goal based decision making an interpersonal model

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Goal Based Decision Making

Author : Stephen Slade
ISBN : 9781134779178
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 72 MB
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This work presents a goal-based model of decision making in which the relative priorities of goals drive the decision process -- a psychological alternative to traditional decision analysis. Building on the work of Schank and Abelson, the author uses goals as the basis for a model of interpersonal relations which permits decisions to incorporate personal and adopted goals in a uniform manner. The theory is modelled on the VOTE computer program which simulates Congressional roll-call voting decisions. The VOTE program expands traditional decision making and simulation models by providing not only a choice, but also a natural language explanation, in either English or French. It simulates real members of Congress voting on real bills, and producing reasonable explanations. The program is consistent with much of the descriptive political science literature on Congressional decision making and provides an explicit model of political issues, relationships, and strategies that converge in voting behavior. In developing the VOTE program, the author draws on his own practical experience in politics from four presidential campaigns and the White House. Given the underlying psychological basis of the program, VOTE can be extended to other decision making domains different from politics. Another use for the program is to simulate business decisions such as securities analysis, as well as mundane decision making such as choosing a college or deciding whether to get a Mohawk haircut.

The Structure Of Concern A Challenge For Thinkers

Author : Neil LaChapelle
ISBN : 9780557025985
Genre :
File Size : 54. 10 MB
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This book has two goals. It introduces a pattern of 4 interlocking constraints which I call the "structure of concern" and it issues a challenge to all of the thinkers of world to find the best level of description for it; the level at which it might be explained... concern structure models turn up everywhere, including discussions of knowledge management methodologies, suicide, yoga, information systems, sex, multi-agent networking, ethics, nervous system organization, drama, military planning, speech pragmatics, forest conservation, education and even philosophy. Some concern structure models are quite specialized and obscure, but some others count among the most widely used conceptual frameworks we have. My main goal in this book is simply to compare all of these frameworks to point out the similarities between them. This "catalog" itself is the argument I make in this book - the argument that some universal pattern lurks among all these models - a universal pattern that needs description.

Computational Modeling

Author : Charles S. Taber
ISBN : 0803972709
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 2 MB
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Computational modelling allows researchers to combine the rich detail of qualitative research with the rigour of quantitative and formal research, as well as to represent complex structures and processes within a theoretical model. After an introduction to modelling, the authors discuss the role of computational methods in the social sciences. They treat computational methods, including dynamic simulation, knowledge-based models and machine learning, as a single broad class of research tools and develop a framework for incorporating them within established traditions of social science research. They provide a concise description of each method and a variety of social science illustrations, including four detailed examples.

A New Handbook Of Political Science Oxford University Press 1998

Author : Goodin-Hans-Klingemann
ISBN :
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71. 34 MB
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The International Political Science Association is proud to have contributed to the making of the New Handbook of Political Science. Participants in the IPSA XVI World Congress in Berlin in 1994 had an opportunity to hear initial presentations of many of the chapters in a series of sessions, organized by the Editors, on 'The State of the Discipline'. This is an appropriate time at which to take stock of political science. The discipline faces new challenges in understanding and assessing recent dramatic, sometimes tragic, world events and sweeping political changes. The New Handbook covers familiar, staple topics in political science, such as political institutions, political behavior, public policy and political theory, but the political context, in North as well as South, East as well as West, is no longer so familiar. New questions are being asked about such fundamentals as the nation state and sovereignty, and there is growing interest in the politics of religion, ethnicity and varieties of pluralism. Intellectual developments, too, during the last twenty years have brought a wide range of new theoretical frameworks and methodologies into political science. Some scholars, for example, now use highly technical and sophisticated mathematical models, others have moved under the philosophical umbrella called post-modernism, many are proponents of the 'new institutionalism', and feminism is a major presence. Political science is also changing in other ways. As part of the current wave of democratization, the discipline is being established or strengthened in many countries, and now exists more widely than ever before. The numbers of women and younger scholars from around the world participating in the IPSA World Congress, and the fact that the Congress was addressed by the Association's first woman President, reflected the democratization that has been taking place within political science itself. The New Handbook provides an unusually comprehensive and systematic discussion of all the major areas of the discipline. In this era of specialization, practitioners and their students will turn to contributions beyond their own particular expertise to find out about developments elsewhere in political science. But interested non-specialists and citizens will find this a very accessible, and extremely well organized, volume from which to learn about the state of the art in contemporary political science, and about its history and relation to other social sciences. The contributors, all leading authorities in their fields, reflect the growing strength of political science today outside the USA, where the first professional association was formed. They include both elder statesmen and a new generation of men and women scholars, writing from a variety of perspectives. The New Handbook of Political Science offers a sure, reliable and expert guide through the broad expanses and the thickets of the discipline and its subdivisions. There could be no better volume to take political science into the new century. Carole Pateman President IPSA 1991-1994 Preface The New Handbook, by its very title, pays explicit homage to the truly Herculean efforts of our predecessors, Fred Greenstein and Nelson Polsby, in compiling the original Handbook of Political Science (1975). Though that eight-volume work is now two decades old, it remains a landmark in the discipline and an essential reference. We have set our task as the examination of what has happened in the discipline in the twenty years since publication of Greenstein-Polsby original. Inevitably, some contributors have needed to go slightly beyond those bounds to tell a coherent story (the story of contemporary political theory, for example, clearly starts with the publication of Rawls's Theory of Justice, four years before the Greenstein-Polsby Handbook). Basically, however, the first three contributors to each section have been held to that remit, with the fourth ("Old and New") being invited explicitly to reflect upon how these newer developments articulate with older traditions within each subdiscipline. The New Handbook is conspicuously more international than the old, with just under half of our 42 contributors having non-North American affiliations. That is due in some small part to its origins in a meeting of the International Political Science Association (see our Acknowledgments, immediately following). But it is due in much larger part to genuine internationalization of the discipline over the past two decades. American political science undoubtedly remains primus inter pares—but it now has many equals, most of whom actually see themselves as collaborators in some shared enterprise. These and various other new voices make political science a richer discourse today than twenty years ago, albeit a discourse which is clearly continuous with that earlier one. The New Handbook is also conspicuously organized around subdisciplines in a way that the old was not. Some such subdisciplinary affiliations are, and virtually always have been, the principal points of allegiance of most members of our discipline. The particular subdisciplines around which we have organized the New Handbook represent what seem to us to constitute the dominant configuration of the discipline at present. Subdisciplines are far from being hermetically sealed, however. Work across and between subdisciplinary divides is increasingly common in its frequency and compelling in its quality. The original Handbook of Political Science was loosely inspired by the model of Lindzey and Aronson's (1954/1985) Handbook of Social Psychology (Greenstein and Polsby 1975: vol. i, p. vi). While social psychology remains central to much political science, it is a mark of the broadening scope of the contemporary discipline that the New Handbook was loosely inspired, in like fashion, by the New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics (Eatwell et al. 1987). Again, our modest single volume cannot compare with the four-volume sweep of that latter work, nor does it face quite the same challenge of catching up on a century's worth of developments since publication of the original. But like the New Palgrave, the New Handbook of Political Science strives to encourage cutting-edge practitioners to stand back from the fray and reflect upon where, collectively, we have been and where, collectively, we are going in their corner of the discipline. And like the New Palgrave, the New Handbook of Political Science takes that disciplinary remit broadly to embrace cognate work in economics and sociology, psychology and statistics, anthropology and area studies. In addition to these masterly surveys of cognate disciplines, we should also acknowledge our debt—and our profession's—to various other interim assessments of the state of political science itself. Although the surveys of Political Science: The State of the Discipline (Finifter 1983; 1993) are not nearly as comprehensive in their aspirations as the handbook, old or new, several of their chapters have become classics that now stand alongside corresponding chapters in the original handbook as authoritative statements upon which any subsequent work must build. Another four-volume collection, Political Science: Looking to the Future (Crotty 1991), also contains many truly excellent chapters which repay careful study. Subfields of political science have also been well-served, a particular landmark being Public Administration: The State of the Discipline (Lynn and Wildavsky 1990)—a joint venture between the American Society for Public Administration and APSA. Looking beyond the Anglophone orbit, there are also ambitious and excellent handbooks of political science published in French (Leca and Grawitz 1985), German (von Beyme 1986) and Italian (Graziano 1987). The New Handbook aims not to supplant any of those previous efforts but, rather, to extend and supplement them. Greenstein and Polsby felt compelled to remark upon the inevitable incompleteness of their original eight-volume handbook. So too must we emphasize, all the more strongly, the inevitable incompleteness of our one-volume successor. Authors of the lead chapter in each section have been asked to provide an overview of recent developments, as best they are able—but within the tightly limited number of pages they have been allowed, inevitably there is much that they have had to leave out. We have attempted to supplement each of those overview chapters with other shorter ones from particular perspectives—but with only two per subdiscipline, there are again many perspectives that are inevitably left out. While we cannot hope to have provided a comprehensive coverage of all recent developments of consequence, we nonetheless hope to have touched upon most of the main currents in the disciplines. It is a lively and thriving enterprise, of which we are proud to be part. References Crotty, W., ed. 1991. Political Science: Looking to the Future. 4 vols. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press. Eatwell, J.; Milgate, M.; and Newman, P., eds. 1987. The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics. 4 vols. New York: Stockton Press. Finifter, A. W., ed. 1983. Political Science: The State of the Discipline. Washington, D.C.: American Political Science Association. —— ed. 1993. Political Science: The State of the Discipline II. Washington, D.C.: American Political Science Association. Graziano, L., ed. 1987. La Scienca Politica Italiana. Milano: Felterinellei. Greenstein, F. I., and Polsby, N. W., eds. 1975. Handbook of Political Science. 8 vols. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. Leca, J., and Grawitz, M., eds. 1985. Traité de Science Politique. 4 vols. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. Lindzey, G., and Aronson, E. 1985. Handbook of Social Psychology. 2 vols. 3rd edn. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley; originally published 1954. Lynn, N. B., and Wildavsky, A., eds. 1990. Public Administration: The State of the Discipline. Chatham, N.J.: Chatham House, for the American Political Science Association and the American Society for Public Administration. von Beyme, K., ed. 1986. Politikwissenschaft in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. PVS Sonderheft 17. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Handbook Of Marketing

Author : Barton A Weitz
ISBN : 9780857025302
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 70 MB
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NEW IN PAPERBACK 'The Handbook of Marketing is different... that Barton Weitz and Robin Wensley are its editors should suggest something out of the ordinary. A glance at the contributors (e.g., Wilkie. Webster, Day, Shocker, Keller, Hauser, Winer, Stewart. Parasuraman. Zeithaml) puts the matter to rest. The Handbook is an extraordinary effort. The blurb on the dust jacket is an understatement-the "Handbook will be invaluable to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, academics, and thoughtful practitioners in marketing"-the book is far more than that..... in short, the Handbook is probably invaluable to all academic researchers' - Journal of Marketing 'Handbook of Marketing is a rich compilation of thorough reviews in the field of marketing management. The editors have selected premier marketing scholars and have given them the opportunity to examine their area of expertise in a format much less confining than those provided by the major journals in the field. The authors have taken this opportunity and have done an outstanding job not only of reviewing and structuring the extensive body of thought in many major areas of marketing management but also of providing valuable suggestions for further research. They have brought together major contributions from the field of marketing and from other related disciplines. I strongly encourage marketing scholars to consider Handbook of Marketing. The text will certainly appeal to those with interests in marketing management; it may also be useful to those who are more focused on methodological issues but interested in topics that need additional, rigorous investigation.... In summary, Weitz and Wensley should be congratulated for the excellent work in developing Handbook of Marketing. The book fills a major void in the marketing literature on marketing management and will serve the discipline for many years to come' - Journal of Marketing Research 'This text achieves the rare goal of covering marketing clearly and deeply, with no unnecessary examples or pretty pictures. For the enquiring mind, it is a wonderful link between a basic knowledge of marketing concepts and a grasp of where research in marketing is taking us' - Ken Simmonds, Emeritus Professor of Marketing and International Business, London Business School The Handbook of Marketing presents a major retrospective and prospective overview of the field of marketing, and provides a landmark reference at a time when many of the traditional boundaries and domains within the marketing discipline have been subject to change. - A high calibre collection compiled by an international and extremely distinguished advisory board of marketing academics - With contributions from leading scholars in the field, each covering the latest research issues in particular areas of expertise - Each chapter provides the necessary background for study and research of specific empirical and theoretical topics in marketing. The Handbook of Marketing will be invaluable to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and academics in marketing. International Advisory Board: Sonke Albers Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Germany / Erin Anderson INSEAD, France / Rick Bagozzi Rice University, USA / Patrick Barwise London Business School / Rod Brodie University of Auckland / Anne T Coughlan Northwestern University / George Day University of Pennsylvania / Lars Gunnar-Mattsson Stockholm School of Economics / Hubert Gatignon INSEAD, France / Håkan Håkansson The Norwegian School of Management / Stephen J. Hoch University of Pennsylvania, USA / Kevin Keller Dartmouth College, USA / Donald Lehmann Columbia University, USA / Gilles Laurent HEC, France / Leonard Lodish University of Pennsylvania / Richard Lutz University of Florida / David Midgley INSEAD, France / David Montgomery Stanford University, USA / William Perreault University of North Carolina, USA / John Roberts Stanford University, USA / Allan Shocker University of Minnesota / Piet Vanden Abeele Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Belgium / Russell Winer University of California, Berkeley, USA / Dick Wittink Yale School of Management, USA

Proceedings

Author :
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173023306092
Genre :
File Size : 86. 6 MB
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User Modeling

Author : Anthony Jameson
ISBN : CORNELL:31924080800570
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 60 MB
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User modeling researchers look for ways of enabling interactive software systems to adapt to their users-by constructing, maintaining, and exploiting user models, which are representations of properties of individual users. User modeling has been found to enhance the effectiveness and/or usability of software systems in a wide variety of situations.Techniques for user modeling have been developed and evaluated by researchers in a number of fields, including artificial intelligence, education, psychology, linguistics, human-computer interaction, and information science. The biennial series of International Conferences on User Modeling provides a forum in which academic and industrial researchers from all of these fields can exchange their complementary insights on user modeling issues. The published proceedings of these conferences represent a major source of information about developments in this area.

Intelligent Tutoring Systems

Author : Barry P. Goettl
ISBN : UCSC:32106014954918
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 13 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems, ITS'98, held in San Antonio, Texas, USA, in August 1998. The 60 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. The book is organized in topical sections on architectures for ITS, design and interface issues, tutoring and authoring tools, collaborative learning, knowledge structure and representation, teaching and learning strategies, applications of ITS, student modeling, educational agents, deploying ITS, and Web-based ITS.

A New Handbook Of Political Science

Author : Robert E. Goodin
ISBN : UOM:39015038143734
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 90 MB
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The New Handbook of Political Science is an authoritative survey of developments in the discipline compiled by 42 of the best political scientists worldwide, analysing progress over the past twenty years and assessing this in the context of historical trends in the field. International in its scope, systematic in its coverage, A New Handbook of Political Science will become the reference book for political scientists, and those tracking their work, into the next century. - ;The New Handbook of Political Science is an authoritative survey of developments in the discipline compiled by 42 of the most famous political scientists worldwide, analysing progress over the past twenty years and assessing this in the context of historical trends in the field. Discussion of each of the main subdisciplines: political institutions political behaviour comparative politics international relations political theory public policy and administration political economy political methodology breaks down into four sections: an overview of the field analysis from two key perspectives in the field Old and new: an eminent scholar in the field assesses the new developments in the light of older traditions in the discipline International in its scope, systematic in its coverage, A New Handbook of Political Science will become the reference book for political scientists, and those tracking their work, into the next century. - ;The New Handbook of Political Science is the most comprehensive and well-done effort to describe the state of political science extant. It contains much which will be required reading. I strongly recommend it - Seymour Martin Lipset;The Handbook is a masterly and authoritative survey, comprehensive yet compact, by a stellar international cast of contributors ... a most worthy successor to the old Greenstein-Polsby Handbook, published two decades ago - Arend Lijphart;This is an extraordinarily useful mapping of what has happened in the discipline in the last twenty years, since the classics 1975 Handbook was published ... Scholars are well advised to read this new, single-volume Handbook in its entirety. For this volume is not only a collection of brilliant contributions, but also a much needed cross-fertilizing endeavour - Giovanni Sartori

Uncertainty In Artificial Intelligence

Author : Eric Horvitz
ISBN : 155860412X
Genre : Artificial intelligence
File Size : 87. 26 MB
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