geography history and the american political economy

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Geography History And The American Political Economy

Author : John Heppen
ISBN : 0739128167
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 40 MB
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These essays focus on the geographic responses to periodic cycles of crisis and recovery and the more general underlying intertwining of geography and history, demonstrating how the constant restructuring of American politics and economy occurs within spatial and historical constructs.

Feeding Gotham

Author : Gergely Baics
ISBN : 9781400883622
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 39 MB
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New York City witnessed unparalleled growth in the first half of the nineteenth century, its population rising from thirty thousand people to nearly a million in a matter of decades. Feeding Gotham looks at how America's first metropolis grappled with the challenge of provisioning its inhabitants. It tells the story of how access to food, once a public good, became a private matter left to free and unregulated markets—and of the profound consequences this had for American living standards and urban development. Taking readers from the early republic to the Civil War, Gergely Baics explores the changing dynamics of urban governance, market forces, and the built environment that defined New Yorkers’ experiences of supplying their households. He paints a vibrant portrait of the public debates that propelled New York from a tightly regulated public market to a free-market system of provisioning, and shows how deregulation had its social costs and benefits. Baics uses cutting-edge GIS mapping techniques to reconstruct New York’s changing food landscapes over half a century, following residents into neighborhood public markets, meat shops, and groceries across the city’s expanding territory. He lays bare how unequal access to adequate and healthy food supplies led to an increasingly differentiated urban environment. A masterful blend of economic, social, and geographic history, Feeding Gotham traces how this highly fragmented geography of food access became a defining and enduring feature of the American city.

The Evolution Of A Nation

Author : Daniel Berkowitz
ISBN : 9780691136042
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 78. 12 MB
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Although political and legal institutions are essential to any nation's economic development, the forces that have shaped these institutions are poorly understood. Drawing on rich evidence about the development of the American states from the mid-nineteenth to the late twentieth century, this book documents the mechanisms through which geographical and historical conditions--such as climate, access to water transportation, and early legal systems--impacted political and judicial institutions and economic growth. The book shows how a state's geography and climate influenced whether elites based their wealth in agriculture or trade. States with more occupationally diverse elites in 1860 had greater levels of political competition in their legislature from 1866 to 2000. The book also examines the effects of early legal systems. Because of their colonial history, thirteen states had an operational civil-law legal system prior to statehood. All of these states except Louisiana would later adopt common law. By the late eighteenth century, the two legal systems differed in their balances of power. In civil-law systems, judiciaries were subordinate to legislatures, whereas in common-law systems, the two were more equal. Former civil-law states and common-law states exhibit persistent differences in the structure of their courts, the retention of judges, and judicial budgets. Moreover, changes in court structures, retention procedures, and budgets occur under very different conditions in civil-law and common-law states. The Evolution of a Nation illustrates how initial geographical and historical conditions can determine the evolution of political and legal institutions and long-run growth.

The Geography Of North America Environment Political Economy And Culture

Author : CTI Reviews
ISBN : 9781478447559
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 30 MB
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Facts101 is your complete guide to The Geography of North America, Environment, Political Economy, and Culture. In this book, you will learn topics such as Historical Settlement of North America, North American Political Economy, The Atlantic Periphery, and Quebec plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Oxford Handbook Of Latin American Political Economy

Author : Javier Santiso
ISBN : 9780199747504
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 93 MB
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Understanding Latin America's recent economic performance calls for a multidisciplinary analysis. This handbook looks at the interaction of economics and politics in the region and includes a number of contributions from top academic experts who have also served as key policy makers (a former president, ministers of finance, a central bank governor), reflecting upon the challenges of reform.

The Geography Of North America

Author : Susan Wiley Hardwick
ISBN : 0130097276
Genre : Environmental geography
File Size : 49. 92 MB
Format : PDF
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The American Way

Author : Carville Earle
ISBN : 0847687139
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 83 MB
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The geography of contemporary U.S. political economy has roots that run deep into our past. Earle traces their growth to the seventeenth-century origins of liberalism, republicanism, and financial crises.

The Political Economy Of Capital Cities

Author : Heike Mayer
ISBN : 9781134795789
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45. 89 MB
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Capital cities that are not the dominant economic centers of their nations – so-called ‘secondary capital cities’ (SCCs) – tend to be overlooked in the fields of economic geography and political science. Yet, capital cities play an important role in shaping the political, economic, social and cultural identity of a nation. As the seat of power and decision-making, capital cities represent a nation’s identity not only through their symbolic architecture but also through their economies and through the ways in which they position themselves in national urban networks. The Political Economy of Capital Cities aims to address this gap by presenting the dynamics that influence policy and economic development in four in-depth case studies examining the SCCs of Bern, Ottawa, The Hague and Washington, D.C. In contrast to traditional accounts of capital cities, this book conceptualizes the modern national capital as an innovation-driven economy influenced by national, local and regional actors. Nationally, overarching trends in the direction of outsourcing and tertiarization of the public-sector influence the fate of capital cities. Regional policymakers in all four of the highlighted cities leverage the presence of national government agencies and stimulate the economy by way of various locational policy strategies. While accounting for their secondary status, this book illustrates how capital-city actors such as firms, national, regional and local governments, policymakers and planning practitioners are keenly aware of the unique status of their city. The conclusion provides practical recommendations for policymakers in SCCs and highlights ways in which they can help to promote economic development.

Political Geography Of The United States

Author : Fred M. Shelley
ISBN : 1572300485
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 45 MB
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This text applies fundamental questions of the field of political geography to the United States. It explores the geography of America's political history, with specific geographical questions, and explores topics which include the origins and growth of the US, presidential politics, the role of the state and its local governments, and the relationship between the United States and the world as a whole.

Spaces Of Capital Spaces Of Resistance

Author : Chris Hesketh
ISBN : 9780820351759
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 35 MB
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Based on original fieldwork in Chiapas and Oaxaca, Mexico, this book offers a bridge between geography and historical sociology. Chris Hesketh examines the production of space within the global political economy. Drawing on multiple disciplines, Hesketh’s discussion of state formation in Mexico takes us beyond the national level to explore the interplay between global, regional, national, and sub-national articulations of power. These are linked through the novel deployment of Antonio Gramsci’s concept of passive revolution, understood as the state-led institution or expansion of capitalism that prevents the meaningful participation of the subaltern classes. Furthermore, the author brings attention to the conflicts involved in the production of space, placing particular emphasis on indigenous communities and movements and their creation of counterspaces of resistance. Hesketh argues that indigenous movements are now the leading social force of popular mobilization in Latin America. The author reveals how the wider global context of uneven and combined development frames these specific indigenous struggles, and he explores the scales at which they must now seek to articulate themselves.

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