gitlow v new york every idea an incitement landmark law cases american society

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Gitlow V New York

Author : Marc R. Lendler
ISBN : 0700618759
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 47 MB
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Covers the landmark First Amendment case involving Benjamin Gitlow, an avowed communist who was tried for sedition under New York's Criminal Anarchy Law. In 1925, by a 7-2 vote, the Supreme Court upheld his conviction, suggesting in effect that Gitlow's threat to national security trumped his right to speak freely.

The Espionage And Sedition Acts

Author : Mitchell Newton-Matza
ISBN : 9781317691297
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 19 MB
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The Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917-1918 mark one of the most controversial moments in American history. Even as President Woodrow Wilson justified US entry into World War I on the grounds that it would "make the world safe for democracy," the act curtailed civil liberties at home by making it illegal to speak out against the US participation in the conflict. Supporters of the Acts argued that these measures were necessary to protect national security and keep in check the perceived threat of radical activities, while opponents considered them an unjustifiable breach of the Bill of Rights. The conflict between government powers and civil liberties concretized by the Acts continues to resonate today. The Espionage and Sedition Acts introduces students to this controversial set of laws, the cultural and political context in which they were passed, and their historical ramifications. In a concise narrative supplemented by primary sources including court cases, newspaper articles, and personal papers, Mitchell C. Newton-Matza gives students of history and politics a nuanced understanding of this key event.

Lochner V New York

Author : Paul Kens
ISBN : 0700609199
Genre : Law
File Size : 31. 87 MB
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Lochner v. New York (1905), which pitted a conservative activist judiciary against a reform-minded legislature, remains one of the most important and most frequently cited cases in Supreme Court history. In this concise and readable guide, Paul Kens shows us why the case remains such an important marker in the ideological battles between the free market and the regulatory state. The Supreme Court's decision declared unconstitutional a New York State law limiting bakery workers to no more than ten hours per day or sixty hours per week. By evoking its "police power," the state hoped to eliminate the employers' abuse of these workers. But the 5-4 majority opinion, authored by Justice Rufus Peckham and renounced by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, cited the state's violation of due process and the "right of contract between employers and employees," which the majority believed was protected by the Fourteenth Amendment. Critics jumped on the decision as an example of conservative juidicial activism promoting laissez-faire capitalism at the expense of progressive reform. As series editors Peter Hoffer and N.E.H. Hull note in their preface, "the case also raised a host of significant questions regarding the impetus of state legislatures to enter the workplace and regulate hours, wages, and working conditions; of the role of courts as monitors of the constitutionality of state regulation of the economy; and of the place of economic and moral theories in judicial thinking." Kens, however, reminds us that these hotly contested ideas and principles emerged from a very real human drama involving workers, owners, legislators, lawyers, and judges. Within the crucible of an industrializing America, their story reflected the fierce competition between two powerful ideologies.

Landmark Supreme Court Cases

Author : Gary R. Hartman
ISBN : 9781438110363
Genre : Law
File Size : 76. 10 MB
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Through its interpretations of the Constitution and Bill of Rights

Race Sex And The Freedom To Marry

Author : Peter Wallenstein
ISBN : 0700619992
Genre : Law
File Size : 61. 6 MB
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The history of the court battle over the right of interracial marriage which overturned discriminatory state laws and the precedent's value in the case for same-sex marriage.

The American Political Dictionary

Author : Jack C. Plano
ISBN : UOM:49015002883529
Genre : Reference
File Size : 55. 11 MB
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This is a guide to the field of American politics.

Religion In American Public Life

Author : James A. Reichley
ISBN : 0815720556
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 25 MB
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"We are," said Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, "a religious people," and his observation is continually borne out in every aspect of American public life. Religious ideals underlay the founding of the colonies and the firming of the new nation; the activities of churches have been closely interwined with politics in the abolition of slavery, the drive for women's suffrage, the prohibition of liquor,and the civil rights movement of the 1960s. The recent revival of arguments over the participation of relgious groups in politics points up the continuing controversey about the separation of church and state. In this study, A. James Reichley places religion and politics within a conceptual framework that considers the values in which both are rooted and examines, in light of that framework, the actual impact of religion and religious groups on American public life. He analyzes the underlying causes and issues involved, their contemporary impact, and their continuing evolution. Finally he discusses how the involvement of religious groups in politics can be carried on within the context of the separation of church and state without threat to civil liberties or seculat politicalization of religion.

Censorship Landmarks

Author : Edward De Grazia
ISBN : MINN:31951001950846S
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 50 MB
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Free Speech On Trial

Author : Richard A. Parker
ISBN : 9780817350253
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71. 85 MB
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Essays by twenty legal communication scholars consider the eligibility of free speech and the issues associated with its protection, in a collection that considers such topics as unregulated speech and the free market, the concept of obscenity as expression, symbolic language, and the consequences of pre-publication restraint. Simultaneous. (Politics & Government)

The Supreme Court And Individual Rights

Author : Elder Witt
ISBN : UOM:39015014454006
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 55 MB
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This book for law students describes Supreme Court doctrines and decisions as they apply to voting, free speech, protection from illegal search and seizure, and other key constitutional rights.

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