handbook for the chemical analysis of plastic and polymer additives second edition

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Handbook For The Chemical Analysis Of Plastic And Polymer Additives

Author : Michael Bolgar
ISBN : 1420044885
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 24 MB
Format : PDF
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Most plastics and polymers used for consumer goods and technical applications contain numerous additives, many of which are potentially hazardous to human health and the environment. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives provides a detailed reference for the analysis of additives that are most widely used in plastics and polymers. The handbook offers a unique combination of comprehensive chromatograms, mass spectral data, and analytical data in addition to environmental perspectives and regulations issued by the FDA, USEPA, EU agencies, and other groups. Unlike other resources that focus on the selection of performance-enhancing additives, this book provides the information and techniques needed to extract, identify, and quantify additives in finished goods using common and readily available laboratory techniques. This makes it an ideal reference for monitoring plastics for regulatory or internal compliance applications as well as for using analysis to troubleshoot, develop, or improve upon application-specific compounding practices and processes. Encouraging the development of protocols for analyzing plastics and polymers, this handbook presents a clear guide to viable isolation techniques and analysis methods for accurately assessing plastic and polymer mixtures as well as an up-to-date review of the most widely used and representative additives and their known toxicological impact.

Handbook For The Chemical Analysis Of Plastic And Polymer Additives Second Edition

Author : Michael Bolgar
ISBN : 9781439860755
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Polymers have undoubtedly changed the world through many products that improve our lives. However, additives used to modify the overall characteristics of these materials may not be fully disclosed or understood. These additives may present possible environmental and health hazards. It is important to monitor consumer products for these compounds using high-quality reference materials and dependable analytical techniques. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition provides the necessary tools for chemists to obtain a more complete listing of additives present in a particular polymeric matrix. It is designed to serve as a valuable source for those monitoring a polymer/plastic material for regulatory or internal compliance. It also helps analysts to correctly identify the complex nature of the materials that have been added to the polymer/plastic. With 50 additional compounds, this second edition nearly doubles the number of additives in several categories, including processing aids, antistatic compounds, mould release products, and blowing agents. It includes a listing that can be cross-referenced by trade name, chemical name, CAS number, and even key mass unit ions from the GC/MS run. Addressing additives from an analytical viewpoint, this comprehensive handbook helps readers identify the additives in plastics. This information can be used to assess compliance with regulations issued by the FDA, US EPA, EU, and other agencies.

Additives For Plastics Handbook

Author : J. Murphy
ISBN : 0080498612
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Handbook Of Odors In Plastic Materials

Author : George Wypych
ISBN : 9781455728336
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 66 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Several reasons are behind formation of odors in materials, including the following: Use of other materials than polymer, especially materials required in processing Use of various process parameters and their severity in degradation of components of formulation Recycling of polymeric materials Contact with natural products (food, cosmetics, etc.) Storage Migration-evaporation Storage in the same space Diffusion-related properties The above reasons are analyzed for different materials to find out the best methods to prevent odor formation. The book also contains information on testing of odor changes, relationship between odor and toxicity, and the selection of raw materials for fog-free products. The first book in this field, the Handbook of Odors in Materials is needed by anyone interested in materials. The first book of its kind in this field Analyzes the reasons behind odor formation and provides the best methods to prevent odors in various materials Contains information on testing of odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicity

Plastics Additives Handbook

Author : Hans Zweifel
ISBN : 1569904308
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 16 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Plastics without additives are not viable. Additives are essential to make plastics processable and to assure their end-use properties. The demands on additives have continued to evolve, not only because of changes in processing conditions and production techniques but also because plastics are being used in more demanding applications. This revised and updated edition, described earlier by one reviewer as the "bible" for anyone involved in the chemistry and technology of plastics additives, again provides an excellent overview of the complex science and technology of plastics additives and their industry. It offers guidance for all professionals involved in the development of new thermoplastic resin grades and novel end-use applications.

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Author : Myer Kutz
ISBN : 9780323390415
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77. 59 MB
Format : PDF
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Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook: Processing, Materials, and Applications, Second Edition, covers both the polymer basics that are helpful to bring readers quickly up-to-speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing and the recent developments that enable practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work. With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas. Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field. Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements Ideal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technology Updated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics

Introduction To Green Chemistry Second Edition

Author : Albert Matlack
ISBN : 9781439882115
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 7 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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In the nearly 10 years since the publication of the bestselling first edition of Introduction to Green Chemistry, interest in green chemistry and clean processes has grown so much that topics, such as fluorous biphasic catalysis, metal organic frameworks, and process intensification, barely mentioned in the first edition, have become major areas of research. In addition, government funding has ramped up the development of fuel cells and biofuels. It reflects the evolving focus from pollution remediation to pollution prevention. Copiously illustrated with over 800 figures, this second edition provides an update from the frontiers of the field. New and expanded research topics: Metal-organic frameworks Solid acids for alkylation of isobutene by butanes Carbon molecular sieves Mixed micro- and mesoporous solids Organocatalysis Process intensification and gas phase enzymatic reactions Hydrogen storage for fuel cells Reactive distillation Catalysts in action on an atomic scale Updated and expanded current events topics: Industry resistance to inherently safer chemistry Nuclear power Removal of mercury from vaccines Removal of mercury and lead from primary explosives Biofuels Uses for surplus glycerol New hard materials to reduce wear Electronic waste Smart growth The book covers traditional green chemistry topics, including catalysis, benign solvents, and alternative feedstocks. It also discusses relevant but less frequently covered topics with chapters such as Chemistry of Longer Wear and Population and the Environment. This coverage highlights the importance of chemistry to everyday life and demonstrates the benefits the expanded exploitation of green chemistry can have for society.

Handbook Of Antistatics

Author : George Wypych
ISBN : 9781927885147
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 33 MB
Format : PDF
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Handbook of Antistatics, Second Edition, is the only comprehensive handbook to cover all aspects of antistatic agents, including a complete review of existing literature and patent information on additives capable of modifying properties of materials to make them antistatic, conductive, and/or EMI shielding. Information on the use of additives in various polymers is divided into types and concentrations of antistatics used, the potential effect of antistatics on the polymer and other additives, and examples of typical formulations used for processing of polymers containing the antistatic additive. Each chapter addresses specific properties and applications of antistatic agents, including methods of quality control, compatibility of antistatic agents, and various polymer matrices (along with performance implications), incorporation methods, health and safety, and environmental implications. Includes everything engineers and materials scientists need to know about the use of antistatics in polymers, from incorporation methods, to regulations and standards Presents a combination of up-to-date properties data and authoritative analysis of materials performance Contains detailed coverage of processing methods, giving information on the amount and type of antistatics used in each processing method, along with the typical formulations used

Handbook Of Pulping And Papermaking

Author : Christopher J. Biermann
ISBN : 9780080533681
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 92 MB
Format : PDF
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In its Second Edition, Handbook of Pulping and Papermaking is a comprehensive reference for industry and academia. The book offers a concise yet thorough introduction to the process of papermaking from the production of wood chips to the final testing and use of the paper product. The author has updated the extensive bibliography, providing the reader with easy access to the pulp and paper literature. The book emphasizes principles and concepts behind papermaking, detailing both the physical and chemical processes. A comprehensive introduction to the physical and chemical processes in pulping and papermaking Contains an extensive annotated bibliography Includes 12 pages of color plates

Handbook Of Plasticizers

Author : George Wypych
ISBN : 9781927885161
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 36 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Handbook of Plasticizers, Third Edition, is an essential professional reference, providing information that enables R&D scientists, production chemists, and engineers the information they need to use plasticizers more effectively, and to avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizers are vital to the plastics industry, particularly in improving the properties of materials such as PVC. Plasticizers are commonly added to complex mixtures containing a variety of materials, so successful incorporation requires a broad understanding of the mechanisms of plasticizer action, and compatibility with different materials and blends. There is a large selection of commercial plasticizers, and various environmental issues which impact on selection decisions. The book discusses new and historical approaches to the use of plasticizers, explaining mechanisms of plasticizers' action and their behavior in plasticized systems. It goes into detail on the use of plasticizers in a range of specific polymers, polymer blends, and other industrial products. This includes coverage of the impact of plasticizers on processing. George Wypych provides the data and know-how from the most recent sources and updated information required by engineers and scientists working in the plastics industry and the many industry sectors that use plastics in their products. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. Enables materials scientists, chemists and engineers to use plasticizers more effectively, and avoid health and safety or performance risks Includes detailed coverage of the impact of plasticizers on polymers, and processing methods Provides the broad background of information required to select the correct plasticizer for any application Covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, including historical and theoretical background

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