and lid and chip stack attachments, the book includes new developments in anisotropic, electrically conductive, and underfill adhesives. Rapid curing methods such as UV, microwave, and moisture (which comply with current environmental and energy requirements) are covered. Over 80 tables and 120 figures provide a wealth of data on properties, performance, and reliability. Also included are examples of commercially available adhesives, suppliers, and equipment. Each chapter provides comprehensive references.

Crystal Growth Technology

Author : K. Byrappa
ISBN : 3540003673
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 6 MB
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Crystals are the unacknowledged pillars of modern technology. The modern technological developments depend greatly on the availability of suitable single crystals, whether it is for lasers, semiconductors, magnetic devices, optical devices, superconductors, telecommunication, etc. In spite of great technological advancements in the recent years, we are still in the early stage with respect to the growth of several important crystals such as diamond, silicon carbide, PZT, gallium nitride, and so on. Unless the science of growing these crystals is understood precisely, it is impossible to grow them as large single crystals to be applied in modern industry. This book deals with almost all the modern crystal growth techniques that have been adopted, including appropriate case studies. Since there has been no other book published to cover the subject after the Handbook of Crystal Growth, Eds. DTJ Hurle, published during 1993-1995, this book will fill the existing gap for its readers. The book begins with "Growth Histories of Mineral Crystals" by the most senior expert in this field, Professor Ichiro Sunagawa. The next chapter reviews recent developments in the theory of crystal growth, which is equally important before moving on to actual techniques. After the first two fundamental chapters, the book covers other topics like the recent progress in quartz growth, diamond growth, silicon carbide single crystals, PZT crystals, nonlinear optical crystals, solid state laser crystals, gemstones, high melting oxides like lithium niobates, hydroxyapatite, GaAs by molecular beam epitaxy, superconducting crystals, morphology control, and more. For the first time, the crystal growth modeling has been discussed in detail with reference to PZT and SiC crystals.

Handbook Of Biofuels Production

Author : Rafael Luque
ISBN : 9780857090492
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 14 MB
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In response to the global increase in the use of biofuels as substitute transportation fuels, advanced chemical, biochemical and thermochemical biofuels production routes are fast being developed. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The range of biofuels has also increased to supplement bioethanol and biodiesel production, with market developments leading to the increased production and utilisation of such biofuels as biosyngas, biohydrogen and biobutanol, among others. Handbook of biofuels production provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Part one reviews the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development. Part two reviews chemical and biochemical conversion and in turn Part three reviews thermal and thermo-chemical conversion, with both sections detailing the wide range of processes and technologies applicable to the production of first, second and third generation biofuels. Finally, Part four reviews developments in the integration of biofuels production, including biorefineries and by-product valorisation, as well as the utilisation of biofuels in diesel engines. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Handbook of biofuels production is a standard reference for biofuels production engineers, industrial chemists and biochemists, plant scientists, academics and researchers in this area. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technologies Addresses the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development Reviews chemical and bio-chemical conversion techniques as well as thermal and thermo-chemical conversion, detailing the range of processes and technologies applicable to biofuels production

Hand Book Of Plastic Materials And Processing Technology

Author : Engineers India Research Institute
ISBN : 8189765264
Genre : Plastics
File Size : 22. 91 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book covers various methods including Introduction of Plastic Materials, Polyethylene, Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE), Polypropylene, Copolymers of Ethylene, Polystyrene Acrylic Plastics, Poly (Methyl Methacrylate), Acrylic Fibres, Poly (Vinyl Acetate), Poly (Vinyl Chloride), Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Coumarone-Indene Resins, Polyacetals and Polyethers (Acetal Resins), Polyamides, Polyimides, Polyester, Polyurethanes, Polycarbonates, Epoxy Resins, Cellulose Plastics, Phenolic R esins, Amino Resins, Silicones Additives for Plastics, Polybutylene Terephthalate, Polyethersulphone, Nylon, Polyvinylidene Fluoride, Polyphenylene Sulphide, Rubber Reinforced Polypropylene, Thermoplastic Polyetherester, Fibre Reinforced Thermoplastics, Polyurethane Plastics, Speciality Thermoplastics, Styrene Plastics, Polyolefin Plastics, Plastic Processing Technology, Amino Acid by Protein Hydrolysis, Epoxy Resin/Powder, Household Plastic Products, Nylon Granules from Nylon Waste, Poly Vinyl Acetate Emulsion, Phenolic Resin, Polyol from Propylene Oxide, Unsaturated Polyester Resin etc.

Biological And Biomedical Coatings Handbook

Author : Sam Zhang
ISBN : 9781439849989
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 30 MB
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Written in a versatile, contemporary style that will benefit both novice and expert alike, Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook, Two-Volume Set covers the state of the art in the development and implementation of advanced thin films and coatings in the biological field. Consisting of two volumes—Processing and Characterization and Applications—this handbook details the latest understanding of advances in the design and performance of biological and biomedical coatings, covering a vast array of material types, including bio-ceramics, polymers, glass, chitosan, and nanomaterials. Contributors delve into a wide range of novel techniques used in the manufacture and testing of clinical applications for coatings in the medical field, particularly in the emerging area of regenerative medicine. An exploration of the fundamentals elements of biological and biomedical coatings, the first volume, Processing and Characterization, addresses: Synthesis, fabrication, and characterization of nanocoatings The sol-gel method and electrophoretic deposition Thermal and plasma spraying Hydroxyapatite and organically modified coatings Bioceramics and bioactive glass-based coatings Hydrothermal crystallization and self-healing effects Physical and chemical vapor deposition Layered assembled polyelectrolyte films With chapters authored by world experts at the forefront of research in their respective areas, this timely set provides searing insights and practical information to explore a subject that is fundamental to the success of biotechnological pursuits.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Author : Makio Naito
ISBN : 9780444641113
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 71 MB
Format : PDF
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Nanoparticle Technology Handbook, Third Edition, is an updated and expanded authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. This third edition features twenty new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. The book not only includes the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and humans. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterization of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of conventional fine particle/powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields, including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc., making use of the unique properties of nanoparticles, which are completely different from those of bulk materials. Introduces all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications Cover basic information on preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles in a systematic way Features information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications Includes the effects of nanoparticles on human health and the environment Includes applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, including applications in new areas, such as electronics cosmetics, etc. Offers up-to-date information given by specialists in each field

Sustainable Carbon Materials From Hydrothermal Processes

Author : Maria-Magdalena Titirici
ISBN : 9781118622209
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 83 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The production of low cost and environmentally friendly high performing carbon materials is crucial for a sustainable future. Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes describes a sustainable and alternative technique to produce carbon from biomass in water at low temperatures, a process known as Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC). Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes presents an overview of this new and rapidly developing field, discussing various synthetic approaches, characterization of the final products, and modern fields of application for of sustainable carbon materials. Topics covered include: • Green carbon materials • Porous hydrothermal carbons • HTC for the production of valuable carbon hybrid materials • Functionalization of hydrothermal carbon materials • Characterization of HTC materials • Applications of HTC in modern nanotechnology: Energy storage, electrocatalysis in fuel cells, photocatalysis, gas storage, water purification, sensors, bioapplications • Environmental applications of HTC technology: Biochar production, carbon sequestration, and waste conversion • Scale-up in HTC Sustainable Carbon Materials from Hydrothermal Processes will serve as a comprehensive guide for students and newcomers in the field, as well as providing a valuable source of information for researchers and investors looking for alternative technologies to convert biomass into useful products.

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