foundations of microprogramming architecture software and applications acm monograph series

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Foundations Of Microprogramming

Author : Ashok K. Agrawala
ISBN : 9781483215877
Genre : Computers
File Size : 38. 28 MB
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Foundations of Microprogramming: Architecture, Software, and Applications discusses the foundations and trends in microprogramming, focusing on the architectural, software, and application aspects of microprogramming. The book reviews microprocessors, microprogramming concepts, and characteristics, as well as the architectural features in microprogrammed computers. The text explains support software and the different hierarchies or levels of languages. These include assembler languages which are mnemonic or symbolic representation of machine commands; the procedure oriented machine-dependent; and the procedure oriented machine independent. A simulator is used to interpret programs written in machine or micro-language before the instructions in the program can be run. A simulator and translator (which change some steps from one program written in another language to another program) should interface with the design language of the computer for these components to operate even when a new machine is developed. The book cites four existing computers which have "simple" diagonal microinstructions such as the Hewlett-Packard HP21MX and the Microdata 3200. Horizontal types of microinstructions allow parallel execution of many micro-operations, such as the Cal Data family of computers, the Varian 73, and the NANODATA QM-1. Microprogramming is applied in emulation, program enhancement, operating systems, signal processing, and graphics. The text can benefit programmers, computer engineers, computer technicians, and computer instructors dealing with many aspects of computers such as programming, hardware interface, networking, engineering or design.

History Of Programming Languages

Author : Richard L. Wexelblat
ISBN : 9781483266169
Genre : Reference
File Size : 30. 60 MB
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History of Programming Languages presents information pertinent to the technical aspects of the language design and creation. This book provides an understanding of the processes of language design as related to the environment in which languages are developed and the knowledge base available to the originators. Organized into 14 sections encompassing 77 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the programming techniques to use to help the system produce efficient programs. This text then discusses how to use parentheses to help the system identify identical subexpressions within an expression and thereby eliminate their duplicate calculation. Other chapters consider FORTRAN programming techniques needed to produce optimum object programs. This book discusses as well the developments leading to ALGOL 60. The final chapter presents the biography of Adin D. Falkoff. This book is a valuable resource for graduate students, practitioners, historians, statisticians, mathematicians, programmers, as well as computer scientists and specialists.


Author : P. J. Courtois
ISBN : 9781483217581
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22. 94 MB
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Decomposability: Queueing and Computer System Applications presents a set of powerful methods for systems analysis. This 10-chapter text covers the theory of nearly completely decomposable systems upon which specific analytic methods are based. The first chapters deal with some of the basic elements of a theory of nearly completely decomposable stochastic matrices, including the Simon-Ando theorems and the perturbation theory. The succeeding chapters are devoted to the analysis of stochastic queuing networks that appear as a type of key model. These chapters also discuss congestion problems in information processing systems, which could be studied by the queuing network models. A method of analysis by decomposition and aggregation for these models is proposed. Other chapters highlight the problem of computer system performance evaluation, specifically the analysis of hardware and software of the dynamic behavior of computer systems and user programs. These topics are followed by a description of an aggregative model of a typical multiprogramming time-sharing computer system. The last chapter examines the existing affinity between the concept of aggregate in nearly completely decomposable structures and the notions of module and level of abstraction so frequently invoked in computer system design and software engineering. This book will prove useful to both hardware and software designers and engineers, as well as scientists who are investigating complex systems.

Mathematical Software

Author : John R. Rice
ISBN : 9781483267005
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 96 MB
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Mathematical Software deals with software designed for mathematical applications such as Fortran, CADRE, SQUARS, and DESUB. The distribution and sources of mathematical software are discussed, along with number representation and significance monitoring. User-modifiable software and non-standard arithmetic programs are also considered. Comprised of nine chapters, this volume begins with a historical background in the form of a chronological list of events that trace the development of computing in general and mathematical software in particular. The next chapter examines where and how mathematical software is being created and how it is being disseminated to eventual consumers. A number of important shortcomings are identified. The future of mathematical software and the challenges facing mathematical software are then discussed. Subsequent chapters focus on the point of view of people outside the professional community of mathematical software; the monitoring of significance in computation and its relation to number representation; libraries of mathematical software; and the automation of numerical analysis. Eleven algorithms for numerical quadrature are also compared. This book should be of considerable interest to students and specialists in the fields of mathematics and computer science.

Micro Programming

Author : Norman E. Sondak
ISBN : STANFORD:36105030297662
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78. 56 MB
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Perspectives On Computer Science

Author : Anita K. Jones
ISBN : 9781483218465
Genre : Reference
File Size : 32. 26 MB
Format : PDF
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Perspectives on Computer Science provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of computer science. This book discusses the weaknesses frequently found in minicomputers. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the technological, economic, and human aspects of the environment in which PDP–11 was designed and built. This text then examines the set of techniques for tree searching. Other chapters consider a tutorial on automatic planning systems, with emphasis given to knowledge representation issues. This book discusses as well the classical least-fixedpoint approach toward recursive programs and examines the interplay between time and space determined by a variety of machine models. The final chapter deals with some of the primary influences in contemporary programming language design, namely, programming methodology, program specification, verification, and formal semantic definition techniques. This book is a valuable resource for students and teachers. Computer science theoreticians and mathematicians will also find this book useful.

Computer Security

Author : David K. Hsiao
ISBN : 9781483218373
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40. 35 MB
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Computer Security provides information pertinent to the growing concern with computer security and privacy, extending beyond the conventional military requirement to cover the entire civilian and business community. This book discusses the approaches to ensure the integrity of stored data. Organized into eight chapters, this book begins with an overview of the relationships between privacy issues and security measures. This text then provides a discussion on privacy issues, legislative measures, and their implications on security. Other chapters consider the technical implications of the enactment of privacy legislation and explain the control of access required by the privacy legislation. This book discusses as well the internal policies and procedures of operational security, which is adopted by management to ensure the security of their data and computer installation. The final chapter deals with optimizing database management system to facilitate the use of data effectively and efficiently. This book is a valuable resource for technical managers.

Decision Table Languages And Systems

Author : John R. Metzner
ISBN : 9781483218793
Genre : Reference
File Size : 22. 28 MB
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ACM Monograph Series: Decision Table Languages and Systems focuses on linguistic examination of decision tables and survey of the features of existing decision table languages and systems. The book first offers information on semiotics, programming language features, and generalization. Discussions focus on semantic broadening, outer language enrichments, generalization of syntax, limitations, implementation improvements, syntactic and semantic features, decision table syntax, semantics of decision table languages, and decision table programming languages. The text then elaborates on design implications, decision structure tables, spectrum of decision table use, and history of decision table programming. Topics include feature evaluation method, breadth of decision table applicability, and suggested design procedure. The book also takes a look at sequential test procedures and language references. The publication is a vital reference for researchers interested in decision table languages and systems.

Computer Chess

Author : Monroe Newborn
ISBN : 9781483218908
Genre : Games
File Size : 90. 46 MB
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Computer Chess deals with the history of computer chess games and the programming of computer chess. Topics covered include chess programs such as the one initiated by Richard Greenblatt and those launched by the United States and the USSR in 1966-1967. The United States Computer Chess Championships from 1970 to 1973 are also discussed. Comprised of 10 chapters, this book begins with a historical overview of the basic ideas underlying computer chess and several of the earliest computer games. The next chapter deals with the chess match held in 1966 pitting the Kotok-McCarthy Chess Program of the United States and the ITEP (Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics) Chess Program of the Soviet Union. The reader is then introduced to Greenblatt's program, named Mac Hack Six, the first chess program to compete respectably against humans in tournament play. Subsequent chapters focus on the U.S. Computer Chess Championships, from its first edition in New York in 1970 to the fourth, held in Atlanta in 1973. Russia's chess program called KAISSA, an improved version of the ITEP Chess Program, is also described. The final chapter is devoted to OSTRICH, a chess-playing program written by George Arnold in the Digital Computer Laboratory of Columbia University's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in 1971. This monograph will be of value to computer science and those interested in computer chess programs and in the broader field of artificial intelligence.

Advances In Microprogramming

Author : Efrem Mallach
ISBN : UOM:39015006376506
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34. 38 MB
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