goethe nietzsche and wagner their spinozan epics of love and power

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Goethe Nietzsche And Wagner

Author : T. K. Seung
ISBN : 0739111280
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 42. 62 MB
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The author reads Goethe's Faust as the first epic written under Spinoza's influence. He shows how its thematic development is governed by Spinoza's pantheistic naturalism. He further contends that Wagner and Nietzsche have tried to surpass their mentor Goethe's work by writing their own Spinozan epics of love and power in The Ring of the Nibelung and Thus Spoke Zarathustra. These Spinozan epics are designed to succeed the Christian epics in the Western literary tradition. Whereas the Christian epics dared to groom human beings for their destiny in the supernatural world, the Spinozan epics try to reinstate humanity as the children of Mother Nature and overcome their alienation from the natural world, which had been dictated by the long reign of Christianity. However, it has been well noted that none of these new epics seems to hang together thematically as a coherent work. By his Spinozan reading, the author not only demonstrates the thematic unity of each of them singly, but further illustrates their thematic relation with each other.

Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington And Miles Davis

Author : Aaron Lefkovitz
ISBN : 9781498567527
Genre : Music
File Size : 67. 41 MB
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This book examines Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Miles Davis as distinctively global symbols of threatening and nonthreatening black masculinity. It centers them in debates over U.S. cultural exceptionalism, noting how they have been part of the definition of jazz as a jingoistic and exclusively American form of popular culture.

A Companion To Schopenhauer

Author : Bart Vandenabeele
ISBN : 9781405171038
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 68. 65 MB
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A companion to Schopenhauer showcases contemporary scholarship and provides a comprenhensive guide to all the important facets of Schopenhauer's philosophy. The volume contains 26 newly commissioned essys by prominent Schopenhauer scholars working in the field today.A thoroughly comprehensive guide to the life, work and thought of Arthur Schopenhauer. Covers the full range of historical and philosophical perspectives on Schopenhauer's work.

Drama And The World Of Richard Wagner

Author : Dieter Borchmeyer
ISBN : 0691114978
Genre : Music
File Size : 47. 77 MB
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Richard Wagner continues to be the most controversial artist in history, a perpetually troubling figure in our cultural consciousness. The unceasing debate over his works and their impact--for and against--is one reason why there has been no genuinely comprehensive modern account of his musical dramas until now. Dieter Borchmeyer's book is the first to present an overall picture of these musical dramas from the standpoint of literary and theatrical history. It extends from the composer's early works--still largely ignored--to the Ring Cycle and Parsifal, and includes Wagner's unfinished works and operas he never set to music. Through lively prose, we come to see Wagner as a librettist--and as a man of letters--rather than primarily as musical composer. Borchmeyer uncovers a vast field of cultural and historical cross-references in Wagner's works. In the first part of the book, he sets out in search of the various archetypal scenes, opening up the composer's dramatic workshop to the reader. He covers all of Wagner's operas, from early juvenilia to the canonical later works. The second part examines Wagner in relation to political figures including King Ludwig II and Bismarck, and, importantly, in light of critical reactions by literary giants--Thomas Mann, whom Borchmeyer calls "a guiding light in this exploration of the fields that Wagner tilled," and Nietzsche, whose appeal to "philology" is a key source of inspiration in attempts to grapple with Wagner's works. For more than twenty years, Borchmeyer has placed his scholarship at the service of the famed Bayreuth Festival. With this volume, he gives us a summation of decades of engagement with the phenomenon of Wagner and, at the same time, the result of an abiding critical passion for his works.

Finding An Ending

Author : Philip Kitcher
ISBN : 0195183606
Genre : Music
File Size : 30. 48 MB
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Few musical works loom as large in Western culture as Richard Wagner's four-part Ring of the Nibelung. In Finding an Ending, two eminent philosophers, Philip Kitcher and Richard Schacht, offer an illuminating look at this greatest of Wagner's achievements, focusing on its far-reaching and subtle exploration of problems of meanings and endings in this life and world. Kitcher and Schacht plunge the reader into the heart of Wagner's Ring, drawing out the philosophical and human significance of the text and the music. They show how different forms of love, freedom, heroism, authority, and judgment are explored and tested as it unfolds. As they journey across its sweeping musical-dramatic landscape, Kitcher and Schacht lead us to the central concern of the Ring--the problem of endowing life with genuine significance that can be enhanced rather than negated by its ending, if the right sort of ending can be found. The drama originates in Wotan's quest for a transformation of the primordial state of things into a world in which life can be lived more meaningfully. The authors trace the evolution of Wotan's efforts, the intricate problems he confronts, and his failures and defeats. But while the problem Wotan poses for himself proves to be insoluble as he conceives of it, they suggest that his very efforts and failures set the stage for the transformation of his problem, and for the only sort of resolution of it that may be humanly possible--to which it is not Siegfried but rather Brunnhilde who shows the way. The Ring's ending, with its passing of the gods above and destruction of the world below, might seem to be devastating; but Kitcher and Schacht see a kind of meaning in and through the ending revealed to us that is profoundly affirmative, and that has perhaps never been so powerfully and so beautifully expressed. "

Der Steppenwolf

Author : Hermann Hesse
ISBN : OCLC:85355114
Genre :
File Size : 65. 54 MB
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Author : مارتن هايدغر
ISBN : 9796500276960
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 19 MB
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يعد هذا الكتاب مدخلا إلى الميتافيزيقا عند هايدجر، ولعل السؤال الأساسي الذي لا مفر منه والمركزي في فلسفة هايدجر يمكن صياغته على النحو التالي: لماذا كان هنالك وجود الموجودات بدلا من العدم؟ بوضوح لا يساوره الشك، إن هذا السؤال، بالنسبة إلى هايدجر، ليس سؤالا عاديا، فهو السؤال الأول من حيث المكانة الفلسفية بين الأسئلة الأخرى، على الرغم من أن تلك الأولوية ينبغي أن لا تؤخذ بالمعنى الزماني، ويقع الكتاب في أربعة فصول: (السؤال الأساسي للميتافيزيقا، بحث في الجانب النحوي والإيتمولوجي، سؤال ماهية الوجود وجوهره، وتحديد الوجود وتقييده).

Author : ميشيل فوكو
ISBN : 9789953718897
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44. 46 MB
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يعتبر كتاب (الكلمات والأشياء) ليس أهم ما كتب ميشيل فوكو وعبّر عن فلسفته فحسب، ولكنه كذلك أفضل شاهد على قدرة العقل في إعادة اكتشاف أنظمته المعرفية، ومراجعتها لأول مرة في تاريخ الفلسفة الحديثة خارج الأطر الإيديولوجية التي اعتادت أن تقنعها وتستخدمها. وهو الكتاب الذي يشكل في تحولات الفكر الغربي الراهنة مرجعاً أساسياً لفلسفة الحداثة وعَقْلنة قطائعها التاريخية الرئيسية، وصولاً إلى ما يتجاوزها هي بالذات نحو ما يسمّى اليوم بالحداثة البعدية، أو بما بعد الحداثة. إن ترجمة هذا الكتاب إلى العربية في حد ذاته ، يمدّ الثقافة العربية بمفاتيح لكشف أسرار العقل الغربي، ومنعطفات قطائعه الرئيسية التي شكلت السرّ الأعمق لما يُسمّى بمعجزة التفوّق الغربي. ودراسة العقل لوسائله المعرفية، وتقييمها، فضلاً عن كونها امتياز الحضارة الأعلى وشاهدَها الأمثل على حيويتها وقدرتها على الاحتفاظ بقدرات النهوض وتجديدها. فإنها في الوقت ذاته تجعل من الحداثة، ليس مجرد حالة تأريخية طارئة، بقدر ما هي كينونة مستمرة، ومفاجئة لوعودها بالذات. ترجمة فوكو إلى العربية مساهمة صعبة في تغيير مصطلح القراءة والكتابة، وآليات المعرفة العلمية الشائعة، كما فعل كتاب "الكلمات والأشياء" عند ظهوره في لغته الأصلية. والجهد الذي يتطلبه فهمه ومؤالفته، جهد حقيقي في تغيير عادات العقل العربي. وشروع في ممارسة ما هو الأصعب والحقيقي في مصطلح الحداثة، وتحويله من شعار شبه سياسي، إلى ممارسة العقل ذاته.

Author : لودفيك فتغنشتاين
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 31. 58 MB
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Author : سولمون نورثوب/-/-
ISBN : 9789948174172
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 30 MB
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يكشف هذا النص كيف عاش نورثوب فى ظروف العبودية القاسية,وكابد المرض والجلد وتعرض لمحاولة شنق.ويصف الحياة اليومية للعبيد فى لويزيانا,ونظامهم الغذائى,وظروف حياتهم,والعلاقة بين السيد والعبد,وكيف كان مطاردو العبيد يلاحقون الفارين ويعيدونهم إلى نير العبودية.كما يوضح الظروف التى أحاطت باستعادته الحرية بعد سنوات العبودية الطويلة.

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