genetics and ethics in global perspective international library of ethics law and the new medicine

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Genetics And Ethics In Global Perspective

Author : Dorothy C. Wertz
ISBN : 9789400709812
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 33 MB
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Dorothy Wertz and John Fletcher pioneered the first international study of ethical and social issues in genetics in 18 nations. This book reports and discusses their second and more representative study in 36 nations. The survey focused on actual situations that occur in the practice of medical genetics, presented as case vignettes that can also be used in teaching and policy discussion. Among the issues discussed are privacy, prenatal diagnosis, patient autonomy, directiveness in counseling, sex selection, forensic DNA banking, "genetic discrimination," and "eugenics". This is Dorothy Wertz's final book, as she died in April, 2003. It is a one of a kind cross-cultural study of complex ethical issues in the uses of genetic information. No one else has attempted to look at the international aspects of medical genetics on such a broad scale. The results provide a resource for discussion both within and among nations. Much bioethical and policy discussion now occurs in an information vacuum. The survey showed that what people would do, and their reasons for doing it, differed considerably from what ethicists think they "should" do. Many will be surprised at the results, especially in nations where bioethical discussion is just beginning. Genetics and Ethics in Global Perspective is of interest to medical geneticists, genetic counselors, social scientists and anthropologists who study cross-cultural issues, bioethicists and bioethics centers and health policy makers.

Medizin Im Dienst Der Erbgesundheit

Author : Stefanie Westermann
ISBN : 9783643104786
Genre : Eugenics
File Size : 67. 52 MB
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Das Buch enthält Aufsätze, die sich mit verschiedenen Aspekten der Medizin im Zusammenhang mit Eugenik und Rassenhygiene auseinandersetzen. Dabei werden, nach einem einleitenden Aufsatz zur Medizin im Dienst der Erbgesundheit, unter anderem folgende Themenbereich angesprochen: Erbgesundheitsgeriche in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus; die Geschichte des Begriffs Eugenik; Eugenik in der Schweiz; eugenische Elemente der japanischen Besatzungspolitik in Taiwan; Stigmatisierung am Beispiel der sogenannten Rheinlandbastarde; Erb- und Rassenlehre in Krankenpflegelehrbüchern; rassenhygienische Forschung und Kriminalpolizei; der Umgang mit Zwangssterislisationen nach 1945 in Deutschland sowie Eugenik beziehungsweise Zwangssterilisation in der Medizin Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts.

Genetic Democracy

Author : Veikko Launis
ISBN : 1402062125
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22. 80 MB
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This book provides an in-depth analysis of the ethical, social and philosophical issues related to modern genetic research and gene technology. The aim of the book is to introduce systematic research on the social and ethical impacts of the use and development of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as well as the acquisition, use and storage of human genetic information (HGI). The book has been written from the viewpoint of social and political philosophy.

The Moral Social And Commercial Imperatives Of Genetic Testing And Screening

Author : Michela Betta
ISBN : 9781402046193
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 48 MB
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In the past people were classified as being healthy or sick. With genetic testing and screening, adults might be healthy, predisposed to an illness, probably at risk, at risk, or carriers of certain risks. Genetic testing and screening hits another dramatic note when cells and embryos are tested and subsequently altered to hit targets of perfection. This insightful book combines theory and social practice, drawing on a range of disciplines and presenting contrasting viewpoints.

The Contingent Nature Of Life

Author : Marcus Düwell
ISBN : 140206764X
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 85 MB
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This volume explores the different dimensions of how the contingency of life, and especially human life, is relevant for ethical discussions and the normative frameworks in bioethics. It explores the relevance of the notion contingency, needs and desires for moral argumentation and bioethics. The volume discusses those notions in a philosophical perspective. Additionally, the volume is a contribution to a deeper reflection on basic philosophical assumptions of bioethics.

Nutrition And Genomics

Author : David Castle
ISBN : 0080920829
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 14 MB
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Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology

Reprogen Ethics And The Future Of Gender

Author : Frida Simonstein
ISBN : 9789048124756
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 33. 32 MB
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'Reprogen-Ethics and the Future of Gender' brings together three tightly related topics, which have so far been dealt separately in bioethics: assisted reproduction, enhancing and gender. Part one in this book targets present policies and legislature of assisted reproduction. Part two focuses on current views of the ethics of PGD and enhancing. Part three tackles the future of gender. Part four deals with artificial wombs and ectogenesis. The aim of this book is to provide a joint perspective in order to get the big picture. Contributors include Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala, Søren Holm, David Heyd, Daniel Callahan, Harriet Bradley, Ekaterina Balabanova and others. Some chapters in this book will significantly contribute to the current discussion of the topics at stake; other chapters will start a discussion on issues that have not yet been discussed. 'Reprogen-Ethics and the Future of Gender' will certainly appeal to readers who are interested in any of the intersecting topics of assisted reproduction, genetic enhancing and gender; bioethicists, sociologists, genetic counsellors, gynaecologists, legislators, and students of the relevant disciplines.

Autonomy And Human Rights In Health Care

Author : David N. Weisstub
ISBN : 9781402058417
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 25 MB
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This book offers a group of essays published in memory of David Thomasma, one of the leading humanists in the field of bioethics during the twentieth century. The authors represent many different countries and disciplines throughout the globe. The volume deals with the pressing issue of how to ground a universal bioethics in the context of the conflicted world of combative cultures and perspectives.

Zeitschrift F R Evangelische Ethik

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132700456
Genre : Christian ethics
File Size : 32. 93 MB
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Advance Directives

Author : Peter Lack
ISBN : 9789400773776
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 52 MB
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This volume gives an overview on the currently debated ethical issues regarding advance directives from an international perspective. It focuses on a wider understanding of the known and widely accepted concept of patient self-determination for future situations. Although advance directives have been widely discussed since the 1980s, the ethical bases of advance directives still remain a matter of heated debates. The book aims to contribute to these controversial debates by integrating fundamental ethical issues on advance directives with practical matters of their implementation. Cultural, national and professional differences in how advance directives are understood by health care professions and by patients, as well as in laws and regulations, are pinpointed.

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