from the brain to the mouth acquired dysarthria and dysfluency in adults neuropsychology and cognition

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From The Brain To The Mouth

Author : Y. Lebrun
ISBN : 9789401157766
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 62 MB
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The book offers new insights into acquired dysarthria in adults as well as a detailed discussion of the problems raised by the nature, assessment and therapy of acquired dysfluency in adults. It highlights the relationships that obtain between the two conditions and proposes a neurobiological interpretation of stuttering. The book is designed for neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, neurologists, neuropsychiatrists, speech therapists and speech scientists.

Experimental Methods In Neuropsychology

Author : Kenneth Hugdahl
ISBN : 1402072104
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 86 MB
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Clinical neuropsychology typically employs large standardized test-batteries to cover the cognitive deficits caused by brain lesions and neurodegenerative diseases. The neuropsychologist moves between three levels of explanation; the behavioral level, the cognitive level and the brain level. The behavioral level is measured as actual performance on a test, i. e. the obtained test score. The cognitive level refers to the underlying cognitive processes that are reflected in the test scores. The brain level, finally, refers to the neural underpinnings and substrates to the cognitive processes. The recent decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in our knowledge about cognitive processes and the underlying neural substrates. Experimental techniques and paradigms have played an important role in the accumulation of new knowledge in this field. Thus, there is a need to present a collection of experimental paradigms and techniques to neuropsychology. Some of these paradigms and techniques have however a long history in neuropsychology, like dichotic listening and EEG measures, while others are new and novel to most neuropsychologists like animal model paradigms and brain imaging and brain stimulation. Experimental techniques typically aim at discovery of causal relationships and with a focus on search for mechanisms. In the first chapter, Merill Hiscock presents an overview of experimental techniques and its adaptation in clinical neuropsychology, with a focus on behavioral techniques and methods.

Cross Linguistic Study Of Acquired Reading Disorders

Author : Prathibha Karanth
ISBN : 030648319X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 87. 86 MB
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The acquisition ofreading, the teaching ofreading and the difficulties encountered have been ofsubstantial interest to a wide mnge ofresearchers and practitioners for centuries. Given the increasing centrality ofliteracy in modern life they are now of even greater interest to an ever widening base ofprofessionals. The study of the acquired reading disorders, though in existence for over a century, received enormous impetus with the publication of a seminal paper by Marshall and Newcombe in 1966, leading to neuropsychological model building of reading. Over the last 30 years, within the single case study design there has been extensive and exceedingly fme-gmined research on individuals with acquired disorders ofreading, in an attempt to establish the validity ofthese models ofreading and the human brain. In addition these models have had considerable influence on models of the acquisition ofreading in children and their concomitant difficulties. Much ofthis research has been in readers ofthe alphabetic scripts, particularly the opaque English script. During the last decade or so there has been increasing evidence, particularly in research on reading acquisition, that what is true ofalphabetic scripts like English may not be universally true of all of the scripts of the world. This has led to considerable research into the process of learning to read and write and on the factors affecting reading, which are the touchstone ofthe models, within broader cross-linguistic and cross-cultural perspectives.

Basic Functions Of Language Reading And Reading Disability

Author : Evelin Witruk
ISBN : 1402070276
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 80. 50 MB
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The present book contains selected contributions from the international conference "Basic Mechanisms of Language and Language Disorders". This conference was held in Leipzig in September 1999, and was organized by the Department of Psychology at the University of Leipzig in collaboration with the Max-Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. It was held to commemorate the 120th anniversary of the foundation of the world's first institute of experimental psychology by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig. This edition examines new results from different fields of psychology and neuro psychology of language, reading, and reading disability. The presented book focuses on the following main topics: • BASIC FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION • BASIC FUNCTIONS OF READING • BASIC FUNCTIONS OF READING DISABILITY The title "Basic Functions of Language, Reading and Reading disability" expresses the interdisciplinary character of the book. It aims not only at bringing together different theoretical approaches, but also at connecting these approaches with applied work. Since it is necessary to understand basic functions of language and reading in order to understand reading disability, the present book strives to foster a scientific exchange, and to promote the emergence of synergy effects between the different fields.

Cognitive Processing Of The Chinese And The Japanese Languages

Author : C.K. Leong
ISBN : 0792354796
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 23 MB
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The area of cognitive processing of Chinese and Japanese is currently attracting a great deal of attention by leading cognitive psychologists. They aim to find out the similarities and differences in processing the morphosyllabic Chinese and Japanese syllabary as compared with alphabetic language systems. Topics under the processing of Chinese include: the use of phonological codes in visual identification of Chinese words, the constraint on such phonological activation, recognition of Chinese homophones, Chinese sentence comprehension and children's errors in writing Chinese characters. Topics under the processing of Japanese include: the automatic recognition of kanji within an interactive-activation framework, On-reading and Kun-reading of kanji characters, processing differences between hiragana and kanji, the effect of polysemy on katakana script, and the writing behavior of Japanese and non-Japanese speakers. The interactive-activation model provides the phonologic-orthographic links in processing both language systems. The present volume should add greatly to our understanding of this topic. Many of the contributors are internationally known for their experimental psychological work.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079622745
Genre : American literature
File Size : 89. 44 MB
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Speech Motor Control In Normal And Disordered Speech

Author : Ben Maassen
ISBN : UOM:39015061093855
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90. 3 MB
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Speaking is one of the most complex skills that humans perform. In our everyday communication, we transfer sentences, concepts, thoughts, and ideas. How though, is the speaker able to convert these into movements of the speech apparatus? These speech movements are the observable end-product, but what neurological, psycholinguistic, and perceptual--motor processes lie behind their production? To fully understand speech disorders, such as stuttering, apraxia of speech, and Parkinsonian dysarthria, the disruptions in this complex interplay are highly relevant. Equally important is the question of how the infant develops from random babbling to precisely controlled production of words, syllables, and phonemes. This volume presents state of the art research in the science of speech motor control and speech disorders. All the chapters take a fundamental, model-oriented perspective, as introduced in the first section of the volume. Further topics covered in this book are: brain imaging studies and the rapid progression in comprehending neural mechanisms; developmental studies revealing perceptual-motor continuities and discontinuities; psycholinguistic experimentation showing higher-order influences on speech motor control; and recent notions and applications to the understanding of speech disorders. This will be an important volume for all those involved in speech research and speech pathology, including those from the disciplines of psychology, neurology, and ENT.

Books In Print

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015049090825
Genre : American literature
File Size : 73. 92 MB
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Brinkman S Cumulatieve Catalogus Van Boeken

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B5157093
Genre : Dutch literature
File Size : 42. 11 MB
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The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : UOM:39015079755826
Genre : English literature
File Size : 57. 22 MB
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