gemmological instruments their use and principles of operation

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Gemmological Instruments

Author : Peter G Read
ISBN : 9781483192260
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 74 MB
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Gemmological Instruments deals with the developments in diamond grading equipment and gem testing instruments since the publication of the first edition in 1978. These developments include improvements in the versatility and styling of existing instruments such as the reflectivity meter, the composite spectroscope, and the refractometer. It also addresses the criticisms in the first edition and provides a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of different gem testing equipment. This book is organized into 16 chapters that describe groundbreaking instruments like the thermal conductivity diamond testers and home-constructed items that while innovative have not yet been commercialized. There are also chapters dealing with microphotography and identification of synthetics and stimulants. This book also provides a listing of gemstone constants and characteristic inclusions in natural and synthetic gemstones. This book will be of interest to people interested in equipment for gem testing and diamond grading.

Gemmology

Author : Peter Read
ISBN : 9781136000102
Genre : Art
File Size : 50. 97 MB
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This second edition 'Gemmology' has been expanded and updated throughout by the well known writer and editor of Butterworth-Heinemann's gemmology series, Peter Read. This is a much needed update of a classic text and new syllabus information and sample examination theory papers for the Gemmological Association's Preliminary and Diploma courses are included. The additions also incorporate more recent developments, such as the introduction of synthetic moissanite and the De Beer's instruments for distinguishing between natural and synthetic diamonds. 'Gemmology' still serves as a useful reference guide for gemmologists detailing the latest natural and synthetic gem materials and is an invaluable text for anyone in the gemmological profession.

Beginner S Guide To Gemmology

Author : Peter G Read
ISBN : 9781483183121
Genre : Nature
File Size : 25. 84 MB
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Beginner's Guide to Gemmology presents the profiles of the principal gem materials. This book discusses the interesting characteristics of gemstones as the growing consumer market jewelry resulted in increased sales of gem testing instruments. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the development of the science of gemmology. This text then explains the fundamental qualities necessary in a gem, including color, hardness, specific gravity, crystallography, refractive index, pleochroism, critical angle, luminescence, and absorption spectra. Other chapters consider the organic gem materials, including amber, ivory, coral, tortoiseshell, jet, ebony, and pearl. This book discusses as well the various methods used in the production of man-made gemstones and the commercial use in gem testing. The final chapter deals with the composition of synthetic gemstones. This book is a valuable resource for gemmologists and jewelers. Students who intend to become a qualified gemologist will also find this book extremely useful.

The Diamond Formula

Author : Amanda S. Barnard
ISBN : 0750642440
Genre : Reference
File Size : 60. 44 MB
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'The Diamond Formula' offers the diamond industry and all interested parties a comprehensive text on synthetic diamonds, joining together the research, achievements, theories, experimental and analytical data by recognized experts in the field, while encompassing a gemmological interpretation. The book offers the average gemmologist, gemmological (or mineralogical) student, or interested party, a concise and easy to decipher overview of the synthesis of diamonds to date. Each of the elements and various topics have at some time been the subject of a lengthy and detailed text in their own right and references are used to ensure that the reader can follow up these leads. The text begins with the history of diamond synthesis, and the theories on which much of the early work was based, before discussing the principles on which the modern processes rely. The following chapters cover the advent of success, commercial applications, synthetic diamond products, producers, gemmological properties and identification of synthetic diamonds. The final section discusses briefly diamond synthesis by CVD and application for this technology. Comprehensive text for a wide market Easy to decipher overview of the synthesis of diamonds Detailed reference section for follow up work

Surveying Instruments And Their Operational Principles

Author : L. Fialovszky
ISBN : 9780444599032
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 27 MB
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The book gives a detailed theoretical background of the constructional principles of instruments necessary for the most general tasks of surveying. Undergraduate and graduate students will find it very useful in surveying studies to get acquainted with the broad variety of instruments, both classical and new ones. At the same time, specialists in surveying will also find the book full of new material. The book contains about 600 pictures, including photographs and detailed descriptions of the most representative types of instrumentation. Older types of instruments already out of use, or used only occasionally, are described in broad outline, mentioning basic principles, methods of testing and possibilities for their modernization. New categories of instruments, such as gyroscopes, compensation levelling instruments, electronic theodolites, distance meters and tacheometers, are dealt with in more detail. Care has been taken to include the automation which is rapidly spreading in all fields of instrument manufacture, being necessary to reduce manual operations. The book is intended for builders, architects, technicians, teachers of surveying and professional manufacturers.

Illustrated Guide To Jewelry Appraising

Author : Anna M. Miller
ISBN : 9781461597179
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 15 MB
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There is more to appraising jewelry than just being parable sales and a value determination. Then, all this able to put a dollar value on an item. The title of ap information, with clear jewelry descriptions, must be praiser distinguishes the individual who is able to iden succinctly put together with photographs and deliv tify, witness, estimate status, excellence, or potential ered to the client. ity, and to determine the authenticity of an article. Today's jewelry appraiser should also be cognizant Many factors impact on a thorough appraisal, espe of the vicissitudes of fashion, how changes impact the cially on estate and period jewelry. jewelry market in a substantial and vital manner in both design and style. A careful look must be given to Developing all this expertise is a lot to ask of practi tioners who only a decade ago were barely making a study of color psychology with an awareness of why specific gemstones and their colors and enamels of cer distinction between a well-written sales receipt and a professional appraisal report. tain colors were used in different periods. Industrial In the past few years bold changes have taken place developments, from machine stamped jewelry, the use in this field. It is now understood that standard ap of aniline dyes in clothing, and development of the praisal concepts and principles can be applied to the electric light, have influenced design and use of gem stones.

Ao Instrumente Und Implantate

Author : Rigmor Texhammar
ISBN : 9783642796258
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 49 MB
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In diesem orthopädischen Bestseller findet das gesamte OP-Team die notwendigen wesentlichen Informationen für die Durchführung jeder Osteosynthese auf dem aktuellen Wissensstand. 3000 Abbildungen ergänzen den Text und zeigen sowohl die einzelnen Instrumente und Implantate als auch ihre Handhabung und Anwendung. "Das Buch gehört in jeden Operationssaal..." (Unfallchirurgie) "Ein Buch, das unfallchirurgisch Tätige immer nachschlagebereit haben sollten." (Der Unfallchirurg)

Handbook Of Raman Spectroscopy

Author : Ian R. Lewis
ISBN : 1420029258
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 31 MB
Format : PDF
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This work covers principles of Raman theory, analysis, instrumentation, and measurement, specifying up-to-the-minute benefits of Raman spectroscopy in a variety of industrial and academic fields, and how to cultivate growth in new disciplines. It contains case studies that illustrate current techniques in data extraction and analysis, as well as over 500 drawings and photographs that clarify and reinforce critical text material. The authors discuss Raman spectra of gases; Raman spectroscopy applied to crystals, applications to gemology, in vivo Raman spectroscopy, applications in forensic science, and collectivity of vibrational modes, among many other topics.

Traktate Ber Die Goldschmiedekunst Und Die Bildhauerei

Author : Benvenuto Cellini
ISBN : 3412247057
Genre : Goldschmiedekunst - Quelle - Geschichte 1568
File Size : 89. 20 MB
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Einf Hrung In Die Mineralogie

Author : Carl W. Correns
ISBN : 9783642497117
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 69 MB
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